The Rote Flora is an autonomous center in the remaining building of the former Flora Theater, which has been occupied since November 1989 , at shoulder blade 71 in the Schanzenviertel of Hamburg 's Sternschanze district . Like the occupied buildings on Hafenstrasse, it is a symbolic place of the autonomous scene in Hamburg and a starting point for socially, culturally and politically motivated activities of the radical left that extend beyond Hamburg .
History of the Flora Theater
In 1835 a summer theater with an excursion garden opened on the Altona side of the shoulder blade. It was equipped with a simple, uncovered wooden stage. Altona was part of Denmark at the time ; on the opposite side of the street began the area of the Rosenhof, the village Eimsbüttel and the Hamburger Berg, which from 1833 was under Hamburg administration as St. Pauli suburb. At that time, the scapula was a relatively sparsely developed country road towards Pinneberg .
In 1855 the restaurateur HFP Schmidt bought the site, had a new stage and a half-timbered structure built and a pond, swings, animal cages and carousels built in the garden. It opened in 1859 as Schmidt's Tivoli and is said to have had 4,000 visitors on the occasion. The program offered antics, comedies and operas. A change of ownership in 1869 resulted in the redesign and renaming of Damm's Tivoli . Now “brilliant fireworks and Italian nights” were offered. The half-timbered building was demolished in the 1880s.
Concert hall and theater
In 1888 the merchants Theodor Mutzenbecher and Lerch built the Flora Society and Concert House in place of the Tivolis; it was opened on June 2, 1889. The new name was approved by the - most recently for whalers - retrofitted Bark Flora assumed that dismantled as a floating beer and dance hall on the Norderelbe moored was very popular, has been scrapped until the 1888th A complex of lounges, a concert hall, a Viennese café and a winter garden was created. On the first floor there were smaller halls for private companies, on the second floor there were rental apartments and under the roof there were rooms for the staff. The upscale audience could stroll in the garden. The area extended from the shoulder blade to the houses of today's Lippmannstrasse and Eifflerstrasse.
In 1890 a concert hall was added to the ensemble: In the garden behind the one and two-story buildings on Juliusstrasse, a steel-and-glass hall created by Gustave Eiffel for the Paris World Exhibition , the so-called Crystal Palace , was a light iron framework construction from Art Nouveau with a large, elevated ceiling Central nave and two side aisles, glazed like a greenhouse.
In 1895 Mutzenbecher's heirs sold the main property to the Hamburger Volksbank ; further conversions and new buildings followed. It was successfully continued as a theater and variety show. At the beginning of the 20th century, the operetta composer Paul Lincke wrote the Flora March :
- Dora - come to the flora,
- that has so many charms.
- She lies on the shoulder blade
- is very close to you
- the most beautiful variety.
After the First World War , the decline of the large pleasure houses also became apparent for the flora. In 1921 the first floor was rented to the Elsami-Orient - Tobacco and Cigarette Factory and, after its bankruptcy in 1924, to the Berlitz School of Languages from 1925 . From 1926 there was a modern cinema variety in the back of the building; a starry sky made of incandescent lamps became legendary . Around this time there were performances with Siegfried Arno , Hans Albers , Zarah Leander and Johannes Heesters . At the end of the 1920s ( Great Depression ), bankruptcy had to be declared. A new program was offered under new leadership; among other things, wrestling matches should attract the audience.
In 1936/1937 the rear ballroom was converted into a garage hall; 23 small apartments were created on the upper floors including the attic. In 1941 a raised bunker for 700 people was built in the Flora Garden . In the Second World War , during the air raids on Hamburg , the flora remained largely undamaged; only the garage hall was destroyed. The theater was used until 1943. It was then closed and used to store furniture from bombed-out hamburgers. In 1949 it was able to reopen after a minor renovation; The revue The Merry Widow was played .
Cinema and department store
From 1953 to 1964 the building served as a cinema with 800 seats; the new owners were August Battmer and Johann Wetzel. The neon lettering “Flora” was affixed to the canopy, and a demonstration room was added to the right, which has been preserved to this day. In 1964, Sprinkenhof AG bought the building as a real estate company of the City of Hamburg and rented it to the discount company "1000 Pots". In 1974 the top floor and the second floor were demolished and replaced by a flat roof.
