Federal city of Bonn
|Height :||163 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||5326 (December 31, 2018)|
|Incorporation :||1st August 1969|
|Postal code :||53125|
|Area code :||0228|
Location of the Röttgen district in the Bonn district
Röttgen is a district of the federal city of Bonn in the city district of the same name and is located on the ridge of the Ville . It borders in the north on the districts of Brüser Berg , Ückesdorf , Ippendorf and Venusberg and in the east on the districts of Friesdorf and Schweinheim . Beyond the city limits of Bonn in the west and south, the neighboring communities of the Rhein-Sieg district , Alfter and Meckenheim border on Röttgen . Röttgen is by far the largest district in Bonn and larger than the entire Hardtberg district , but the majority of Röttgen consists of the forests of the Kottenforstes . With a strong influx in the early years of Bonn as the federal capital , the originally agricultural structure was broken up.
The approximately 4500 inhabitants now live mainly in newer single-family houses and a few multi-family houses. There are only historical buildings in the old village center shortly before the exit towards Bonn. Worth mentioning here are the Baroque Venantius Chapel by Elector Clemens August and the former courtyard on Reichsstrasse (former B 257 ), which is the oldest building in Röttgen. It was renovated in the 1990s after being vacant for a long time.
Origin of the place name
The name "Röttgen" is etymologically based on the verb "roden" and is documented several times in the Rhenish toponymy (also in Villiprott , which is still referred to as Röttgen in old documents). The diminutive denotes a small clearing. The place was first mentioned in a document in 1433 as "Roitgin" in an invoice from the Dietkirchen canon monastery in Bonn. In 1532 it appears as "Roitgen", in 1605 "uffm Röttgen", in 1845 as "Röttchen" and in 1899 as "Röttgen".
Possibly from the much older Ückesdorf located near Röttgen, a small clearing of only a few farms as the nucleus of the present-day place arose in the 13th century along the medieval route from Bonn through the Kottenforst via Meckenheim to Trier .
Elector Clemens August had the Herzogsfreude Palace built in Röttgen from 1753 to 1755 . The castle, which was very impressive in terms of dimensions - the main building alone, without the side wings, was 70 meters long with 19 window axes - was completed and partly furnished, but the builder Clemens August died in 1761 and no longer visited his castle. In 1804, Herzogsfreude, which Clemens August's successors never entered, was sold to the Bonn roofer Peter Lander after a public auction by the French state for 3550 francs. The new owner removed the castle and used the building material in building houses and roads. In 1810 the castle had almost completely disappeared. The network of paths around the castle, which runs through the forest in a star shape starting from the castle , was preserved and left the village of Röttgen with a favorable traffic situation. The hunting lodge (photo), which has also been preserved, is located at the intersection of two electoral hunting trails and was used to change horses there during the hunt. In addition to a small lounge for the hunting helpers, the hunter's house therefore also contains a larger horse stable. No ruins or remains of the castle can be seen today. In today's Röttgen, not much is reminiscent of Herzogsfreude Castle. Apart from the street names "Schlossplatz", "Kurfürstenplatz" and "Herzogsfreudenweg", the remains of the former electoral palace are only parts of the former cellar vault, which can be found today under some private houses. The St. Venantius Chapel on Reichsstrasse, which the elector had built at the same time as the castle, is still in existence in Röttgen. Since 1984 there has been a small monument on the Schlossplatz in Röttgen, which reminds of the former Herzogsfreude Castle in the form of a bronze model. The so-called wolf cross in the Kottenforst, also from the time of Clemens August I, is historically interesting .
In 1879 in the Kottenforst not far from Röttgen the so-called " imperial oak" was planted "by hand" by the then Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and later Kaiser Wilhelm II . As evidenced by the memorial stone placed in front of it, it was supposed to serve as a reminder of the joys he enjoyed in this area. The Prince Friedrich Oak, planted in 1904, stands next to the Imperial Oak. Both oaks are located at the crossroads where the hunter's house is located. The oaks are now popular excursion destinations and are not far from the archaeological monument Ringwall Venne .
