Scottish Borders

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Scottish Borders
Crìochan na h-Alba
Irland Nordirland England Shetland Islands Orkney Islands Na h-Eileanan Siar Moray Aberdeen Dundee Angus Aberdeenshire Highland Dumfries and Galloway Scottish Borders East Lothian Midlothian Edinburgh West Lothian Falkirk Clackmannanshire Fife Perth and Kinross Stirling North Ayrshire East Ayrshire South Ayrshire South Lanarkshire North Lanarkshire East Dunbartonshire Glasgow East Renfrewshire Renfrewshire Inverclyde West Dunbartonshire Argyll and ButeScottish Borders
About this picture
Administrative headquarters Newtown St Boswells
surface 4,732 km² (6.)
Residents 113.710 (2012) (18.)
ISO 3166-2 GB-SCB
ONS code 00QE

Scottish Borders ( Gaelic : Crìochan na h-Alba ) has been one of the 32 Council Areas in Scotland since 1996  . It is bordered to the west by Dumfries and Galloway , to the north-west by South Lanarkshire , to the north by East Lothian and Midlothian , to the north-east by the North Sea and to the south by the English Northumberland . The administrative headquarters are in Newtown St Boswells . From 1975 to 1996 the area formed a Scottish region under the name Borders .


The Borders form part of the Southern Uplands , one of Scotland's three geographic regions .

Hilly landscape dominates the south, west and north of the region, while the east is primarily flat and level and rarely has smaller groups of hills. The River Tweed flows through the region from west to east and, along with its numerous tributaries, drains the area. For the last twenty miles of its course it forms the natural border with England and finally flows into the North Sea at Berwick-upon-Tweed .


The Borders region was formed in 1975 from the counties of Peeblesshire , Roxburghshire , Selkirkshire and Berwickshire , but originally the term “Borders” also included all other “Burghs” that lie directly on the English border, such as B. Dumfriesshire on the Scottish side and Northumberland on the English side. Roxburghshire and Berwickshire bore the brunt of the conflicts with England. Therefore, you can find many ruins of destroyed monasteries, castles and even cities throughout the region. The Borders region was divided into four districts :

In 1996 the regions and districts in Scotland were abolished and replaced by 32 council areas. The four districts of the Borders region were dissolved and the Scottish Borders Council Area was formed from across the region .


From 1849 the Borders were opened up for rail traffic by the Waverley Line from Edinburgh to Hawick. After the line was extended to Carlisle in 1862 , there was also a connection to the south. In addition, the East of the Borders was opened up by the East Coast Main Line (ECML). Various branches served the cities and towns not directly on the Waverley Line or the ECML. The first shutdowns of unprofitable branch lines took place before the Second World War. In the wake of the Beeching ax , the Borders lost their entire railway network between 1963 and 1969, with the exception of the ECML. At this, however, all train stations in the area of ​​the Scottish Borders were closed, so that the region has since been the only Scottish region without any rail connection.

In accordance with a decision of the Scottish Parliament in 2006, the Waverley Line was rebuilt on a section from 2012. In September 2015, the route between Edinburgh and Tweedbank at Galashiels went back into operation. Is offered since by ScotRail one half hour on weekdays and every hour on Sundays. There are local demands to extend the route via Melrose to Hawick , possibly also to Carlisle. Until the new Borders Railway opened , Berwick-upon-Tweed , Edinburgh-Waverley and Carstairs Junction were the closest train stations for the Borders.

The Borders do not have a civil airport. The closest airports are Edinburgh and Newcastle-upon-Tyne International Airports .




The Scottish Borders Council has 34 seats, which are distributed among the parties as follows:

Political party Seats
Conservative 15th
Scottish National Party 9
Independently 8th
Liberal Democrats 2

Web links

Commons : Scottish Borders  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Mid-2012 Population ( Memento from November 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 1.2 MB)
  2. , accessed on May 4, 2015
  3. Results of the regional elections 2017