In 1979 there were plans to set up an alternative location for the theater to be renovated in the Flora building . In view of the estimated costs of 4.7 million DM, the project was rejected as too expensive. A year later, the Klecks Theater, together with the Filmhaus, planned to renovate and revitalize the Flora as a theater, to build a new second floor and to set up workshops. After a cost estimate of 9 million DM, no investor was found for these plans either.
In 1987 the musical producer Friedrich Kurz became aware of the building. Briefly approached the city of Hamburg with the request to convert the building into a musical theater . From 1989 he wanted to perform the musical The Phantom of the Opera there . At the end of 1987, 1000 pots moved out. Within a few months there was resistance to the musical plans. An alliance of residents, tradespeople and autonomous groups organized protests and expressed fears that a musical theater at this location could increase rents for trade and living space.
In April 1988, most of the historic Flora Theater was demolished.
Only the entrance area of the Flora Theater was to be preserved; behind it, a new building with the new musical theater was to be built. After numerous actions, a squatting in June 1988 and militant attacks against the construction site, the investors gave up the musical project in September 1988 at this point. Instead, the Neue Flora was built.
History of the district cultural center
Squatting and neighborhood project
The remaining building was empty until the summer of 1989. Only initiatives from the district endeavored to temporarily preserve the remaining building in so-called winter festivities. In August 1989, the city surprisingly offered the initiatives a six-week limited-term usage contract to publicly present the idea of an alternative use as a district center. The groups initially responded to this integration offer. After the Rote Flora was officially opened on September 23, 1989, it was declared occupied on November 1, 1989 . Since then, the building has been used as a cultural and political meeting place. The interests of the project are organized within the framework of self-administration .
In 1990 and 1991, the users of the Rote Flora built a park themselves on the open-air site behind the rest of the building - the former construction site. The city wanted to realize social housing at this point. In July 1991 the park was evacuated in a large-scale police operation with over 1000 officers.
In August 1992, the then Senator for Urban Development, Traute Müller ( SPD ), on behalf of the Hamburg Senate, approached Rote Flora with the request to sign a contract for the use of the building with the City of Hamburg within six weeks. Otherwise the project would be vacated. The negotiations dragged on for six months without a final agreement. The threatened eviction was not carried out; the red flora remained occupied. After a major fire in November 1995, it was repaired by the occupiers themselves.
Sale and private ownership
In autumn 2000, the then red-green Hamburg Senate under Mayor Ortwin Runde wanted to negotiate again about a contractual safeguard for the use of the building. The occasion was the forthcoming citizenship election campaign in 2001 , in which the opposition wanted to make the eleven-year occupation of the Rote Flora an election issue. The user plenum of the Rote Flora rejected the contract offer after controversial internal discussions. In March 2001, the Hamburg Senate surprisingly sold the house for DM 370,000 to real estate agent Klausmartin Kretschmer , who promised when he bought it that he would not change the status of the Rote Flora. The Rote Flora cannot be resold without the approval of the Senate.
In 2012, Kretschmer stated that he had an offer of 20 million euros for the building and that he could imagine selling the building. The Altona district thereupon issued a "change lock" for the building and stipulated that permanent communal use must be given.
Since the death of Achidi John at the end of 2001, the place in front of the Rote Flora has been colloquially called Achidi-John-Platz .
In November 2004 the 15th anniversary of the cast was celebrated in a festival week.
Demonstrations against the G8 summit and house searches
Before the G8 summit in Heiligendamm in 2007 , the building was searched by the federal prosecutor's office on May 9, 2007 as part of an investigation on suspicion of the formation of a terrorist organization ( Section 129a StGB ) . Officials from the Federal Criminal Police Office , the Federal Prosecutor's Office and the Hamburg LKA searched rooms in the building for four hours; they secured computers, printers, fax machines, and numerous documents. On the same evening there was a demonstration against the search operation and afterwards there were clashes with the police. In a press release, the Rote Flora user plenum described the search as an attempt to criminalize protests against the G8 summit in Heiligendamm. The 3rd Senate of the Federal Court of Justice later declared the search and seizure of objects in the Rote Flora to be illegal. The preliminary investigation on which the search was based was discontinued in September 2008 by the Hamburg public prosecutor's office in charge of all suspects in the absence of any suspicion.
