district of Hamburg
|Residents||92,087 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||3462 inhabitants / km²|
|Post Code||22143, 22145, 22147 and 22149|
|Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein|
Rahlstedt is a north-eastern district of Hamburg . It is the largest district within the Wandsbek district. Within Hamburg it is the most populous and the third largest district in terms of area. The districts of Alt-Rahlstedt , Neu-Rahlstedt , Meiendorf , Oldenfelde , Hohenhorst and Großlohe belong to Rahlstedt . Rahlstedt borders the districts of Volksdorf , Farmsen-Berne , Tonndorf and Jenfeld and the Stormarn district in Schleswig-Holstein .
The Wandse, which rises near the village of Siek (Stormarn district), flows through Rahlstedt with its tributaries (including the Rahlau , Stellau and Stellmoorer spring river ). The Rahlau flows into the Wandse at about the level of Nordmarkstraße , the Stellau about at the level of Wilhelm-Grimm-Straße , and the Stellmoorer spring river still within the Stellmoorer tunnel valley .
The oldest documented mentions that have come down to us were in 1212 as Rothuluestad and in 1248 as Radoluestede . The name refers to a foundation as a Saxon settlement by a man named Radolf or Radulf, the suffix -stede means (living) place. Rahlstedt lay beyond the eastern borders of Hamburg, belonged to the Duchy of Holstein under the Danish crown and with it fell to Prussia in 1864 .
On September 29, 1904 between the station was Rahlstedt of Lübeck-Büchen Railway Company and Volksdorf the Electric Light Railway Alt-Rahlstedt Folk Village opened and on May 9, 1907 to Wohldorf extended its remaining operating existed until 1,961th
Around the turn of the century, Rahlstedt developed into a popular villa suburb for wealthy Hamburg merchants. During this time, many Wilhelminian style and Art Nouveau villas were built, which in many parts shape the appearance of Rahlstedt.
In 1927, the villages were Altrahlstedt, Neurahlstedt, Meiendorf and Oldenfelde and parts of Tonndorf-Lohe and Jenfeld the Prussian community Rahlstedt together and came to the Greater Hamburg Act 1937 to Hamburg . The old core consisted of the station , located on the Lübeck – Hamburg railway line (via Fehmarn to Scandinavia) and the oldest Südstorman church from the early days of the village, today's Alt-Rahlstedt church on Rahlstedter Straße .
Since the 1930s, Rahlstedt was an important garrison location in Hamburg with three barracks ( Lettow-Vorbeck-Kaserne , Boehn-Kaserne and Graf-Goltz-Kaserne ) and a training area . In the 1960s, not only the Hohenhorst district in the south-west of Rahlstedt was planned and built. The large settlements Großlohe and Rahlstedt-Ost also emerged on the eastern edge, and the districts of Meiendorf and Oldenfelde were increasingly being built on with individual houses.
In the 1990s, almost all military facilities in Rahlstedt were closed. The former training area Höltigbaum was for the most part to the nature reserve and partly to the business park Höltigbaum. A memorial plaque has been commemorating the 330 executions due to military court judgments in World War II since 2003 . New residential areas were built on two former barracks.
Rahlstedt has gradually developed into the most populous Hamburg district. With the construction of a train station in 1893 between Altrahlstedt, Oldenfelde and Neurahlstedt, the rural place became interesting for higher earners and senior civil servants for the first time as a place to live away from work. Entire streets were built around the turn of the century, and their villa buildings are very typical for Rahlstedt. The central parts of Rahlstedt are still characterized by these villas today. After the Second World War, refugees from the former German eastern regions and bombed-out Hamburgers settled in the district. With the formation of the districts of Hohenhorst , Rahlstedt-Ost and initially Großlohe-Nord and from 1964 finally also Großlohe-Süd in the early 1960s, Rahlstedt was considerably enlarged. These areas were once "cow paddocks" and were built over with planned residential complexes and so-called prefabricated buildings or assembly buildings and a few high-rise buildings. In addition, there are also large areas with terraced and single house developments. At that time these new districts of Rahlstedt were something like a satellite town , living space was urgently needed. Many Hamburgers who were made homeless during the Hamburg storm surge on February 16 and 17 moved to the new development areas. Although Rahlstedt had started to grow long before the flood disaster, the events accelerated growth.
