Newport (Gwent)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
City of Newport
Dinas Casnewydd
England Anglesey Flintshire Wrexham Denbighshire Conwy Gwynedd Ceredigion Pembrokeshire Carmarthenshire Swansea Neath Port Talbot Bridgend Rhondda Cynon Taf Merthyr Tydfil Blaenau Gwent Caerphilly Vale of Glamorgan Cardiff Newport Torfaen Monmouthshire PowysNewport location
About this picture
Administrative headquarters Newport
surface 190 km²
Residents 153,302 (2018)
Welsh speakers 13.4%
ISO 3166-2 GB-NWP
ONS code 00PR
Postcode NP10 - NP20
City portrait

Newport ( Welsh : Casnewydd ) is a port town on the Usk River near the Bristol Channel in South Wales , United Kingdom . Newport is about 12 miles east of Cardiff and is the largest city in the historic counties of Gwent and Monmouthshire . It is the third largest city in Wales and one of Wales' 22 principal areas . The English name of the city translated means New Harbor , the Welsh New Castle . Newport has the status of a city .


In the year 75 a Roman legion camp was built in Caerleon , which is now part of Newport , about 3 kilometers upstream . The St. Woolos Cathedral can be traced back to the 9th century.

The town grew out of a settlement around the Norman moth Newport Castle , built in 1090, and was first mentioned in 1126. In 1314 Newport received city rights.

In the 19th century, South Wales became one of Britain's most important industrial regions. Newport became the main port of export for the Eastern Valleys and grew into one of the largest cities in Wales. The city was a center of the Chartist movement. The march on the Westgate Hotel led by John Frost in 1839 became the outcome of an armed uprising.

In 1899 the British Miners Union was formed in Newport .


While Newport was long characterized by shipbuilding, coal handling and the iron, steel and rubber industries, trade and administration dominate today. In particular, Newport hosts much of the administration of the UK Passport Office , the UK Office for National Statistics and the UK Patent Office .

Other major employers are Airbus Defense & Space, a subsidiary of Lloyds TSB , Panasonic Manufacturing UK , the headquarters of, an Internet comparison portal, and Admiral Insurance .


Gondola of the "Transporter Bridge" over the Usk

The 17th century Tredegar House is one of the most historically significant mansions in Great Britain . Until 1951 it was the ancestral home of the powerful Welsh Morgan family.

Another attraction is the cathedral of the Anglican Church St. Woolos Cathedral , which received this title 1949th The first church on this site was built around the year 500 and destroyed in the 11th century. It was rebuilt under the rule of the Normans and destroyed again in the 17th century. The last reconstruction took place in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Newport is home to the largest surviving transporter bridge , the Transporter Bridge dating back to 1906. She was decommissioned from 2007 to 2010 for renovation purposes.


The Welsh national sport of rugby is represented by the Newport Gwent Dragons , who compete in the Pro14 international professional league .

From 1987 to 1991 Newport was the venue for the Welsh Professional Championship in snooker , the tournaments were held at the Newport Center . From 1992 to 1998 and then again from 2005 to 2014 the Welsh Open , a snooker ranking tournament, was held there.

The 2010 Ryder Cup was held in Newport.

The football club AFC Newport County plays in League Two , the fourth highest English division.

sons and daughters of the town

Town twinning

Newport maintains the following cities a twinning :

  • GermanyGermany Heidenheim an der Brenz (Germany): Certificate of partnership with the city and district in Heidenheim signed by Mayor Morris on May 6, 1981
  • GeorgiaGeorgia Kutaisi (Georgia), since 1989

There is also a partnership with

  • China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Guangxi , Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China, since 1996

Individual evidence

  1. Official population figures 2018 ( MS Excel ; 291 kB)
  2. ^ The Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press 2008
  3. Source: National Library of Wales, Welsh Journals Online website.
  4. ^ Newport website - Twinning

Web links

Commons : Newport, Wales  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 51 ° 35 ′  N , 3 ° 0 ′  W