The Baskerville Dog
Hound of the Baskervilles (original title: The Hound of the Baskervilles , in newer translations and the Hound of the Baskervilles ) is the third novel of Sherlock Holmes and one of the most famous detective stories Arthur Conan Doyle .
The novel takes place in the England of the late 19th century in the region Dartmoor . A demonic curse weighs on the Baskerville family , according to a family document from 1742. During the English Civil War , the drunken Sir Hugo Baskerville had chased a young woman to death who refused to be his will, and was then attacked and killed by a mysterious dog in the moor. Since then, according to legend, a monstrous, howling dog has been roaming the moors that surround the family seat.
After old Sir Charles Baskerville is found dead on the avenue in front of his country house, Sir Henry Baskerville, the last living descendant of the family, arrives from Canada. Since he too fears for his safety, Dr. Mortimer, the executor, called in master detective Sherlock Holmes. Holmes learns from Mortimer that the doctor found the footprints of a huge dog on the scene and that Charles Baskerville must have been waiting for someone there. While still in London, Sir Henry receives an anonymous letter warning him about the moor. When an old boot is stolen from him in the hotel, it is clear to Holmes that there must actually be a dog in the game, which was put on Sir Henry's smell.
Holmes sends his friend Dr. Watson to Baskerville Hall, where Sir Henry inherited. Watson discovers that there is not only a runaway convict named Selden floating around in the moor, but also a seedy naturalist named Stapleton and his sister Beryl, whom Sir Henry falls in love with.
Meanwhile, it turns out that the convict from the moor is the brother-in-law of Sir Henry's butler Barrymore. Barrymore and his wife secretly fed him. The convict's undoing is that Barrymore gave him Sir Henry's old clothes. He falls victim to the mysterious black dog, as the dog picks up Selden's track by Sir Henry's smell.
Watson unexpectedly meets Holmes in the moor, who has been there for a long time. Holmes suspects Stapleton, who is actually a Baskerville, as the mastermind behind the attacks. Stapleton had promised marriage to an impoverished woman named Laura Lyons, prompting her to write a letter to old Sir Charles asking for an evening meeting. However, she did not appear at the appointed time in front of Baskerville's house, instead Stapleton set the dog on the old man.
In order to convict Stapleton, Holmes must set a trap for him. So he sends Sir Henry to Stapleton and orders him to go home over the moor at night when his visit is over. When a huge, glowing dog starts Sir Henry in the moor, Watson and Holmes come to the rescue and shoot the animal. The dog, a cross between a bloodhound and a mastiff, was vicious and half starved. A phosphorus supplement also gave it a terrifying appearance, and in this condition the animal was chased into the Baskervilles.
Holmes and Watson find Beryl Stapleton, who was actually his wife and unwilling accomplice in this plot, tied up and mistreated in a room on the top floor of their property, because she had last rebelled against her husband. It was she who had written the anonymous letter to Sir Henry when he arrived in London. Stapleton himself flees into the moor and disappears. Only the old boot that originally belonged to Henry Baskerville is found. Holmes suspects that Stapleton sank into the moor because he strayed from the narrow path in the fog.
Around 1900 Conan Doyle fell ill with typhus and made a trip to Norfolk . There he met Bertram Fletcher Robinson , who came from Devonshire and grew up on Dartmoor . He told his new friend Doyle old legends about his homeland, including the scary story about a ghost dog. This is the legend of Richard Capel of Brooke Manor. Capel was a wealthy Devon landowner who was notorious for kidnapping and raping his tenants' daughters. According to tradition, Capel was chased to death in Buckfastleigh Moor in 1677 by a pack of demonic dogs.
This story inspired Doyle to write a novel in which a ghost dog curse, awakened by the misdeeds of a malicious ancestor, threatens a family. Doyle reached out to Strand Magazine , who agreed to publish this novel. Doyle traveled to Dartmoor to get some of the real atmosphere into the book. At the same time, the journalist and writer Bertram Fletcher Robinson also made a trip there. His driver was named Harry Baskerville. Doyle took the name for the family of one of the main characters. The title The Hound of the Baskervilles was already fixed at that time. As the game progressed, Doyle realized that he needed a hero in the form of a detective to investigate the mysterious process. He decided to revert to his character Sherlock Holmes , although he had declared the series over a few years earlier. So he dismissed Robinson as a co-author and asked the beach to double the fee if the publishers wanted a Sherlock Holmes novel. The beach agreed without objection.