Anniversary and buyback by the city of Hamburg
On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Rote Flora, a series of events were organized in September and October 2009 that addressed the history and perspectives of the project. In this context, the owner Klausmartin Kretschmer expressed himself in an interview with the city magazine Szene Hamburg , in which he again questioned the future of the project and for the first time brought up an evacuation of the occupied house by him.
In June 2010, various local newspapers reported that the responsible authorities in Hamburg were considering buying back the property from the owner. This is to prevent a sale to private investors from leading to incalculable disputes about the red flora. The head of the responsible district office in Altona, Jürgen Warmke-Rose , should hold appropriate discussions with the owner together with a representative of the tax authorities. Initially, the parties involved had agreed not to disclose the content and results of these discussions.
The owner Kretschmer canceled at short notice an appointment for the beginning of August 2010 with representatives of the city, because he no longer saw the confidentiality of the discussions being maintained. Immediately beforehand, Kretschmer had announced through various media in Hamburg that he was aiming for an ideas competition in which residents of the Schanzenviertel could submit their ideas about the future use of the building.
In December 2010, Hamburg initiatives under the motto I would let it stand up in a campaign to preserve the occupied project and rejected Kretschmer's plans after the project was over. Around 1500 individuals, various cultural and publishing projects and others support this campaign as part of a signature campaign.
In August 2013, according to the Hamburger Abendblatt , Kretschmer rented the house to Gert Baer from Baer and Baer Consulting . In October 2013 it was announced that there were plans to build a six-story cultural center with a concert hall in place of the Flora. In fact, the area has been blocked from change since 2011: the Rote Flora building must be preserved and is expressly designated as an area for general needs and a district cultural center. The district assembly in Altona passed a resolution at the end of October that the house should no longer be converted or demolished and should remain a district cultural center. Kretschmer then applied for private use of the building. He had an offer from an American clothing company, and he could imagine hosting refugees in the house.
At the end of October 2013, the owner Kretschmer threatened to prevent the hip-hop group Fettes Brot from appearing on November 3, 2013 , and pronounced a house ban. Kretschmer had previously offered the band to use the premises "for a fee" of 5,000 euros, which the band refused. On November 2, 2013, Kretschmer filed a complaint because of “the impending crime of trespassing ”. 2000 people came to the concert on November 3, 2013, which was also broadcast outside with a video projection onto the wall of the neighboring building. On the same day, Kretschmer filed another complaint against the band, now for trespassing. Shortly thereafter, Kretschmer accused the occupiers of having earned more than nine million euros in 24 years of occupation. In December 2013, Kretschmer issued the ultimatum that the squatters should vacate the house by December 20, 2013, and demanded 25,000 euros per month for each further use of the building. In a further communication, however, he announced that the evacuation by the authorities should not take place before Christmas.
In this context, according to police reports, around 7,300 people, according to the organizers more than 10,000 people, came to a demonstration under the motto “The city belongs to everyone! Refugees , Esso houses and Rote Flora stay together “on the shoulder blade . According to the organizers, the demonstration was intended to illustrate the extent of resistance that would have been expected in the event of an evacuation attempt. 4,000 police officers were on duty. Violent clashes broke out between demonstrators and the police.
In January 2014, the Hamburg Senator for Finance Peter Tschentscher (SPD) announced that the owner Kretschmer had received an offer of 1.1 million euros to buy back Flora. Kretschmer's adviser Gert Baer then said that the purchase price was ridiculous and that the city's legal arguments were not tenable. Baer also said that the Senate and the mayor had crossed a red line because they would give tax evaders and left-wing extremists a legal vacuum. According to the contract, the city's right of repurchase had been deleted from the land register after ten years, and the purchase contract also stated that further development of the property was only "initially" excluded. Therefore it could be renegotiated. Representatives of the Rote Flora said at a press conference on January 16, 2014: "We don't care who owns the building, it is clear that the Flora will be preserved as a cultural center."
