London Borough

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Greater London administrative area consists of the 32 London Boroughs , which are comparable to German boroughs. Twelve of them as well as the City of London form Inner London , while the other 20 are included under Outer London .


The London Boroughs are administered by London Borough Councils, which are elected every four years (Westminster has city ​​status under UK law and its council has the status of a “City Council”). The boroughs are the most important parts of London's local government. They operate and manage most of the local public services and facilities, such as: B. Schools, social institutions, garbage disposal or road construction. Some London-wide services are operated by the Greater London Authority , other functions and the representation of interests vis-à-vis the higher-level administrations are carried out by the London Councils .

The London Boroughs are Local Government Districts and have similar tasks to the Metropolitan Boroughs . Each London borough is also its own school board. Until 1990, the inner London boroughs had a joint school authority, the Inner London Education Authority (ILEA).


Today's boroughs came into being on April 1, 1965 with the creation of Greater London . The first elections to the London Boroughs were held in 1964. The already elected "London Borough Councils" acted as an interim administration before the elected representatives took up their offices in the following year.

They had greater powers than the previously existing Metropolitan Boroughs , were comparable to Urban Districts and Municipal Boroughs , which they almost completely replaced, but were less powerful than the three county boroughs Croydon, West Ham and East Ham, which ceased to exist at the same time.

Between 1965 and 1986, the London Boroughs were part of a two-tier administration, sharing responsibilities with the Greater London Council (GLC). However, the GLC was abolished on April 1, 1986, the London Boroughs were given most of its powers and thus practically became Unitary Authorities (since they hold the functions of both a county and a borough). Since the establishment of a new Greater London Authority in 2000, which covers the area of ​​the old GLC but is more restricted in its powers, the boroughs are now hierarchically between the English unit authorities and the non-metropolitan districts at the level of the Shire Counties settled.

The City of London is administered by a separate authority, the Corporation of London , which is older than the London Boroughs.

The word borough has related words in almost all Germanic languages as well as other Indo-European languages . For more see Borough .

Map of all London boroughs

  1. City of London *
  2. City of Westminster
  3. Kensington and Chelsea
  4. Hammersmith and Fulham
  5. Wandsworth
  6. Lambeth
  7. Southwark
  8. Tower Hamlets
  9. Hackney
  10. Islington
  11. Camden
  12. Brent
  13. Ealing
  14. Hounslow
  15. Richmond
  16. Kingston upon Thames
  17. Merton
London boroughs.svg
  1. Sutton
  2. Croydon
  3. Bromley
  4. Lewisham
  5. Greenwich
  6. Bexley
  7. Havering
  8. Barking and Dagenham
  9. Redbridge
  10. Newham
  11. Waltham Forest
  12. Haringey
  13. Enfield
  14. Barnet
  15. Harrow
  16. Hillingdon
* The City of London has its own status and is not a London Borough.

The 12 boroughs that make up Inner London for administrative purposes are in italics .

The London Boroughs and their administrative affiliations

Inner London

London Borough Area
in km²
(June 30, 2013)
per km²
Former Metropolitan Boroughs
Camden 21.80 229.719 10,538 Hampstead , Holborn , St Pancras
Greenwich 47.35 264.008 5,576 Greenwich , most of Woolwich
Hackney 19.06 257.379 13,504 Hackney , Shoreditch , Stoke Newington
Hammersmith and Fulham 16.40 178,685 10,895 Hammersmith , Fulham
Islington 14.86 215,667 14,513 Islington , Finsbury
Kensington and Chelsea 12.13 155,594 12,827 Kensington
Lambeth 26.82 314,242 11,717 Lambeth (as well as Streatham and Clapham out of Wandsworth )
Lewisham 35.15 286.180 8,142 Lewisham , Deptford
Southwark 28.85 298.464 10,345 Bermondsey , Camberwell , Southwark
Tower Hamlets 19.77 272,890 13,803 Bethnal Green , Poplar , Stepney
Wandsworth 34.26 310,516 9,064 Battersea , Wandsworth (except Streatham and Clapham)
Westminster 21.48 226.841 10,561 Paddington , St Marylebone , Westminster
Inner London Boroughs 297.93 3,010,185 10,104

