district of the state capital Düsseldorf
|Geographic location :|
|Residents:||2,588 (December 31, 2016)|
|Population density :||5,751 inhabitants per km²|
|Light rail :|
Geography and location
The boundaries of the district are in the west the Rhine, in the east Kasernenstrasse and in the south predominantly Haroldstrasse . The northern border to the Altstadt district, on the other hand, is more complicated. The north-western area in particular does not currently correspond to the historical development, even if “Rheinort” and “Alter Sicherheitshafen”, also called “Berger Hafen”, were in front of the city wall until the citadel was built. The border to the old town runs from Kasernenstraße across Wallstraße, then turns into Mittelstraße to Carlsplatz . From there along Berger Straße to Hafenstraße , followed by Akademiestraße to Rheinstraße in front of the former Rheintor and from there across towards the banks of the Rhine (= Straße Rheinort) at the level of the Rhine gauge. Actually, the historical southern border of the old town to Carlstadt was at the height of Hafenstraße / old security harbor.
The district has only 2,210 inhabitants, which means that the population density is 4,911 inhabitants per km². These are distributed over 1,800 households. The age group most clearly represented are the 18 to 45 year olds (40.0%), followed by the 45 to under 60 year olds (22.3%), which explains the high average age of 46 years. Accordingly, there is only one elementary school with 112 pupils in Carlstadt and no secondary school. The unemployment rate is below average at 7.7%, the proportion of non-German citizens is 14.9%, slightly below that of the city as a whole. Carlstadt is also one of the richest districts in Düsseldorf. The average annual income here is 84,592 euros (as of December 31, 2007).
The western parts of this district are around 100 years older than the actual core area of Carlstadt. The older areas were within the citadel and construction began in the mid-16th century. The construction of residential buildings and the settlement within the citadel began in 1641 and, as can be seen from a map from 1764, was largely completed by the middle of the 18th century.
From 1750 the population of Düsseldorf had grown rapidly, so that a new expansion of the city was necessary. During the Seven Years' War the fortifications in the south of the city were greatly expanded. This enabled the old fortifications in the area between the Flinger Bastion and the citadel to be laid down and given a new urban use. The demolition work lasted from 1784 to 1787. On September 7, 1787, the development plans were published. This was the beginning of the new Carlstadt district, which was named after the Palatine Elector and Duke von Berg Carl Theodor . Numerous people willing to build were attracted by tax rebates, and the area around Carlsplatz was already under urban development in 1790 . The complete development of the expansion area dragged on for several decades. Above all, the urban development of the southern area from about Bastionsstrasse to Haroldstrasse could only take place after the razing of the bastions here and the partial backfilling of the associated protective waters from the beginning of the 19th century to the 1840s.
The chessboard-like layout of the streets and numerous preserved city palaces and town houses still bear witness to this era today, for example the Palais Nesselrode , Wittgenstein and Spee . An example of the development at that time is the Hohe Straße . However, much of the historical building fabric was badly damaged and destroyed during the Second World War . Not all of these buildings were restored to their historical form after the war and some have only been replaced by simple new buildings. An example of this is the Mangold residential and commercial building , which was at the beginning of Grabenstrasse. This building, erected around 1800, was rebuilt in 1888, destroyed in the last war and replaced by a simple new building.
The numerous antique shops and upper-class jewelry shops are typical of the district. There are also a few restaurants in Carlstadt, and it's quieter here than in the neighboring old town.
The Carlstadt is home to several cultural institutes such as the Robert Schumann Society , the Heinrich Heine Institute , the Instytut Polski and the Institut français , several museums such as the Hetjens Museum for Ceramic History , the Filmmuseum Düsseldorf and the City Museum State Capital Düsseldorf as well as the Düsseldorf Marionette Theater . The composer couple Clara and Robert Schumann lived at Bilker Straße 15.
A nationally known place in Carlstadt is Carlsplatz, where a stationary weekly market has been established, which is open from Monday to Saturday. Architecturally striking buildings in the district are the St. Maximilian Church ("Maxkirche") with the associated monastery, which is now open to the public as the Maxhaus , or the Mannesmann high-rise on the banks of the Rhine , whose facade is traditionally illuminated at Christmas time in the form of a gigantic Christmas tree . To the south of the Mannesmann high-rise is the town house with Villa Horion , which was built in the early 20th century.
economy and politics
The house of the church with the administration of the church district and the seat of the superintendent of the church district Düsseldorf of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland is located on Bastionstrasse.
The Mannesmann concern traditionally had its headquarters in the district. After the takeover of Mannesmann in 2000, the former corporate headquarters around the Mannesmann high-rise was the seat of the German subsidiary of Vodafone . The buildings were in 2008 to a NRW - State Company sold and used by Vodafone to 2012 as a tenant. After setting up the Vodafone campus in Düsseldorf-Heerdt , the company left the building. The building is currently used by the Ministry of Economics, Energy, Industry, SMEs and Crafts of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia . The headquarters of Kreissparkasse Düsseldorf and the Handelsblatt publishing group are located on the Carlstadt side of Kasernenstrasse , on the site of the former Düsseldorf synagogue (Kasernenstrasse No. 67) . The Düsseldorf banking district is located in the Stadtmitte district.
Next to the former Mannesmann and Vodafone headquarters are the town house and the “ Villa Horion ” designed by the architect Hermann vom Endt , which served as the official residence of the North Rhine-Westphalian Prime Minister from 1961 to 1999 . Today the President of the State Parliament resides here and there are meetings and events. a. the petitions committee and the parliamentary inquiry commissions . The town hall, which was the seat of the Provincial Association of the Rhine Province until 1945 , was the seat of the State Chancellery of North Rhine-Westphalia from 1961 to 1999 , which will move back into the building from September 2017. To the east of the Landeshaus and Horionplatz, on Haroldstrasse, is the NRW Ministry of Economic Affairs . The buildings mentioned are part of the North Rhine-Westphalian government district , which connects the districts of Carlstadt, Unterbilk and Hafen.
Benrather Strasse underground station
→ Main article: Benrather Strasse underground station
- Office for statistics and elections of the state capital Düsseldorf: Statistics for the district 012 - Carlstadt
- OpenStreetMap / Relation: Carlstadt (91065) . Retrieved August 7, 2009.
- Corresponds to the current city map of the state capital Düsseldorf . Retrieved March 3, 2017
- Düsseldorfer Geschichtsverein: Festschrift for the 600th anniversary. 1888, p.  366 +  370. Digitized edition of the ULB Düsseldorf
- In: RP Online from August 24, 2017. nrw-ministerpraesident-armin-laschet-ist-already-moved
- Hugo Weidenhaupt: A Brief History of the City of Düsseldorf . 9th edition. Triltsch, Düsseldorf 1993, ISBN 3-7998-0000-X .
- Carlstadt.de Culture, news and information on the district pages about Düsseldorf's Carlstadt
- The Carlstadt district on the district 1 side of the city of Düsseldorf