Neuburg on the Rhine
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Association municipality :||Hagenbach|
|Height :||106 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.25 km 2|
|Residents:||2555 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||310 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||76776|
|Area code :||07273|
|License plate :||GER|
|Community key :||07 3 34 021|
|LOCODE :||DE NRR|
|Association administration address:||Ludwigstrasse 20
|Local Mayor :||Hermann Knauß (Free Voters)|
|Location of the local community Neuburg am Rhein in the district of Germersheim|
The community is located in the southeastern corner of Rhineland-Palatinate between the Rhine and Lauter . On the opposite bank of the Rhine are the large district town of Rheinstetten (Neuburgweier), Au am Rhein ( Rastatt district ) and Karlsruhe (Daxlanden).
Clearly documented in 1086 is the donation of a "Grafschaft Vorechheim" in the Ufgau (today: Forchheim-Rheinstetten ) by Emperor Heinrich IV to the Bishop of Speyer . This also included the later area of Neuburg on the right bank of the Rhine . In 1102 the diocese left the land to the Lords of Eberstein as a fief . Around 1250 they fortified the strategically important place and called it "Zer Niuwenburc". In 1259 Otto von Eberstein pledged the village "Niwenbure" (Neuburg) as the marriage property of his sister, Adelheid von Eberstein, to her husband, Heinrich II. Von Lichtenberg . The bishop of Speyer remained the feudal lord. It was no longer triggered by the von Eberstein men.
During the first division of the Lichtenberg rule , which took place around 1330, Neuburg was assigned to the part of the "older line", the descendants of Heinrich II von Lichtenberg. In 1337 Neuburg received city rights , namely that of Hagenau . When Agnes von Lichtenberg, daughter of Ludwig II. Von Lichtenberg married , Neuburg served as a pledge to secure her dowry . This was replaced by a cash payment in 1359. In 1377 it was handed over from the older line of the Lichtenbergs to Heinrich IV. Von Lichtenberg of the younger line, who at the same time undertook to settle the debts of the older line. Heinrich IV pledged Neuburg to the city of Strasbourg in 1369 and finally sold it in 1383 to Elector Rupprecht I of the Palatinate (1309-1390).
By moving the place to the left side of the river, not only large parts of the district were lost , but also the city rights. The city with a blood court and an important pilot and customs station had become a boatmen's and fishing village. Even after the Rhine had been straightened in the first half of the 19th century, the struggle against the floods of the Rhine was not over. Only after the floods on New Year's Eve 1882/83, which flooded the entire district, were the dykes built.
If not listed separately, the source of the data is the State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate.
As of December 31, 2016, 56.4 percent of the population were Protestant and 19.1 percent Roman Catholic . The rest belonged to another religion or were non-denominational. In 1871 out of a total of 1538 inhabitants, 1,340 were Protestant (87 percent) and 198 were Catholic (13 percent).
While the Roman Catholic denomination predominates in the surrounding area , this is exactly the opposite in Neuburg. In 1686, under French occupation, the reformed parishes were abolished and transferred to the Roman Catholic Church. However, the majority of the Neuburg Protestants did not change their denomination and in 1701 were guaranteed freedom of religion .
The municipal council in Neuburg consists of 20 council members, who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a personalized proportional representation, and an honorary local mayor as chairman.
The distribution of seats in the municipal council:
- 1949–1979: Albert Vollmer
- 1979–1984: Rudolf Gerber (group of voters)
- 1984–1994: Erwin Muth (SPD)
- 1994-2004: Heinz Degitz (SPD)
- 2004–2014: Thorsten Pfirmann (SPD)
- since 2014: Hermann Knauß (Free Voters)
In the direct election on May 26, 2019, Knauß was confirmed in his office for another five years with a share of the vote of 74.59%.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "In black a lowered silver anchor, held on both sides by a red-armored and tongued golden lion."|
|Foundation of the coat of arms: It was approved by the Mainz Ministry of the Interior in 1968 and goes back to a seal from 1727.|
A partnership is maintained with Hennickendorf .
Culture and sights
A special feature is that the Protestant and Roman Catholic Church are directly opposite each other. In the Roman Catholic Church of St. Remigius is the oldest surviving organ by the organ builder Michael Stiehr from 1786.
