Rodenbach Castle

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Northern entrance side, left on the east side the balcony with balustrade
The back of the palace building
The property from the access side from the north

The Rodenbach Castle (now known as the former Dalberg-Erthal'sches Schloss ) was a castle in the Lohr district of Rodenbach am Main in the Lower Franconian district of Main-Spessart in Bavaria .


The castle, with the address Gutshofweg 4 , is located east of the old town center in a flood plain almost directly on the Main , which flows north-south here , flows past the castle area to the east and cuts through the Spessart into Sandstone Spessart and Franconian Plate .


The originally Rieneck castle, an estate owned by the sovereigns and usually lent , was probably built at the same time as the place (documented in 1325) and was destroyed in the German Peasants' War. Count Philip III. von Rieneck and his wife, Margarete von Erbach , had the farm rebuilt in 1531 by the local peasants as a punishment for their participation in the uprisings of the peasant war. After the death of Philip († September 3, 1559), whose marriage with the Erbacherin remained childless, and thus the extinction of the Rieneck family in 1559, the estate fell back to the rulership , at that time a condominium between the Archbishopric of Mainz and the County of Hanau-Münzenberg . After 1559 it came into different hands. On January 7, 1612, Bamberg's Prince-Bishop Philipp Valentin Voit von Rieneck , who was in office from 1653 until his death in 1672, was born there. After the line of the Voit von Rieneck with the Prince-Bishop's youngest brother named Adam Dietrich (1639–1676) died out, the heir Philipp Heinrich Voit von Rieneck (1654–1711) sold the estate in 1690. This was recorded on November 28th 1690. Elector Anselm Franz von Ingelheim announced that he had given his feudal consent to the sale of a farm in Rodenbach by Philipp Heinrich Voit von Rieneck to the Electoral Mainz cavalry and stable master Johann Franz Schnell von Rodenbach, 1697 also bailiff von Rothenbuch , and the court with him I lent accessories as a fiefdom of the County of Rieneck to Dietrich Schnell , the brother of the aforementioned Franz. It finally fell back to Kurmainz with the death of the purchaser Johann Franz Schnell in 1704 and with the expiry of the Mannlehens . Because in 1684/85 the condominium was dissolved and the Partenstein office was awarded to Mainz in its entirety. The widow was allowed to continue using it until her death (1726).

On October 15, 1726, Elector and Archbishop of Mainz Lothar Franz von Schönborn certified that, after the death of Johann Franz von Schnell von Rodenbach , he would return the court to Rodenbach to his Privy Councilor and Lohrer Oberamtmann Philipp Christoph von und zu Erthal with all accessories it was named in detail in the advertised loan letter of November 28, 1690, to a man loan.

Philipp Christoph von und zu Erthal had the estate converted into a summer residence for his family by 1731 . For his already ailing wife Maria Eva it should be a place of relaxation. Above the building entrance there is still the common marriage coat of arms with the year 1731 and reminds of Philipp Christoph and his wife: the Erthal family coat of arms and the extended family coat of arms of his wife, who was born von Bettendorf . The Rodenbacher Schlösschen was probably designed by Philipp Christoph von und zu Erthal himself as a “gentleman architect” and is only surpassed by the better known and considerably larger Erthaler Hof in Mainz , which started three years later . Two years before his death, Philipp Christoph von Erthal was enfeoffed by the Elector of Mainz with a Rodenbach castle fief and the pending property in Wombach and Sackenbach . After the Erthal family died out in 1805, their property came to the von Dalberg family . In 1840, the castle and estate with beautiful meadows and gardens are said to have been in a pleasing condition and the riverside forest extended to the property.

In 1929 the political community of Rodenbach acquired the property. A year later the property was rented to a farmer. According to other information, the property, in addition to large holdings in Datschitz and Maleschau in Moravia, Bavarian lands in Hösbach and Goldbach , as well as Bavarian goods such as Friesenhausen Castle , the Rodenbach and Erlasee economic estate, was still part of the Dalberg possessions at that time. The goods in Bavaria were recognized in an out-of-court settlement in 1906/1907 , based on Dalberg's Fideikommiss of 1723, as a bound Fideikommissarischer family property. Finally, Johannes von Dalberg (1909–1940) is said to have sold the Rodenbach castle and estate only in 1934 for economic reasons.

