Novo mesto

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Novo mesto
Rudolfswerth / Neustadtl
Novo mesto coat of arms Map of Slovenia, position of Novo mesto highlighted
Basic data
Country SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
Historic region Lower Carniola / Dolenjska
Statistical region Jugovzhodna Slovenija (Southeast Slovenia)
Coordinates 45 ° 48 '  N , 15 ° 10'  E Coordinates: 45 ° 47 '53 "  N , 15 ° 9' 46"  E
surface 235.7  km²
Residents 36,333 (Jan. 1, 2014)
Population density 154 inhabitants per km²
Post Code 8000
License Plate NM
Structure and administration
structure 99 villages
Mayor : Gregor Macedoni
Mailing address Seidlova cesta 1
8000 Novo mesto

Novo mesto ( German Rudolfswerth or Neustadtl , also Neustadtl ) is a city in southeastern Slovenia , not far from the Croatian border and 60 kilometers southeast of the capital Ljubljana ( Laibach ). Belonging to the historical region of Lower Carniola , it lies in a loop of the river Krka (German Krainer Gurk ).

The urban area has an area of ​​235.7 km 2 . The municipality of Novo mesto had 36,333 inhabitants on January 1, 2014.

Since 2006, the city has been the seat of the newly established Novo mesto diocese , which is a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Ljubljana .

The city itself and its surrounding area belong to the municipality of Novo mesto, which is one of the 212 municipalities in Slovenia.


Novo mesto

The city was founded on April 7, 1365 by Duke Rudolf IV of Habsburg in an area where there were no settlements before, and was named Rudolfswerth after him. From 1783 the city was officially called Neustadtl , but was renamed Rudolfswerth again in German official usage between 1861 and 1867 ; the Slovenian name remained Novo mesto .

coat of arms

The coat of arms of the municipality of Novo mesto represents its founder, Archduke Rudolf IV: seated, with black hair and beard, sitting on a golden throne with a high rectangular backrest. The throne stands on green ground, the background is a silver shield. The Archduke wears a white collar and white cuffs, a black belt with gold decorations; a fleece on the chest; the red headgear has a white jagged border and a cross on top; in the outstretched right hand a blue orb and in the left hand a gold flag; black shoes are visible under the edge of the floor-length tunic.


Novo mesto on the Krka
The Kandija Bridge
  • The moat on the right bank of the river Krka between the villages Ragov log and the Krka, scarce two kilometers downriver from Novo Mesto, situated. The first residents were mentioned in a document in 1170; "Graben" is considered to be the ancestral home of the noble family Von Graben von Stein .
  • Chapter church with Gothic presbytery from the 15th century, famous altarpiece of St. Nikolaus von Tintoretto and several pictures by Jean Metzinger
  • Franciscan church with neo-Gothic facade (since 1866) containing several tombs, including the epitaph of Ivan Lenković , founder of the Croatian military border and its commander.
  • Franciscan monastery. In 2019 the Franciscans celebrated their 550th anniversary in Novo mesto. The construction of the monastery began in 1469. The monastery and the adjoining church were partially destroyed by a fire in the monastery in 1664. Then they were rebuilt in the baroque style. The oldest library of Noveo mesto is located in the monastery. Between the years 1746 and 1870 the monks ran the high school.
  • The Kandijski most bridge . It connects the center of Novo mesto with the Kandija district and runs from the lower part of the main square over the Krka River . The wooden bridge, built in 1898, stood a few tens of meters upstream. The new bridge is a riveted iron structure and crosses the Krka in a 75-meter-long arch. It is one of the rarest and oldest structures of this type in Slovenia and thus one of the Slovenian cultural monuments.


Novo mesto is the headquarters of the automobile manufacturer Revoz , the caravan manufacturer Adria , and the pharmaceutical company KRKA .

Districts of the entire municipality

Town twinning

Novo mesto has partnerships with the following cities and municipalities:

There are also development partnerships with cities


See also


  • Vrhovec, Ivan: Zgdovina Novega Mesta, Laibach, 1891
  • Milko Kos: Ustanovitev Novega mesta (Foundation of Novo mesto), in: Srednjeveška kulturna družbena in politična zgodovina Slovencev, izbrane razprave , stran 310–321, (The history of culture, society and politics of the Slovenes in the Middle Ages, selected treatises, P. 310–321), Slovenska matica, Ljubljana 1985,
  • Library: Small tourist monographs entitled Dolenjska / Lower Carniola , No. 11, Dolenjska turistička zveza Novo Mesto - Zagreb, 1974, page 104 f. (statistical data out of date),
  • Herbert Taub: Yugoslavia - Illustrated tourist handbook (Staufacher travel guide) Zurich 1957, p. 202 (statistical data out of date),
  • Museums and galleries in Slovenia , Dolenjski muzej (Museum of Lower Carniola), Ljubljana 1979, p. 64 f. (Data probably at least partially not up to date)

Web links

Commons : Novo Mesto  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Territorial units and house numbers by the municipalities, Slovenia, quarterly ,, English, accessed on August 1, 2014
  2. SI STAT
  4. Article 4 of the Regulation on the coat of arms and the flag of the Municipality of Novo mesto, Official Journal 85/2004 , Slovenian, accessed on 6 August 2014
  5. Dr. Ana Krevelj, ZVKD Novo mesto, Frančiskanski samostan (German: The Franciscan Monastery), Dolenjski list, 3010.2019, p. 21
  7. ^ Website of the city of Novo mesto - International relations ( English ), accessed on December 7, 2018