In Röttgen there used to be two clay pits : The "old clay pit", with a mill for grinding dry clay, was located on today's tennis court. From this clay pit, a field railway ran along Flerzheimer Allee to Kottenforst station . In the vicinity of the palace square (part of the site of the former palace) there was the "New Clay Pit", in which white clay was extracted. Today there is a lake with small lawns on the edge, which lies in a depression that was created by the clay mining.
On August 1, 1969, Röttgen was incorporated into Bonn together with the other municipalities of the Duisdorf office as part of the municipal reform. The district of Röttgen within the boundaries of the former community still exists today.
Churches and youth meeting
There is the Protestant parish with the St. Thomas Church and the Catholic parish with the Church of Christ Resurrection, both with an attached kindergarten . The congregations of both denominations have developed a tradition of cooperation and mutual help. The Protestant bell tower also rang for the Catholics until they had built their own, and after a fire in the Protestant church, rooms of the Catholic church could be used. But there are also many similarities in everyday life, so many Protestant youths participate in the Röttgen Catholic Youth (KJR) and events such as the Andheri bazaar for the Andheri-Hilfe Bonn in the Catholic Church are planned and carried out together ( see also: Religions in Bonn ).
The youth meeting place "Ran" of the "Association for the Promotion of Ecumenical Youth Work in Röttgen and Ückesdorf", which was set up in 1996 by the two parishes, had to move from the Ückesdorf church due to its decision to close in 2004, initially within Ückesdorf, then came to Röttgen The premises of the Protestant St. Thomas Church there and has now found its home in the building of the Carl-von-Ossietzky-Gymnasium in Ückesdorf .
Schools and other institutions
In Röttgen there is the Schlossbachschule, one of the largest primary schools in Bonn with around 290 children in a total of twelve classes. A gym, a music room, a student library, a learning center and a computer room are available there. Since August 1, 2007, the Schlossbachschule has also been an open all-day school (OGS). The children can stay there in the context of short-term care until 1.30 p.m. or long-term care until 4.30 p.m. after class. a. Lunch and homework help.
After primary school, many students from Röttgen attend the Carl-von-Ossietzky-Gymnasium (short: CvO) on the outskirts of Ückesdorf - in the direction of Röttgen . The former Bonn-Röttgen grammar school - which is therefore often still called the "Röttgener grammar school" - is a state-recognized all-day school with an artistic, musical and scientific focus. As a school with up to four parallel classes in each year, with a total of approx. 780 students, 50 teachers, 8 trainee teachers, a librarian, two school secretaries and a couple of caretakers, it is a high school of manageable size and the smallest urban high school in Bonn. The restrictions on the range of courses in the upper level are countered by cooperation in the field of joint advanced courses with the neighboring Hardtberg high school in the Brüser Berg district . In the past few years, between 55 and 65 high school graduates left the grammar school in one year. The school grounds, which are around 40,000 square meters in size and adjoining a forest, have u. a. a basketball court, a beach volleyball facility and a barbecue area. In addition to the two main buildings, in which all classrooms, specialist rooms and administration are housed, the school has two sports halls.
The Robert Wetzlar vocational college (RWK for short) is also represented with a branch in Röttgen on Reichsstrasse. The training at the RWK takes place in the professional fields of nutrition and housekeeping with hotel and restaurant trade, social and health care, personal care and cosmetics as well as integration and promotion. The Andreas Hermes Academy was a training center for German agriculture that provided people who work in agriculture and agriculture-related areas with technical, social and methodological skills. Seminar rooms, overnight stays, bowling alleys and the restaurant could also be rented or used by third parties. At the end of 2013, the German Farmers' Association (DBV) sold the property to the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ). GIZ moved the Academy for International Cooperation (AIZ) there after renovations at the end of 2017 .
Furthermore, Röttgen has the municipal kindergarten "Pusteblume" on Reichsstrasse and two denominational kindergartens, each of which is located directly at the two church buildings. In the new “Am Hölder” building area (see below) an additional - larger - municipal kindergarten was built.
In Röttgen there is also a branch of the Rhein-Sieg-Erft Forestry Office (headquarters is Eitorf), which is the second largest regional forestry office in North Rhine-Westphalia with 28 areas and a forest area of around 60,000 hectares.
Röttgen has an artificial turf sports field that is located between the Catholic Church and the Schlossbach School. It was largely financed by donations from the population of Röttgen. Sports field, elementary school and both church buildings are located on Herzogsfreudenweg.
