|Voivodeship :||Lower Silesia|
|Area :||14.40 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Height :||170 m npm|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Postal code :||55-120|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 71|
|License plate :||DTR|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Wołów - Wroclaw|
|Rail route :||Wroclaw – Leszno|
|Next international airport :||Wroclaw|
|Gminatype:||Urban and rural municipality|
|Gmina structure:||23 school authorities|
(Jun. 30, 2019)
|Population density :||132 inhabitants / km²|
|Community number ( GUS ):||0220013|
|Administration (as of 2014)|
|Mayor :||Arkadiusz Poprawa|
|Address:||ul. Trzebnicka 1
55-035 Oborniki Śląskie
Because of its good climatic conditions, the village of Obernigk in the Katzengebirge, first mentioned in 1305, developed into a health resort in the 19th century . The landowner Karl Wolfgang Schaubert (a godfather of Karl von Holtei's son ) expanded it into a spa in 1835.
The place had already been made famous by the poet Karl von Holtei . Holtei, who lived here for a few years and also married here in 1821, described Obernigk in several poems. Holtei, who, according to his own verses, had lived in "a little house with a shingle roof and a fir tree" in Obernigk, was also the editor of the well-known Breslau weekly Der Obernigker Bote , which was only published from March 4 to September 1822 . A memorial in the village commemorates him.
When cholera broke out in Breslau in 1866 , many residents fled to Obernigk.
At the beginning of the 20th century Obernigk was a village and climatic health resort with a Protestant church, a Catholic church, two private asylums , a sanatorium and a pine needle bath. The village was a popular resort for the citizens of Wroclaw and other townspeople from Lower Silesia.
Monument to Karl von Holtei in the village
After the end of the war, Obernigk, like almost all of Silesia, was placed under Polish administration by the Soviet occupying power in the summer of 1945 . The Poles introduced the place name Oborniki Śląskie for Obernigk . In the following years the German population was expelled from Obernigk by the local Polish administrative authority . The village received city rights. The spa and recreational activities continue to this day.
Since 2004 there has been a town partnership with the Upper Franconian town of Rehau .
|1900||2,051||including 425 Catholics and 26 Jews|
From Oborniki Śląskie you can reach Gdansk and Wroclaw without changing trains with the IC and TLK of the Polish PKP.
The city's coat of arms (created after 1945) shows a green fir tree in a yellow field.
The urban and rural community ( gmina miejsko-wiejska ) Oborniki Śląskie covers an area of 153.75 km² with 18,059 inhabitants (2007). This includes these places:
- Bagno ( Heinzendorf )
- Borkowice ( Burgwitz )
- Ciecholowice ( Zechelwitz )
- Golędzinów ( Kunzendorf )
- Jary ( Jackel )
- Kotowice ( Kottwitz )
- Kowale ( Kawallen )
- Kuraszków ( Alt Karoschke , 1936–1937: Karoschke , 1937–1945: Lindenwaldau )
- Lubnów ( Liebenau ) with Nowosielce ( Sorgan )
- Morzęcin Mały ( Klein Muritsch )
- Morzęcin Wielki ( Groß Muritsch )
- Oborniki Śląskie ( Obernigk ) town
- Osola ( Ritschedorf )
- Osolin ( Esdorf ) with Brzezno Małe
- Paniowice ( Pannwitz )
- Pęgów ( Hennigsdorf )
- Piekary ( Beckern )
- Przecławice (Prischwitz)
- Raków ( Raake )
- Rościsławice ( Riemberg , formerly from 1874 District 29 in the Wohlau district)
- Siemianice ( Schimmelwitz )
- Uraz ( Auras ) with Niziny ( Weitemalke )
- Wielka Lipa ( Gross Leipe )
- Wilczyn ( Heidewilxen )
- Zajączków ( Haasenau )
- Paniowice ( Pannwitz )
sons and daughters of the town
- Ernst Leberecht Semper (* 1722 in Heidewilxen; † 1758), German Lutheran clergyman and song writer
- Hans von Held (* 1764 in Auras; † 1842), publicist and poet
- Hans Karl von Diebitsch-Sabalkanski (* 1785 in Groß Leipe; † 1831), Russian field marshal
- Ernst Julius August Zacher (* 1816 in Obernigk; † 1887), German specialist in German
- Hugo Ganse (* 1862 in Kunzendorf; † 1944 ibid), administrative lawyer and ministerial official, president of the Prussian settlement commission
- Adolf Böhm (* 1871 in Obernigk; † after 1905), German racing cyclist
- Carlo Bayer (* 1915 in Obernigk; † 1977), theologian and pioneer of Caritas Internationalis
- Heinrich Geissler (* 1927 in Obernigk; † 1990), German art historian
- Kurt Wünsche (* 1929), German politician in the GDR
- Manfred Zeh (* 1933 in Heidewilxen), major general of the National People's Army
- Bernhard Schemmel (* 1940 in Obernigk), German Germanist, folklorist and librarian
- Bronisław Komorowski (* 1952), Polish President
- Aleksandra Natalli-Świat (* 1959, † 2010), Polish politician
- Zdzisław Nitka (* 1962), expressionist painter, graphic artist, wood cutter and university teacher
- Hugo Weczerka (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical places . Volume: Silesia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 316). Kröner, Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-520-31601-3 , p. 367.
- Walter Schmidt: Resistance in Auras / Oder, Wohlau district 1933 to 1945. In: Cornelia Domaschke, Daniela Fuchs-Frotscher, Günter Wehner (eds.): Resistance and loss of home. Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, 2012, ISBN 978-3-320-02278-5 , p. 11. ( online as pdf )
- population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
- Michael Sachs: 'Prince Bishop and Vagabond'. The story of a friendship between the Prince-Bishop of Breslau Heinrich Förster (1799–1881) and the writer and actor Karl von Holtei (1798–1880). Edited textually based on the original Holteis manuscript. In: Medical historical messages. Journal for the history of science and specialist prose research. Volume 35, 2016 (2018), pp. 223–291, here: p. 280.
- Joseph Kürschner: Holtei, Carl von . In: General German Biography . Volume 13, 1881, pp. 3-5.
- Meyer's Large Conversation Lexicon . 6th edition, Volume 14, Leipzig / Vienna 1908, p. 867.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. trebnitz.html # ew39trebobern. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Główny Urząd Statystyczny, "LUDNOŚĆ - STAN I STRUKTURA W PRZEKROJU TERYTORIALNYM", as of June 30, 2007 ( Memento of February 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Walter Schmidt : Johannes Halm (1893-1953). Resistance and persecution of the evangelical pastor from Auras / Oder in the period from 1933 to 1945. In: Fachprosafroschung - border crossing. Volume 8/9, 2012/2013 (2014), pp. 517-545, here: p. 517.
- Elfriede Hoppe, Brigitte Stürmer: Contributions to a chronicle of the village of Riemberg in the district of Wohlau (Lower Silesia). Wiesbaden / Stuttgart 1989.