Osterwald (mountain range)
View from Adensen southeast to the Osterwald
|Highest peak||Almost ()|
|location||Districts of Hameln-Pyrmont and Hildesheim and the Hanover region ; Lower Saxony ( Germany )|
|part of||Calenberg mountains|
The Osterwald is a mountain range (up to ) of the Calenberger Bergland and, together with the Nesselberg and the Kleiner Deister, forms a closed group of three adjoining mountain ranges in the Leinebergland . It is located between Coppenbrügge , Elze and Eldagsen in the districts of Hameln-Pyrmont and Hildesheim in Lower Saxony and in the Hanover region .
The Osterwald is located in the Calenberger Bergland in the north of the Leinebergland, which borders the Calenberger Land there . It is located about halfway straight line between Hamelin in the west and Hildesheim in the east and between the towns of Coppenbrügge in the southwest and Eldagsen the north and Elze in the east. Parts of the Weserbergland Schaumburg-Hameln nature park are located on larger western and southern parts of the ridge .
At the southern edge of the Osterwald lies the village of Osterwald , a district of Salzhemmendorf . The ridge extends southeast of the valley of Gehlenbach and Gelbbach, in which the state road 422 runs from Coppenbrügge in the southwest and Eldagsen. Immediately north-north-west of this valley is the Nesselberg . Beyond or south of Coppenbrügge is the Ith .
The Osterwald lies in the natural spatial main unit group Lower Saxony Bergland (No. D36), in its part Weser-Leine-Bergland (37), in the main unit Calenberger Bergland (378) and in the subunit South-Hanoverian Mountains (378.3) on the border of the Natural areas of Kleiner Deister (378.33) and Osterwald (with Nesselberg ) (378.34). The landscape leads west into the natural area Hachmühlen Basin (378.22), which belongs to the subunit Calenberg Basin (378.2). To the northeast it leads over to the natural area Eldagser Loesshügel (521.04), to the east into the natural area Marienburger Heights (521.05) and to the south to southwest into the natural area Esbecker Börde (521.06), which is part of the main unit group Lower Saxony Börden and the main unit Calenberger Lößbörde ( 521) belong to the subunit Hannoversche Börde (521.0).
Numerous streams arise in the Osterwald, the water of which flows through the Haller and Saale rivers into the Leine . The only exception is a stream that rises west of the Fast and flows through the Gelbbach and Hamel into the Weser . The sea puddles are one of the lakes in the ridge .
Localities, districts, goods and forest houses on or near the Osterwald are (viewed clockwise ):
The Lower Saxony State Forests (NLF) have been carrying out the "Gelbbach" project in Saupark Springe between Coppenbrügge and Eldagsen since 2014 . A hat forest will be created on an area of around 20 hectares , which has been tended by grazing with a herd of Highland Cattles since 2015 . The project is conceived as an eco-account ; because it serves as a substitute for the impairment of the natural balance elsewhere through the construction of roads and facilities.
To this end, the Saupark Forestry Office will remove the spruce forest and replace it with natural mixed oak forests and swamp and quarry forests. The drainage ditches are closed. At the same time, small bodies of water are created for amphibians , insects and birds such as the black stork . Mountain newts , fire salamanders and common toads are also said to settle here. Typical types of near-natural swamp and bog forests such as oaks and alders are planted in certain areas .
In 2016, fifty single oaks were planted on a third of the area at larger intervals, which will grow into mighty trees with large crowns and shape the appearance of the future Hutewald. Some relics of the former Hutewald, which is now being replanted, still stand on the Gelbbach today.
In the center of the Osterwald is the nature reserve (NSG) St. Avold ( CDDA -Nr. 165635; designated 1985; 7.5 hectares ); The Saupark NSG (CDDA no. 30110; 1954; 24.448 km² ) borders the ridge to the north . On it are in the north and northeast parts of the landscape protection areas (LSG) Northern Osterwald and the surrounding area (CDDA no. 323273; 1972; 18.16 km²) and in the south over southwest to west parts of the LSG Osterwald-Saupark (CDDA no. 323574; 1972; 16.046 km²); the LSG Osterwald (CDDA no. 323573; 1998; 9.1 km²) and the LSG Finie (CDDA no. 344859; 2005; 2.5 km²) spread out on the ridge in the southeast . In the east is the fauna-flora-habitat area Limberg near Elze (FFH no. 3824-331; 1.695 km²).
The Wülfinghausen Monastery, founded in the 12th century, is located on the east side of the Osterwald behind the spacious former monastery property . The current structure of the monastery dates from the beginning of the 18th century due to several fires. Since 1994 it has been inhabited by seven sisters from an evangelical community.
1 km west of the monastery Wülfinghausen is on a spur-shaped spur of the Easter forest the Barenburg , a Wallburg plant of 5.5 ha inside. The facility is in a strategically favorable location, as two sides are naturally secured by steep rock faces and slopes. In the south, an approximately 300 m long stone wall with a rampart and a ditch in front served as protection. Since no excavations have been carried out so far and no finds are known, the construction time of the facility is assumed to be in the pre-Roman Iron Age . It could have been used as a refuge until the Middle Ages , as it was part of the monastery property.
In the Osterwald Osterwald sandstone , limestone and hard coal were mined until the middle of the 20th century . Hard coal mining can look back on more than 400 years of tradition. The first coal mining was carried out in 1585 on behalf of Duke Julius of Braunschweig . The Osterwald Hüttenstollen is now a visitor mine and museum .
- Topographic map with the Osterwald ( memento of the original from May 31, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (TK 100; heights mostly according to the top contour lines in AK 5 / 2.5), on natur-erleben.niedersachsen.de
- Sofie Meisel: Geographical land survey: The natural space units on sheet 86 Hanover. Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Bad Godesberg 1962. → Online map (PDF; 4.0 MB)
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- Alter Hutewald is to be rebuilt ( Memento of the original from January 4, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Press release of the Lower Saxony State Forests, from July 28, 2014, on landesforsten.de
- Hard coal mining in the Osterwald , Calenberger Zeitung of October 13, 2006 p. 13
- Upper Jurassic coral reefs in the Osterwald , information about the quarry at Hainholz , on iberg.de (PDF; 269 kB)