On the southwestern edge of Röttgen, on the city limits - in the middle of the forest - is the Kottenforst station (photo) on the Voreifelbahn , which is now only served on weekends, but then attracts a lot of excursion traffic.
The Bonn-Röttgen Festival Committee is important for public life. V., which in addition to the annual fair on the last weekend in August also organizes the carnival parade , which traditionally takes place on Carnival Sunday. The festival committee and the volunteer fire brigade , who also regularly organize fire brigade festivals in Röttgen, ensure that it runs smoothly . The annual senior shipping and St. Martinszug at St. Martin - at the conclusion of a traditionally Martin fire and martinisingen followed by "Schnörzen" takes place - are organized by the festival committee. In addition, Röttgen has its own carnival club, the Prinzengarde Weiß-Rot Röttgen e. V. The association promotes traditional customs including the carnival, u. a. by participating in carnival events, carnival parades and costume parties.
There is also the Rot-Weiß Röttgen sports club in Röttgen, which offers football, table tennis, volleyball, gymnastics, dancing, boules, walking, fitness and, more recently, speed badminton , and the TC Röttgen tennis club with eight beautifully located tennis courts on the “Am Katzenlochbach ". In the winter months, two of the courses are playable thanks to an air dome.
In addition to a petrol station and a branch of the Sparkasse KölnBonn , a supermarket in the center of the village, a beverage shop and a discounter, Röttgen has several bakery shops, a bicycle shop, a bookstore, two jewelry and watch shops, two opticians, several hairdressers and a number of other smaller shops. In the gastronomic area, the "Scharfe Ecke" (formerly Hubertus-Eck, bar bar), the pizza service "Pizza-Castle" and the catering at the tennis club are available. In addition, Röttgen has two pharmacies, physiotherapists, with "Activo" two therapy centers for logo therapy, occupational therapy and physiotherapy, as well as numerous general practitioners and specialists in various fields, some of which have settled in the medical center on Reichsstrasse, which was completed in 2012.
"Am Hölder" development area
Between Röttgen and the neighboring Ückesdorf the new building area "Am Hölder" was built. The area between Reichsstrasse, Heidegartenstrasse and the “Am Hölder” path is around 25,000 square meters. The area previously used as a field was subdivided into 185 building plots on which 300 apartments were built, mostly in two-story single and double houses, but also in some three-story apartment buildings. Approx. 75 percent single-family houses and approx. 25 percent multi-storey buildings were built, which were allowed to reach a maximum height of three full floors and one stacked floor. This means that there is space for around 1,000 people in the planned residential area. About two thirds of the area between Röttgen and Ückesdorf will remain free even after the development. After citizens, politicians and the city administration had discussed the planned new building area and its design for years, the Bonn city council decided on the development plan “Am Hölder” in September 2011. The construction of the first houses began immediately after the area was connected to the electricity and electricity supply Water supply in 2013. In the run-up to the city council's decision, environmental experts warned against building on the open-air corridor that was considered important for Bonn. The climate report commissioned by the city as part of the development plan procedure also spoke out against development, but also came to the conclusion that the model calculations in the event of development would not result in any significant restrictions on the so-called downwash system in the Lengsdorf Bachtal . To compensate for the encroachment on nature, the area adjacent to the building area to the north was planted as an ecological compensation area. The first of the single-family houses and the first apartments in the apartment complex on the Kirchweg have been ready for occupancy since the beginning of 2015 . In the meantime, the new development area has been largely completed and the associated infrastructure measures have also been completed, e.g. B. the new playground.
