The roads “through the short Hessen” and “through the long Hessen” were two old roads on which one could travel from Frankfurt am Main via Eisenach to Leipzig in the Middle Ages . The name of these old roads came from the length of the route that had to be covered on the territory of the Landgraviate of Hesse . The road "through the long Hessen" led through the middle of Hessen (Frankfurt - Kleinlinden - Treysa - Homberg - Spangenberg - Waldkappel - Creuzburg - Eisenach), while "through the short Hessen" partially ran through the Hesse region ( Frankfurt - Friedberg - Grünberg - Alsfeld - Hersfeld - Eisenach). The last-mentioned road was therefore the shorter route through Hesse. A third old street was the Via Regia from Frankfurt through the Kinzig valley to Fulda and Eisenach and on to Leipzig.
The old roads were nature trails that preferred the dry heights and avoided the valley roads, as the latter were too dependent on the weather. It was less about streets in today's sense, rather street spiders that fan out and reunite at the common goal, as can be seen on the map of the fair streets of the 16th century (see web links).
By the short Hessen
From Friedberg, an old imperial and trade fair town north of Frankfurt, the road leads via Dorheim and Wölfersheim to Berstadt and on via Utphe and Inheiden to Hungen . Over the Hessenbrückenhammer, a ford through the upper reaches of the Wetter , between Wetterfeld and Münster over the Hohe Straße past Lauter , it continues to Grünberg and then over Ruppertenrod , Ermenrod and Romrod to Alsfeld . Stations after Alsfeld are Eifa , Grebenau and Breitenbach am Herzberg . Via Niederjossa it goes to Asbach and on to Hersfeld . Behind Hersfeld follow Friedewald , Kleinensee , Dankmarshausen , Berka , Herda and finally Eisenach .
From Hungen to Grünberg it follows today's L3007.
Today's B 62 between Alsfeld and Friedewald roughly follows its earlier course. The old road, however, ran on the hills above today's main road.
Through the long Hessen
From Frankfurt to Butzbach , the long Hessians follow the same route as the Weinstrasse , either on the eastern route along the Taunus via Bonames , Ober-Erlenbach , Burgholzhausen vor der Höhe , Ober-Rosbach , Ostheim and Nieder-Weisel or on the middle route via Massenheim and Ober-Wöllstadt , Friedberg and Nauheim to Butzbach.
From Butzbach it went on to Kirch-Göns , Langgöns , Großen-Linden , Kleinlinden and Staufenberg . In Staufenberg the road left the Lahn valley, the Weinstrasse and also the Lahnhöhenweg through the long Hessians and turned to the Ebsdorfergrund , past Hachborn , Ebsdorf and Wittelsberg through a ford of the Ohm, initially towards Amöneburg and Stadtallendorf . In later times, after the Ebsdorfergrund had become Hessian ( 14th century ), traffic in Wittelsberg was directed past Amöneburg towards Kirchhain . From Kirchhain it went on to Momberg and Treysa , Frielendorf , Homberg , in Morschen one crossed the Fulda , then it went on to Spangenberg , Bischofferode , Hetzerode , Waldkappel , Netra , Ifta , Creuzburg (Werra crossing / stone bridge from 1223 ) and finally also Eisenach.
Notes and individual references