|Oblast :||Ternopil Oblast|
|Rajon :||Terebowlya district|
|Height :||265 m|
|Area :||10.69 km²|
|Residents :||13,455 (2004)|
|Population density :||1,259 inhabitants per km²|
|Area code :||+380 3551|
|Geographic location :||49 ° 18 ' N , 25 ° 41' E|
|Administrative structure :||1 city , 25 villages|
|Mayor :||Ivan Shabat|
|Address:||вул. Шевченка 8
48100 м. Теребовля
Terebovlja ( Ukrainian and Russian Теребовля ; Polish Trembowla ) is a city in western Ukraine , in Ternopil Oblast . The district town is located on the Nischla River and the M 19 / E 85 expressway south of the district capital Ternopil , halfway to Chortkiv .
Until 2015, the municipality also included the town of Borychivka . On July 29, 2015, the city became the center of the newly established municipality of Terebovlja ( Теребовлянська міська громада Terebowljanska miska hromada ). At this still count the 25 villages Borytschiwka ( Боричівка ) Dereniwka ( Деренівка ), Dolyna , Dovhe ( Довге ) Humnyska ( Гумниська ) Krowynka ( Кровинка ) Laskiwzi ( Ласківці ) Loschniw ( Лошнів ) Nowa Mohylnyzja ( Нова Могильниця ) , Maliw ( Малів ) Mschanez ( Мшанець ) Ostalzi ( Остальці ) Ostriwez ( Острівець ) Pidhajtschyky ( Підгайчики ) Pidhora ( Підгора ) Plebaniwka ( Плебанівка ) Romaniwka ( Романівка ) Salawje ( Залав'є ) Sastinotsche ( Застіноче ), selenium Tsche ( Зеленче ) Semeniw ( Семенів ) Slobidka ( Слобідка ), Stara Mohylnyzja ( Стара Могильниця ) Suschtschyn ( Сущин ) and Werbiwzi ( Вербівці ).
The Terebowlja area was already settled in the Neolithic ; The settlement is first mentioned in the Hypatius Chronicle in 1097 . Towards the end of the 11th century, Terebovlja was the center of its own principality . Around 1349 Terebowlja came as part of the Halitscher Land ( Ziema Halicka ) to the Kingdom of Poland and in 1389 received Magdeburg city rights . Since 1434 the city was the seat of a Starost and the center of the Powiat Trembowla in the Ruthenian Voivodeship , since 1569 in the united aristocratic republic of Poland-Lithuania .
After the castle was built (at the end of the 14th century), Terebowlja became one of the border fortresses of Poland in the fight against the Tatars (1453, 1498, 1508, 1516) and Turks (1675, 1688) and was destroyed several times. The Starost von Bar made a glorious contribution to the fight against the "Tatars" in the years 1530–1560 , later from 1552 to 1561 Starost von Terebowlja (then Trembowla), the German- Silesian Bernhard von Prittwitz , who soon after his death ( † 1561) was nicknamed " Terror Tartarorum " (Terror of the Tatars) and " Murus Podoliae " (Wall of Podolia ) by the Poles .
From 1772 to 1918 Terebowlja was part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria , a crown land of the House of Habsburg . From 1850 the place was the seat of the district administration Trembowla , from 1867 also the seat of a district court.
After the collapse of the Danube Monarchy during the First World War in November 1918, the city became part of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic (WUVR) . During the Polish-Ukrainian War , Poland also occupied the last parts of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic in July 1919. On November 21, 1919, the High Council of saying Paris Peace Conference East Galicia for a period of 25 years Poland to.
From 1919 to 1939 Terebowlja was under Polish control and from 1921 to 1939 a part of the Tarnopol Voivodeship . In 1939 it fell to the Soviet Union . Since its collapse , the city has been part of independent Ukraine.
While it was part of Austria-Hungary, Terebowlja was a garrison town. In 1914 the 2nd Squadron of the Bohemian Dragoon Regiment "Graf Paar" No. 2 and the Hungarian Feldjäger Battalion No. 32 were located here
The castle (14th - 16th centuries) was destroyed and rebuilt several times, especially at the end of the 16th / beginning of the 17th century. Today it is only preserved as a ruin. Also worth seeing are the fortified church of St. Nicholas (16th century, largely rebuilt in 1735), the Carmelite church built around 1635 in the Renaissance style and the associated monastery (fortified) as well as one south of the city in the village of Pidhora , at the confluence of the Hnisna in the Seret , a fortified monastery with a church from the end of the 16th century. The miraculous image of the Virgin Mary from the Basilian monastery of T. was evacuated in 1673 by the then Orthodox Archbishop of Lemberg , Josyf Schumljanskyj, to the Lviv St. George's Church, where it is still located today (the so-called Mother of God of Terebowlja ).
- Minna Lachs (1907–1993), Austrian Germanist, educator and writer
- Leonid Kravchuk (* 1934), the first President of Ukraine . He was a People's Deputy of Ukraine from Terebovlya
- ↑ Відповідно до Закону України "Про добровільне об'єднання територіальних громад" у Тернопільській області: у Борщівському районі: Жилинська, Озерянська і Пилатківська сільські ради рішеннями від 29 липня 2015
- ↑ ACA Friederich, historical-geographical representation of old and new Poland; 1839, p. 398
- ^ Reichsgesetzblatt of October 8, 1850, No. 383, page 1741
- Entry on the place in the Encyclopedia of the History of Cities and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR (Ukrainian)
- Russian map of the city and the surrounding area