Training ship Germany
The training ship Germany is a former sailing training ship of the German merchant shipping. The last German full ship , a three-master, is now a maritime cultural monument all year round in Bremen - Vegesack .
Since the name Deutschland had already been assigned to the naval armored ship Deutschland, which was planned but not yet built , the function of the training ship was added to the official name of the training ship Germany .
Sail training ship
The training ship Germany was commissioned by the German Training Ship Association (DSV) in 1927 . She was the club's fourth sailing training ship, after the full ship Grand Duchess Elisabeth (now the French Duchesse Anne ), the full ship Prinzess Eitel Friedrich (now the Polish Dar Pomorza ) and the barque Grand Duke Friedrich August (now the Norwegian Statsraad Lehmkuhl ). Since the latter two had been handed over to the victorious powers after the First World War , only Grand Duchess Elisabeth, built in 1901, was in the possession of the association.
On June 14, 1927, the training ship Germany was launched at the Tecklenborg shipyard in Geestemünde (today Bremerhaven ). Their base was Elsfleth , as the official home port of all DSV training ships, Oldenburg , could not be called due to insufficient water depth. In order to instruct the prospective sailors in nautical practice, the ship undertook regular training trips, in winter in the Atlantic to overseas (mostly Africa and the Caribbean / South America ), in summer in the North and Baltic Seas . The last winter voyage to the South Atlantic ended on March 22, 1939 in the roadstead of Bremerhaven, and during the Second World War training trips were only held in the Baltic Sea; The berth of the ship was therefore from April 15, 1940 on the west bank of the Swine in the Pomeranian Bay , then from November 1941 Lübeck . From 1927 to 1939 12 overseas voyages and from 1928 to 1944 a total of 17 North and Baltic Sea voyages were undertaken. The last ended on October 1, 1944.
War and post-war use
A short-term use as a hospital ship in the Bay of Lübeck towards the end of the war prevented the training ship from having to be delivered to Germany as a reparation payment . In August 1946, the ship on the instructions of was British occupation authorities to Cuxhaven relocated to there until its dissolution in late December 1947 as an accommodation ship for the German mine clearing service to serve ( "German Minesweeping Administration", GMSA). On July 22, 1948, the ship was towed to Bremen in the American occupation zone to avoid extradition to Great Britain . It then served as a floating youth hostel until the beginning of 1952 , with a mooring in Bremen's Europahafen .
Stationary training ship
After the Allied Forces handed over the training ship Germany to the German Training Ship Association as owner on February 27, 1950 , efforts began to restart training operations. The association and the Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen financed the renewal of the rigging and accommodation, and on April 1, 1952, regular training began with 18 young men at the ship's permanent berth on the Kleine Weser in Bremen- Woltmershausen , but now no longer for cabin boys, but for candidates for the career of a nautical officer . No more training trips were undertaken, but the ship officer candidates were able to receive the legally required practical training. The attempt of the training ship association in the 1960s to supplement the stationary training with a trip on the association's own sailing training ship was only successful for a short time. The operation of the Ketsch Seute Deern, which was bought in 1963 and converted into a training ship in 1963/64, overstrained the financial possibilities of the association, and the charter of the ship to Norddeutscher Lloyd in 1967 , which carried out some trips abroad with her with prospective helmsmen, inevitably ended with the change of the Ship manning regulations in 1970, which no longer required on-board training. In 1972 the stationary training ship operation on the training ship Germany was also discontinued. The ship was rebuilt and then used as a boarding school and training workshop.
The ship was recognized as a floating cultural monument in 1995 and renovated in 1995/1996 for 5.5 million DM at the Bremer Vulkan shipyard in Bremen- Vegesack and restored as true to the original as possible, including the standing and running goods . It received a new wooden deck. On 14 June 1996, the work was completed and the ship was to his current berth at the Lesum - mouth in Vegesack hauled . Until spring 2002, trainees were still living on board in the boarding school, aspiring to become ship mechanics in German shipping and receiving training at the school center on Kerschensteiner Strasse in Vegesack. With the termination of this training in Bremen, the chapter of the seaman's school in Bremen was closed.
The ship is now one of the last two German full ships alongside the actively sailing model frigate Royal Louise from Berlin. The maritime cultural monument owned by the German School Ship Association is now mainly looked after and maintained by volunteers. It is a tourist attraction in Bremen-Vegesack and is used as a hotel as well as for conferences, seminars, exhibitions and celebrations. Civil weddings take place once a month and all year round you can stay in 30 double cabins and in the captain's suite.
For the Sail Bremerhaven 2005 the training ship Germany was again entered in the ship list.
- Reinhold Walker (1927–1933)
- Walther von Zatorski (1933–1936)
- Ernst Sieck (1936–1938)
- Otto Bauer (1938–1945)
- O. Hattendorf (1945–1953)
- K. Köppl (1953–1961)
- O. Hattendorf (1961–1977)
- Harm Müller-Röhlck (1977-2002)
- Anyone wishing to go to sea on deck had to undergo appropriate training. There were other schools in Hamburg-Finkenwerder , Travemünde and Elsfleth .
- Monument database of the LfD
- Wanted: Helpers on board www.weser-kurier.de. dated September 16, 2015, Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Fundraising for the school ship Germany continues , February 6, 2015 ( Memento from December 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) www.radiobremen.de. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Weser-Kurier from June 2nd, 2017, The first trip leads to Helgoland . Retrieved February 18, 2018 .
- Hans Georg Prager : Training ship Germany - White Swan of the Lower Weser. Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-7822-0706-8 . (New edition: Hauschild Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-89757-439-7 )
- Gerhard Eckardt: full ship training ship Germany. Hauschild Verlag , Bremen 1969, .
- Wolfgang Kiesel: 100 years of the "Oldenburg Navy"