On January 17, 2014, a change to the development plan came into effect: "Dismantling, alteration, change of use or construction of structures" has since also required approval from the Altona district office. The "Development Plan Sternschanze 7" has been published in the Hamburg Law and Ordinance Gazette. The owner Kretschmer did not accept the buyback offer until the deadline on February 3, 2014. The city then hired lawyers to enforce their interests in court. After the deadline, the Senate now wants to buy back the Rote Flora for only 190,000 euros in accordance with the 1991 sales contract. Kretschmer then threatened the city with a claim for damages. In addition, Kretschmer made four preliminary building inquiries that provided for building a 2000-seat music theater over the Rote Flora. In doing so, foreign properties should also be built over.
In May 2014, two former security guards stated in affidavits to a lawyer for the Rote Flora that Kretschmer had asked them how much it would cost to set the Flora on fire. Kretschmer's spokesman denied such a request. In addition, there should have been a plan for a storm on the building. According to reports from the taz , there should have been similar considerations in Kretschmer's environment a year earlier. The Rote Flora had expressed concerns in a statement in August last year.
At the end of October, the creditors' meeting decided in bankruptcy proceedings on the property of the owner Kretschmer that the house would be sold to the municipal Lawaetz Foundation for 820,000 euros . The handover took place on November 1, 2014.
In the fall of 2013, activists of the Rote Flora began to renovate the building themselves. Among other things, a new entrance, a new staircase and new rooms were built to create space for a more diverse use of the building. The florists give the motivation for the construction work, which they describe as the “largest and most ambitious left-wing radical construction project in 30 years”, as follows: “We want the Rote Flora to still be occupied in 25 years, incompatible and a starting point for political intervention is. Even in 25 years' time it should still be an important place of and for the left movement. We would like to see even more diverse uses in the future and even more people who will help shape it and feel comfortable in the Rote Flora. We not only want to preserve the substance of the now 125-year-old building, but also make the Rote Flora even more lively, beautiful and open through renovations. ”In July 2015, a six-week“ summer construction site ”started, during which 50 journeymen lived in the Rote Flora and Made construction work daily. According to the squatters, at least 6,000 working hours were invested and more than 80,000 euros were raised through donations and crowdfunding from FC St. Pauli .
Covert investigations by the LKA
In 1998, an official investigating under the code name Stefan was exposed, whose deployment had been ordered by the police president and former constitutional protection chief Ernst Uhrlau (SPD). The then Interior Senator Hartmuth Wrocklage (SPD) justified the action by stating that Stefan was merely a "covert scout". The Green Alternative List , which was part of the state government at the time, strongly criticized the operation, the legal basis of which was controversial.
In November 2014 it became known that an officer from the Hamburg State Criminal Police Office had been working as an undercover investigator in the Rote Flora scene under the name Iris Schneider . A research group from Flora had worked for a year to document and trace the work of the officer in the scene. The group published the officer’s personal data such as name, address and portrait photo on the Internet. The investigator was an integral part of the cultural center from 2000 to 2006 and not only entered private apartments under her cover identity, had romantic relationships and violated personal rights, but also worked for three years in a feminist editorial group for the broadcaster Freie Sender Kombinat (FSK). There she took part in the journalistic work. The German Union of Journalists classified this as a serious interference with the freedom of the press .
The Hamburg Senate confirmed the mission after a small request from Christiane Schneider ( Die Linke ). It was initially ordered as a "hazard prevention measure". A few months after the start of the mission to the end, the officer was then used as part of investigations by the Federal Prosecutor's Office . A statement on details of the operation would be opposed to the "maintaining the functionality of the police as a law enforcement and hazard prevention authority" and the "state welfare". In December 2014 Interior Senator Michael Neumann (SPD) and representatives of the police declared in a meeting of the Interior Committee of the Citizenship that Iris Schneider was "after a familiarization period" from August 1, 2001 to March 31, 2006 as an undercover investigator for both the Federal Prosecutor's Office for criminal prosecution as well as for the Hamburg LKA to avert danger. The LKA had neither ordered cooperation with the FSK, nor was it aware of the civil servant's love affairs. So far, no criminal offenses have been reported that have been solved through the covert operation.
