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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Leningrad
Rajon Vsevolozhsk
First mention 18th century
City since 1963
surface 20  km²
population 59,704 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 2985 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 30  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 81370
Post Code 188640-188645
License Plate 47
OKATO 41 413
Geographical location
Coordinates 60 ° 1 ′  N , 30 ° 41 ′  E Coordinates: 60 ° 1 ′ 0 ″  N , 30 ° 41 ′ 0 ″  E
Vsevolozhsk (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Vsevolozhsk (Leningrad Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Leningrad Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Vsevoloschsk ( Russian Все́воложск ) is a city in the northwestern Russian Oblast Leningrad and has 59,704 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city is located on the Karelian Isthmus about 20 km northeast of the Oblast capital Saint Petersburg on the Lubja river , a left tributary of the Ochta, which flows into the Neva .

Vsevoloschsk is administratively directly subordinate to the Oblast and at the same time the administrative center of the Rajon of the same name .


From the 18th century on, the Ryabovo Manor was located on the territory of today's city , which Peter I gave to his confidante and Field Marshal Alexander Menshikov after the Great Northern War 1700–1721 .

From 1774 to 1779, the German-Baltic court banker of Tsarina Katharina II. Baron Johann Freedericksz (Iwan Frederiks) owned the farm and started making cheese and draining the surrounding swamps.

From 1818 the farm and the village that had been built belonged to the noble family Wsewoloschski, who continued the renovation work and set up a sugar factory as well as important orchards and greenhouses from which Saint Petersburg was supplied. The result was a theater, initially with serfs ; Vsevolozhsk was the first place in Russia where the streets were lit with gas lamps. Ryabovo became a popular summer resort and from the middle of the 19th century a well-known country house settlement, where the aristocratic circles of Saint Petersburg met. The composers Michail Glinka , Alexander Aljabjew and Alexei Werstowski as well as the sculptor and painter Fyodor Tolstoy visited the place.

The "House of Culture" in Vsevolozhsk

Since 1892, a narrow-gauge railway line , the Irinovka Railway (Russian Ириновская железная дорога / Irinovskaya schelesnaja doroga), built for the supply of St. Petersburg with peat and excursion traffic , ran through the area of ​​today's city. A few kilometers west of Rjabowo, the Christinowka station opened , which was soon renamed Berngardowka after the owner of the land there, the aristocratic Bernhard (Berngard in Russian) and is still called that today. In 1895 what is now the most important railway station in the city of Vsevoloschskaya was built after the owners of Ryabovo. As a result, this station name was also transferred to the place.

During the Second World War , during the Leningrad blockade, the "Road of Life" (Russian Дорога жизни ) ran through Vsevoloschsk, which connected the besieged Leningrad with the rest of the Soviet Union .

In 1963 city rights were granted. Today Vsevolozhsk is a growing satellite city of Saint Petersburg.

Population development

year Residents
1939 11,848
1959 27,768
1970 26,978
1979 28,588
1989 31,946
2002 45.310
2010 59,704

Note: census data

Economy and Infrastructure

One of the new residential areas

Ford has been producing Ford Focus passenger cars in Vsevolozhsk since 2002 ; from 2008 the Ford Mondeo will also be manufactured. As a result, other companies in the automotive industry settled in the city, such as the Finnish tire manufacturer Nokian Renkaat in 2004 . There are also companies for household appliances, the textile and food industry and the building materials industry.

The city lies on the railway line St. Petersburg-Ladoschskoje Ozero (on the western shore of Lake Ladoga) or -Newskaja Dubrovka (on the right Newaufer against Schlüsselburg and Kirovsk , suburban St. Petersburg from Finland Station with elektrichka ). Originally, the lines were opened as a narrow-gauge railway from 1892, which was the first public transport with the later Russian narrow-gauge standard gauge of 750 mm. In 1921, due to the high volume of traffic, the gauge was changed to Russian broad gauge with partial re-routing .

The M18 St. Petersburg - Petrozavodsk - Murmansk trunk road passes Vsevoloschsk to the south. The A128 runs through the city center from Saint Petersburg to the west bank of Lake Ladoga.


Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)

Web links

Commons : Vsevolozhsk  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files