Königsberg fraternity Gothia zu Göttingen

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Königsberg fraternity Gothia
coat of arms
country Lower Saxony
University University of Göttingen
Foundation, endowment November 22, 1854 in Koenigsberg
cartel South German cartel
Reconstitution 1949 at the University of Göttingen
Motto The lad is free!
Motto Honor, freedom, fatherland!
Corporation association German fraternity until 1984
Website http: //www.gothia-königsberg.de//

The Königsberg fraternity Gothia is a fraternity founded in Königsberg in 1854. It has been based in Göttingen since 1949. It brings together students and alumni of the former Albertus University and the Georg August University. The Königsberg Goths ("Köpi-Gothen") have always been associated with the scale and color.

Color and coat of arms

Gothia's color is "black-gold-blue" (read from below) with golden percussion . A blue velvet hat with gold Albertus is worn. The Konfederatka was also in use until the 1870s . Like other old fraternities, Gothia has no fux band. The Füxe contribute as much as the boys, the tri-color ribbon.

In addition to colors and compasses , the coat of arms shows crossed bells , fraternization hands framed by ouroboros , and an oak tree on the steep coast of Samland . A rising sun and lightning can be seen in the background. Furthermore, the coat of arms shows the Königsberg university seal with Albrecht (Prussia) , the founder of the Albertus University Königsberg . The Albertus has been the badge of the Königsberg fraternity since 1817. The inscription CIVIS ACAD. ALB. stands for "Academic Citizen of the Albertina".


Ernst Burow and "Happy"

The name Gothia is first found as a name for one of the numerous wreaths of the Albertina General Burschenschaft, which existed at Albertus University in the 1820s and 1830s . This wreath Gothia, initially called Gothonia, had the colors "red-gold" and after merging with the wreath Arminia in the winter semester 1840/41 under the name Gothia the colors "blue-gold". A gold-lined blue ribbon and a blue-gold cap were worn. The Albertina fraternity dissolved in 1845 after the individual fraternity Germania had been formed from the last members of Gothia in 1843 . Since on the one hand the Landsmannschaften ( corps ) are not numerically strong, and are disintegrating within themselves and with the other connections and students, on the other hand the fraternity Germania had reached an unusual bloom, it was important not to let the superiority wrest from the fraternity hands. So a second fraternity was founded from the middle of Germania - the Gothia. On November 19, 1854, 8 members, including senior Adolf Ansat, resigned from Germania and held the constituent assembly on the same evening. On November 22nd, 1854, they founded the Gothia fraternity with three “mules” from the free student body . The donors chose “black-gold-blue” as the colors (read from below). The colors "blue-gold" come from the former Gothia wreath. The “black” was added in order to carry another color of the black, red and gold tricolor in addition to the “gold” . Since in Prussia in 1854 the use of the fraternities' motto Honor, Freedom, Fatherland was still viewed as a provocation, Gothia used her motto FREI IS DER BURSCH as a motto and hid the motto of all fraternities honor, freedom, fatherland as abbreviations in the circle , like Name, colors and coat of arms has remained unchanged since it was founded. From January 1855, the Goths fought with members of the Masovia Corps . Both Bünders had their fencing floor with Mrs. Billig, in the so-called “Billigianum” (quay No. 4).

Initially, Gothia was turned towards progress , even though the scale had been of great importance since the foundation. This was expressed above all in the fact that, with the involvement of the fraternity Germania Königsberg and the Corps Baltia Königsberg, an attempt was made to revive the Albertina fraternity. After this project had failed, Gothia turned briefly to the Arminism (fraternity) . On June 27, 1860 Gothia founded a new fraternity Arminia, with which the SC tied up a crap relationship in the following semester. In 1862 Gothia clearly committed to Germanism (fraternity) . In the summer semester of 1865 (when the new Königsberg Seniors' Convent was accepted into the Kösener SC-Verband) Germania and Gothia formed the first Königsberg deputy convent .

