|Height :||193 (191–225) m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.81 km²|
|Residents :||1655 approx.|
|Population density :||344 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||July 1, 1974|
|Postal code :||35091|
|Area code :||06427|
Burglar from the air. On the occasion of the 85th anniversary of the Bürgeln volunteer fire brigade
The place is in the immediate vicinity of the university town of Marburg and is traversed by the red water in a north-south direction . Bundesstraße 62 runs east of Bürgeln . Bundesstraße 3 makes a semicircle around Bürgeln . From the Cölbe-Bürgeln junction, the B3 towards Marburg is expanded like a motorway. Bürgeln is located on the Main-Weser Railway and therefore has very good connections to the Rhine-Main area and Kassel . The traffic connection to Marburg and Gießen is very good thanks to the motorway-like expressway, train and bus.
For the first time the place is as Birgelin in 1273 with accessories, in addition Coelbe as second Villikationsmittelpunkt the basic rule of the pin Wetzlar mentioned. Bürgeln was to Conrad of Marburg together with the officium villicationis lifetime leased . Bürgeln was sold to the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1334 for an annual interest rate to the monastery . 1358 invested Landgrave Henry II. Of Hesse that of Fleckenbühl with the Bailiwick Bürgeln. In 1376 the lords of Fleckenbühl transferred the noble castle seat to the landgraviate as a fief. Around 1718 the von Fleckenbühl estate was on the north-western edge of the village, next to it was a second one, probably from the von Hatzfeld family , later the Scholley'sehe Hof. From 1746 both manors were owned by the von Fleckenbühl family . The Landgraves of Hessen-Rumpenheim bought these two farms in 1829.
Historical place names
In documents that have survived, Bürgeln was mentioned under the following place names (the year it was mentioned in brackets): Birgelin (1273) (Urkundenbuch Wetzlar 2, No. 104), Byrgele (1334), von Byrgeln (1351), von Birgeln (1369), Bürgeln (1630).
The castle was first mentioned in a document in 1358. The builders were probably the lords of Fleckenbühl. Probably before 1726 the castle was abandoned and demolished for the extraction of building materials. Only small remains of the former castle are left.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Bürgeln was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1567: Holy Roman Empire , Landgraviate of Hesse , Schönstadt court (Schönstadt court consisted of the following locations: Kölbe, Bernsdorf, Bürgeln, Betziesdorf, Reddehausen, Schönstädt, Schwarzenborn and Bracht)
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , Schönstadt court
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War ), Schönstadt court
- from 1648: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel, Marburg Office , Schönstadt Court
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Electorate of Hesse , Marburg Office, Schönstadt Court
- from 1806: Electorate of Hesse, Marburg Office, Schönstadt Court
- 1807–1813: Kingdom of Westphalia , department of Werra , district of Marburg , canton of Rosenthal
- from 1815: German Confederation , Electorate of Hesse, Marburg Office, Schönstadt Court
- from 1821: German Confederation, Electorate of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , District of Marburg (separation of justice ( district court Marburg ) and administration)
- from 1848: German Confederation, Electorate of Hesse, Marburg district
- from 1851: German Confederation, Electorate of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Marburg
- from 1866: North German Confederation , Kingdom of Prussia , Province of Hesse-Nassau , District of Kassel , District of Marburg
- from 1871: German Empire , Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, District of Kassel, District of Marburg
- from 1918: German Empire, Free State of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Kassel, District of Marburg
- from 1944: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Province of Kurhessen , District of Marburg
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Kassel district, Marburg district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Kassel district, Marburg district
- 1974: Federal Republic of Germany, Land Hessen, Kassel , Marburg-Biedenkopf
- on July 1, 1974, Bürgeln was incorporated as a district of the newly formed municipality of Cölbe.
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Marburg-Biedenkopf district
Courts since 1821
With an edict of June 29, 1821, administration and justice were separated in Kurhessen. Now judicial offices were responsible for the first instance jurisdiction, the administration was taken over by the districts. In Marburg, the district of Marburg was set up for the administration and the Marburg district court was the court of first instance responsible for Bürgeln. In 1850 the regional court was renamed the Marburg Justice Office. The Supreme Court was the Higher Appeal Court in Kassel . The higher court of Marburg was subordinate to the province of Upper Hesse. It was the second instance for the judicial offices.
After the annexation of Kurhessen by Prussia, the Marburg district court became the royal Prussian district court of Marburg in 1867 . In June 1867, a royal ordinance was issued that reorganized the court system in the areas that belonged to the former Electorate of Hesse. The previous judicial authorities were to be repealed and replaced by local courts in the first, district courts in the second and an appeal court in the third instance. In the course of this, on September 1, 1867, the previous judicial office was renamed the Marburg District Court. The courts of the higher authorities were the Marburg District Court and the Kassel Court of Appeal .