The closure of two barracks ( Boehn barracks and Graf Goltz barracks ) in 1992 by the Bundeswehr resulted in the new settlement areas Rahlstedter Höhe (1996/1997) and Rahlstedter Boltwiesen (2000). The new settlements led to an increase in the population to over 85,000.
Rahlstedt is an amalgamation of the old villages Altrahlstedt, Neurahlstedt, Lohe, Meiendorf and Oldenfelde as well as the newly added districts of Hohenhorst, Rahlstedt-Ost , Großlohe and Boltwiesen.
Alt-Rahlstedt was first mentioned in a document in 1248. The church of Alt-Rahlstedt from the 13th century was the center of a large parish . In the 14th century , the Hamburg cathedral chapter acquired large parts of the place. In the 16th century the old lordly office of Trittau came into being . During the Thirty Years' War in 1627 the commanders of the Catholic League Tilly and Wallenstein quartered in Alt-Rahlstedt.
1814 the village had to go to the battle of Braak for around 22,000 Russian soldiers and their horses at the siege relief of Hamburg harbor. With the opening of the train station in 1893 - the construction of which was initiated and promoted by the Alt-Rahlstedt factory owner Cord Eduard (Edward) Heinrich Grube (1856–1924) - Alt-Rahlstedt experienced an upswing and became a Hamburg villa suburb. In 1889 Alt-Rahlstedt became the seat of the office of the same name . In 1896 the town's first savings bank was founded. The small electric railway Alt-Rahlstedt – Volksdorf – Wohldorf was opened on September 29, 1904 and connected the Hamburg enclaves in the northeast to the railway network.
The district of Neu-Rahlstedt is almost as old as Alt-Rahlstedt. In Neu-Rahlstedt an old village center is still preserved, which is reminiscent of a round because of its current horseshoe shape . It was placed under milieu protection in 1985 . In 2012, further parts of Neurahlstedt were placed under ensemble protection. The Martinskirche , built in 1961 by Olaf Andreas Gulbransson , is in the immediate vicinity of the village square . With its architecturally remarkable tent roof and the striking white paint, it has stylistic echoes of the pilgrimage church Notre-Dame-du-Haut near Ronchamp , built by Le Corbusier in 1955 . The church windows were created by Hubert Distler .
Meiendorf is mixed in terms of the housing stock. The north consists largely of single houses, the west and the center of the district have multi-storey social housing from the 1960s. There are also isolated houses from the Wilhelminian era, particularly near the old village center.
A historic village center of Oldenfelde no longer exists. Today, Oldenfelde is characterized by both the development of single houses and buildings with social housing from the 1950s and 1960s, so that the current building structure of Oldenfeld can be described as mixed and varied.
Hohenhorst was built on the south-western edge of the district in the 1960s as a modern settlement completely planned by Ernst May . In the center there is the Berliner Platz shopping center and nearby the Evangelical Lutheran Trinity Church. Markus parish Hohenhorst Rahlstedt-Ost.
This district on the eastern edge of the district consists mainly of housing developments from the 1960s, most of which were built using prefabricated panels.
- SPD 52.9% (+0.2)
- CDU 16.7% (−6.9)
- AfD 7.4% (+ 7.4)
- Green 7.3% (+0.3)
- FDP 6.7% (+0.1)
- Left 5.8% (+0.5)
- Other 3.2% (-1.6)
Community leader and local office manager
before 1927: Altrahlstedt, from 1927: Rahlstedt
- 1893–1906: Hermann Ohlendorff
- 1906–1919: August Singelmann
- 1919–1933: Heinrich Schulz ( DVP )
- 1933–1945: Wilhelm Schulze ( NSDAP )
- 1946–1969: Jonni Schacht ( SPD )
- 1969–1993: Rolf Mietzsch ( SPD )
- 1994-2006: Gudrun Moritz ( SPD )
With the implementation of the district administration reform in Hamburg, the three-stage administration was put to an end. Rahlstedt no longer has his own local office manager, but is looked after by a so-called regional representative of the Wandsbek district office, who performs this function in addition to his actual activity in the district office.
