Emil Högg (born July 5, 1867 in Heilbronn ; † December 27, 1954 in Radebeul ) was a German architect and craftsman , university lecturer in Dresden and a local member of parliament in Radebeul; in old age he was also active as a painter .
Högg studied architecture from 1886 to 1890 at the Technical University of Stuttgart . Initially he worked in architecture firms known at the time such as Eisenlohr & Weigle (Stuttgart), Bruno Schmitz (Berlin) and Karl Hoffacker (Berlin). After a legal clerkship , he passed the 2nd state examination in 1897 and in the following year got a position as city architect ( assessor ) in the building administration of Berlin under city building officer Ludwig Hoffmann . In 1902 he was promoted to urban planning inspector there . On April 1, 1904, Högg moved to Bremen as director of the newly created trade museum . In the same year he was the founder of the Bremen Association for Lower Saxony Ethnicity . In 1908 he was a member of the jury for the architectural competition to design the market square and a new town hall in Delmenhorst . In 1909 he was the curator of an exhibition for cemetery art with around 80 tombs in the old Doventorsfriedhof in Bremen; he designed numerous tombs himself.
At the instigation of the art historian Cornelius Gurlitt , he was appointed to the chair for spatial art and engineering at the Technical University of Dresden in 1911 , which he held until 1933. 1923 awarded him the Hannover Technical University , the honorary doctorate (Dr.-Ing. E. h.). From 1926 Högg acted as a part-time church construction supervisor for the Thuringia regional church council. At the beginning of the 20th century he turned to homeland security architecture ( Haus Högg ) and became a representative who spoke in the affirmative of National Socialism in the 1930s . In November 1933 he signed the German professors' confession of Adolf Hitler . His most important works are the Ernemannbau in Dresden ( Pentacon ) and the generator building of the Niederwartha pumped storage plant. In the 1930s he ran the Högg & Rötschke architectural office together with Friedrich Rötschke , who received his doctorate from the Technical University of Dresden in 1931 . Together with him, he also built his new house in Radebeul, Hoflößnitzstraße 15.
From 1912 Högg lived in Radebeul in a house he designed himself in Högg (Marienstraße 12a). Also in 1912 he received an order from the Association for the Rescue of the Hoflößnitz to restore the entire complex. From 1918 he was a local politician in Radebeul and a member of the building committee. After his architectural office in Dresden was destroyed in 1945, Högg worked in the Grundhof in the Niederlößnitz district of Radebeul . There he also devoted himself to painting as an old work, he created numerous Lößnitz pictures. Högg was an honorary member of the Arminia fraternity in the Jena castle cellar (1923).
Högg was buried in the Radebeul-Ost cemetery.
Buildings and designs
- 1904: Design of a country house, shown at the Berlin art exhibition in 1904
- 1905: own house in Bremen-Schwachhausen, Albersstraße 11
- 1905: Restoration of the parish church of St. Martini in Bremen
- 1905: Pair of arc lamps and candelabra on Potsdamer Platz in Berlin
- 1906: Design of the Bremen hallway at the 3rd German Applied Arts Exhibition in Dresden in 1906
- 1907: Competition design for a residential and stable building for Mr. H. Knief in Achim (competition awarded by the Association for Lower Saxony Folkness )
- 1908: Study for Mayor Carl Georg Barkhausen in Bremen
- 1907–1908: Competition design for the new building of the town hall (later called Neues Rathaus ) in Bremen (closer competition among the 15 best participants in the first stage of the competition, except for the 1st prize for Gabriel von Seidl, no awards; Högg's design shown at the Great Berlin Art Exhibition 1908)
- 1908: Draft for a Lower Saxony folk art museum at Am Werder in Bremen
- 1909: Design for a small train station in Brinkum
- 1909: Candelabra for street lighting in Bremen
- 1909: Weir and run-of-river power station for the Bremen-Besigheim oil factories in Besigheim
- 1909: War memorial in Brockel, executed by the sculptors Max Rebhan and Hermann Lüdecke
- 1910: Design for a pharmacy in Kirchweyhe near Bremen
- 1910: Interior of a wedding room (Bremen contribution to the Brussels World Exhibition in 1910 , later integrated into the building of the State Archives, An der Tiefer; not preserved)