Doyle wrote this story while staying at the Duchy Hotel in Princetown (Dartmoor) .
The novel was published as a serialized novel in Strand Magazine from August 1901 to April 1902 and was illustrated by Sidney Paget . The publisher brought out the book edition as early as March 1902 so that readers eager for the end, who didn't want to wait for the last month, could buy the book.
The book was published in Germany in 1903 under the title Der Hund von Baskerville . This suggests that Baskerville is a town and not a family name. Therefore, newer translations of the novel carry the title, correctly translated from English, The Hound of the Baskervilles .
German-language book editions
- The Baskerville Dog . Translated by Heinrich Darnoc. Lutz, Stuttgart 1903
The Baskerville Dog . Translated by Heinz Kotthaus. Blüchert, Hamburg 1959
- Paperback: Ullstein, Berlin 1967; 26th edition 2006, ISBN 3-548-25012-2 .
- Sherlock Holmes stories. The Baskerville Dog . Translated by Trude Fein. Manesse, Zurich 1981, ISBN 3-7175-1596-9 .
- Sherlock Holmes. The Baskerville Dog . Revised by WK Weidert. Franckh, Stuttgart 1982
The Baskerville Dog . Translated by Renate Wyler. Scherz, Bern 1983
- New edition: Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2008, ISBN 978-3-596-90066-4 .
- The dog of the Baskervilles . Newly translated by Gisbert Haefs . Haffmans, Zurich 1984, ISBN 3-251-20102-6 .
- The Baskerville Dog . Translated by Edda Fensch. New life, Berlin 1986
- The Baskerville Dog . Edition for children, revised by Sibylle Hentschke. CBJ, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-570-21410-9 .
- The Baskerville Dog . Edited by Christian Somnitz and with illustrations by Sidney Paget. Hase and Igel, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-86760-087-3 .
- Sherlock Holmes - The Novels - A Study in Scarlet - The Sign of Four - The Hound of the Baskervilles - The Valley of Horror. Translated by Margarete Jacobi u. HO Duke. Anaconda, Cologne 2013, ISBN 978-3-7306-0030-6 .
- The Hound of the Baskervilles: With illustrations from Strand Magazine. Translated by Hannelore Eisenhofer-Halim. Nikol, Karlsruhe 2013, ISBN 978-3-86820-180-2 .
- The dog of the Baskervilles. Translated by Henning Ahrens, Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2017, ISBN 978-3-596-03565-6 .
Umberto Eco named the main character of his novel The Name of the Rose William of Baskerville, as it is modeled on Sherlock Holmes'. The novel's second main character, Adson (von Melk ), is named after Dr. Watson named.
The Dog of Blackwood Castle is a German detective film from 1967. The film, shot in color for the first time, is the 25th in the series of Wallace films between 1959 and 1972. The Dog of Blackwood Castle is based on motifs by Edgar Wallace but rather to the Sherlock Holmes novel The Hound of Baskerville .
The Paris daily Le Monde lists the novel at number 44 of the 100 books of the century .