On January 1, 1972, the castle and the town became part of the city of Lohr. In 1985/86 the property was sold back to private (the Hunger family).


The property is surrounded by a courtyard wall. The actual castle building is a Bavarian monument with the number D-6-77-155-138. The rectangular building, which is now almost unadorned, is a two-storey baroque seven- to five-axis hipped roof building from 1731 with a portal adorned with a coat of arms over a three-sided staircase and an arbor- like bay window with a covered balustrade today . On the bay window or on the northeast corner there are said to be four more coats of arms, some of which are no longer legible today.

The lower areas of the building corners are provided with corner blocks; the southern side of the courtyard in the basement is reinforced like a wall. A vaulted cellar with a cross vault has several brick rectangular columns. During the renovation of the castle, which began in 2016, a larger framework under plaster was discovered on the ground floor that is to be preserved. The four rooms on the ground floor should retain their layout. The rooms had stucco ceilings.

In the 19th century the entire castle was rebuilt.

To the east at right angles is the two-storey, former stables with a gable roof and three large barn doors, which were renovated until 2006, and now houses apartments; To the west of the palace there is another smaller outbuilding.

Todays use

The castle and grounds have been part of a riding stables since 1985/86 and are privately owned. A general renovation of the palace construction began in 2016. First, the historic vaulted cellar was laid flood-free as a watertight reinforced concrete tub. In addition to sealing against flooding , the tub had to be anchored back at least 3 m deep into the bedrock of the Main Valley using 28 micropiles with lengths of up to 13.50 m in order to prevent the structure from floating up.


  • Walter Schilling: The castles, palaces and mansions of Lower Franconia. Echter Verlag, Würzburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-429-03516-7 , p. 356.

Web links

Commons : Schloss Rodenbach  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Felix Mader: The art monuments of Lower Franconia & Aschaffenburg. Part 9. (= Art Monuments of Bavaria. Volume 3). R. Oldenbourg, 1914, p. 3.
  2. Philip III. by Rieneck in ; accessed on June 27, 2018.
  3. ^ Günter Christ: Historical Atlas of Bavaria: Lohr am Main. The former district (= Historical Atlas of Bavaria: Part Franconia . Series 1. Volume 34). Commission for Bavarian State History, 2003, ISBN 978-3-7696-6854-4 , p. 116 f.
  4. Dalberg documents. Volume II, No. 2708, issued in Martinsburg , Mainz
  5. ^ Günter Christ: Historical Atlas of Bavaria: Lohr am Main. The former district (= Historical Atlas of Bavaria: Part Franconia . Issue 1. Volume 34). Commission for Bavarian State History, 2003, ISBN 978-3-7696-6854-4 , p. 156.
  6. Christina von Erthal (1588–1617), the mother of Bishop Philipp Valentin Voit von Rieneck, mother of Bamberg, can be regarded as the heirs.
  7. Dalberg documents. Volume II, No. 2891, also exhibited in the Martinsburg in Mainz
  8. For details on the history and the renovation just described, see:
    Werner Loibl: The father of the prince-bishop Erthals - Philipp Christoph von und zu Erthal (1689–1748). (= Publications of the History and Art Association Aschaffenburg eV Volume 64). Aschaffenburg 2016, ISBN 978-3-87965-126-9 , pp. 178-194.
  9. ^ Heinrich Meidinger: Statistical overview of the Main shipping and the rafting in the year 1840. Verlag Meidinger, Frankfurt am Main 1841, p. 181.
  10. Eugen Huhn: Topographical-statistical-historical lexicon of Germany. Volume 5, Hildburghausen 1849, p. 526.
  11. ^ A b c Kurt Andermann: Knight nobility in the Old Kingdom: the chamberlain of Worms called von Dalberg. (= Work of the Hessian Historical Commission. Volume 31). 2009, ISBN 978-3-88443-054-5 , pp. 303, 308 and 315
  12. probably meant the former Erlasee estate near Arnstein
  13. Schilling: The castles, palaces and mansions of Lower Franconia. P. 356.
  14. a b Rodenbach: Gutshof renovation at walking pace. In: Main-Post . December 19, 2017. (Regional, online edition )
  15. Foundation of the Rodenbach Castle ; accessed on June 24, 2018.

Coordinates: 49 ° 57 ′ 42 "  N , 9 ° 35 ′ 43.9"  E