Life bond and relationships

Goths in front of the new house at Königsberger Oberteich

Gothia temporarily stood by the principle of life , so did not tolerate second memberships in other student associations. Even before Gothia joined the South German Cartel , the principle of life was given up. As far as the cartel relations of Gothia are concerned, when it was founded, it entered into a close friendship with Germania, which found expression in a close cartel, a ban on drumming with one another and joint meetings . This narrow cartel lasted until 1857 when a Paukkartell with the Germanic peoples came into being. In the same year Gothia closed a cartel with the Landsmannschaft Teutonia Bonn and the Landsmannschaft Torgovia (later Teutonia) in Halle. In 1858 the Leipziger Landsmannschaft Dresdensia joined. This cartel was united, among other things, on the basis of the positive attitude towards unconditional satisfaction , but it was short-lived: In the summer semester of 1862, the Dresdensia left the cartel association, after having previously become a fraternity, while the cartel with the Bonn and Halle Teutons until 1865 duration. With the Bonn Teutonia and the Halle Teutonia Gothia each had three common federal brothers. Gothia was not a member of the first fraternity association, the Eisenach Deputy Convent . In 1885 she joined the General Deputy Convent, which in 1902 became the German Burschenschaft . In the summer semester of 1900, Gothia put two federal brothers on leave to support the Königsberg fraternity of Teutonia. When fraternity members of the Red Association and the South German Cartel visited Gothia exclusively during their stays in Königsberg, a good relationship arose with both cartel associations. Finally, on March 1, 1924 in Jena , Gothia solemnly joined the South German Cartel founded in 1861 , of which she is still a member.

“The hectic conditions among the young academics and in the associations, caused by the break-in of the NSDAP, demands of the SA, the HJ and the student leadership, unfortunately very soon broke the initial unity among the various large associations in the Reich. Fanatics emerged in associations and individual corporations, albeit certainly out of subjective conviction. For Königsberg it was characteristic that z. For example, the two oldest, respected and tradition-conscious fraternities, the white Germania (founded in 1843) and Gothia (founded in 1854), a member of the South German cartel, probably left the German fraternity and joined the old fraternity ring. "

- Hans Lippold, in: Corps Masovia , 1930–1935

Daidalia and reconstitution

When the German Burschenschaft came under National Socialist pressure, Gothia resigned from the German Burschenschaft in 1934. She joined the old fraternity , which also expired in 1936. The same fate befell Gothia as an individual fraternity , which had to join forces to form the comradeship “Hermann von Salza”. Gothia was finally suspended on May 19, 1936. On February 3, 1942, Gothia was the only Königsberg corporation to reconstitute during the Second World War by accepting the members of the Daidalia . It was even possible to play three racket games with the Corps Saxo-Borussia Berlin in Berlin during the war . In 1944, teaching at the Albertus University ceased and active operations finally came to a standstill due to the effects of the war.


Gothia was reconstituted on July 20, 1949 by the reactivated Goths Dittmann, Erdmann, Gilde and Koslowski in an infection barracks on the former airfield of Göttingen . After the flight and expulsion of Germans from Central and Eastern Europe in 1945–1950 , many academics from Königsberg came to the city. And the Georg-August University of Göttingen had taken on the sponsorship of the lost Albertus University. At the joint meeting on August 20, 1949 in Hamburg, the Philistine officially confirmed the reconstitution with the adoption of the federal constitution and the solemn admission of the first two foxes (Hinz, Kuprat). Gothia initially traded as the Association of East Prussian Students Albertina , but was soon able to perform under the old name. The Federation received special support from the Frisia fraternity . She made her premises available for pubs , kettledrums and archive materials as long as Gothia did not have a house of her own. On November 30, 1957, the newly built corporation house in Göttingen's east quarter was put into operation. In 1950 Gothia joined the re-established German fraternity. She left them in 1984.

Students from the HAWK University for Applied Science and Art Hildesheim / Holzminden / Göttingen and the PFH Private University Göttingen can also be accepted into Gothia.