|01||1914||The Baskerville Hound, Part 1||D.||Rudolf Meinert||Alwin Neuss||x|
|02||1914||The lonely house||D.||Rudolf Meinert||Alwin Neuss||x|
|03||1914||The creepy room||D.||Richard Oswald||Alwin Neuss||x|
|04||1915||The mysterious dog||D.||Richard Oswald||Alwin Neuss||x|
|05||1915||The dark castle||D.||Willy Zeyn senior||Eugene Burg||x|
|06||1920||The house without a window||D.||Willy Zeyn senior||Erich Kaiser-Titz||x|
|07||1920||Dr. MacDonald's Sanatorium||D.||Willy Zeyn senior||Erich Kaiser-Titz||x|
|08||1920||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Maurice Elvey||Eille Norwood||Hubert Willis|
|09||1929||The Baskerville Dog||D.||Richard Oswald||Carlyle Blackwell||George Seroff|
|10||1932||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Gareth Gundrey||Robert Rendel||Frederick Lloyd|
|11||1937||The Baskerville Dog||D.||Carl Lamac||Bruno Güttner||Fritz Odemar|
|12||1939||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United States||Sidney Lanfield||Basil Rathbone||Nigel Bruce|
|13||1955||The Baskerville Dog||D.||Fritz Umgelter||Wolf Ackva||Arnulf Schröder|
|14th||1959||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Terence Fisher||Peter Cushing||André Morell|
|15th||1968||The Hound of the Baskervilles (episodes 2.4, 2.5)||UK||Graham Evans||Peter Cushing||Nigel Stock|
|16||1972||The Hound of the Baskervilles||United States||Barry Crane||Stewart Granger||Bernard Fox|
|17th||1978||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Paul Morrissey||Peter Cook||Dudley Moore|
|18th||1981||Sobaka Baskerwilei||SU||Igor Maslennikov||Vasily Liwanow||Vitaly Solomin|
|19th||1982||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Peter Duguid||Tom Baker||Terence Rigby|
|20th||1983||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Douglas Hickox||Ian Richardson||Donald Churchill|
|21st||1983||Sherlock Holmes and the Baskerville Curse||OUT||Eddy Graham||Peter O'Toole||Earle Cross|
|22nd||1988||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||Brian Mills||Jeremy Brett||Edward Hardwicke|
|23||2000||The Hound of the Baskervilles||CDA||Rodney Gibbons||Matt Frewer||Kenneth Welsh|
|24||2002||The Hound of the Baskervilles||UK||David Attwood||Richard Roxburgh||Ian Hart|
|25th||2012||The Hounds of Baskerville (episode 2.2)||UK||Paul McGuigan||Benedict Cumberbatch||Martin Freeman|
Radio play versions
|01||The Baskerville Dog||Bayerischer Rundfunk 1966, as Cd 2004: ISBN 978-3-89813-309-8||Michael Hardwick||Herbert Jarczyk||Heinz-Günter Stamm||Peter Pasetti||Joachim Wichmann|
|02||The Baskerville Dog||circa 1979||Rolf Ell||-||Rolf Ell||Joachim Hansen||Mogens von Gadow|
|03||The Baskerville Dog||Miller International Schallplatten GmbH,
Studio Europa 1982
(d. I.HG Francis )
|Bert Brac||Heikedine Körting||Peter Pasetti||Joachim Wichmann|
|04||The dog of the Baskervilles||Publishing group C. Hermann,
Studio Maritim 2007
|Daniela Wakonigg||-||Studio Maritime||Christian Rode||Peter Groeger|
|05||The dog of the Baskervilles||West German Broadcasting Cologne 2014||Bastian Pastewka||Henrik Albrecht||Bastian Pastewka||Frank Röth||Gerhard Garbers|
|06||The Baskerville case||radio play # studio 2015||Rudi Piesk||-||Rudi Piesk||Wolf List||Theo Rüster|
The plot of the novel is taken up in several Sherlock Holmes pastiches :
- Michael Hardwick: The Curse of Baskerville. 2004, ISBN 3-89840-211-8 .
- Michael Hardwick: The Revenge of the Hound. 2004, ISBN 0-7434-9824-0 . ( The dog of revenge. Blitz-Verlag, 2014)
- Laurie R. King: The moor. 1998, ISBN 3-499-22416-X . ( The Baskerville Bog. 2002)
- Pierre Bayard : acquittal for the dog of the Baskervilles. Sherlock Holmes was wrong here. Kunstmann, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-88897-529-5 .
- Dicky Neely and Paul Spiring: The Case of the Grave Accusation: a Sherlock Holmes Adventure. MX Publishing, London 2010, ISBN 978-1-908218-81-0 .
- John O'Connell: The Baskerville legacy: a confession. Short Books, London 2011, ISBN 978-1-907595-46-2 .
- Gerald Axelrod: Sherlock Holmes and the Curse of Baskerville. Searching for the hellhound in England, Wales and Scotland. Stürtz 2016, ISBN 978-3-8003-4621-9
- German translation from 1907 at Archive.org
- German translation by Gutenberg
- German / English version from Gutenberg
- Jennifer Westwood, Jaqueline Simpson: The Penguin Book of Ghosts. Penguin, London, 2008, pp. 89-90.