New street names were introduced for the “Am Hölder” development area, including Hedwig-Dransfeld-Straße , Friederike-Nadig-Straße and Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Straße . The names are reminiscent of women's rights activists who have made a major contribution to the legal equality of women. All current (October 2015) street names are listed below.
|Friederike Nadig||Contributed to the creation of the Basic Law by being a member of the parliamentary council from 1948.|
|Hedwig Dransfeld||Has chaired the Catholic German Women's Association .|
|Marie-Elisabeth Lüders||Women's rights activist before the state and the law|
|Hildegard Wegscheider||A Bonn city councilor who wanted to ensure that women are also given the opportunity of higher education.|
|Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt||Headed the Federal Ministry of Health from 1961 to 1966 and was the first woman to hold the office of West German Federal Minister .|
|Susanne Miller||As a citizen of Bonn, I wanted to keep the memory of the persecution alive.|
|Helene Wessel||Supported poorer people and helped find the Basic Law.|
The Katzenlochbachtal nature reserve extends over a length of seven kilometers directly adjacent to the residential development of Röttgen , in which there are only four crossings between Röttgen and Ückesdorf on the western side and Lengsdorf and Ippendorf on the eastern side: two wooden bridges, the path, “Am Katzenlochbach ”, and the Schiffgesweg. The valley is called Katzenlochbachtal because of the Katzenlochbach, which flows from Röttgen via Ückesdorf through the Katzenlochbachtal (and later as the Endeicher Bach after about 10.6 kilometers, the longest brook in Bonn flows into the Dransdorfer Bach ). Wildcats - the namesake for the valley and stream - probably lived on the Katzenlochbach until the middle of the 20th century , but they were exterminated through hunting and urban sprawl . In the meantime, a wildcat population has been detected in the adjacent Kottenforst, which may also spread to the old Katzenlochbachtal district. The Katzenlochbachtal is otherwise very natural: The valley has alder - alluvial forests and spring swamps on the valley slope. There are protected animal (especially bird) species, such as the nightingale, the oriole and the kingfisher . Also badger , polecat , stone marten , pine marten , grass snake and various amphibians live in the nature reserve. The Katzenlochbachtal has been designated as a nature reserve since 1999 in order to preserve this biological diversity there. In 2004 the entire Kottenforst was designated as a nature reserve and since then has included a. also the Katzenlochbach valley. Since 2000 the Katzenlochbachtal has been designated as part of the Kottenforst as a bird sanctuary and FFH area "Kottenforst forest reserve with Waldville".
- Population in Bonn by districts (according to the main statute) on December 31 , 2018 , Federal City of Bonn - Statistics Office, February 2019
- Horst Bursch, The settlement names of the city of Bonn, Bonn 1987, p. 126.
- Herbert Müller-Hengstenberg, Röttgen - History of an Electoral Cologne Village, in: Bonner Geschichtsblätter, Volume 49/50, Bonn 2000.
- General-Anzeiger Bonn: On the trail of the old clay pit railway
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 82 .
- State Surveying Office North Rhine-Westphalia: Directory of the landmarks ( Memento of the original from April 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Status 2005; PDF file; 237 kB)
- GIZ press release. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
- Development plan “Am Hölder” Archived copy ( memento of the original from March 6, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Report in the Bonner Generalanzeiger from December 20, 2012; http://www.general-anzeiger-bonn.de/bonn/bonn/roettgen/Erste-Bagger-in-Sicht-article931370.html
- Report in the Bonner Generalanzeiger from January 3, 2012; http://www.general-anzeiger-bonn.de/lokales/bonn/Nach-jahrelangem-Streit-rueckt-Bebauung-des-Hoelders-in-Roettgen-naeher-article593645.html
- Report in the Bonner Generalanzeiger from December 20, 2012; http://www.general-anzeiger-bonn.de/bonn/bonn/roettgen/Erste-Bagger-in-Sicht-article931370.html
- Opening of the playground in Röttgen - where little electors romp. December 21, 2016, accessed December 15, 2018 .
- Bach Development Plan 2008 (PDF file; 1.6 MB), Bonn.
- First results of the nationwide wildcat inventory, bund.de, accessed January 21, 2013
- List of Natura 2000 areas No. DE-5308-401, http://www.naturschutzinformationen-nrw.de/natura2000-meldedok/de/fachinfo/listen/meldedok/DE-5308-401
- Barbara Hausmanns: The Herzogsfreude hunting lodge in Bonn-Röttgen (1753–1761). A monograph on the construction of the last palace built by Elector Clemens August of Cologne. (Publications of the Bonn City Archives, 45). Röhrscheid Verlag, Bonn 1989
- Werner D'hein: Kottenforst. 13 hikes through a historical cultural landscape . Gaasterland Verlag, Düsseldorf 2008, ISBN 978-3-935873-21-5