Federal city of Bonn
|Height :||58 m above sea level NHN|
|Residents :||9014 (December 31, 2018)|
|Incorporated into:||bad Godesberg|
|Postal code :||53179|
|Area code :||0228|
Mehlem is located on the southern outskirts of Bonn in which the slope of Rodderbergs already significantly narrowing Rhine Valley , the southern end of itself as the entrance to the Lower Rhine Basin performing Godesberger Rhine funnel s. Bundesstraße 9 and the railway line on the left bank of the Rhine cut Mehlem in Oberdorf and Unterdorf. The Mehlemer Bach flows through the village partially piped and flows into the Rhine. After Rolandswerth , part of the city of Remagen in Rhineland-Palatinate , there is a smooth transition in the south. A small part of the island of Nonnenwerth lies there in the Bonn city area.
Franconian period / Middle Ages
Archaeological finds and the name ending in "-heim", which is typical for the Franconian land conquest, show that the place may have originated in the 4th to 5th centuries AD. Mehlem was first mentioned in a document in April 804 as Mielenheim , where a winery was given to the Cassiusstift in Bonn. The place was important in the Middle Ages because a road from the Ahr region meets the important Rhine Valley road here . As early as 1428 there is documentary evidence of a ferry in Mehlem, which establishes the connection to the opposite castle on the Drachenfels .
Despite its location directly on the Rhine , Mehlem was not a fishing village, but a farming and, above all, a wine village. Wine and walnut wood were also the deputations to the electoral court in Cologne . Mehlem was considered a wealthy "stain", u. a. because here the Rheintalstrasse collided with the road that led from the Drachenfelser Ländchen to the loading area on the Rhine. The prosperity of the residents explains why the two somewhat separate districts each had a church. Mehlem was subject to the clerical principality of Cologne from an early age. The jurisdiction was approved on behalf of the Elector of a Vogt exercised later bailiff called. In addition to the ban on blood, his task was to protect the population, for which they had to pay a fee. A mayor was appointed to collect this. Representatives of the rural population were the lay judges , who had to recognize the statutes and obligations anew every year. They also had the right to set interest according to the failure of the grape harvest and various other rights in the sense of a kind of self-administration. Godesberg and Mehlem had separate mayors and lay judges for themselves, but together they formed the Godesberg-Mehlem office . Mehlem provided the electoral bailiff to whom this was subordinate a significantly higher income than the then small Godesberg.
Early modern age
In the 16th and 17th centuries the town was repeatedly devastated. During the Truchsessian War , battles took place in Mehlem in March 1583, in which part of the village went up in flames. The Thirty Years' War , floods and devastation led to the impoverishment of the population even more. On January 13th and 16th, 1633 both parts of the village were plundered and completely burned down by Swedish troops under General Baudissin . The old church of the upper village was also destroyed and replaced by the picturesque chapel of the Sorrowful Mother, which still exists today and contains a valuable old wooden sculpture depicting St. Anne herself . In Mehlem there were repeated witch trials during these unrest periods . Witches or sorcerers were held responsible for storms and abuse, and the judgments were carried out on the Mehlem place of execution, on the Rodderberg , later when the bailiff had intervened, in the gallows field in Lannesdorf.
Younger modern times
The year 1816 had brought bad harvests and price increases, and a famine arose. Viticulture was promoted by the Prussian customs tariff, but it took years for the population to recover from this horror. Due to the times of need that occurred in the first third of the century, the growth of flour was very slow. It was not until the turn of the century that industrialization brought a certain level of prosperity to the population. But the old wine village of Mehlem disappeared. At the beginning of the 20th century, the phylloxera epidemic attacked the vineyards. The local winemakers have not recovered from this. The vineyards became deserted and were replaced by meadows and fruit crops.
Until the end of the 18th century Mehlem belonged to the electorate of Cologne and was under the administration of the Godesberg-Mehlem office . After the occupation of the left bank of the Rhine by French revolutionary troops (1794) and the introduction of the French administrative structures (up to 1798) Mehlem belonged to the Mairie Godesberg within the canton Bonn external . In Prussian times (from 1815) the community of Mehlem remained part of the mayor's office of Godesberg , which was assigned to the Bonn district . In 1935 the church was Mehlem in the town of Bad Godesberg incorporated , with this on August 1, 1969 part of the city of Bonn. The district Mehlem within the boundaries of the former community still exists today.