The population of Rahlstedt is composed as follows (data from the North Statistics Office, as of December 2016):
- Total population: 90,631 people
- Minority rate: 17.3%, slightly above the Hamburg average of 15.9%.
- Share of households with children: 20.5%, above the Hamburg average of 17.8%.
- Elderly rate: 22.7%, well above the Hamburg average of 18.3%.
- Proportion of foreigners: 12.5%, is below the Hamburg average of 16.7%.
- Share of benefit recipients according to SGBII (Hartz IV): 10.2%, corresponds almost exactly to the Hamburg average of 10.3%.
- Unemployment rate: 5.1%, roughly equivalent to the Hamburg average of 5.3%.
Rahlstedt has a mixed population structure, the social areas alternate with high-income residents (e.g. in parts of Meiendorf and Alt-Rahlstedts) and low-income residents (e.g. in parts of Großlohe and Hohenhorst). The average annual income per taxpayer was around 33,419 euros in 2013, which is slightly lower than the Hamburg average (39,054 euros)
The first school was built in Rahlstedt in 1895 next to the pastorate established two years earlier. Since 1921 there was a middle school on Barsbütteler Straße (today Hüllenkamp), which became a secondary school in 1929 and has been a grammar school since 1937. This grammar school is now on Scharbeutzer Straße. The buildings at Hüllenkamp now house a secondary school, a secondary school and a primary school. There are also high schools in the districts of Oldenfelde (Oldenfelde high school in Birrenkovenallee since 1977) and Meiendorf ( Meiendorf high school in Schierenberg). Primary schools exist in Altrahlstedt, on Großlohering, Wildschwanbrook, Am Sooren, Bekassinenau, Brockdorffstraße, Kamminer Straße, Meiendorf, Nydamer Weg, Potsdamer Straße, Rahlstedter Höhe and in Neurahlstedt. There are district schools in Altrahlstedt, Oldenfelde and Meiendorf. There is also a school for the mentally handicapped in Paracelsusstrasse and two special needs schools.
In total, Rahlstedt has 18 state schools.
Culture and sights
- The Old Rahlstedter Church from the 13th century, built in its oldest parts from field stones .
- Many central parts of Rahlstedt are characterized by Art Nouveau and Wilhelminian style villas, which are often well preserved. Rahlstedt is known among architects for its Art Nouveau ensembles. Many houses are therefore under monument protection or ensemble protection, z. B. Remstedtstrasse.
- Rahlstedt has a modern core with the pedestrian zones Schweriner Straße , Rahlstedter Bahnhofstraße and around the train station. In Rahlstedt there is Liliencronstrasse and the small Liliencronpark with a memorial - both are dedicated to the poet Detlev von Liliencron.
- The public library, also named after von Liliencron, is located near the former local office.
- Residential quarter on Altenhagener Weg: the redevelopment and redensification of the quarter planned by the Berlin architecture firm Springer Architekten for the client Helvetia Insurance received the BDA architecture award Nike on May 8, 2010 in the category “special social commitment”.
- The center of the new development area Rahlstedt-Ost (Hohenhorst) is the Dankeskirche, inaugurated in 1967 . The community center designed by Professor Friedhelm Grundmann includes a church, pastorates , staff house, kindergarten and community center. In the simple church interior, exposed concrete, wood and bronze were used as materials. The principal pieces ( altar , pulpit and baptismal font ) were designed by HW Peters .