In August 2015 it became known that the undercover agent Maria Block was in and out of the house from 2009 to 2012.
In May 2016 it was also announced that another undercover investigator was working under the cover name Astrid Schütt in the Rote Flora. According to a research group from the area around the Rote Flora, the mission took place from 2006 to April 2013.
When the names and faces of the undercover investigators were posted on a wall of the Rote Flora house in August 2016, the police moved in with 50 officers to paint over them after two of the undercover investigators complained against the publication.
Demonstrations against the G20 summit
After the protests against the G20 summit in Hamburg in 2017 , the Rote Flora, as the “stronghold” of the left-wing scene, was given complicity in the violent riots. Leading politicians of the CDU, including Peter Tauber and André Trepoll , therefore called for a closure. André Trepoll then received death threats with the content: "Criminal today, dead tomorrow". For its part, Rote Flora accused the Senate of looking for a "scapegoat" for its own failure and creating a climate in which the "criminalization of political structures and the dismantling of the occupied Rote Flora project [...] should be prepared". With a view to the riots, they announced a “self-critical analysis of the events within the scene”. "Emancipatory politics" does not mean "to scare bystanders."
Andreas Blechschmidt, registrant of the “Welcome to Hell” demonstration and a spokesman for the Rote Flora, declared on July 8th that this “form of militancy ”, which “got a little intoxicated with itself”, was found “politically and in terms of content wrong . " Andreas Beuth , lawyer for the Rote Flora , declared on July 9th that he had" as a spokesman for the autonomous community some sympathy for such actions, but please not in our own neighborhood where we live. So why not somehow in Pöseldorf or Blankenese , so there is a lot of misunderstanding that people in the Schanzenviertel are dismantling their own businesses. "Two days later he affirmed that he strictly rejects looting and arson throughout Hamburg, and that he has not called for it only expressed his lack of understanding of the perpetrators' motives. He doesn't know whether they belong to the autonomous scene. Without the police breaking up the Welcome to Hell demonstration, which he also registered, there would have been far less violence.
In the aftermath of the riots, the Hamburg entrepreneur Alexander Tebbe initiated a petition on Change.org in which he called for the red flora to be converted into a kindergarten or elementary school. He justified this with the fact that the Rote Flora was the “left-wing extremist nucleus” of the riots and that he wanted to use the building for the benefit of society, as the Flora is not currently open to all citizens. The petition received 2,300 votes in less than a day and thus had a good chance of being negotiated in the Hamburg Senate. The petition was withdrawn by Tebbe after receiving massive threats against him.
In the past, residents of the Rote Flora have supported art campaigns, flea markets, district festivals and the like in the district and participated in citizens' initiatives . Topics were migration , nationalism in Germany, privatization of public space, gentrification and social problems. Flora’s activities were financed through concerts, parties and similar events.
In the 1990s, the Rote Flora in the Schanzenviertel and St. Pauli became a permanent "institution" that helped shape the image of the district. It is possible that, among other things, non-commercial events provided the “subcultural ambience” that contributed to the upgrading of the Schanzenviertel and rising residential and commercial rents in the 1990s as part of a gentrification process.
The band "Roving Bottles" performed a song called Flora Song ; Johnny Mauser and Captain Gips pleaded against closure in Flora Bleibt . The building was mentioned in the song Echohäuser by Thomas Wenzel and Ømmes Frühling (2013).
On August 30, 2014 the music group Beginner gave a free concert in the Rote Flora on the occasion of their 25th anniversary. The concert was broadcast on the shoulder blade with a video screen and music system.
In May 2009 a stumbling block was laid in front of the Rote Flora portal for the boxer Johann Wilhelm Trollmann , who came from a Sinti family . Trollmann had played some of his professional boxing matches - most recently in November 1933 - in the historic Flora Theater.
- On the history of flora
- Eva Decker, Jörg Schilling: Flora - Theater on the shoulder blade. Hamburg construction booklet No. 10, Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-944405-16-2 .
