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Administrative headquarters Glenrothes
surface 1,325 km² (13.)
Population (2012) 366.220
ISO 3166-2 GB-FIF
ONS code 00QR
Fife (traditional)

Fife [ faɪf ] ( Gaelic Fìobha ) is one of 32 Council Areas in Scotland . It is located between the Firth of Tay and Firth of Forth inlets . From 1975 to 1996 Fife was a Scottish region .


Already in the late 11th century Æthelred , a younger son of the Scottish King Malcolm III. bore the title of Earl of Fife, which subsequently passed to the MacDuff family. With the death of the 9th Earl in 1353 his daughter Isabella inherited him . In 1371 she handed the title over to her brother-in-law Robert , a son of King Robert II. With the execution of Robert's son Murdoch in 1425, the title expired. In 1567 Queen Maria Stuart raised her favorite and third husband James Hepburn , the 4th Earl of Bothwell , to Marquess of Fife, but in the course of the inner-Scottish disputes he lost this and his other titles at the end of the same year. In 1759 a member of the now Duff family was named Earl of Fife. The 6th Earl was raised to Duke of Fife in 1889/1900 in the course of his marriage to the eldest daughter of the later King Edward VII ; on his death in 1912, his daughter Alexandra Victoria inherited this title , who in 1913 married another member of the royal family, Prince Arthur of Connaught , who died before her. With her death in 1959, the title of 3rd Duke of Fife passed to her nephew George Alexander Bannermann Carnegie.


In the course of its history, Fife has seen little area change, but mainly changes in its administrative status . Fife is one of Scotland's 34  traditional counties and 35  lieutenancy areas . From 1889 it was an administrative county , from 1975 a region and since 1996 a council area . From 1975 to 1996 Fife was divided into the three districts Dunfermline , Kirkcaldy and North-East Fife .

In 1996 the regions and districts in Scotland were abolished and replaced by 32 council areas. The three districts of the Fife region were dissolved and the Fife Council Area was formed from across the region. Glenrothes has been the administrative seat of Fife since 1975 , but the largest city is Kirkcaldy . Before 1975 the capital was Cupar .


Countryside in Fife


Chapel Royal at Falkland Palace


The Fife Council had 75 seats in 2017, which were distributed among the parties as follows:

Political party Seats
Scottish National Party 29
Scottish Labor 24
Scottish Conservatives 15th
Liberal Democrats 7th

Famous people from Fife

  • Alexander Selkirk (1676–1721), navigator and adventurer, * in Lower Largo
  • Adam Smith (1723–1790), moral philosopher, enlightener, is considered the founder of classical political economy, * in Kirkcaldy
  • John Leslie (1766–1832), mathematician and physicist, * in Largo
  • Thomas Chalmers (1780–1847), Reformed theologian, writer and founder of the Free Church of Scotland, * at Anstruther-Easter
  • John McDouall Stuart (1815–1866), geometer and explorer, * in Dysart
  • Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919), American industrialist, * in Dunfermline
  • Ian Armit (1929–1992), blues and jazz pianist
  • Jim Clark (1936–1968), Formula 1 racing driver, * in Kilmany
  • Iain Banks (1954–2013), writer, * in Dunfermline
  • John Burnside (born 1955), writer, * in Dunfermline
  • Ian Rankin (* 1960), writer, * in Cardenden
  • Dougray Scott (born 1965), actor, * in Glenrothes
  • Drew Pearce (* 1975), screenwriter, film director and film producer
  • Jackie Leven (1950–2011), singer, songwriter, * in Kirkcaldy

Web links

Commons : Fife  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Mid-2012 Population ( Memento from November 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 21, 2016 (PDF; 1.2 MB).
  2. See the article Fìobha in the Scottish Gaelic Wikipedia.
  3. Results of the regional elections 2017