- In Hamburg-Rahlstedt , a 163-meter-high guyed steel framework mast ( transmission mast for the Hagenweg , behind the Stellmoorer Tunneltal nature reserve near the city limits VHF radio (Alster radio, 106.80 MHz, 40 kW ERP) and DVB-T is used and was replaced in 2010 by a 250-meter-high tubular steel mast. Until DVB-T operations began in Hamburg on November 8, 2004, analog TV signals (VOX, NeunLive and N24 / MTV2POP) were also broadcast here at the Höltigbaum transmitter . ), which can be seen from afar , serves as a
Music & culture festival
- Since 2011 there has been an annual summer event in Rahlstedt on the Rockwiese on Schimmelreiterweg “ Rahlstedt Rockt! " instead of. A music & culture festival that everyone can participate in. Music, dance, amateur play and talents of all kinds can be found here on stage and in the meadow. There are also culinary delights from the region and the world. The colorful program for the whole family is organized by the Neue Schule Hamburg .
The Alt-Rahlstedter theater group has been the only theater to have established itself in Rahlstedt since 1986 . The amateur theater mostly plays classics.
The Evangelical Cemetery Rahlstedt has been the burial place of the Evangelical Lutheran parish in Alt-Rahlstedt since 1829. The Hamburg sculptor Richard Luksch created the figure of the rose picker for the grave monument of the writer and playwright Detlev von Liliencron . The “Tree of Life” has stood there since 2014, which wood sculptor Peer Oliver Nau had created from a 125-year-old, dead American red oak within two years. A central point is the eternity letter box: Letters to the deceased can be dropped in the large cavity in and under the oak.
Economy and Infrastructure
The federal highway 75 , which was partially expanded to four lanes and downgraded at the beginning of 2015, ran through Rahlstedt . Not in the Rahlstedt area, but nearby is the Stapelfeld junction of federal motorway 1 .
The Lübeck – Hamburg railway runs parallel to the former B75 with Hamburg-Rahlstedt station , where regional trains on the RB81 line stop. The station was initially called Rahlstedt before it was renamed Hamburg-Rahlstedt on April 1, 1938 as a result of the Greater Hamburg Act . In 2011 the old station building was demolished. The construction of an S4 S-Bahn line has been under discussion for a long time .
The district is also connected to the following public transport bus lines (operated by the Hamburg Transport Association ):
Metro, express & Xpressbus lines:
- 9 (from "Rahlstedt Großlohe" via "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" to "U Wandsbek Markt")
- 11 (from "Rahlstedt Ost (Sorenkoppel)" to "Wandsbek Markt")
- 24 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "U Langenhorn Markt" to "U Niendorf Markt")
- 26 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "U Farmsen" to "U Kellinghusenstraße" / "U Alsterdorf")
- 27 (from "U Billstedt" via "Bahnhof Tonndorf" to "S Wellingsbüttel")
- X35 (from "Rahlstedt Ost (Sorenkoppel)" via "Jenfeld" and "Hauptbahnhof / ZOB" to "Hamburg Messe (East Entrance)")
- 36 (from "Berner Heerweg" via "U Straßburger Straße" and "Hauptbahnhof / ZOB" to "S Blankenese")
City bus lines:
- 162 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" to "U Wandsbek Markt")
- 163 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" / "Rahlstedt Ost (Sorenkoppel)" to "U Wandsbek Markt")
- 164 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "Sorenkoppel" to "Bahnhof Rahlstedt")
- 167 (from "Jenfeld, Zentrum" / "Bahnhof Tonndorf" via "U Farmsen" to "U Berne")
- 168 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "U Berne" to "S Wellingsbüttel")
