|Lago di Livigno
Lago del Gallo
|Data on the structure|
|Lock type:||Arch dam|
|Height of the barrier structure :||130 m|
|Height above the river bed :||119 m|
|Building volume:||776 000 m³|
|Crown length:||540 m|
|Power plant output:||50 MW|
|Operator:||Ouvras Electricas d'Engiadina / Engadiner Kraftwerke AG, Zernez|
|Data on the reservoir|
|Altitude (at congestion destination )|
|Water surface||4.71 km²|
|Reservoir length||9 km|
|Storage space||164 000 000 m³|
|Total storage space :||164 200 000 m³|
|Catchment area||295 km²|
|Design flood :||280 m³ / s|
The Lago di Livigno (also Lago del Gallo , Rhaeto-Romanic: Lej da Livign , German: Luwinersee ) is a reservoir of the Engadin power plants , the largest part of which is in Italian territory in the Stelvio National Park . Only at the 130 meter high Punt dal Gall dam , which is located in the very north of the lake, is the eastern shore of the lake for around two kilometers on Swiss territory in the municipality of Zernez .
The Lago di Livigno is only accessible via the Alpine passes Forcola di Livigno (2315 m) in the south or Passo d'Eira (2208 m) with the Passo di Foscagno (2291 m) in the east and through the Munt-la-Schera tunnel in the north reachable.
At the southern tip of the lake is the only larger town, Livigno . This place is popular with tourists because, like in Samnaun , they benefit from duty-free refueling and shopping. Livigno is also a well-known winter sports resort .
The Punt dal Gall dam is located exactly on the Swiss-Italian border. The lake is partially fed by Swiss territory ( Val Mora ) and, together with the Weißenfelser Lakes , the Raibler See and some small lakes in the municipality of Sexten, is one of the few lakes in Italy that drain into the Black Sea via the Danube .
Power plant at the Ova Spin headquarters
- Height difference max. 205 m
- Length of pressure tunnel 7.6 km
- 2 Francis pump turbines, total output 50 MW, max. 32 m³ water / s.
- annual electricity generation: 5.5 GWh
- Operator: Ouvras Electricas d'Engiadina , Zernez , Switzerland
- Lakes in Switzerland: Natural and storage lakes, Federal Office for the Environment FOEN, 2007 ( Memento from October 5, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) → Lakes in Switzerland (PDF)
- Lago di Livigno on schweizersee.ch
- Engadiner Kraftwerke, Ova Spin headquarters , accessed on February 23, 2015