After Bonn was designated the seat of government of the Federal Republic of Germany (1949), numerous diplomatic missions and embassies settled in Mehlem (→ List of diplomatic missions in Bonn ). The most important locations with specially built new buildings near the banks of the Rhine included the embassy of Turkey (demolished in 2012), the residence of the embassy of South Africa (now vacant and owned by the country) and the office of the embassy of Yugoslavia (demolished in 2020) as well the residence of the Embassy of Nigeria on the slopes of Rodderberg (today vacant owned by the country). Existing villas served as the residence of the embassies of South Korea ( Villa Camphausen ) and Saudi Arabia ( Haus Steineck ).
Natural disaster in summer 2010
On July 3, 2010, after heavy rainfall, the Mehlemer Bach flooded. New buildings in Domhofstrasse were destroyed, the basement and ground floors of Mainzer Strasse were washed up and the canal that leads the Mehlemer Bach into the Rhine was washed away. The Rhine promenade was partially destroyed by this undercutting and had to be renovated. Surrounding houses on Rüdigerstrasse had to be evacuated. The damage caused amounted to several million euros. The city of Bonn gave immediate aid to rebuild the promenade.
Mehlem is best known for its Rhine promenade with a view of the Drachenfels directly opposite . This view was one of the preferred motifs of the Bonn painter André Osterritter , who lived in Mehlem between 1948 and 1957 and is buried in the Mehlem cemetery .
Theater, music, film
From 1950 to 1970 there was a cinema in Mehlem with the Mehlemer Lichtspiele . The movie theater, also known as MELI, was located in the Villa Friede at Mainzer Strasse 141/143 and initially had 251 and later 269 seats. The Mehlemer Lichtspiele opened with the film Nachtwache on November 2, 1950. The cinema was operated by Edmund Epkens. The MELI theater closed in 1970.
The legend of Heinrich and Kunigunde tells of the general Heinrich and his lovely lover Kunigunde.
One day Heinrich was called to the front. Even before he left Mehlem, he asked Kunigunde's father, without their knowledge, for her hand in the marriage. However, Heinrich refused the wish.
A few months passed and Kunigunde lost faith that Heinrich would return alive from the campaign. One day she couldn't take it anymore because of her heartache and left Mehlem without letting anyone know to live with her uncle and aunt in nearby Niederbachem.
Only a short time later, Heinrich returned to Mehlem. The Mehlemer believed that he had abducted Kunigunde. They sentenced him and he was hanged that same evening on the Mehlemer execution site.
Shortly thereafter, Kunigunde returned and learned of Heinrich's death, whereupon she went to the Mehlemer monastery, since she could never again love anyone as much as Heinrich.
A memorial stone on the Rodderberg near the “Three Trees” reminds of this event.
The St. Hildegard Church, which was completed on December 1, 1963, is the work of the church architect Emil Steffann . Since 2005 it has been the monastery church of the order of the same name (inhabited by Indian Franciscan Sisters). Only in 2009, after extensive renovation work, did the consecration of St. Hildegard take place. The building, designed as a central building, 32 meters in diameter, consists of the octagonal church space and the circular gallery surrounding it. The much lower height of the walkway results in a basilical gradation of the room heights with the incidence of daylight through the quasi- upper storey windows. The altar contains a relic of the namesake.
- Alfred Wiedemann : History of Godesberg and its surroundings , second increased edition, Verlag des Amtes Godesberg, Bad Godesberg 1930, pp. 148–190.
- Population in Bonn by districts (according to the main statute) on December 31 , 2018 , Federal City of Bonn - Statistics Office, February 2019
- State Surveying Office North Rhine-Westphalia: Directory of the landmarks ( Memento of the original from April 17, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (As of 2005; PDF; 243 kB)
- Bonn Mehlemer Lichtspiele Kinowiki. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- 1952 West Kinowiki. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- 1962 West Kinowiki. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- The family Epkens - Cologne in the movie Cologne in the film. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- The family Epkens - Cologne in the movie Cologne in the film. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- VHH Bad Godesberg | Mehlem Association for Homeland Care and Local History Bad Godesberg. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
- Association for Homeland Preservation and Local History Bad Godesberg ( Memento of the original from January 3, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.