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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Central Russia
Oblast Yaroslavl
Rajon Rostov
head Yuri Woiko
First mention 862
surface 31  km²
population 31,792 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1026 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 100  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 48536
Post Code 15215x
License Plate 76
OKATO 78 410
Geographical location
Coordinates 57 ° 11 ′  N , 39 ° 25 ′  E Coordinates: 57 ° 11 ′ 0 ″  N , 39 ° 25 ′ 0 ″  E
Rostov (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Rostov (Yaroslavl Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Yaroslavl Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Rostov ( Russian Ростов ) is a Russian town in the Yaroslavl Oblast with 31 792 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010), approximately 225 km north-east of Moscow on the railway line Moscow-Yaroslavl , who also trains the since the 1930 Trans-Siberian Railway sail becomes. Rostov is located on Lake Nero and is therefore also called Rostow Jaroslawski or Rostow am Nero , in contrast to Rostov-on-Don . It belongs to the Golden Ring of Russia and is an important tourist center. Up to the 18th century the city of Rostov was called Veliky (in today's Russian spelling Росто́в Вели́кий ), which means something like "Greater Rostov".


Lake Nero near Rostov

Rostov is one of the oldest Russian cities. In the Nestor Chronicle Rostov is mentioned for the first time for the year 862nd Around 988 it became the seat of an independent sub-principality under Yaroslav the Wise . In 991 one of the first eparchies (diocese) of the Kievan Rus was built here. Prince Boris was murdered in 1015 . He became the first saint of the Russian Orthodox Church .

1113 Rostov was again the seat of a principality under Yuri Dolgoruki . In 1125 he moved the prince's seat to Suzdal in order to evade the influence of the city's boyars . From 1207 to 1219 the city was once again the center of a principality under Konstantin Vsevolodowitsch . At that time it was a densely populated city with a royal court, boyar seats and vigilante groups. Merchants and artisans made up the majority of the population. In 1238 the city was destroyed in the course of the Mongol invasion.

1474 acquired Grand Duke Ivan III. Rostov for the Grand Duchy of Moscow and Rostov lost its political relevance. In cultural, architectural and religious terms, however, its importance grew in the following centuries. Annual fairs since the 18th century and the establishment of textile manufacturers in the 19th century determined the economic development of the city.

Population development

year Residents
1897 13,715
1939 29,808
1959 29,230
1970 30,815
1979 31,538
1989 35,707
2002 34,141
2010 31,792

Note: census data


The Rostov Kremlin

The city has a variety of architectural attractions, including the Kremlin with the Uspensky Cathedral and many other churches, as well as the Prince's Palace, an outstanding example of secular architecture. The world-famous Big Bells in the Kremlin, which Hector Berlioz visited in 1869, deserves special attention in order to experience with his own ears the various melodies of the bell for which the Rostov bell ringer were world famous.

Furthermore, the arcades in the old town and the Redeemer Jacob Monastery in front of the city should be emphasized, which has old Russian and very splendid classical architecture. There are also several monasteries around the city such as the Abraham Monastery and the famous Boris and Gleb Monastery .


The main branches of industry are plant construction, textile industry, food industry, handicrafts and agriculture.

sons and daughters of the town

Winter in Rostov (1906), Konstantin Juon
Wall painting of the temple in Rostov the Great

See also

Web links

Commons : Rostov  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)