Łuknajno (Mikołajki)

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Łuknajno does not have a coat of arms
Łuknajno (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Warmia-Masuria
Powiat : Mrągowo
Gmina : Mikołajki
Geographic location : 53 ° 48 '  N , 21 ° 38'  E Coordinates: 53 ° 47 '55 "  N , 21 ° 38' 18"  E
Residents :
Postal code : 11-730
Telephone code : (+48) 87
License plate : NMR
Economy and Transport
Street : Mikołajki / DK 16Dziubiele Małe - Dziubiele
Woźnice / DK 16 - Grabnik Mały - Osa - Urwitałt → Łuknajno
Rail route : no rail connection
Next international airport : Danzig

Łuknajno ( German  Lucknainen ) is a small town in the Polish Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship . He belongs to the urban and rural community Mikołajki ( German  Nikolaiken ) in the powiat Mrągowski ( Sensburg district ).

Geographical location

Łuknajno is located in the middle east of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in the Masurian Landscape Protection Park (Mazurski Park Krajobrazowy) on the south bank of Lake Lucknain ( Jezioro Łuknajno in Polish ), 24 kilometers southeast of the district town of Mrągowo ( German Sensburg ).  

The former Lucknainer Gut in what is now Łuknajno
View of the Jezioro Łuknajno (Lucknainer See)
Lookout tower on Jezioro Łuknajno


Today's forest settlement (Polish: Osada leśna ) is an earlier manor that was called Lucknain Ferry until around 1898/1905 , then as the municipality of Lucknainen . On April 8, 1874, the Lucknainer Fähre estate became the official seat and eponymous for an administrative district that existed until August 23, 1932 and belonged to the Sensburg district in the Gumbinnen district (from 1905: Allenstein district ) in the Prussian province of East Prussia . He then went to the "District Olschewen " (Polish Olszewo ).

On the basis of the provisions of the Versailles Treaty , the population in the Allenstein voting area , to which Lucknainen belonged, voted on July 11, 1920 on whether it would continue to belong to East Prussia (and thus to Germany) or join Poland. In Lucknainen, 40 people voted to remain with East Prussia, while Poland did not.

The manor district Lucknainen joined on September 30, 1928 with the manor districts Georgenthal ( Polish : Urwitałt ), Grünhof ( Leśny Dwór ), Ossa (1938 to 1945 Schwanhof , Polish: Osa ) and Pienkowen (no longer existent) and the fishing tabernacle Lucknainerbude to the new rural community Lucknainen together.

When all of southern East Prussia was transferred to Poland in 1945 as a result of the war , Lucknainen was also affected. It was given the Polish form of the name "Łuknajno" and is now part of the municipality of Mikołajki (Nikolaiken) iom Powiat Mrągowski ( Sensburg district ), until 1998 of the Suwałki Voivodeship , since then it has belonged to the Warmia-Masurian Voivodeship .

Population numbers

year number
1818 20th
1839 26th
1867 63
1885 54
1898 46
1905 31
1910 47
1933 126
1939 110

Lucknainen District (1874–1932)

The formed 1874 District Lucknainen consisted of nine municipalities:

Surname Changed name from
1938 to 1945
Polish name Remarks
Diebowen Dommelhof Dybowo
Dlugigrund (from 1928 :)
Długi Grąd from 1928 to the rural community of Olschewen
Georgenthal Urwitałt from 1928 to the rural community of Lucknainen
Grabowken (from 1929 :)
Grünhof Leśny Dwór from 1928 to the rural community of Lucknainen
Lucknainer ferry (from 1898/1905 :)
Olshevs Erlenau Olszewo
Ossa Schwanhof Osa from 1928 to the rural community of Lucknainen
Pienkowen from 1928 to the rural community of Lucknainen

On August 24, 1932, the Lucknainen district, which was part of the Olschewen district, included the four communities of Buchenhagen, Diebowen, Lucknainen and Olschwewen.


Until 1945 Lucknainen was parish in the Evangelical parish church Nikolaiken in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union and in the Catholic St. Adalbert Church in Sensburg in the Diocese of Warmia .

Today Łuknajno belongs to the Catholic parish Woźnice (Wosnitzen , 1938 to 1945 Julienhöfen) in the Diocese of Ełk in the Polish Catholic Church and to the Evangelical Church of Mikołajki in the Masurian Diocese of the Evangelical-Augsburg Church in Poland .


Łuknajno is located south of the Polish state road 16 (former German Reichsstraße 127 ) and can be reached from there via both Mikołajki and Woźnice on secondary roads. There is no connection to the rail network .

Web links

Commons : Łuknajno  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Polish Postal Code Directory 2013, p. 753
  2. Dietrich Lange, Geographical Location Register East Prussia (2005): Lucknainen
  3. a b c Lucknainen at GenWiki
  4. a b c Rolf Jehke, Lucknainen district, Olschwen / Erlenau
  5. Herbert Marzian , Csaba Kenez : self-determination for East Germany. Documentation on the 50th anniversary of the East and West Prussian referendum on July 11, 1920. Editor: Göttinger Arbeitskreis , 1970, p. 114
  6. Walther Hubatsch , History of the Protestant Church of East Prussia , Volume 3 Documents , Göttingen 1968, p. 501
  7. ^ Parafia Woźnice / Diecezja Ełk