A film school is an institution for professional training for film and television professionals such as film directors , screenwriters , film producers , film composers , cameramen , film editors , production designers and sound designers .
In Germany, the recognized film schools are independent institutions and mostly have the status of an art college , some deviating from this have the legal form of a limited liability company. In addition to cinema and television, the term "film school" also includes other audiovisual media. A clear typological delimitation is therefore not easy.
The legal status of film schools and comparable educational institutions varies abroad. In Anglo-American countries, film schools or art schools are usually integrated into large universities as faculties. In Italy and France the film schools exist as independent institutions.
In German, the term "film college" was coined by the philologist and film reformer Dr. Franz Pauli, who wanted to found the "German Film Academy" in Berlin in 1920. However, his plan failed due to the lack of funding from the Prussian and Reich ministries and the lack of support from the German film industry. From 1921 to 1934 the "German Film School" existed in Munich, which had the status of a state-recognized higher technical school. The first film school in the world is the Institute for Cinematography ( WGIK ) in Moscow, founded in 1919 in the Soviet Union . Also in 1919, a film course was founded at Columbia University in New York, which became the model for the American way of academic film education. In 1943 the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques (IDHEC) was founded in Paris . The Łódź Film School was founded in 1948 .
The first German state film school is the German Film Academy Babelsberg , which opened in 1938 . The main initiator was Joseph Goebbels. However, the German Film Academy was closed again shortly after the start of the Second World War. Until 1944 she trained film technicians, especially projectionists, to a limited extent. In 1954, based on the model of the Soviet WGIK in the GDR, the 'Konrad Wolf' Film and Television University, Potsdam-Babelsberg , was opened here. A forerunner in the field of higher education in the field of film was the State German Technical School for Optics and Photo Technology in Berlin , which opened in 1919 and was renamed the State School for Optics and Photo Technology Berlin in 1950 .
The École nationale supérieure des métiers de l'image et du son (La fémis), founded in France in 1984, is the largest and most important film school in France and is considered the successor to the IDHEC.
The first two film schools in West Germany were founded in the mid-1960s under the influence of the auteur film of those years and the emerging television. In 1966, the German Film and Television Academy Berlin was opened, the first city film school under private law in the Federal Republic of Germany. One year later, the State University for Television and Film Munich started teaching. Forerunners in West German film training were the German Institute for Film and Television (DIFF) in Munich, initiated by Eberhard Hauff , the training center founded by Wolfgang Kaskeline in Berlin in 1949, and the Institute for Film Design initiated by Alexander Kluge , Edgar Reitz and Detten Schleiermacher at the university for design in Ulm , which was closed in 1989. In 1991 the Baden-Württemberg Film Academy was founded in Ludwigsburg , which is supported by the state of Baden-Württemberg . Other film schools in Germany are the State Art Academy for Media Cologne, founded in 1990 with its film / television department, the private International Film School Cologne , founded in 2000, and the semi-state Hamburg Media School .
Initial and continuing education
The length of study depends on the subject and the respective university and is usually 6–8 semesters. The course usually ends with a bachelor's , diploma or master’s degree, which is still widespread at art and film academies in Germany. In addition, a master’s degree can be acquired at some film academies and advanced, supplementary or additional studies as well as master class studies and master classes are offered.
Conditions of access
Film-specific artistic qualifications and, in some cases, practical experience must be proven in the entrance examination. In some cases, the formal requirement at film schools in Germany includes the general or subject-specific higher education entrance qualification or the general or subject-specific technical college entrance qualification . However, certain schools, such as B. the dffb Berlin or the HFF Munich, require at least the secondary school leaving certificate and completed vocational training.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
- German Film and Television Academy Berlin , Berlin
- Film Academy Baden-Württemberg , Ludwigsburg
- Hamburg Media School , Hamburg
- University of Television and Film Munich , Munich
- Film University Babelsberg , Potsdam
- International Film School Cologne , Cologne
- Art Academy for Media Cologne , Cologne
- Macromedia University for Media and Communication , Munich and Cologne locations
- Dortmund University of Applied Sciences , Dortmund
- La fémis - École nationale supérieure des métiers de l'image et du son, Paris
- VARAN, Atelier de Réalisation Cinématographique
- École Supérieure d'Audiovisuel of the University of Toulouse II , Toulouse
- Le Conservatoire Libre du Cinéma Francais
- National Film and Television School , Beaconsfield
- Northern Film School at Leeds Metropolitan University , Leeds
- London Film School , London
- University of Westminster , London
- Screen Academy Scotland, Edinburgh Napier University , Edinburgh, Scotland
- Sam Spiegel Film and Television School , Jerusalem
- Vancouver Film School , Vancouver
- Escuela Internacional de Cine y Television , San Antonio de los Baños
- New Zealand Film and Television School , Wellington
- South Seas Film & Television School , Auckland
- Unitec Institute of Technology - School of Performing and Screen Arts, Auckland
- Nederlandse Film en Televisie Academie , Amsterdam
- State University of Film, Television and Theater Łódź ( Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Filmowa, Telewizyjna i Teatralna im. Leona Schillera w Łodzi , short: PWSFTviT )
- Katowice Film School, part of the Silesian University in Katowice
- Escola Superior de Teatro e Cinema , Lisbon
- Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts
- Ecole cantonale d'art de Lausanne
- Haute école d'art et design, Geneva
- Zurich University of the Arts , Zurich
- International Academy of Broadcasting
- F + F School for Art and Media Design , Zurich
- Faculty dramskih umetnosti Beograd (Faculty of dramatic arts Belgrade)
- Academy for Theater, Radio, Film and Television , Ljubljana
- American Film Institute
- American University , School of Communication, Film and Media Arts Division
- Boston University , College of Communication
- California Institute of the Arts , Valencia (California)
- Chapman University , School of Film & TV
- Columbia University , New York
- Florida State University , Tallahassee
- Loyola Marymount University , School of Film and Television
- New York University , Tisch School of the Arts
- North Carolina School of the Arts
- Stanford University , Documentary Film and Video Program
- University of California, Los Angeles , School of Theater, Film and Television
- University Film and Video Association
- University of Southern California , School of Cinema and Television
- Colleges of Performing Arts : Music College , College of Dramatic Arts
- Universities of Applied Arts : University of Design
- Fine arts colleges : List of fine arts colleges
- List of academic degrees (Germany)
- Peter C. Slansky: Film schools in Germany. History - typology - architecture . edition text + kritik, Munich, 2011. ISBN 978-3-86916-116-7
- List of CILECT members ( Memento from May 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Klaus Eder, Alexander Kluge: Ulmer dramaturgies. Frictional losses . Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich, Vienna 1980. ISBN 3-446-13009-8
- Sarajevo Film Academy
- MHMK is a member of CILECT ?? Recognition as a film school | MHMK Macromedia University for Media and Communication
- CILECT. Retrieved May 31, 2017 .
- http://www.cilect.org Center International de Liaison des Ecoles de Cinéma et de Télévision