|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Bardowick|
|Height :||8 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||22.54 km 2|
|Residents:||2217 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||98 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||21449|
|Area code :||04178|
|License plate :||LG|
|Community key :||03 3 55 028|
|LOCODE :||DE RBU|
|Association administration address:||Schulstr. 12
|Mayor :||Rolf Semrok ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Radbruch in the Lüneburg district|
A first mention of the place is in 1252 in the document book of the Verden cathedral chapter as "Rotersbrug". From the delivery of the so-called lard tenth, it can be concluded that it is primarily used for forestry and agriculture. There is no evidence of permanent extensive settlement activity for the time being.
Another documented reference to the place name is contained in the chronicle Memorabilia Historiae Luneburgicae from 1269. The "Radebrokii" appearing in it are likely to have been located in the Radbruch area. The ancestral seat of the Radbruch family may have been fortified at the beginning of the 15th century. In the years 1450 and 1451 a Meyerhof belonging to the Pattensen Bailiwick was mentioned. In the 16th century, the Radbruch Bailiwick was created as a special property within the Bardowick Bailiwick . This was the administrative seat of the Guelph possessions in this area.
The mapping of the cartographer Mellinger from 1592 shows "Raarbroock" as an extensive forest and swamp area.
The atlas sheet Ducatus Luneburgensis. Adiacentiumq. regionum delineatio (1645) by Willem Janszoon Blaeu shows a forest called "Raarbroeck" in the region. Since Broeck or Brook denote marshland, it should have been quarry forest. The iron-rich water of the Bruchwald lowlands often has a red color, hence, according to the assumption, the name red break (see also Roddau - red floodplain), later then Radbruch. If the raar is of Latin origin, this would be an indication of a very loose, scattered tree population. The more widespread cycling or cycling indicates, however, more of a clearing.
In the Kurhannoverschen Landesaufnahme , sheet 67 “Winsen / Luhe”, recorded in 1776, there is a “Meierhoff” as “Königigl. Stutery ”. The corridor adjacent to the north is referred to as "the Ratth Bruch".
In 1885 Radbruch became a member of the Winsen / Luhe district and thus in 1932 an independent municipality in the Harburg district . In 1974 it became a member of the combined community of Bardowick and the district of Lüneburg through the municipal reform .
The modern development of the settlement began only after the departure of the Hanoverian horse stud in 1778. The farmsteads that were created with the coupling of 1779 can still be seen today in the village. The village became famous in the 19th century through the shepherd Heinrich Ast. He came to the Ahlers farm in 1873, later became a fisherman and made a name for himself as a healer. In 1894 he treated up to 1000 patients a day in Radbruch. This was made possible by the Hanover-Harburg railway line opened in 1848. Not only the patients benefited from Ast's work. In the village there were a number of inns and restaurants, the farmers offered a carriage service from the train station to the Ast'schen estate in today's Bardowicker Strasse. Schäfer Ast died in 1921. The practice continued until the 1990s. Some of Ast's remedies are still available in the Winsener Ratsapotheke.
The municipality of Radbruch belongs to the state constituency 49 Lüneburg and to the federal constituency 38 Lüchow-Dannenberg - Lüneburg .
The municipal council has had 13 members since the 2016 local elections. Results of the last elections:
|Political party||2006 result [%]||2011 result [%]||Result 2016 [%]||Change [%]|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||8.9||12.7||11.0||- 1.7|
The seats are distributed as follows (± the seats compared to the 2011 election):
At the constituent meeting of the municipal council on November 24, 2016, Rolf Semrok was elected mayor in a secret ballot. Dirk Boks (Greens) was also elected deputy mayor in a secret ballot. Holger Lütjens (CDU) was appointed by the majority as the administrative representative.
Culture and sights
- The old forester's house
- Forests surrounding Radbruch are characterized by a variety of flora and fauna, so that occasionally even rare sea eagles can be seen.
- A sports facility with integrated soccer and beach volleyball courts, as well as an attached tennis facility, are available to the citizens.
- TSV Radbruch, the local sports club since 1948, offers a variety of different sports for adults and children.
- In 1902 the volunteer fire brigade was founded in Radbruch and it is one of 9 firefighters in the joint municipality of Bardowick . There are currently around 30 volunteers in the fire brigade who take care of the fire safety in the village and in the community.
Exhibitions and events
- The art barn Radbruch for exhibitions of contemporary art was opened in 2008 by the artist Walter Knolle. He himself has been working on his works in the art barn since 2000. Between June 10, 2017 and July 2, 2017, the last exhibition 10 Years of the Radbruch Art Barn took place.
- The Country Club Wild West e. V. was founded in 1996 and in the same year the first country festival took place with around 400 visitors. Since then, the country festival has taken place every year and offers music, horse shows, a classic car meeting and an extensive supporting program on the Whitsun weekend. According to the organizers, around 5,500 visitors attended the festival in 2009.
Economy and Infrastructure
Radbruch is located on the Hanover – Hamburg railway line and is connected approximately every hour by the metronome with the RB31 to Hamburg-Harburg and Hamburg main station as well as to Lüneburg and Uelzen.
There are two kindergartens and a primary school in the community.
The healer, shepherd Philipp Heinrich Ast, born in 1848, lived and worked in Radbruch .
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Jann Wübenhorst: District of Lüneburg: Determination of possible restrictions under species protection law for different search areas of the planning concept of regional planning in connection with the partial update of wind energy of the RROP LK Lüneburg; Mapping of Großvogel flight routes in June and July 2012. August 2012, p. 6 , accessed on October 4, 2017 .
- Radbruch Volunteer Fire Brigade - About us. Retrieved on October 4, 2017 (German).
- Kunstscheune Radbruch , kunstscheune-radbruch.de
- Last exhibition in the Radbruch Art Barn - LZonline . In: landeszeitung.de . June 9, 2017 ( landeszeitung.de [accessed October 4, 2017]).
- About us . In: Country Club Wild West e. V. ( country-club-wild-west.de [accessed October 4, 2017]).
- Radbruch community; Radbruch Family Association (Ed.): 750 Years of Radbruch. UBB Verl. Westphal, Lüneburg 1994.