- 275 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "Wildschwanbrook" to "Künnekestraße")
- 263 (from "Rahlstedt Großlohe" via "Stapelfeld, Reinbeker Straße" to "U Wandsbek Markt")
- 264 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" to "Trittau")
- 362 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "Großlohe" to "Stapelfeld, Reinbeker Straße")
- 364 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" to "Trittau")
- 368 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "U Berne" to "S Wellingsbüttel")
- 462 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" via "Naturschutzgebiet (NSG) Höltigbaum" to "Braak, Mittelweg")
- 562 (from "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" to "Eichwischen")
Night bus lines:
- 608 (from "Rahlstedt Großlohe" via "Bahnhof Rahlstedt" and "U / S Wandsbeker Chaussee" to "S Reeperbahn")
- 617 (from "U / S Barmbek" via "U Berne", "Alter Zollweg" and "U Farmsen" to "U Berne")
- 618 (from "Rahlstedt Ost / Sorenkoppel" to "U Wandsbek Markt")
The Catholic Church has been running a children's hospital in Rahlstedt at Liliencronstrasse 130 since 1925. The hospital , originally a refuge, was expanded to include an infant home in 1927 and eventually developed into a children's hospital after the end of the Second World War . The Wilhelmstift Children's Hospital can also be easily reached by public transport thanks to the bus stop of the same name (lines 35, E62, 162 & 262) . The Catholic parish in Rahlstedt is the Assumption of Mary at Oldenfelder Str. 23. The parish church was consecrated in 1960 and, together with the rectory and the church forecourt, is a listed building.
Institutions, corporations, associations
- Voluntary fire brigade Meiendorf, Oldenfelde, Oldenfelde-Siedlung and Rahlstedt
- AMTV Hamburg - Sports club in the Alt-Rahlstedt district
- TSV Hohenhorst - Sports club in the Hohenhorst district
- Meiendorfer SV - Sports club in the Meiendorf district
- Rahlstedter SC - Sports club in the district of Alt-Rahlstedt, especially football
- Rahlstedter Tischtennis-Club - table tennis club in the Oldenfelde district
- Rahlstedter Hockey- und Tennisclub - Sports club in the Alt-Rahlstedt district, founded in 1919 as Altrahlstedter Hockey-Club
- SK Caissa Rahlstedt from 1965 e. V. - Chess Club
- Association “More space for children in Rahlstedt-Ost e. V. “- since 1974 operator and sponsor of a construction and active playground in the forest of Hegen am Kittelweg .
- Bürgererverein Rahlstedt eV with its district archive - has been taking care of local political and district-related cultural matters for over 50 years .
- Rahlstedter Kulturverein eV - District culture + history. Since 1995 organizer of the Rahlstedter Kulturwochen and publisher of the Rahlstedter Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Kultur
- KulturWerk Rahlstedt is committed to a cultural center. The goals of the association are to promote, enrich and intensify cultural life in Rahlstedt.
- "Association for the promotion of cultural and political education of young people in Rahlstedt e. V. “- has been running the Startloch youth center for over 30 years.
- Association "GroßKoZ e. V. “- Großloher KommunikationZentrum e. V. in the meeting point Großlohe.
- Senior Citizens' Community Rahlstedt e. V. The association sees itself as a contact point for older people who want to stay active.
- Non-profit association Bauspielplatz Rahlstedt e. V.
- The non-profit association Dankeskirche e. V. strives for the long-term preservation of the Dankeskirche in Rahlstedt-Ost
- Hanse-Tausch Hamburg, exchange ring in the east of Hamburg, which is also active in Hamburg-Rahlstedt
- Computer panel Hamburg e. V.
- Gruft Records - The Silbergraue Gruftstudio e. V.