Foundation of a Goth - the Palaestra Albertina

Before Gothia had its own house, people went to bars in various Königsberg restaurants. From 1896 Gothia had its own premises in the Palaestra Albertina , which Friedrich Lange had donated to the Albertus University. On June 29, 1913, they moved into the house built especially for the Gothia fraternity in Cäcilienallee on Oberteich . After the reconstitution in Göttingen, an infection barrack was first prepared at the old airfield in Göttingen, until the house, which was newly built in 1957, could finally be inaugurated.


The Königsberg fraternity, Gothia, maintains the special customs and traditions of the Königsberg student community to this day. In contrast to other Königsberg corporations, which were oriented towards the "Reich German" corporations even before the Second World War, Gothia was able to maintain the Königsberg peculiarities and keep them to this day.


The Königsberg fraternity Gothia is a member of the South German Cartel, which has been in existence since 1861, and is the oldest supraregional association of fraternities. There are numerous double memberships within the South German Cartel.


Former cartels

  • Landsmannschaft Teutonia Bonn (1857–1865)
  • Landsmannschaft Torgovia Halle (1857–1865)
  • Landsmannschaft Dresdensia (1858–1862)


Philistine Friedrich Lange, founder of the Palaestra Albertina
  • Friedrich Beermann (1912–1975), lawyer, brigadier general, Member of the Bundestag, coined the term "citizen in uniform"
  • Jürgen Borgwardt (1937–2007), lawyer, general manager of the Union of Executives
  • Ernst Burow (1838–1885), doctor, founder of the Rhe sailing club
  • Georg Evert (1856–1914), administrative lawyer and statistician
  • Friedhelm Farthmann (* 1930), lawyer, politician (SPD), Minister for Labor, Health and Social Affairs of North Rhine-Westphalia a. D., former chairman of the SPD parliamentary group in North Rhine-Westphalia, MdB
  • Arnold Freymuth (1872–1933), judge, politician (SPD), human rights activist
  • Curt Gagel (1865-1927), geologist
  • Alexander Herrmann (1900–1981), ENT doctor, university professor, honorary member of the Greek, Spanish and Hungarian oto-laryngological societies
  • Hermann Theodor Hoffmann (1836–1902), MdR, MdHH, honorary citizen of Königsberg
  • Leo Koslowski (1921–2007), surgeon, President of the German Society for Surgery, recipient of the Great Federal Cross of Merit
  • Theophil Krawielitzki (1866–1942), pastor and director of the German Community Diakonieverband
  • Friedrich Lange (1849–1927), surgeon, sponsor of non-profit institutions
  • Leonhard von Massenbach (1835–1883), Prussian politician and district administrator of the Obertaunus district
  • Helmut Motekat (1919–1996), Germanist, literary historian
  • Reinhold Rehs (1901–1971) lawyer, politician (SPD, CDU from 1969), member of the Schleswig-Holstein State Parliament, Member of the Bundestag, holder of the Great Federal Cross of Merit
  • Otto Riesser (1882–1949), pharmacologist and physiologist
  • Karl Schulz (1838–?), District Administrator in the Stallupönen district
  • Richard Sternfeld (1858–1926), historian, composer, music historian, university professor
  • Hermann Techow (1838–1909), judicial and administrative clerk and legal advisor to the Japanese government in the Meiji era

Membership directory

  • Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. Directory of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. pp. 1064-1065.
  • Festschrift for the 100th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Königsberg fraternity "Gothia" in Göttingen.- Göttingen 1954
  • Ulrich Walter (Ed.): List of members of the Königsberg fraternity Gothia zu Göttingen - as of February 23, 1997

