|Waters||Luzon Strait ( Pacific Ocean )|
|Number of islands||5 larger, 6 smaller islands|
|Total land area||620 km²|
The Babuyan Islands are an archipelago that lies north of the main Philippine island of Luzón in the Luzon Strait and belongs to the province of Cagayan . The islands are separated from the Batan Islands in the south by the Babuyan Canal and in the north by the Balintang Canal .
The archipelago consists of five larger and six smaller islands: Calayan Island (196 km²), Babuyan (100 km²), Camiguin Island (166 km²), Dalupiri (50 km²) and Fuga (100 km²) are the five large islands. The smaller islands include Pamoctan (0.3 km²) and Pinon (0.04 km²) west of Camiguin, Panuitan (2.3 km²) north of Cagayan, Irao (0.2 km²) south of Dalupiri, Didicas (0, 7 km²) and the Guinapao Rocks (Dilayag) (<0.3 km²), as well as Barit (3.8 km²) and Mabag (0.7 km²) west of Fuga.
Calayan is a municipality in the Cagayan province of the Philippines . The municipality is located in the extreme north of the province. In 2000, the 533 km² area had 14,309 inhabitants and 2,654 households, resulting in a population density of 26.8 inhabitants per km². The community includes most of the Babuyan Islands except Fuga with their offshore neighboring islands Barit and Mabag, which belong to the city of Aparri .
During the Second World War, the islands were occupied by Japanese troops in 1942, and three years later, in 1945, they were recaptured by allied Philippine and American forces.