Lake Livigno

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Lago di Livigno
Lago del Gallo
Swiss National Park 273.JPG
Location: Lombardy (I)
Graubünden (CH)
Tributaries: Spöl , Acqua del Gallo , Canale Torto , Torrente Federia
Drain: Spöl
Larger places on the shore: Livigno
Lake Livigno (Lombardy)
Lake Livigno
Coordinates 46 ° 37 '20 "  N , 10 ° 11' 36"  E Coordinates: 46 ° 37 '20 "  N , 10 ° 11' 36"  E
Data on the structure
Lock type: Arch dam
Construction time: 1968
Height of the barrier structure : 130 m
Height above the river bed : 119 m
Building volume: 776 000  m³
Crown length: 540 m
Power plant output: 50 MW
Operator: Ouvras Electricas d'Engiadina / Engadiner Kraftwerke AG, Zernez
Data on the reservoir
Altitude (at congestion destination ) 1805  m slm
Water surface 4.71 km²
Reservoir length 9 km
Storage space 164 000 000  m³
Total storage space : 164 200 000  m³
Catchment area 295 km²
Design flood : 280 m³ / s
Map Lago di Livigno.png
Detailed map

The Lago di Livigno (also Lago del Gallo , Rhaeto-Romanic: Lej da Livign , German: Luwinersee ) is a reservoir of the Engadin power plants , the largest part of which is in Italian territory in the Stelvio National Park . Only at the 130 meter high Punt dal Gall dam , which is located in the very north of the lake, is the eastern shore of the lake for around two kilometers on Swiss territory in the municipality of Zernez .

The Lago di Livigno is only accessible via the Alpine passes Forcola di Livigno (2315 m) in the south or Passo d'Eira (2208 m) with the Passo di Foscagno (2291 m) in the east and through the Munt-la-Schera tunnel in the north reachable.

At the southern tip of the lake is the only larger town, Livigno . This place is popular with tourists because, like in Samnaun , they benefit from duty-free refueling and shopping. Livigno is also a well-known winter sports resort .


The Punt dal Gall dam is located exactly on the Swiss-Italian border. The lake is partially fed by Swiss territory ( Val Mora ) and, together with the Weißenfelser Lakes , the Raibler See and some small lakes in the municipality of Sexten, is one of the few lakes in Italy that drain into the Black Sea via the Danube .

Power plant at the Ova Spin headquarters

  • Height difference max. 205 m
  • Length of pressure tunnel 7.6 km
  • 2 Francis pump turbines, total output 50 MW, max. 32 m³ water / s.
  • annual electricity generation: 5.5 GWh
  • Operator: Ouvras Electricas d'Engiadina , Zernez , Switzerland

Web links

Commons : Lago di Livigno  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Engadiner Kraftwerke, Ova Spin headquarters , accessed on February 23, 2015