Radda in Chianti
|Radda in Chianti|
|Coordinates||43 ° 29 ' N , 11 ° 23' E|
|height||530 m slm|
|Residents||1,518 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||19 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||San Nicola di Bari (December 6th)|
|Website||Radda in Chianti|
Panorama of Radda in Chianti
Radda in Chianti (mostly just Radda) is a municipality with 1518 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Siena in the Tuscany region in Italy .
The place extends over 80 km² . Radda is located in the Chianti Classico wine-growing region and is characterized by great differences in altitude. The main town is at an altitude of 530 meters, while the lowest-lying district of Lucarelli is around 280 m. The highest point of the municipality is 845 m on Monte Querciabella. The river Staggia has its source in the municipality . In addition, the Arbia (6 km) and the Pesa (13 km) flow through the village. The municipality is in the climatic classification of Italian municipalities in zone E, 2 245 GG.
The districts ( frazioni ) include Badia a Montemuro (706 m), Castelvecchi (580 m), Colle Petroso (520 m), La Villa (475 m), Lucarelli (285 m), Monterinaldi , Palagio (515 m), Selvole ( 504 m) and Volpaia (617 m).
The neighboring communities are Castellina in Chianti , Castelnuovo Berardenga , Cavriglia ( AR ), Gaiole in Chianti and Greve in Chianti ( FI ).
According to the results of archaeological excavations, the town center was already around 2000 BC. Inhabited in the 1st millennium BC. BC probably settled by the Etruscans . The first secured document about Radda was in a document from Otto III. found and is dated to the year 1002. In 1041 Radda appears as Ramda judicaria fiorentina et fesulana in the records of the Badia a Coltibuono monastery . Due to its location between Florence and Siena, Radda was the scene of multiple clashes between the two republics. When the Florentine Republic divided the Chianti region into three leagues (Terziere di Radda, Terziere di Gaiole and Terziere di Castellina ) in 1250, Radda became the capital of the Lega del Chianti . This status was confirmed in 1415.
- Propositura di San Niccolò , church in the center from the Romanesque period . Was changed significantly in the 1920s by Carlo Coppedè. Contains a crocifisso from the 14th century on the main altar, the work Madonna del Rosario, Santi e Beati by Alessandro Allori in the left transept and a winged altar by Bernardo Daddi inside the church .
- Palazzo del Podestà (also Palazzo Pretorio ), town hall from the 15th century , was started around 1415 and contains the coats of arms of the ruling families on the outer facade.
- City wall (also from the 14th century, partly accessible from the inside). The city gates Porta Fiorentina and Porta Valdarnese no longer exist today.
- Santa Maria in Prato , church below the town center, which was built in the 16th century. Contains the panel painting Madonna col Bambino tra i Santi Nicola di Bari, Giovanni Battista, la Maddalena e Antonio abate by Neri di Bicci .
- Santa Maria Novella , church mentioned as early as 1010. It was restored in the 19th century and contains the work Madonna col Bambino tra i Santi Pietro, Lorenzo, Stefano e Paolo from the workshop of Santi Buglioni (around 1494–1576) .
- Castello di Albola . The place was mentioned in 1010, the castle dates from the 12th century.
- San Salvatore ad Albola , church in Albola (12th century).
- Villa di Albola (also Villa di Pian d'Albola ), villa approx. 500 m west of the castle. Building mentioned in 1247, which was enlarged in the 16th and 18th centuries. The San Giuseppe chapel on the left of the villa was built around 1739.
- Santa Maria in Colle a Badiola , documented since 1187.
- San Pietro a Bugialla , church in Bugialla, mentioned around 1276.
- San Michele , church in Colle Petroso (also Collepetroso ), mentioned in the 13th century.
- Santa Cristina , church in La Villa. Was first mentioned in 126 and documented as a parochial church in 1437 . Was completely renovated in 1872 and further changed in the 20th century. The stone high altar dates from 1955 and replaced an older one from the Baroque period .
- Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi , La Villa. The chapel was built in 1720 at the will of Ferdinando Alessandro Minucci above that of the older Madonna del Mercatale chapel. Suffered damage in World War II and was restored in 1947.
