Wenigenburg (outer bailey of Amöneburg Castle)
|Alternative name (s):||Brickberg|
|Creation time :||around 1100 to 1200|
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle|
|Standing position :||Count|
The Wenigenburg , also called Brickberg , is the ruin of a hilltop castle at south of the almost 50 m higher Amöneburg mountain with the small town of Amöneburg in central Hesse in the Marburg-Biedenkopf district .
According to archaeological finds, the Wenigenburg was probably built in the second half of the 12th century. Today it is assumed that as a bailey of the castle Amöneburg served. The first mentions were made in 1248 and 1267 as “pervus castrum” (“small castle” or “new castle”). The Wenigenburg was in the hands of Mainz castle men . They came from the families von Nordeck ( Burg Nordeck ), Volpert (unknown origin) and von Trohe ( Trohe ).
During the dispute between Landgrave Heinrich and Kurmainz , Hessian soldiers occupied the castle in 1273. It was not until 1278 that Kurmainz was able to recapture the castle. After the landgraves had prevailed in Hesse around 1280, the castle lost its importance. From 1347 to 1463 it was pledged to the Schenk von Schweinsberg family , from 1463 to 1469 to the imperial counts of Schlitz called von Görtz .
By 1491 the castle had already fallen into disrepair. In 1640 a siege battery was installed in the castle ruins during the Thirty Years War . On his view of the city of Amöneburg, printed in 1655, Matthäus Merian describes the castle as Brickberg. In 1985 the facility was reconstructed.
It is unclear whether the castle was structurally connected to the city fortifications of the city of Amöneburg, but it is possible. From the castle of the wall, the parts are neck ditch , the Palas , the curtain wall , two cellars with stairs and the foundations of the square donjon preserved.
- Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hesse: 800 castles, castle ruins and castle sites. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , p. 271.
- Michael Losse: The Lahn - castles and palaces: From Biedenkopf and Marburg via Gießen, Wetzlar and Weilburg to Limburg, Nassau and Lahnstein . Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2007, ISBN 978-3-86568-070-9 , pp. 47-48.
- Wenigenburg, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of August 14, 2017). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on August 19, 2020 .
- Weningenburg on the Burgenwelt.org site
- Historical reconstruction drawing
- See web link LAGIS, matching the contour lines