|Data on the structure|
|Lock type:||( Dam ) gravity dam|
2012 to 2015
|Height above foundation level :||
|Height above the river bed :||
|Height of the structure crown:||
(2447 m above sea level)
2475 m above sea level M.
|Building volume:||250 000 m³|
|Crown length:||1054 m|
|Crown width:||4 to 6 m|
|Base width:||27 m|
|Operator:||Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG (KLL)|
|Data on the reservoir|
|Altitude (at congestion destination )||
(2446 m above sea level)
2474 m above sea level M.
(400 to 500 m)
700 to 800 m
|Total storage space :||
Pumped storage lake
|Information in brackets relates to the dam|
In the course of extensive expansion measures for the power plants between 2009 and 2017, the dam, built in 1963, was replaced by a concrete dam. This has a length of 1054 meters, which makes it the longest dam in Switzerland. The water level reaches a height of reservoir in Switzerland with a volume of more than 10 million m³. The highest reservoir under the supervision of the federal authorities is the Viderjoch reservoir in the Silvretta Arena , which is located at 2664 m.when it is fully . This makes the Muttsee the highest
The lake is located at the transition from Linthal - Tierfehd over the Kistenpass to Brigels . It is located in the 2.95 square kilometer basin of the Muttenalp above the Hüenderbüel. The Alp is surrounded by high mountains such as Nüschenstock ( ) in the west, Rüchi ( ) in the northwest, Hinter Sulzhorn ( ) in the northeast, Ruchi ( ) in the east and Muttenstsock ( ) in the southeast. The arena opens to the southwest. It drops steeply over the Muttenwand into the Limmerental and over the Muttenchopf ( ) to the Limmerensee .
The lake is entered in the cantonal landscape directory as a landscape of regional importance. In the karst area of the Muttenalp - in addition to the Muttseehöhle and the Muttseehütte - there are various other small lakes, most of which are distributed southwest of the Muttsee over the Hüenderbüel. The largest neighbor, the Ober See, is north of the Muttsee at . It is the only lake on the Muttenalp that is connected to the Muttsee via its drain.
Until 1917 the official name was "Mutten See", then the spelling "Muttensee" appears. From 1963 the spelling «Muttsee» appears. The Hühnerbühl is now called in vernacular as Hüenderbüel.
The kidney-shaped mountain lake was about 1000 meters long and 400 to 500 meters wide. On the Muttenalp plateau, known as the Hühnerbühl, it covered an area of around 42 hectares . The height of the lake level was given as until 1899 . In the years 1900 to 1962 with . In the southeast the lake was drained by a brook, which after a few hundred meters, at approx. , disappeared into the karst underground of the Muttenalp into the Muttseehöhle . A little south of it, the Muttenbach, from around , collected the firn water of the Latten via various small inlets . He led this over the Mörthal and the Ochsenblanken to the Limmernbach.
Muttsee power plant
In 1957, the newly founded Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG (KLL) began to implement the power plants planned by the Nordostschweizerische Kraftwerke (NOK) since the early 1940s , in which the Muttensee was to be integrated.
In 1963, the natural water content of the reservoir, now known as the Muttsee, was increased to 9 million cubic meters by the filling of a dam . The water level rose from to . With a constant length of 1000 meters, its width increased to 600 meters and the occupied area increased to around 61 hectares.
With the expansion project Linthal 2015 , the storage volume of the Muttsee should be increased again. For example, a gravity dam was built on the south side of the lake between 2012 and 2014 with a crown length of 1054 meters and a height of up to 35 meters. The water level rose to , which leads to a storage volume of 23 million cubic meters. The length of the lake is now about 1200 meters and the width 700 to 800 meters. The occupied area increased to around 84 hectares. The wall has a bottom outlet with a capacity of 22.5 m³ / s.
The dam was divided into 68 blocks, each 15 meters long, and two end elements 17 meters long. The pilgrim step method was used to build the dam . Because of the high alpine climate, construction could only be carried out in the summer months. In 2012, concreting of the wall blocks on the west side began. In 2013, the wall blocks and the flood relief system followed on the east side. In 2014 the wall could be closed with the construction of the middle blocks. The raw material for the 250,000 m³ of concrete required was transported to Muttenalp by cable car. This was the rock that had accumulated when the caverns and pressure tunnels were excavated for the power plants. On the Muttenalp, the stone was processed, temporarily stored and processed in the concrete plant as required. The final expansion and flooding of the pressure tunnels took place during 2015. The first damming of the Muttsee and the acceptance by the Federal Office of Energy took place in summer 2016 .
Problems with construction
In August 2013, laboratory tests on a concrete sample revealed that a concrete mix was being used on a block on the east side that did not meet the quality requirements. The client, Axpo Power , had the relevant block partially dismantled.
Axpo is planning to build Switzerland's first large-scale solar system on the dam at Muttsee . It is envisaged 6000 PV - modules to assemble. These would occupy an area of 10,000 m² and should produce an annual production of up to 2.7 gigawatt hours (GWh) of electrical energy. This would correspond to the needs of around 600 households. The required planning application was submitted on November 29, 2019.
- Axpo: Limmern pumped storage plant: the dam is being built . Video report from June 15, 2015 about the construction of the dam
- Mathias Küng, Aargauer Zeitung: A work of the century in Glarner Kalk - this is how the power plant in the mountains was created. Report dated September 17, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2020
- List of barrages suisses. In: swissdams. Swiss Dam Committee, accessed on June 12, 2020 .
- Viderjoch. In: Geoserver of the Swiss Federal Administration. Retrieved June 12, 2020 .
- All names, heights and sizes are taken from the online maps of the Swiss Confederation (map.geo.admin.ch)
- Directorate for Agriculture, Forests and Environment, Canton Glarus: Directory of the landscapes of regional importance in the Canton of Glarus . P. 90, as of July 7, 2004. Accessed January 17, 2020
- Charles Knapp, Maurice Borel, Victor Attinger, Heinrich Brunner, Société neuchâteloise de geographie (editor): Geographical Lexicon of Switzerland . Volume 3: Krailigen - Plentsch . Verlag Gebrüder Attinger, Neuenburg 1905, p. 504, keyword Muttensee ( scan of the lexicon page ).
- Y. Weidmann, Ch. Preiswerk, Th. Preiswerk: The Muttseehôhle, or - 1060 meters in the autochthon of the Glarus Alps. Swiss Society for Speleology : Stalactite . No. 2, 1994, pp. 83-99.
- Lukas Schaffhuser: Muttsee - Project Linthal 2015 . from 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2020
- web.archive.org: Axpo: Kraftwerke Linth-Limmern AG . Report of March 5, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2020
- TEC21, Peter Seitz: Refined Elixir Reservoir Muttsee . Article dated May 12, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2020
- Axpo: Media release of March 23, 2016. Accessed on January 17, 2020
- web.archive.org: Axpo: The first machine group at the Limmern pumped storage plant was successfully synchronized with the grid for the first time . Media release from 2015. Accessed on January 17, 2020
- SRF Schweiz aktuell: Wrong concrete mix in Linth-Limmern . Report dated August 15, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2020
- Baublatt.ch: Axpo is planning Switzerland's first large-scale alpine solar system . Article dated November 28, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2020