- Sant'Andrea , church in Livernano (also Livornano, Livurniano). Mentioned in the 13th century.
- San Martino , church in Lucarelli, built from 1938 by the architect Egisto Bellini.
- Badia a Montemuro , ruined monastery in Montemuro.
- San Pietro a Montemuro , church in Montemuro.
- Castello di Monterinaldi , castle in Monterinaldi. The place has Etruscan roots, the castle itself was built on May 25, 1191 by Henry VI. mentioned as property of the Guidi . Suffered multiple damage in the conflict between Siena and Florence (12th to 16th centuries). Today the place is the seat of a wine producer.
- San Martino , church in Monterinaldi.
- Compagnia di Santa Brigida , former prayer house of the Compagnia di Santa Brigida in Monterinaldi.
- San Fedele (also Paterno del Chianti, San Fedele a Paterno), Pieve in Paterno, which was documented in the 13th century.
- San Niccolò , church in Selvole. The place was mentioned in 1155.
- Castello di Volpaia (also Golpaia or Vulpaio ) in the Volpaia district. The castle was built in the 12th century.
- Sant'Eufrosino (Commenda di Sant'Eufrosino a Volpaia), Church and Coming in Volpaia, built at the will of Pietro di ser Lorenzo della Volpaia in the 15th century.
- San Lorenzo , church in Volpaia, documented in the 13th century.
- Madonna del Fossato , chapel near Volpaia, which was built in 1687.
Radda maintains a municipal partnership with the southwestern French town of Saint-Brice in the arrondissement of Cognac .
- Radda in Chianti is the holder of the Bandiera Arancione of the Touring Club Italiano .
- Enrico Bosi, Giovanna Magi: I Castelli del Chianti. Bonechi Editrice, Florence 1979, ISBN 88-7009-000-0 , pp. 93-98.
- Gabriela Fattorini in: I Luoghi della Fede. Il Chianti e la Valdelsa Senese. Arnoldo Mondadori Editore , Milan 1999, ISBN 88-04-46794-0 ( online database )
- Emanuele Repetti: RADDA NEL CHIANTI from the Val di Pesa e la Val d'Arbia. In: Dizionario Geografico Fisico Storico della Toscana (1833–1846). Online version of the University of Siena (pdf, Italian)
- Touring Club Italiano : Toscana. Milan 2003, ISBN 978-88-365-2767-0 , p. 620 f.
- ↑ Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- ↑ comuni-italiani.it on Radda in Chianti , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ tuttitalia.it on Radda in Chianti , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Official website of the Sistema Informativo Ambientale della Regione Toscana (SIRA) on the rivers in Radda in Chianti , accessed on October 21, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Website of the Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile (ENEA), accessed on October 21, 2017 (Italian) (PDF; 330 kB)
- ↑ Official website of ISTAT ( Istituto Nazionale di Statistica ) on the municipalities of the Province of Siena (2001), accessed on October 21, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ a b c d Enrico Bosi, Giovanna Magi: I Castelli del Chianti
- ↑ a b c d e f I Luoghi della Fede. Il Chianti e la Valdelsa Senese
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti to the Chiesa di San Salvatore ad Albola , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ^ Ovidio Guaita: Le ville della Toscana. Newton & Compton editori, Rome 1997, ISBN 88-8183-787-0 , p. 336 ff.
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti to the Chiesa di San Pietro a Bugialla , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti zu Collepetroso e chiesa di San Michele , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti on Villa a Radda e chiesa di Santa Cristina , accessed on October 21, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti to the Cappella di Santa Maria Maddalena dei Pazzi , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti zu Livernano e chiesa di Sant'Andrea , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti zu Lucarelli e chiesa di San Martino , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti to Pieve di San Fedele a Paterno , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti zu Selvole e chiesa di San Niccolò , accessed on October 21, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti zu Volpaia e chiesa di San Lorenzo , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Ecomuseo Chianti to the Cappella della Madonna del Fossato , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)
- ↑ Bandiere Arancioni zu Radda in Chianti , accessed on October 23, 2017 (Italian)