Cabeceiras de Basto

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Cabeceiras de Basto
coat of arms map
Coat of arms of Cabeceiras de Basto
Cabeceiras de Basto (Portugal)
Cabeceiras de Basto
Basic data
Region : Norte
Sub-region : Ave
District : Braga
Concelho : Cabeceiras de Basto
Coordinates : 41 ° 31 ′  N , 8 ° 0 ′  W Coordinates: 41 ° 31 ′  N , 8 ° 0 ′  W
Residents: 711 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 24.52 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 29 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 4860-355
Mayor : José Carlos Ferreira Rebelo ( PS )
Address of the municipal administration: Junta de Freguesia de Cabeceiras de Basto
Praça da República
4860-355 Cabeceiras de Basto
Cabeceiras de Basto district
flag map
Flag of Cabeceiras de Basto Location of the Cabeceiras de Basto district
Residents: 16,710 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 241.82 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 69 inhabitants per km²
Number of municipalities : 12
Administration address: Câmara Municipal de Cabeceiras de Basto
Praça da República
4860-355 Cabeceiras de Basto
President of the Câmara Municipal: Francisco Alves ( PS )

Cabeceiras de Basto is a small town (vila) in Portugal .

The second, originally built in the early 12th century, Mosteiro de São Miguel de Refojos de Basto monastery .


Dolmens and other finds prove a prehistoric settlement up to the Castro culture . Of particular note are the finds by Chacim and Outeirinho de Mouros in the municipality of Refojos , and those by Formigueiro in the municipality of Rio Douro . A gold lunula and two gold disks from the Bronze Age were found.

An early monastery dedicated to the Archangel Michael was built here, probably after the arrival of the Suebi 406, or from 585 in the Visigoth Empire . In 711 the Arabs conquered the monastery and town and largely destroyed them in the process. Cabeceiras de Basto was probably repopulated during the Reconquista in the 12th century. A new monastery was built here in the early 12th century and was the destination of numerous pilgrims, including famous people such as Inês de Castro and Nuno Álvares Pereira , who married here in 1376 .

In 1514 the place was given city rights by King D. Manuel . Later on, Cabeceiras de Basto gained some cultural relevance. It was mentioned in works by Sá de Miranda (in Carta a D. António Pereira ), Bernardim Ribeiro , and especially Camilo Castelo Branco , especially in Bruxa de Monte Cordova and Noites de Lamego .

The granite statue O Basto , originally probably from the 1st century BC. Chr.

The place name

A widespread explanation of the place name goes back to the alleged foundation by members of the Bastos ( Bástulos or Bastianos ) who had arrived here , a population group from Galicia who were expelled in 711 after the attacks by the Moors . Tariq ibn Ziyad (Tarik) conquered the Visigothic Empire , to which Cabeceiras de Basto belonged, in 711 and largely destroyed the town.

Another explanation sees the origin of the place name in the time of the Roman presence and the Latin term vastu or pastu , with reference to the local pastures. Cabeceiras is assumed to have originated from the Latin capitia and the later plural suffix eiras , so that the place name originally meant something like "excellent rich pastures".

Another explanation is based on a granite statue from the 1st century BC. In the place, which was probably edited several times in the 17th and 19th centuries. You should the Lusitanian represent warriors Basto, who is said to have been as a name sponsor.

The explanation of the place name based on a traditional legend was particularly widespread among the population. The monk knight Hermígio Romarigues , from the family of the founders of the first monastery São Miguel de Refojos de Basto , is said to have defended the place in 711 against the attacking army of Tarik. He is said to have stood in front of the bridge to the monastery and called out to the attackers: Até alí, por São Miguel, até alí, basto eu! (German for example: "Up to here and no further, for the sake of St. Michael , to here and no further, I should be sufficient for that!"). As a result, three attacks by the Arabs are said to have remained unsuccessful and the monk knight from then on was called Basto (German: I suffice). According to legend, the granite statue in the village is said to represent the knight "Basto".


The circle

Cabeceiras de Basto is the seat of a district of the same name ( concelho ) in the Braga district . On June 30, 2011, the district had 16,710 inhabitants on an area of ​​241.8 km².

The neighboring areas are (starting clockwise in the north): Montalegre , Boticas , Ribeira de Pena , Mondim de Basto , Celorico de Basto , Fafe and Vieira do Minho .

Landscape in the district of Cabeceiras de Basto, with the Barrosa cattle characteristic of northern Portugal and Galicia (older relatives of the Texan longhorn )

With the regional reform in September 2013, several municipalities were merged into new municipalities, so that the number of municipalities decreased from 17 to twelve.

The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) are in the Cabeceiras de Basto district:

Cabeceiras de Basto district
local community Population
Density of
population / km²
Abadim 571 15.14 38 030401
Alvite e Passos 1,184 12.19 97 030418
Arco de Baúlhe e Vila Nune 2,048 9.04 227 030419
Basto 938 5.58 168 030404
Bucos 554 17.80 31 030405
Cabeceiras de Basto 711 24.52 29 030406
Cavez 1,268 26.79 47 030407
Faia 558 5.15 108 030408
Gondiães e Vilar de Cunhas 421 41.38 10 030420
Pedraça 760 12.17 62 030413
Refojos de Basto, Outeiro e Painzela 6,755 28.95 233 030421
Rio Douro 942 43.11 22nd 030415
Cabeceiras de Basto district 16,710 241.82 69 0304

Population development

Population in the county of Cabeceiras de Basto (1801–2011)
1801 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2011
8224 14,087 16,284 17,273 21,141 18,997 16,368 17,846 16,709

Municipal holiday

  • September 29th

Town twinning

In addition, two municipalities maintain other partnerships:


Cabeceiras de Basto is connected to the A7 motorway via the junction in the municipality of Basto .

Until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1990, the district with the station in Arco de Baúlhe had a connection to the Linha do Tâmega railway line .

Cabeceiras de Basto is integrated into the national long-distance bus network of Rede Expressos .

The public transport in the county is publicly chartered buses from private bus companies Mondinense and Transdev operated.

sons and daughters of the town


Web links

Commons : Cabeceiras de Basto  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. a b Overview of code assignments from Freguesias on
  3. a b - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  4. , accessed January 10, 2014
  5. ^ João Fonseca: Dicionário do Nome das Terras . 2nd edition, Casa das Letras, Cruz Quebrada 2007, p. 62f ( ISBN 978-9724617305 )
  6. ^ Publication of the administrative reorganization in the Diário da República gazette of January 28, 2013, accessed on March 16, 2014
  7. ^ Page of the town twinning on the website of the town administration, accessed on March 3, 2014
  8. Overview of the bus routes in the district on the city administration website, accessed on March 3, 2014