|ZIP code section||N6|
|Part of the country||England|
|British Parliament||Holborn and St Pancras|
Highgate is an area in North London on the northeast corner of Hampstead Heath .
Up until the end of the Victorian era , Highgate was a separate village outside London, on the main road leading north. There is still extensive green space in the area, including the eastern area of Hampstead Heath with three ancient forests, Waterlow Park and the east-facing slopes known as the Highgate Bowl.
Highgate itself is a collection of largely the style of Georgian architecture corresponding shops, pubs, restaurants and streets with residential buildings, among which numerous monuments are located, including the 1565 built Highgate School , Jackson's Lane in a classified in Grade II former church building, the inn Gatehouse built in 1670 and Berthold Lubetkins built Highpoint I and II in the 1930s . Highgate is best known for its Victorian cemetery, Highgate Cemetery , where Karl Marx found his final resting place.
Highgate is situated on a hill overlooking large parts of London and is at a maximum height of 114 m above sea level.
Historically, Highgate was in the vicinity of the hunting grounds of the Bishop of London . The bishop maintained a toll station at the point where the country road leading north out of London reached his lands. A large number of guest houses were built along the route, of which the gatehouse is reminiscent of the former toll station.
Dick Turpin was a mugger in the Highgate area in the 18th century .
Be in the Hampstead Lane and Highgate Hill from red bricks in Victorian style built building of Highgate School with the associated Chapel of St Michael. The school played an essential role in the development of the village. It is still today at the place where it was founded, with documents issued by Elizabeth I in 1565.
Past and present residents of Highgate include Sheikh Razzak Ali , Tariq Ali , Stanley Baxter , Andy Bell , Arthur Boyd , Jacob Bronowski , Pierce Brosnan , Clifford Curzon , Ray Davies , Roger Fry , Stephen Gately , Stella Gibbons , Terry Gilliam , Jeremy Hardy , Freddie Highmore , Bob Hoskins , Terry Jones , Ulrika Jonsson , Judge Jules , David Ryan Jordan ( Air Traffic ), Jude Law and Sienna Miller , Marina Diamandis , Yehudi Menuhin (and later in his old home Sting ), Ewan McGregor , George Michael , Kate Moss , Chris Moyles , Paul Nicholas , Christopher Nolan , Clive Owen , Cliff Parisi , Tim Pigott-Smith , JB Priestley , Jonathan Pryce , Dizzee Rascal , Heath Robinson , John James Sainsbury , Peter Sellers , Mike Skinner , Alison Steadman , Imre Varadi , Rod Stewart , Victoria Wood , Michael Dunlop Young , Toby Young and Alex Zane .
The final resting places of Karl Marx , Michael Faraday , Douglas Adams , George Eliot , Jacob Bronowski , Ralph Richardson , Christina Rossetti , Sidney Nolan , Alexander Litwinenko , Malcolm McLaren and Radclyffe Hall are located in Highgate Cemetery .
Adjacent to the cemetery is the Holly Lodge Estate , which is one of only two such mansions built in the UK for a single woman; the property was the property and residence of Baroness Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts . Between 1930 and 1939 Bridget Hitler , the wife of Adolf Hitler's half-brother Alois, lived with their son in Highgate. The former football player of Arsenal FC , Leslie Compton , owned a pub after his career in Highgate.
The constituency MP for Hampstead and Highgate since 1992 has been Labor MP Glenda Jackson . Since the British general election in 2010 , this part of Highgate has been part of the constituency of Hampstead and Kilburn . Lynne Featherstone of the Liberal Democrats is the constituency representative in the constituency of Hornsey and Wood Green , which includes the northern part of Highgate.
Students who attended Highgate School include TS Eliot , who later taught John Betjeman at that school , the poet Gerard Manley Hopkins , the composers John Taverner and John Rutter , the mathematician John Venn , actor Geoffrey Palmer, and the politicians Anthony Crosland and Charles Clarke .
Peter Sellers lived as a boy in a cottage on Muswell Hill Road, where he was living with his mother when she sent him to St Aloysius Catholic Boys' School in Hornsey Lane.
In 1817 the poet and philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge came to Highgate to escape his addiction to opium in the home of Doctor James Gillman . Gillman built an annex for the poet, where Coleridge lived for the rest of his life. It was during his stay here that some of his most famous poems, including Kubla Khan , were published for the first time. His autobiographical Biographia Literaria appeared in 1817. He died here on July 25, 1834 and is buried in the crypt of St Michael's Church.
Highgate is a theme in film, music and theater. The gothic horror atmosphere of the cemetery provided the background for some of the hammer films of the 1970s. More recently, Shaun of the Dead (2004) and The Portrait of Dorian Gray (2009) were filmed here. A well-known pantomime theater scene is also set in Highgate. Dick Whittington and His Cat are characters in an English story that was adapted for the stage in 1605 and has become one of the most popular pantomime pieces since the 19th century. It is very loosely based on the historical person Richard Whittington , a medieval Lord Mayor of London . Dick, a boy from a poor family in Gloucestershire , went to London to make his fortune and is accompanied by his cat. There he has little success, however, so that Dick and his cat make their way home. Near Highgate Hill they hear the bells of St Mary-le-Bow ; Dick believes they are an invitation to him to repent and eventually become Lord Mayor of London. You are going back to London; Dick is successful and actually becomes Lord Mayor. Whittington Hospital on Highgate Hill is named after this, and a statue of Dick's faithful cat stands not far from it.
Traffic and surroundings
Highgate is known for its pubs . Other attractions include:
- Highgate Cemetery
- Highgate school
- Highgate Wood
- Jackson's Lane
- Kenwood House
- Highpoint I and II
- Athlone House (early known as Caen Wood Towers, home of the RAF Intelligence School 1942–1948 )
- Archway Bridge
- Daily Telegraph: Highgate trumps Chelsea as priciest postcode
- Walk London: Capital Ring Section 11, Hendon Park to Highgate ( Memento of the original dated December 2, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Visit London: Highgate village
- Upstairs at the Gatehouse (theater company)
- London.com: Highgate ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Paddy Hitler, 26 Priory Gardens, N6, The Times, December 15, 2007
- James Gillman: The Life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge . BiblioBazaar, 2008, ISBN 978-0-554-32226-1 , p. 203 (English, 276 p., Limited preview in Google Book search).
- Internet Movie Database: filming in Highgate