- 1910: Open-air museum on the island in Stade
- 1910: Competition design for the Bismarck National Monument on the Elisenhöhe near Bingerbrück (not awarded a prize)
- 1911: Design for a cemetery entrance
- 1911: Competition design for the new construction of the Kaiserbrücke (later Mayor Smidt Bridge ) in Bremen (awarded the 1st prize, keyword "Without mask", together with the bridge construction company of Fried. Krupp AG in Rheinhausen; executed 1913–1916, im April 1945 destroyed)
- 1912: Own house Haus Högg in Radebeul
- 1913: Cemetery chapel in Lilienthal , Falkenberger Landstrasse 4B
- 1912–1914: Thorough repairs to Hoflößnitz Palace
- 1913: Restoration of the village church in Reichenberg
- 1913–1914: Restoration of the Evangelical Lutheran St. Sylvester Church in Quakenbrück
- 1914: Agricultural winter school in Stade , Kehdinger Mühren 1
- 1914: Reconstruction planning for the burned down north side of the market in Mittweida
- around 1914: Director's residence in the Dresden Zoological Garden
- 1915–1918 and 1922–1923: Factory building with tower construction for Ernemann AG in Dresden- Striesen , Schandauer Strasse / Junghansstrasse (together with the civil engineer Richard Müller )
- 1920: Extension of the Radebeul-Ost cemetery
- 1923: Reconstruction of the castle cellar in Jena
- 1923–1933: Restoration of the Romanesque Kunigunden Church in Borna near Leipzig
- around 1925: Draft of a memorial for the fallen soldiers of the First World War in Frohburg (Saxony) (executed by the art ceramist Kurt Feuerriegel )
- around 1925: Memorial for those who fell in the First World War in Jena
- 1925–1926: Reconstruction of the interior of the former town hall in Jena (collaboration)
- 1927: Cenotaph for the fallen soldiers of the First World War at the Luther Church in Radebeul (bronze cast by the sculptor Georg Wrba )
- 1927–1930: Generator building of the Niederwartha pumped storage plant
- 1930: Model farm at the International Hygiene Exhibition Dresden 1930
- 1931–1932: Renovation of the St. Trinitatis town church in Sondershausen
- 1931–1932: Redesign of the interior of the Marien-Dom in Wurzen (with Friedrich Rötschke )
- 1932–1933: Friedrich Rötschke house in Radebeul (with Friedrich Rötschke)
- around 1935: Deaconess mother house in Eisenach , Nikolaistraße (with Friedrich Rötschke)
- 1936: House at Weberstrasse 13/15 in Radebeul
- 1936–1937: Zeiss Ikon AG factory building , so-called "Aquarium", in Dresden-Striesen, Schandauer Straße
- 1947–1956: House of the Sorbs (Serbski dom) in Bautzen, Postplatz (with Friedrich Rötschke)
- The reconstruction of the St. Michaeliskirche in Hamburg. Karlsruhe 1909.
- Simple Christian tombs for Lower Germany. Berlin 1910.
- Homeland Security, Architecture and Industry. Munich 1911.
- Park and cemetery. Munich 1911.
- Cemetery art. Bielefeld 1912.
- The urn cemetery. Dresden 1913.
- Modern shop fittings in old houses. Munich 1913.
- Architecture as a science. Munich 1913.
- The art in Bremen. In: Die Tat , year 1913, p. 288 ff.
- Warrior grave and warrior memorial. Wittenberg 1915.
- Hero honor. Munich 1917.
- Housing construction after the war. Munich 1919.
- The conversion of the castle cellar in Jena. 1923.
- The ornament or jewelry. Strelitz 1925.
- Law and Freedom in Art. Dresden 1926.
- German architecture, yesterday, today, tomorrow. In: Das Bild , year 1934, p. 61.
- Build and look. Dresden 1938.
- Högg, Emil . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 17 : Heubel – Hubard . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1924, p. 198 .
- Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 .
- Volker Helas (arrangement): City of Radebeul . Ed .: State Office for Monument Preservation Saxony, Large District Town Radebeul (= Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Saxony ). SAX-Verlag, Beucha 2007, ISBN 978-3-86729-004-3 .
- Sabine Jacobs: Studies on Emil Högg (1867–1954). Unpublished master's thesis, University of Trier, 1998.
- Peter Kaupp : Högg, Emil. In: From Aldenhoven to Zittler. Members of the Arminia fraternity on the Burgkeller-Jena who have emerged in public life over the past 100 years. Dieburg 2000.
- Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume II: Artists. Winter, Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8253-6813-5 , pp. 336–338.
