Gronau (Bonn)

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Federal city of Bonn
Coordinates: 50 ° 43 ′ 6 ″  N , 7 ° 7 ′ 22 ″  E
Height : 60 m above sea level NHN
Residents : 3839  (December 31, 2018)
Postal code : 53113
Area code : 0228
Alt-Godesberg Auerberg Beuel-Mitte Beuel-Ost Brüser Berg Buschdorf Bonn-Castell Dottendorf Dransdorf Duisdorf Endenich Friesdorf Geislar Godesberg-Nord Godesberg-Villenviertel Graurheindorf Gronau Hardthöhe Heiderhof Hochkreuz Hoholz Holtorf Holzlar Ippendorf Kessenich Küdinghoven Lannesdorf Lengsdorf Lessenich/Meßdorf Limperich Mehlem Muffendorf Nordstadt Oberkassel Pennenfeld Plittersdorf Poppelsdorf Pützchen/Bechlinghoven Ramersdorf Röttgen Rüngsdorf Schwarzrheindorf/Vilich-Rheindorf Schweinheim Südstadt Tannenbusch Ückesdorf Venusberg Vilich Vilich-Müldorf Weststadt Bonn-Zentrummap
About this picture
Location of the Gronau district in the Bonn district
View from the WCCB Hotel in south direction with the Post Tower and Langem Eugen

Gronau (also "the" Gronau) is a district of the federal city of Bonn on the eastern edge of the city district of the same name . Today it belongs to the federal district and is the location of some of the most striking and historic buildings in Bonn. The name Gronau originally referred to the north of today's Rheinaue .


(The) Gronau is bounded in the east and west by the Rhine or the left stretch of the Rhine , in the south by the Bundesautobahn 562 / Konrad-Adenauer-Brücke , which was built along the former city limits of Bad Godesberg , and in the north by Weberstrasse . In the northwest, the district also includes part of the Südstadt (beyond the district Südstadt ), in the west it borders on Kessenich , in the southwest Dottendorf , in the south on Friesdorf and in the southeast on Hochkreuz . The northern part of the Rheinauenpark belongs to the Gronau. In terms of its natural surroundings , it is at the northern entrance of the Godesberg Rhine Valley funnel , which leads from the Lower Middle Rhine Valley to the Lower Rhine (Cologne) Bay .

The statistical district Gronau-Bundesviertel has a slightly different demarcation from the district Gronau. It does not include the areas west of Bundesstraße 9 at the level of Südstadt . The district Gronau (also "the" Gronau) is to a large extent on a former municipality and today's district Kessenich.


Villa Hammerschmidt

The name Gronau was first mentioned in 1322 in the Heisterbach Abbey as in loco Groynsowen , meaning "green meadow" . In the area of ​​today's Catholic Church of St. Winfried on Sträßchensweg, a windmill has been found since the 15th century , which served as a grinding mill for the surrounding villages. These were connected to it by their own paths and alleys, so that paths from five different directions came together at the windmill. In 1650 the mill was dismantled; An above-ground tower ruin was preserved until the 20th century. The infirmary of Bonn was on the road between Bonn and Godesberg at the junction of today's Heussallee leading to the Rhine (then Sieghausgasse ).

For a long time the Gronau was mainly used for agriculture. In 1901 a Bismarck tower and a little further north a town hall (destroyed in the war in 1944 and blown up in 1953) were built in the Gronauer Rheinauen . In the autumn of 1906, the construction of the "Villa Colony Gronau" began on the later Drachenfelsstrasse (today Kurt-Schumacher-Strasse ), which was designed by the architects Julius Rolffs and August Scheidgen on the basis of a contract with the city of Bonn (concluded on August 18, 1906) was carried out in-house (including road construction) with the participation of the Bonn-Limpericher-Terrain-Gesellschaft . The side of the street facing the banks of the Rhine was not allowed to be built on.

After Bonn became the seat of government of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 , the district experienced rapid growth. Since some representative buildings (including the Villa Hammerschmidt and the Palais Schaumburg ) were available here and at the same time there was plenty of space for new buildings or (on Drachenfelsstrasse) rear extensions due to the location on the outskirts, Gronau offered itself as part of a future government district. As a result, building activity began. The Bundeshaus for the Bundestag was built on the Rhine , along the federal road 9 to Bad Godesberg - popularly known as the "diplomatic racecourse" - including the British embassy and the party headquarters of the CDU ( Konrad-Adenauer-Haus ) and SPD ( Erich-Ollenhauer-Haus ) .

The Bonn sports facilities around the Gronaustadion were located south of the Federal Palace until the 1960s , when they were relocated to the North Sports Park and left to the federal government for development. Gradually, more government buildings were built, including the Federal Chancellery and the “ Langer Eugen ” high-rise for members of parliament . In the mid-1970s, plans to build more high-rise ministries were largely thwarted by the city of Bonn by creating the Rheinaue landscape park. The Lange Eugen is now used by the United Nations . The Bonn International Congress Center is located in the Bundeshaus and in other neighboring, former Bundestag buildings . The name " World Conference Center Bonn " (WCC Bonn) replaced the name "International Congress Center Bundeshaus Bonn" (IKBB), which was used until May 14, 2007.

Today around 1650 people live in the district of Gronau, most of them in the so-called "Johanniterviertel" in the south of the district. The number of jobs is a multiple of the population. The corporate headquarters of Telekom , Post ( Post Tower ) and Postbank , Deutsche Welle and numerous smaller companies are located here . In addition, the Federal Chancellery has its second seat in Palais Schaumburg , as does the Federal President in Villa Hammerschmidt . The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development is housed in the former main building of the Chancellery . The tulip field has become the domicile of the Federal Network Agency and is still the location of a branch of the Federal Press Conference . The Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods is located in a representative villa that was the residence of the Egyptian ambassador from 1961 to 1999.

The World Conference Center Bonn with its extension opened in 2015 is located in and around the Bundeshaus .

Public facilities

In the south of the Gronau is the "Johanniterkrankenhaus", which was built between 1972 and 1978 and covers various specialist areas. The previous building had existed in the same place from 1915 and was expanded in 1955. The Catholic Church of St. Winfried is on the edge of the Johanniter district . The Friedrich-Ebert-Gymnasium with a German-French school leaving certificate is also located in the district of Gronau.

See also

Web links

Commons : Gronau  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population in Bonn by districts (according to the main statute) on December 31 , 2018 , Federal City of Bonn - Statistics Office, February 2019
  2. ^ A b c Entry by Elke Janßen-Schnabel on the monument area of ​​the government district in Bonn in the database " KuLaDig " of the Rhineland Regional Association , accessed on July 14, 2017.
  3. ^ Ulrich S. Soénius: Economic bourgeoisie in the 19th and early 20th centuries: the Scheidt family in Kettwig. 1848-1925 . In: Writings on Rhenish-Westphalian Economic History , Volume 40, Foundation Rheinisch-Westfälisches Wirtschaftsarchiv zu Köln, 2000, p. 585.
  4. Olga Sonntag : Villas on the banks of the Rhine in Bonn: 1819–1914 , Volume 3, Catalog 2, Bouvier Verlag, Bonn 1998, ISBN 3-416-02618-7 , p. 285 f.
  5. ^ Olga Sonntag: Villas on the banks of the Rhine in Bonn: 1819–1914 , Volume 1, Bouvier Verlag, Bonn 1998, ISBN 3-416-02618-7 , p. 18. (also dissertation University of Bonn, 1994)