Germania Erlangen fraternity
Germania Erlangen fraternity
|coat of arms||Circle|
|University / s:||Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg|
|Founding:||February 5, 1827|
|Foundation date:||December 12, 1849|
|Corporation association :||South German cartel|
|Color status :||colored|
|Type of Confederation:||Men's association|
|Position to the scale :||beating|
|Motto:||Freedom, honor, fatherland|
The time until 1945
The fraternity was founded by resigned members of an older Germania of the same name in 1827. This was sometimes called Amicitia (Latin for friendship). On the following boys' days ( Bamberg / Nuremberg 1827 and Würzburg 1829) it was recognized as the legitimate continuation of the Erlangen fraternity , despite opposition from the older Germania , which was now called Arminia . In 1832 the Germania was banned by the authorities and it was said to be "absolutely revolutionary" . After several members took part in the Frankfurt Wachensturm in 1833 , it was severely persecuted, so that many members had to flee abroad. Others came in years of detention , died in the four Germans. Seven active people were sentenced to death. However, this judgment was not carried out. Some of the non-imprisoned Teutons joined the Baruthia corps ; the Germania was secretly under the name Wörnleinianer continued for several years, but they could be re-established until the 1849th
Although the Bubenruthia fraternity in Erlangen was a point of contact for all students interested in fraternities, over time there was an increasing contrast between arminist and Germanist fraternities, so that on December 12, 1849 the Germania with old colors, which was banned in 1832 , old motto and old circle was re-established.
From a friendship relationship between the Teutonia Jena fraternity and Germania Erlangen from 1854, the South German Cartel (SK), which still exists today, was created on May 18, 1861 with the joining of the Allemannia Heidelberg , Germania Tübingen and Allemannia auf dem Pflug zu Halle fraternities . This joined with its member fraternities of the General Deputy Convent (ADC), the later German Burschenschaft (DB).
The Germanenhaus was inaugurated on August 1, 1888. It is the oldest corporation house in the city. In 1906 the house was rebuilt and got its current appearance in the classic Art Nouveau style. The pub was the Brücken-Paulus restaurant in Sieglitzhof . A friendship alliance was established in 1892 with the Arminia Prague fraternity (now in Bochum ).
During the First World War , the Germanenhaus was converted into a hospital for wounded soldiers; 63 members died or were missing. In 1920 numerous members of Germania joined the Freikorps Epp , in 1921 the Freikorps Oberland .
On November 12, 1934, the Southern German Cartel withdrew from the German fraternity . Germania then became a founding member of the old fraternity . In 1935/36, Germania had to disband under pressure from the National Socialists and was transferred to the Wilhelm Gustloff comradeship . In the Second World War 55 members died, 14 are missing. The Germanenhaus was again used as a hospital for wounded soldiers.
The time from 1945
On September 18, 1947, the Germania fraternity was re-established as Amicitia and recognized by the Erlangen AStA and the university senate. In 1950 it was renamed Germania . This joined the re-established German fraternity and the South German cartel . 1945–1947 the Germanenhaus served the US military as a meeting house, after which the university used the premises for seminars in its law faculty. On December 11, 1954, the house was again released for the fraternity.
After the German fraternity had given up the obligatory principle in 1971 in favor of the admission of Austrian fraternities, Germania left the corporation and has not belonged to any association since then.
In 2012 the student dormitory attached to the fraternity was expanded to 56 residential units.
- Ernst Aub (1837–1900), physician and politician (NLP), member of the Bavarian Chamber of Deputies, honorary citizen of Feuchtwangen
- Horst Baier (1933–2017), professor of sociology at the University of Konstanz (resigned)
- Friedrich Beckh (1843–1927), agrarian and conservative politician
- Hermann Beckh (1832–1908), lawyer and member of the German Reichstag
- Rudolph Beckh (1860-1919), Munich police chief
- Wilhelm Beckh (1836–1921), physician and writer
- Otto Beyer (1869–1929), lawyer and politician (DVP), member of the Bavarian State Parliament
- Sigmund Hieronymus Castner (1835–1919), Mayor of Roth near Nuremberg, district administrator in the Neustadt an der Waldnaab district office
- Ernst Georg Deuerlein (1893–1978), regional historian of Franconia
- Albert Döderlein (1860–1941), gynecologist
- Erik Dreesen (1971–2013), bodybuilder and strength athlete
- Christian von Frisch (1807–1881), educator, scholar and politician
- Michael Fuchs (* 1949), politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag
- Christian Wilhelm von Glück (1810–1866), librarian and historian
- Ludwig Götting (1854–1920), lawyer and member of the German Reichstag
- Ernst Graser (1860–1929), physician
- Karl Hagen (1810–1868), historian and politician, member of the Frankfurt National Assembly
- Wilhelm Hagen (1893–1982), physician
- Karl Hammerschmidt (1862–1932), politician, member and second vice president of the Bavarian Chamber of Deputies