See also


  • Hans-Georg Balder : The German fraternities. Their representation in individual chronicles . Hilden 2005, pp. 167, 262-263.
  • Andreas Mildahn (†): Fraternity Gothia , in which: "Civis sum Academiae Albertinae" - student corporations at the Albertus University of Königsberg i. Pr. In lexical overview (A – E) . Once and Now, Yearbook of the Society for Corps Student History Research, Vol. 62 (2017), pp. 299–362.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Meyers Konversationslexikon . 5th edition, Leipzig 1896, supplement to the article student associations .
  2. Hans Peter Hümmer , Michaela Neubert : Wilhelm Schmiedebergs "Blätter der MEMORY" (1835-1839). A contribution to the student memorial culture at the Albertus University in Königsberg . In: VfcG eV (Ed.): Once and Now . Special volume 2013. VDS-Verlagsdruckerei Schmidt, Neustadt an der Aisch 2013, ISBN 978-3-87707-872-3 , p. 335 .
  3. Rudolf von Gottschall : From my youth . Berlin 1898, p. 89 f .
  4. Hans Peter Hümmer, Michaela Neubert: Wilhelm Schmiedebergs "Blätter der MEMORY" (1835-1839). A contribution to the student memorial culture at the Albertus University in Königsberg. In: VfcG eV (Ed.): Once and Now . Special volume 2013. VDS-Verlagsdruckerei Schmidt, Neustadt an der Aisch 2013, ISBN 978-3-87707-872-3 , p. 338 .
  5. ^ Paul Rhode: Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Gothia fraternity . Königsberg i.Pr 1904, p. 69 f .
  6. ^ Paul Rhode: Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Gothia fraternity . Königsberg i.Pr. 1904, p. 87 .
  7. Andreas Mildahn: Burschenschaft Gothia (2017)
  8. ^ Paul Rhode: Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Gothia fraternity . Königsberg i.Pr 1904, p. 60 f .
  9. Gerd Schaefer-Rolffs , Oskar Scheunemann (ed.): Handbuch des Kösener Corpsstudenten . Fifth supplemented and revised edition. VAC-Druckschriftzentrale, Bochum 1965, p. 248 f .
  10. ^ Paul Rhode: Festschrift for the 50th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Gothia fraternity . Koenigsberg i. Pr. 1904, p. 71 f .
  11. ^ Riech, Dullenkopf, Koslowski: The Gothia fraternity from 1924 to 1954 . In: Festschrift for the 100th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Königsberg fraternity Gothia zu Göttingen . Göttingen 1954, p. 322 .
  12. ^ Hugo Böttger: Handbook for the German fraternity . Ed .: Hugo Böttger. Carl Heymanns Verlag, Berlin 1909, p. 271 f .
  13. ^ Riech, Dullenkopf, Koslowski: The Gothia fraternity from 1924 to 1954 . In: Festschrift for the 100th anniversary celebration of the Königsberg fraternity Gothia in Göttingen . Göttingen 1954, p. 296 f .
  14. Daidalia was founded on December 15, 1941 with the colors blue-silver-blue by medical students of an air force company. The ribbon was worn under the uniform.
  15. Thomas Thamm: Corporate students in Königsberg / Prussia 1918 to 1945 . Historia Academica Band 34 . Würzburg 1995, p. 138 ff .
  16. Hans Dullenkopf: Dr. phil. Fritz Ranzi, historian . In: Königsberger Burschenschaft Gothia zu Göttingen (Hrsg.): Gothenmitteilungen. News sheet of the Königsberg fraternity Gothia zu Göttingen . Issue 36. Göttingen March 1978, p. 25-28 .
  17. Riech, Dullenkopf, Koslowski: Die Burschenschaft Gothia 1924 to 1954 , in: Festschrift for the 100th anniversary of the foundation festival of the Königsberg Burschenschaft Gothia zu Göttingen , Göttingen 1954, pp. 203-273, here p. 253f.
  18. ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 83.


  1. Otto Vigouroux wrote about the dog in 1904: “[On the hike to Elbing] we were joined by a fourth traveling companion, or rather a traveling companion, namely a four-legged, Happy, who was a well-known bulldog in all the bars in Königsberg where couleur students frequented . It actually belonged to the "young" Burow, a member of the Gothia fraternity, but not only had the same affection for all its members as it did for its master, but extended the same to all stripes who were on friendly terms with the Goths Our Masovia also belonged to them at that time. So the honest Happy drove all day into the night from one student bar to another, and when the last drinker left the bar for the night, she accompanied him confidently to his home, confident that she would find overnight accommodation there. She was also a frequent guest in Schumacher's pub and, since she always behaved very well, a well-liked guest. ”Otto Vigouroux: From my golden time 1857–1860 , in Corps Masovia (1930), pp. 427–449.