- Udo Pini : A guest in old Hamburg. Memories of hotels, restaurants, excursion bars, ballrooms, pubs, cafes and variety shows. Hamburg 1997, ISBN 3-88034-350-0 .
- Dirk Schubert, Hans Harms: Living in Hamburg - A city guide to 111 selected examples. Hamburg 1989.
- Project group living in the district: The shoulder blade. A quarter changes. Hamburg 1982.
- Peter Birke: Autonomous attraction. The Rote Flora and Hamburg's urban development since the late 1980s (PDF download)
- On the political importance of flora
- Karsten Dustin Hoffmann: Red Flora. Aims, means and effects of a left-wing autonomous center in Hamburg (= extremism and democracy . Vol. 21). Nomos, Baden-Baden 2011, ISBN 978-3-8329-6996-7 .
- Red Flora site
- Red Flora website
- Short documentary: Hamburg then: The flora. In: ndr.de
- Reading list Rote Flora
- Karsten Dustin Hoffmann: The Autonomous Center Rote Flora , Hamburg 2013
- Martin Niessen: Occupied, fought over, controversial. (No longer available online.) In: 3sat.de. February 3, 2014, archived from the original on July 14, 2014 .
- 25 years of Rote Flora: “I wonder why we weren't evacuated”. Multimedia report on spiegel.de
- Martin Marheinecke: From the whaler FLORA to "Rote Flora". Part 1: The Whaler. In: martinm.twoday.net. MMsSenf, August 12, 2008, accessed July 10, 2017 .
- The three-masted barque "Flora". In: www.elmshorn.de. City of Elmshorn, accessed on July 10, 2017 .
- Elisabeth Stimming: Rote Flora a play ball? Entrepreneur threatened the city. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, March 16, 2004, accessed on July 10, 2017 (subscription required).
- Thomas Hirschbiegel: “Rote Flora” owner: How big are Klausmartin Kretschmer's financial worries? In: www.mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, November 6, 2012, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- Philip Volkmann-Schluck: From flora circles and monarchy spectacles. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt , April 30, 2011, accessed on July 11, 2017 (subscription required).
- Self-help workshops. In: hamburg.adfc.de. ADFC, April 11, 2015, accessed July 11, 2017 .
- Neon black live in Hamburg. In: laut.de . 2016, accessed July 11, 2017 .
- Solo concert: Olli Schulz & Band, Rote Flora, 9 p.m. In: szene-hamburg.com. Scene Hamburg , accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- Kai von Appen: The autonomous incompatibility. In: taz.de . Die Tageszeitung , October 30, 2004, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- 15 years of Flora Bild congratulates in its own way ?! Rote Flora press release on the Bild-Hamburg article. In: roteflora.de. Red Flora Plenary, November 9, 2004, accessed July 11, 2017 .
- I'd leave it that way! The Flora Bleibt Festival Week. List of signatories. (No longer available online.) In: buback.de. Buback Tonträger GmbH, archived from the original on September 6, 2017 ; Retrieved July 11, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Kai von Appen, Annika Lasarzik: New confrontation threatens: Rote Flora already sold? In: taz.de. The daily newspaper, August 15, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- "Rote Flora" is to house the concert hall and day care center in the future. In: Spiegel Online . October 5, 2013, accessed July 11, 2017 .
- Rote Flora: Resistance announced. In: ndr.de. Norddeutscher Rundfunk , October 11, 2013, archived from the original on October 24, 2013 ; Retrieved July 11, 2017 .
- Jan-Eric Lindner, Axel Tiedemann, Sascha Balasko: Is the Rote Flora about to be sold? In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, August 15, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 (subscription required).
- Rote Flora remains a district cultural center. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, October 24, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 (subscription required).
- Kretschmer applies for "private use" of the red flora. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, September 29, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 (subscription required).
- Kai von Appen: Rap in the Rote Flora: Owner threatens the police. In: taz.de. Die Tageszeitung, November 1, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- fuss about the planned Fettes-Brot concert in “Roter Flora”. In: stern.de . November 3, 2013, archived from the original on November 5, 2013 ; Retrieved July 11, 2017 .