With the entry into force of the Courts Constitution Act of 1879, the district court continued to exist under his name. In the Federal Republic of Germany, the superordinate instances are the Marburg Regional Court , the Frankfurt am Main Higher Regional Court and the Federal Court of Justice as the last instance.
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1577:||33 (19 landgrave) house seats .|
|• 1630:||68 residents (19 landgraves: 1 two-horse, 6 single-horse farm workers, 12 one- runner ); (aristocrats: 24 farm workers, 22 single men ).|
|• 1681:||31 home-seated teams (only landgrave portion).|
|• 1838:||21 day laborers, 40 authorized users, 27 local residents not authorized to use it, 20 residents .|
|Bürgeln: Population from 1747 to 1967|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1861:||all residents Lutheran|
|• 1885:||473 Protestant (= 94.79%), 9 Catholic (= 1.80%), 17 Jewish (= 3.41%) residents|
|• 1961:||888 Protestant (= 92.79%), 54 Catholic (= 5.64%) residents|
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1747:||Landgrave's share: 176: 1 wagner, 2 benders , 2 blacksmiths, 5 linen weavers, 3 tailors, 5 bricklayers, 2 scissors grinders, 1 basket maker, 2 carpenters, 2 millers, 1 landlord with a distillery, 1 cattle dealer and slaughterer, a Jew who feeds on knitting, 11 day laborers.|
|• 1838:||Families: 32 agriculture, 30 businesses.|
|• 1961:||Labor force: 119 agriculture and forestry, 165 manufacturing, 103 trade and transport, 82 services and other.|
- Bürgeln Castle
- Local museum
- Old church Bürgeln
- Old Ohm bridge
Economy and Infrastructure
There are several smaller companies in the village, a primary school, a kindergarten with an after-school care group, the volunteer fire brigade and a Protestant church. There is a multi-purpose hall at the northern entrance to the village .
Bürgeln has three playgrounds and a football field. The soccer field and the barbecue hut are on the western edge of the village. The place belongs to the parish "St. Cyriacus and St. John the Baptist ”.
- Jean Wilhelm Pfendt (1900–1974), opera singer (bass)
- HOL Marburg, p. 46 f.
- Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hessen. 800 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , p. 247.
- Seibel, Bürgeln (plans).
- Literature on Bürgeln in the Hessian Bibliography
- Search for Bürgeln (Cölbe) in the archive portal-D of the German Digital Library
- Bürgeln on the website of the municipality of Cölbe
- Bürgeln. Local history, information. In: /www.buergeln.de. Private website
- Bürgeln, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Bürgeln, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 24, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Website of the initiative group "Bürgelns Zukunft" on the location ( memento of the original from September 2, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed August 2015
- Law on the reorganization of the Biedenkopf and Marburg districts and the city of Marburg (Lahn) (GVBl. II 330-27) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 9 , p. 154 , § 6 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 403 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Georg Landau: Description of the Electorate of Hesse . T. Fischer, Kassel 1842, p. 370 ( online at HathiTrust's digital library ).
- The affiliation of the Marburg office based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hessen : Hessen-Marburg 1567–1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604–1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567–1866 .
- Kur-Hessischer Staats- und Adress-Kalender: 1818 . Publishing house d. Orphanage, Kassel 1818, p. 100 ( online at Google Books ).
- Ordinance of August 30th, 1821, concerning the new division of the area , Annex: Overview of the new division of the Electorate of Hesse according to provinces, districts and judicial districts. Collection of laws etc. for the Electoral Hesse states. Year 1821 - No. XV. - August., ( Kurhess GS 1821) pp. 223-224
- Latest news from Meklenburg / Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities, edited from the best sources. in the publishing house of the GHG privil. Landes-Industrie-Comptouts., Weimar 1823, p. 158 ff . ( online at HathiTrust's digital library ).
- Ordinance on the constitution of the courts in the former Electorate of Hesse and the formerly Royal Bavarian territories with the exclusion of the enclave Kaulsdorf from June 19, 1867. ( PrGS 1867, pp. 1085-1094 )
- Order of August 7, 1867, regarding the establishment of the according to the Most High Ordinance of June 19 of this year. J. in the former Electorate of Hesse and the formerly Royal Bavarian territorial parts with the exclusion of the enclave Kaulsdorf, courts to be formed ( Pr. JMBl. Pp. 221–224 )