Outer London

London Borough Area
in km²
(June 30, 2013)
per km²
Former boroughs and districts
Barking and Dagenham 36.09 194.352 5,385 Municipal Borough of Barking and Municipal Borough of Dagenham
from Essex
Barnet 86.74 369,088 4,255 Barnet Urban District and East Barnet Urban District from Hertfordshire
Municipal Borough of Finchley , Municipal Borough of Hendon and
Friern Barnet Urban District from Middlesex
Bexley 60.56 236,687 3,908 Municipal Borough of Bexley , Municipal Borough of Erith ,
Crayford Urban District and Sidcup from the
Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District in Kent
Brent 43.24 317.264 7,337 Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden
from Middlesex
Bromley 150.15 317,899 2.117 Municipal Borough of Bromley , Municipal Borough of Beckenham ,
Orpington Urban District , Penge Urban District and
Chislehurst from the Chislehurst and Sidcup Urban District in Kent
Croydon 86.52 372.752 4,308 County Borough of Croydon and Coulsdon and Purley Urban District
from Surrey
Ealing 55.53 342.494 6.168 Municipal Borough of Acton , Municipal Borough of Ealing
and Municipal Borough of Southall from Middlesex
Enfield 80.84 320,524 3,965 Municipal Borough of Edmonton , Municipal Borough of Enfield
and Municipal Borough of Southgate from Middlesex
Haringey 29.59 263,386 8,901 Municipal Borough of Hornsey , Municipal Borough of Tottenham
and Municipal Borough of Wood Green from Middlesex
Harrow 50.47 243,372 4,822 Municipal Borough of Harrow from Middlesex
Havering 112.27 242.080 2.156 Municipal Borough of Romford and Hornchurch Urban District
from Essex
Hillingdon 115.70 286,806 2,479 Hayes and Harlington Urban District , Ruislip Northwood Urban District ,
Municipal Borough of Uxbridge, and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District from Middlesex
Hounslow 55.99 262,407 4,687 Municipal Borough of Brentford and Chiswick , Feltham Urban District
and Municipal Borough of Heston and Isleworth from Middlesex
Kingston upon Thames 37.25 166,793 4,478 Municipal Borough of Kingston upon Thames , Municipal Borough of Malden and Coombe and Municipal Borough of Surbiton from Surrey
Merton 37.61 203.223 5,403 Municipal Borough of Mitcham , Merton and Morden Urban District
and Municipal Borough of Wimbledon from Surrey
Newham 36.22 318.227 8,786 County Borough of East Ham , County Borough of West Ham
and parts of the Municipal Borough of Barking in Essex
North Woolwich from the County of London
Redbridge 56.41 288.272 5.110 Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford ,
Municipal Borough of Ilford and parts of the Municipal Borough of Dagenham
and parts of the Chigwell Urban District from Essex
Richmond upon Thames 57.41 191,365 3,333 Municipal Borough of Barnes
and Municipal Borough of Richmond upon Thames from Surrey
and Municipal Borough of Twickenham from Middlesex
Sutton 43.85 195.914 4,468 Municipal Borough of Beddington , Carshalton Urban District, and
Municipal Borough of Sutton and Cheam of Surrey
Waltham Forest 38.82 265,797 6,847 Municipal Borough of Chingford , Municipal Borough of Leyton
and Municipal Borough of Walthamstow from Essex
Outer London 1,271.26 5,398,702 4,247

City of London

Surname Area
in km²
(June 30, 2013)
per km²
City of London    2.90 7,648 2,637

Statistical summary


  1. a b c Administratively, Greenwich (22) belong to Inner London and Haringey (29) and Newham (27) belong to Outer London. For statistical purposes, Haringey and Newham are included in Inner London and Greenwich in Outer London.
  • The largest district in terms of area of ​​London is Bromley (20) with ten percent of the total area of ​​London. The City of London (1) is the smallest district with 0.2 percent of the total area.
  • Most of the population, 370,000, live in Croydon (19) and the least, 7,600, in the City of London (1).
  • The most densely populated is Islington (10) with 14,500 inhabitants per square kilometer and the least populated is Bromley (20) with 2,100 inhabitants per square kilometer. Although the City of London (1) is located in Inner London, it is one of the less densely populated districts with around 2,500 inhabitants per square kilometer. The reason for this difference is to be found in the high density of office and commercial space and "uninhabited" buildings (such as St Paul's Cathedral) in the City of London.
  • The 12 boroughs of Inner London cover 19 percent of the area and 36 percent of the population.
  • The 20 boroughs of Outer London cover 81 percent of the area and 64 percent of the population.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. (Engl.) Duties of London Councils ( Memento of the original September 30, 2014 Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link is automatically inserted and not yet tested. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ A b c Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2013