- After a concert in the Rote Flora: Criminal charges against "Fettes Brot". In: mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, November 6, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- New accusations from Kretschmer: "The Rote Flora makes millions in profits !" In: mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, November 7, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- Rote Flora: Kretschmer demands 25,000 euros rent. In: mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, December 10, 2013, accessed on July 11, 2017 .
- Kretschmer: Rote Flora will not be cleared before Christmas. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, December 18, 2013, accessed on July 12, 2017 (subscription required).
- Nationwide demo December 21. In: florableibt.blogsport.de. Campaign “Rote Flora remains incompatible”, October 2013, accessed on July 12, 2017 .
- Rote Flora: Hamburg wants to force buyback. In: ndr.de. Norddeutscher Rundfunk, January 15, 2014, archived from the original on January 21, 2014 ; Retrieved July 12, 2017 .
- Sven-Michael Veit: Hamburg buys autonomous center: Rote Flora is remunicipalised. In: taz.de. The daily newspaper, January 14, 2014, accessed on July 12, 2017 .
- Cultural center: Flora owner Kretschmer feels blackmailed by the Senate. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, January 15, 2014, accessed on July 12, 2017 (subscription required).
- Annika Lasarzik, Dominik Brück: Rote Flora: “It is clear that the flora remains as a cultural center”. In: hh-mittendrin.de. January 16, 2014, accessed July 12, 2017 .
- Hamburg: Rote Flora remains a cultural center. In: Spiegel Online. January 18, 2014, accessed July 12, 2017 .
- Erik Trümpler: Ultimatum expired: City goes to court. In: www.mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, February 14, 2014, accessed on July 12, 2017 .
- "Rote Flora" owner Kretschmer threatens to claim damages. In: www.ln-online.de. Lübecker Nachrichten , February 6, 2014, archived from the original on February 22, 2014 ; Retrieved July 12, 2017 .
- Reviewers should examine Rote Flora. In: ndr.de. Norddeutscher Rundfunk, March 3, 2014, archived from the original on April 10, 2014 ; Retrieved July 9, 2017 .
- Geli Tangermann, Frank Wieding: Serious allegations against Kretschmer: Should the Rote Flora burn? In: www.mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, May 19, 2014, accessed on July 16, 2017 .
- Geli Tangermann, Frank Wieding: Security guard claims owner Kretschmer is planning a storm on the Rote Flora. In: www.mopo.de. Hamburger Morgenpost, May 21, 2014, accessed on July 17, 2017 .
- Marco Carini: Fire and Flame for the Flora. In: taz.de. Die Tageszeitung, May 20, 2014, accessed on July 17, 2017 .
- All tricks are useless. In: florableibt.blogsport.de. Campaign “Rote Flora remains incompatible”, August 16, 2013, accessed on July 17, 2017 .
- City of Hamburg buys the Rote Flora from Kretschmer. In: Abendblatt.de. Hamburger Abendblatt, October 31, 2014, accessed on July 17, 2017 (subscription required).
- Jesko Gibs: Will the Rote Flora be tame? In: vice.com . September 7, 2015, accessed July 19, 2017 .
- 25 years are not enough - Flora is building! In: florabaut.noblogs.org. Campaign “Summer construction site 2015 - Flora builds”, July 2015, accessed on 19 July 2017 .
- Evaluation - Background - Discussion. (PDF; 3.3 MB) Brochure of the summer construction site. In: florabaut.noblogs.org. Campaign “Summer construction site 2015 - Flora builds”, 2015, accessed on 19 July 2017 .
- Kai von Appen: spying left in Hamburg scene: state security disguised as intelligence. In: taz.de. November 10, 2014.
- Hannah Beitzer: Spy affair in the red flora - deep in the structures. In: Süddeutsche.de . 18th November 2014.
- Kai von Appen: Undercover investigator in the Rote Flora: Use in an unlawful area. In: taz.de . 4th November 2014.
- Hanning Voigts: Rote Flora: Mitten ins Herz online. In: Frankfurter Rundschau online. 5th November 2014.
- Per Hinrichs: “It divided us”. In: Welt Online . November 9, 2014.
- Former undercover agent exposed in Hamburg's left-wing scene. In: verdeckteermittler.blogsport.eu. November 2014.