A very peculiar variant of the Palatinate dialect is spoken in Neuburg , which differs significantly from the neighboring Palatinate communities and the neighboring Alsace. It is assumed that this idiom can be traced back to the island position in the Rhine that has repeatedly arisen as a result of floods and changes in the course of the river.
Economy and Infrastructure
The voluntary fire brigade Neuburg consists of 30 members. You have three vehicles (TSF-W, LF 8 and MZF) and a lifeboat (RTB 2) at your disposal. The fire brigade is deployed around 25 to 30 times a year. The youth fire brigade has 15 members.
- Albert Vollmer (1906–1988), local mayor from 1949 to 1979, was made an honorary citizen in 1980 for his great services to the reconstruction of the war-torn village and its further development into a modern residential community. His commitment to Neuburg and the Hagenbach community was also honored with the award of the state's Freiherr vom Stein plaque (1965), the letter of honor from the Rhineland-Palatinate community council and the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon.
- Erwin Muth (1931-2016), mayor from 1984 to 1994, after having been a member of the local council for 32 years. In gratitude for his many years of work in the council and for his commitment to the good of the community, he was made an honorary citizen on March 8, 1996, after he had already been awarded the Freiherr vom Stein plaque (1990) and the Federal Cross of Merit on Ribbon (1993) were.
- Ferdinand of Malaisé (1806-1892); Bavarian general and educator of King Ludwig III. , grew up in Neuburg.
- Fritz Eyer: The territory of the Lords of Lichtenberg 1202-1480. Investigations into the property, the rule and the politics of domestic power of a noble family from the Upper Rhine . In: Writings of the Erwin von Steinbach Foundation . 2nd edition, unchanged in the text, by an introduction extended reprint of the Strasbourg edition, Rhenus-Verlag, 1938. Volume 10 . Pfaehler, Bad Neustadt an der Saale 1985, ISBN 3-922923-31-3 (268 pages).
- J. Heyberger, Christian Schmitt, August Wilhelm von Wachter: Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . Vol. 4.2 = Bavarian Rhine Palatinate. Munich 1867 .
- Johann Georg Lehmann: Documented history of the county Hanau-Lichtenberg .
- Vol. 1: The history of the Lichtenberg dynasty . Mannheim 1862.
- Vol. 2: The history of the Ochsenstein dynasties, the Counts of Zweibrücken-Bitsch and the Counts of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Mannheim 1863.
- Internet presence of the local community Neuburg am Rhein
- Literature about Neuburg am Rhein in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- NN: NN . In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine. Vol. 112 (1964) , pp. 83, 86f.
- Lehmann, vol. 1, p. 29, Eyer, p. 49, 105. The feudal approval dates from 1258 (see: Lehmann, vol. 1, p. 29).
- Eyer, p. 168; Lehmann, Vol. 1, p. 29.
- Eyer, p. 79.
- Eyer, p. 229.
- Eyer, p. 88.
- Eyer, p. 93.
- Eyer, pp. 102f, 168.
- Heyberger et al. a .: Bavaria , p. 205.
- Altrhein Neuburgweier Nature Reserve (PDF file; 1.08 MB) On the historic meander breakthrough of the Rhine between Neuburg and Weier
- History: Present. Local community Neuburg am Rhein, accessed on May 23, 2020 .
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: Neuburg
- Official directory and statistics of the Royal Bavarian Government District of the Palatinate, 1863, p. XXVII of the appendix
- Results of the census in the Kingdom of Bavaria from December 1, 1871 according to individual communities, 1873, p. 65
- Municipal statistics in: ewois.de, as of December 31, 2016
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections. Retrieved June 16, 2020 .
- Federal Cross of Merit and Freedom of Citizenship. Albert Vollmer. Verbandsgemeinde Hagenbach, accessed on May 23, 2020 .
- The State Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Hagenbach, Verbandsgemeinde, third line of results. Retrieved April 26, 2020 .
- Karl Heinz Debus: The great book of arms of the Palatinate. Neustadt an der Weinstrasse 1988, ISBN 3-9801574-2-3 .
- Federal Cross ofand honorary citizenship. Erwin Muth. Verbandsgemeinde Hagenbach, accessed on May 23, 2020 .