- Rahlstedt R Leben - The district magazine for Rahlstedt and the surrounding area
- MZ Magazin - The independent and non-partisan monthly magazine for politics, culture and economy ( Meiendorfer Zeitung )
- Elke Badde - SPD politician, lives in Rahlstedt
- Otto Boris - teacher, painter and animal writer, lived in Rahlstedt from 1941 until his death in 1957
- Leo Brawand - co-founder and former editor-in-chief of the news magazine Der Spiegel; lived in Rahlstedt
- Christoph Brüx - composer, audio designer, music producer, UW filmmaker, painter ... lives and works in Rahlstedt
- Ole Thorben Buschhüter - SPD politician, lives in Rahlstedt
- Ruslan Chagayev - Uzbek professional boxer, lives in Rahlstedt
- Jens Cords - artist, lived in Rahlstedt for many years
- Till Demtrøder - actor, grew up in Rahlstedt, works in Rahlstedt
- Margarete Haller - writer, lived and died in Rahlstedt
- Dora Heyenn - non-party politician, lives in Rahlstedt
- Hans Peter Korff - actor, lives in Rahlstedt
- Carlo Kriete - painter and graphic artist, lived in Rahlstedt
- Ingeborg Kummerow - resistance fighter, belonged to the Red Orchestra; born in Neurahlstedt
- Detlev von Liliencron - poet, lived in Alt-Rahlstedt from 1901 until his death in 1909 and is buried in the Rahlstedt cemetery
- Hendrik Martz - actor, grew up in Rahlstedt
- Nena - singer (Neue Deutsche Welle), lives in Rahlstedt
- August Nissen - lived here and designed several villas as an architect
- Alexander Posch - author, lives in Rahlstedt
- Ortwin Runde - politician and first mayor of Hamburg from 1997 to 2001, lives in Rahlstedt
- Peter Schmidt - archaeologist, born in Rahlstedt in 1940
- Olaf Scholz - Federal Minister of Finance and Vice Chancellor in Angela Merkel's cabinet since March 14th. Former Federal Minister for Labor and Social Affairs and First Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, grew up in Rahlstedt.
- Heinrich Steinhagen - painter, graphic artist and sculptor, lived in Rahlstedt
- Ellen Sell - children's book author, lives in Rahlstedt
- Elke Vesper - writer, lives and works in Rahlstedt
- Karl-Heinz Warnholz - CDU politician, lives in Rahlstedt
- Robert Wohlleben - poet, was born in Rahlstedt in 1937
- Ekkehard Wysocki - SPD politician, lives in Rahlstedt
- Annemarie Lutz: Rahlstedt 1927 to 1977. Forays through half a century. M + K Hansa Verlag, Hamburg 1977, ISBN 3-920610-17-2 .
- Annemarie Lutz: Altrahlstedt on the Rahlau. Local history considerations from the first decades of the 20th century. Hiltrud Tiedemann publishing house, Hamburg 1989, ISBN 3-926102-04-7 .
- Rahlstedter Kulturverein e. V. and "Hamburger Wochenblatt": Rahlstedter Jahrbuch für Geschichte & Kultur. 1999– *, , (published annually)
- List of streets, squares and bridges in Hamburg-Rahlstedt
- List of cultural monuments in Hamburg-Rahlstedt
- List of stumbling blocks in Hamburg-Rahlstedt
- Rahlstedt on the Hamburg website
- History working group in the Rahlstedter Kulturverein
Horst Beckershaus: The names of the Hamburg districts. Where do they come from and what they mean , Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-434-52545-9 , p. 102;
Wolfgang Laur : The names of places and waters of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg , Neumünster 2012, p. 201 f.
- Daniel Tilgner (ed.): Hamburg from Altona to Zollenspieker. The Haspa manual for all districts of the Hanseatic city. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2002, ISBN 3-455-11333-8 , pp. 844-845.
- Result of the 2015 mayor election , accessed on March 5, 2015
- Statistics Office North, Hamburg district profiles, reporting year 2016, pages 168–169; Data status December 31, 2016 (accessed February 8, 2018)
- Residential quarter on Altenhagener Weg, Hamburg , project description for the BDA architecture award Nike 2010.
- Source: Friedhofsverwalter des Friedhofes des Ev. Lutheran parish association Rahlstedt
- Archive link ( memento of October 18, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 12, 2014
- Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft (ed.): Official Gazette of the Reichsbahndirektion Mainz of April 14, 1938, No. 19. Announcement No. 262, p. 110.
- Assumption of Mary Rahlstedt