Jarowoje (Kaliningrad)

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Gertschen (Gertenau)

Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Kaliningrad
Rajon Gusew
Earlier names Pilcalne,
Klein Pilkalnen,
Klein Pilckaln (before 1564),
Klein Pillekollen (before 1584),
Gertschen (until 1938),
Gertenau (1938–1946)
population 15 residents
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Time zone UTC + 2
Telephone code (+7) 40143
Post Code 238031
License Plate 39, 91
OKATO 27 212 807 006
Geographical location
Coordinates 54 ° 32 '  N , 22 ° 14'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 32 '18 "  N , 22 ° 14' 11"  E
Jarowoje (Kaliningrad) (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Jarowoje (Kaliningrad) (Kaliningrad Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaliningrad Oblast

Jarowoje ( Russian Яровое , German  Gertschen , 1938 to 1945 Gertenau , Lithuanian Gerčiai ) is a place in the Russian Oblast of Kaliningrad . It belongs to the local government unit Stadtkreis Gusev in Gusevsky District .

Geographical location

Jarowoje is located six kilometers southeast of the city of Gussew (Gumbinnen) and can be reached via a cul-de-sac that branches off the regional road 27A-011 Gussew– Gołdap (Goldap) in a south-westerly direction. Gusew is the next station on the Kaliningrad – Chernyshevskoye railway line of the former Prussian Eastern Railway to continue to Moscow .


The small village, once called Gertschen , was incorporated into the Vilkoshen district from 1874 (Russian: Gruschewka, no longer existing). This existed - from 1939 renamed the "Amt District Wolfseck" - until 1945 and belonged to the Gumbinnen district in the Gumbinnen administrative district of the Prussian province of East Prussia . 1938 Gertschen was in Gertenau renamed .

In 1945 the village came to the Soviet Union as a result of the war with all of northern East Prussia . In 1947 the place was given the Russian name "Jarowoje" and was assigned at the same time to the village soviet Lipowski selski Sowet in Gussew Rajon . From 2008 to 2013 Yarovoye belonged to the urban municipality of Gussewskoje gorodskoje posselenije and since then to the urban district of Gusew.

Population development

year Residents
1910 152
1933 113
1939 97
2002 13
2010 15th


With its almost exclusively Protestant population, Gertschen resp. Gertenau parish before 1945 in the parish of the old town church in Gumbinnen (Gussew) . She was part of the church district Gumbinnen in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . Today Jarowoje is located in the catchment area of ​​the newly established Evangelical Lutheran congregation of the Salzburg Church in Gussew, which is assigned to the Kaliningrad (Königsberg) provost of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of European Russia .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Kaliningradskaya oblastʹ. (Results of the 2010 all-Russian census. Kaliningrad Oblast.) Volume 1 , Table 4 (Download from the website of the Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Organ of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Dietrich Lange, Geographical Location Register East Prussia (2005): Gertenau
  3. ^ Rolf Jehke, Wilkoschen / Wolfseck district
  4. census data
  5. Evangelical Lutheran Provosty Kaliningrad ( Memento of the original dated August 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.propstei-kaliningrad.info