- Klaus Hartmann (1935–1995), lawyer and politician (CSU), Member of the Bundestag
- Karl Häupler (1906–1945), District Administrator in the Mühldorf am Inn district, Lord Mayor of the City of Fürth
- Gustav Hauser (1856–1935), pathologist and bacteriologist
- Heinrich Heinkelmann (1807–1866), Bamberg doctor and political activist
- Ferdinand Gottfried von Herder (1828–1896), professor of botany
- Friedrich Alexander Keyl (1809–1878), member of the Bavarian Chamber of Deputies
- Friedrich Knoke (1844–1928), classical philologist, local historian, director of the Osnabrück Ratsgymnasium
- Robert Knopf (1862 – after 1925), Lutheran clergyman and publicist, superintendent and school inspector in Holzminden
- Georg Friedrich Koch (1808–1874), botanist and doctor
- Hermann Kraus (1888–1941), district administrator or district administrator of the district office of Ochsenfurt
- Christian Mehlis (1850–1933), Palatine historian
- August Menzel (1810–1878), German-Swiss zoologist and beekeeper
- David Morgenstern (1814–1882), member of the Bavarian state parliament and manufacturer
- Nikolaus Müller (1857–1912), theologian and church historian
- Paul Mulzer (1880–1947), dermatologist and professor at the University of Hamburg
- Otto Muther (1832–1881), member of the Coburg state parliament
- Georg Michael Nahm (1803–1834), German revolutionary
- Konrad Oebbeke (1853–1932), mineralogist and geologist, professor at the University of Erlangen and the Technical University of Munich
- Heinrich August Papellier (1834–1894), Mayor of Erlangen, lawyer and member of the German Reichstag
- Hermann Roesler (1834–1894), economist
- Gustav Rohmer (1868–1946), District President of Middle Franconia and Upper Franconia
- Gustav Rubner (1810–1882), doctor and politician, member of the Bavarian Chamber of Deputies
- Friedrich Scharff (1845–1918), lawyer and politician, mayor of Erlangen
- Christian Schneider (1887–1972), chemist and entrepreneur
- Eugen Schneider (1822–1880), administrative lawyer and politician, Mayor of Bamberg, member of the Chamber of Deputies (Bavaria) and the Customs Parliament (honorary boy)
- Werner Schotte (1835–1910), District Administrator in Beckum and Schleusingen
- Lorenz Schreiner (1920–2008), doctor and university professor
- Karl von Schwartz (1847–1923), Lutheran theologian
- Karl Steinbauer (1906–1988), Evangelical Lutheran theologian and member of the Confessing Church
- Alfred Stooß (1853–1927), Senator of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Nikolaus Titus (1808–1874), Bamberg lawyer and politician, member of the Frankfurt National Assembly
- Philipp Umbscheiden (1816–1870), lawyer and politician, member of the Frankfurt National Assembly
- Georg Heinrich Vogt (1809–1889), theologian and member of the Bavarian State Parliament
- Gustav Richard Wagner (1809–1881), lawyer and politician (NLP), MdR
- Adam Wenglein (1833–1915), Mayor of Lichtenfels, member of the Bavarian Chamber of Deputies
- Hermann Wintz (1887–1947), gynecologist, obstetrician, radiologist and university professor
- Ernst Wüst (1875–1959), classical philologist
- Erhard Ziegler (1886–1946), Reich judge
- Matthes Ziegler (1911–1992), theologian and party official (NSDAP)
Membership directory :
- Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. Directory of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. pp. 1026-1027.
- Hans-Georg Balder : The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, pp. 133-134.
- Wilhelm Kalb: History of the fraternity Germania to Erlangen. Part 1 and Part 2, Erlangen 1892 and 1899.
- EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 35.
- Meyers Konversationslexikon . 5th edition, Leipzig 1896, supplement to the article student associations .
- Karl Albert von Kamptz (Ed.): Annals of the Prussian inner state administration. Volume 19, year 1835, 2nd issue, Berlin 1835, p. 542.
- Ferdinand Bischoff: Strange criminal law cases for judges, forensic doctors, defenders and psychologists. Third volume. Hanover 1837, p. 260.
- Georg Heer , Herman Haupt , Paul Wentzcke : Sources and representations on the history of the fraternity and the German unity movement , Volume 16. Heidelberg 1939, p. 215.
- Christoph Friederich: The Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 1743–1993: History of a German University: Exhibition in the City Museum Erlangen, October 24th, 1993– February 27th, 1994. Erlangen, Stadtmuseum, 1993, p. 432.
- Klaus Fröba: Erlangen in old views. Zaltbommel 1986, p. 91.
- Christoph Friedrich, Bertold Frhr. by Haller and Andreas Jakob : Erlanger Stadtlexikon. Nuremberg 2002.
- "The first weeks of the war in the Oberhessische Zeitung (Marburg), August 1914, Section 4: 1.8.1914: Provision of the Germanenhaus as a military hospital". Hessian sources on the First World War. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on September 11, 2015 .
- Hans König : Boys, Knots and Philistines. Erlanger student life from 1743 to 1983. Nuremberg 1983, p. 47.
- Paul Wentzcke (Ed.): Representations and sources on the history of the German unity movement in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Volume 1, Heidelberg 1957, p. 219.
- Siegfried Ziegler: Erlangen in National Socialism: Exhibition in the City Museum Erlangen, Martin-Luther-Platz from October 16, 1983 to February 19, 1984. City Museum Erlangen 1983, p. 38.
- Hans König : Boys, Knots and Philistines. Erlanger student life from 1743 to 1983. Nuremberg 1983, p. 26.