Lighter in flood in Betzdorf
|Water code||EN : 2722|
|Drain over||Victory → Rhine → North Sea|
|source||in the Rothaargebirge at Donnerhain near Würgendorf
|muzzle||near Betzdorf in the Sieg
|Height difference||approx. 300 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 9.9 ‰|
|Catchment area||204.231 km²|
| Discharge at the Alsdorf
A Eo gauge : 196.5 km²
|30 l / s
400 l / s
3.72 m³ / s
18.9 l / (s km²)
50.9 m³ / s
154 m³ / s
The Heller near Burbach
The Heller near Betzdorf
Its catchment area is 204.231 km². Apart from the headwaters of the main rivers, this area largely coincides with that of the Hellerbergland , the southernmost part of the natural Siegerland on the northern roof of the Hohe Westerwald . Already on June 24th 1350 the Heller was mentioned in a document as "Helre".
The Heller river arises in the western part of Hesse, in the Lahn-Dill district , not far east of the border with North Rhine-Westphalia, on the saddle between high Donnerhain in the west and the approximately high Sinnerhöfchen in the east. Both peaks belong to the Kalteiche massif , the most south-westerly foothill of the Rothaargebirge , the main peak of which is north of the source. The Sinnerhöfchen lies on the Lahn-Sieg watershed, i. H. Streams rising immediately to the east already drain over the Dill to the Lahn .
The source area of the Heller is located in the "Haiger State Forest" about 2.5 km north of the commercial and industrial area "Haiger-Kalteiche", which is northwest of Haiger , not far northeast of the North Rhine-Westphalian Würgendorf ( Siegen-Wittgenstein district ), an eastern one District of Burbach . Immediately at the headwaters, which is around above sea level, there is one of several intersection points between the B 54 and the A 45 , which are connected a little further south via the “Haiger-Burbach” junction.
Initially, the Heller flows roughly parallel to the border between North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse through the south of the Kalteiche massif to the south, to cross the border to North Rhine-Westphalia at middle To enter Hellertal , which, contrary to its name, begins clearly in the upper reaches. To the left, and thus roughly south of the river, it is from now on accompanied by the southern Hellerbergland up to high with the Lipper Nürr, and on the right by the Kalteiche massif.on the northeastern outskirts of Würgendorf , bend to the west and thus the
From then on, the Heller flows through the so-called Freie Grund in first westerly to south-westerly, later in north-westerly directions through the south of the Siegerland from Würgendorf via the core town of Burbach to the Wahlbach district , where the Buchheller flows into it from the left . It finally reaches Neunkirchen , where the Mittlere Hellertal as well as the Freie Grund expands east to north-east to the Wildebach coming from there .
Lower course and mouth
When the Wildebach flows into Neunkirchen, the Heller turns back in westerly and initially even south-westerly directions. To the right of the river valley, from now on, the northern Hellerbergland rises , which is also known by the name of its highest elevation, the around high windcock .
After 16.59 km Heller transgresses the border to Rhineland-Palatinate , where the district Altenkirchen places Herdorf , Grünebach and, with the confluence of its largest tributary Daade from left, Alsdorf reached. Above Betz village it eventually reaches the Niederschelden-Betzdorfer Siegtal to the nucleus to about height from the left in the coming from the northeast victory to open . Their water flow reaches around 3.8 m³ / s on average
The tributaries of the Heller include - viewed downstream:
( km² )
(m above sea level )
|DGKZ||Places with flow
|Buchheller||Left||8.93||14.38||2722-29||Lippe , Burbach *|
|Gilsbach||right||4.34||7.25||2722-32||Gilsbach , Wahlbach *|
|Wildebach||right||11.67||30.72||2722-6||Wilden , Salchendorf , Neunkirchen *|
|Seelbach||Left||4.59||5.95||2722-72||Altenseelbach , Neunkirchen *|
|Daadenbach||Left||3.05||3.02||2722-732||Altenseelbach, Struthütten *|
|Dermbach||right||2.28||8.49||2722-74||Dermbach , Struthütten *|
|Daade||Left||16.03||53.28||2722-8||Emmerzhausen , Daaden , Schutzbach , Alsdorf *|
|Steinrother Bach||Left||3.70||5.75||2722-929||Alsdorf *|
|Imhäuserbach||right||4.96||5.05||2722-94||Offhausen , Herkersdorf , Alsdorf *|
The localities on the Heller (direct jetty in italics ) from the source to the mouth include:
Characteristic for the Hellerbergland are deeply cut valleys of the Heller and their tributaries and a thick forest with deciduous forest in the valleys and spruce forests at high altitudes. The highest mountain in this landscape, at , is Lipper Nürr , located on the border to the south-west of Burbach.
The catchment area of the Elbbach connects to the southwest of the Heller, to the northeast that of the Eisernbach and to the east that of the Dill and its tributary Haigerbach . The source areas of Daade and Buchheller , which are already in the High Westerwald , are bordered by that of the Nister in the south .
From the Pfannenberg Tower , which is located in the northern Hellerbergland on the Pfannenberg south of Eiserfeld (southern district of Siegen ), you can, for example, overlook large parts of the Hellertal. Also worth seeing is the Druidenstein in the Rhineland-Palatinate part of the same ridge .
The approximately 39 km long Hellerhöhenweg leads over the mountains south of the Hellertal (signpost "H"), which connects Haiger via Burbach -Lippe with Betzdorf, for example over the Mahlscheid mountain .
References and comments
- Topographic map 1: 25,000
- Topographical Information Management, Cologne District Government, Department GEObasis NRW ( information )
- Measurement data: gauge Alsdorf / waters: Heller. (No longer available online.) State Office for the Environment, archived from the original ; accessed on April 14, 2018 .
- Siegener Urkundenbuch Volume I, Siegen , 1887, pp. 201–204, No. 332.
- MQ value based on the entire catchment area (rounded off)
- North Rhine-Westphalia 3D. The interactive map version 1.5
- Map service of the landscape information system of the Rhineland-Palatinate nature conservation administration (LANIS map) ( notes )
- For a better overview and sorting downstream, a hyphen has been inserted for each river in the water code number (GKZ) after the number “2722”, which stands for the Heller .