- Hanning Voigts: "Iris Schneider": The colleague paid by the police. In: Frankfurter Rundschau online. May 11, 2015, accessed September 3, 2017 .
- Freedom of the press - Ver.di outraged by covert police operations in Roter Flora. In: Hamburger Abendblatt online. November 7, 2014.
- Hanning Voigts: Rote Flora Hamburg: Senate admits covert police operations. In: Frankfurter Rundschau online. 19th November 2014.
- Kai von Appen: Undercover agent in the Rote Flora: Spitzelt on behalf of the state. In: taz.de. 19th November 2014.
- Benjamin Laufer: Rote Flora: Hamburg's left-wing scene was spied on. In: Zeit Online . 19th November 2014.
- Christian Unger: alias Iris: What does the Senate know about the Flora spy? In: Hamburger Abendblatt online. December 10, 2014.
- Benjamin Laufer: Rote Flora: Espionage on your own? In: Zeit Online. December 10, 2014.
- Hanning Voigts: Left scene: Troubling love relationships. In: Frankfurter Rundschau online , December 10, 2014.
- Kai von Appen: Undercover Investigator at Roter Flora: Undercover for two authorities. In: taz.de . December 10, 2014.
- Benjamin Laufer: Spied on, suspected and betrayed: the victims of a police operation. In: Vice online. December 16, 2014.
- Police confirm: Undercover investigator in the left scene. In: Abendblatt.de . August 26, 2015.
- Autonomous unmask undercover investigator. In: Spiegel Online
- Kai von Appen: Third undercover investigator in Hamburg: Wrong play with wrong hair. In: taz.de. Retrieved May 18, 2016 .
- Rote Flora: Police paint over investigator portraits. In: ndr.de. NDR, August 23, 2016, accessed on July 9, 2017 .
- G20 riots: CDU politicians want to close Rote Flora. In: Zeit Online. July 10, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017 .
- Jana Werner: CDU parliamentary group leader André Trepoll receives death threat. In: welt.de. July 19, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2017 .
- closure in Hamburg: Rote Flora as a scapegoat. In: taz.de. July 12, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017 .
- Blechschmidt: Militancy was "politically and content-wise wrong". In: Ndr.de . July 8, 2017.
- 25 criminal charges against Rote Flora lawyer Beuth. In: welt.de. July 27, 2017, accessed November 25, 2019 .
- Flora lawyer Andreas Beuth on the G-20 riots: "An unparalleled image damage". In: taz.de . 11th July 2017.
- Petition in Hamburg: Left-wing autonomous center Rote Flora should become a kindergarten. In: welt.de. July 11, 2017, accessed October 1, 2017 .
- Sternschanze: Daycare instead of riot - petition stopped. In: Abendblatt.de. July 12, 2017, accessed October 1, 2017 (subscription required).
- Viewpoints. Publications and statements since 1997. In: roteflora.de. Retrieved September 10, 2018 .
- Gernot Knödler: Location factor Rote Flora. In: TAZ , January 29, 2000.
- Andreas Blechschmidt: From the balance of horror - Autonomous struggle against restructuring. In: StadtRat (Ed.): Contested Rooms , Hamburg 1998, ISBN 978-3-922611-68-4 , pp. 83-101.
- composed by Thomas Wenzel and Ømmes Fröhling; see Thomas Vorreyer: The new album from Goldenen Zitronen will be released in autumn. In: spex.de. July 2, 2013, accessed October 16, 2019 .
- "Echohäuser" the song for the preservation of the ESSO houses! In: SOS St. Pauli . February 8, 2013, accessed January 15, 2014
- Marc-Oliver Rehrmann: Flora anniversary: Thousands celebrate with beginners. In: ndr.de. Norddeutscher Rundfunk, August 30, 2014, archived from the original on August 30, 2014 ; accessed on July 28, 2017 .
- Christiane Jungblut: Stolpersteine Hamburg: Johann "Rukeli" Trollmann. In: stolpersteine-hamburg.de. State Center for Civic Education, Stolpersteine commemorative project in Hamburg, accessed on July 26, 2017 .