- Carl Zetzsche: work by Prof. Emil Högg, Dresden . In: Architectural Review . 31st year 1914–1915, p. 79-93 ( digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de ).
- Literature by and about Emil Högg in the catalog of the German National Library
- two drawings by Emil Högg at the Architekturmuseum der Technische Universität Berlin
- Works by Emil Högg in the digital collections of the Stuttgart University Library
- Nils Aschenbeck: Heinz Stoffregen 1879–1929. Architecture between modern and avant-garde. Vieweg, Braunschweig / Wiesbaden 1990, ISBN 3-528-08746-3 .
- Edgar Grundig: Delmenhorst. City history 1848 to 1945. Volume IV, 1960.
- Carl Zetzsche: Exhibition for cemetery art in Bremen. In: Architektonische Rundschau , Volume 25, 1909, Issue 10, pp. 77–83.
- Friedrich Rötschke: The Dresden fortress becomes an open city. Dissertation, Dresden University of Technology, Dresden 1931.
- 1913: From the Werkbund ( Memento of March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), Deutscher Werkbund Nordrhein-Westfalen.
- Hermann Jansen: The architecture at the art exhibition Berlin 1904. In: Der Baumeister , 2nd year 1904, Issue 11, p. 127.
- Wilfried Baumgarten: The Bremen single-family house and its advanced training. Emil Högg's house at Albersstrasse 11 in Bremen. In: Architektonische Rundschau , Volume 24, 1908, Issue 2, pp. 9–12, plate 16.
- Walter Mackowsky: The community center in the Hanseatic cities of Lübeck and Bremen. In: Der Profanbau , 12th year 1916, issue 13/14, pp. 161–163.
- v .: Building artistic endeavors in Bremen. In: Deutsche Bauzeitung , 42nd year 1908, p. 352–358, p. 360–362, p. 364–365, p. 368–370.
- The new electrical lighting system on Potsdamer Platz . In: Berliner Architekturwelt , 8th year 1905/1906, issue 4, July 1905, p. 157.
- The new lighting masts on Potsdamer Platz in Berlin. In: Architektonische Rundschau , Volume 21, 1905, Issue 10, Supplement SX
- Robert Bruck: 3rd German applied arts exhibition Dresden 1906. In: Der Baumeister , 4th year 1906, issue 12/13, pp. 121-141.
- Erich Haenel , Heinrich Tscharmann : The apartment of the modern times. JJ Weber, Leipzig 1908, p. 212.
- Architectural review. 24th year 1908, issue 10, p. 73, p. 77-78, plate 74, plate 74a.
- Friedrich Seeßelberg: Lower Saxony art . In: The builder. 8th year 1910, issue 8, pp. 85–96 / supplement to issue 8, p. 88, plate 63/64.
- Drafts for candelabra. In: Die Bauwelt , 1st year 1910, p. 53.
- Carl Zetzsche: Work by Prof. Emil Högg, Dresden . In: Wasmuth's monthly magazine for architecture . 1st year 1914/1915, p. 409 ff. Fig. 488–492 ( digital.zlb.de [accessed December 31, 2019]).
- V. Annual Report of the Association for Lower Saxon Folklore (1910), p. 9
- Max Schmid (ed.): One hundred designs from the competition for the Bismarck National Monument on the Elisenhöhe near Bingerbrück-Bingen. Düsseldorfer Verlagsanstalt, Düsseldorf 1911. (n. Pag.)
- Cemetery . Design by Prof. Emil Högg in Bremen. In: Architectural Review. 27th year 1911, issue 1, plate 10.
- Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . Year 31, 1911, No. 17 (from February 25, 1911), p. 112. (on the result of the competition)
- Carl Zetzsche: Cemetery chapel in Lilienthal near Bremen. An example of artistic homeland security. Architect Professor Emil Högg, BDA, Dresden. In: Neudeutsche Bauzeitung. 9th year 1913, pp. 695–696, pp. 699–702.
- Der Baumeister , 12th year 1914, issue 15.
- Factory building of Ernemann AG on das-neue-dresden.de , last accessed on April 23, 2018.
- H .: On the work of Paul Perks, Bremen. In: Modern designs . 23rd year 1924, p. 253, plate 51.
- The house of the Sorbs.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German architect, university professor and local politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 5, 1867|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Heilbronn|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 27, 1954|
|Place of death||Radebeul|