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Schmiedrued coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Kanton AargauKanton Aargau Aargau (AG)
District : Kulmw
BFS no. : 4143i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 5046
Coordinates : 650 442  /  235674 coordinates: 47 ° 16 '12 "  N , 8 ° 6' 19"  O ; CH1903:  650442  /  235674
Height : 565  m above sea level M.
Height range : 524–811 m above sea level M.
Area : 8.65  km²
Residents: 1157 (December 31, 2019)
Population density : 134 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
9.5% (December 31, 2019)
Location of the municipality
Hallwilersee Baldeggersee Kanton Luzern Kanton Solothurn Bezirk Aarau Bezirk Bremgarten Bezirk Muri Bezirk Lenzburg Bezirk Zofingen Beinwil am See Birrwil Burg AG Dürrenäsch Gontenschwil Holziken Leimbach AG Leutwil Menziken Oberkulm Reinach AG Schlossrued Schmiedrued Schöftland Teufenthal Unterkulm ZetzwilMap by Schmiedrued
About this picture
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Schmiedrued ( Swiss German : ˈʃmɪdˌruəd ) is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Aargau . It belongs to the Kulm district , is located in the upper Ruedertal and borders the canton of Lucerne . The unofficial name of the community is Schmiedrued-Walde .


The community is located in the upper part of the Ruedertal, through which the Ruederche flows. The valley floor is very narrow throughout and barely more than 50 meters wide. While the valley is limited in the lower part by steep hillsides, the adjacent hills in the upper area gradually become flatter. The eastern border to the Wynental is formed by a range of hills that gradually merges into a long flat, an average of 700 meters high. To the west, towards the Suhrental , the terrain is much steeper, but also has numerous small plateaus.

Schmiedrued is a scattered settlement and consists of several villages and hamlets. In the valley floor (seen from the north) are Schmiedrued ( 569  m above sea level ), Walde ( 607  m above sea level ) and Schiltwald ( 650  m above sea level ). To the west of Schmiedrued are the hamlets of Eggschwil ( 604  m above sea level ) and Lören ( 611  m above sea level ), and even further to the south-west are the hamlets of Hochrüti ( 678  m above sea level ) and Usefuliweid ( 693  m above sea level). ). Bodenrüti ( 656  m above sea level ) lies west of Walde, and the hamlet of Rehhag ( 710  m above sea level ) southeast of Schiltwald . The largest settlement with almost half of the population is Walde.

The area of ​​the municipality is 865 hectares , of which 238 hectares are forested and 77 hectares are built over. The highest point is at 810 meters on the Fuchshubel on the canton border, the lowest at 527 meters on the Ruederche. Neighboring communities are Moosleerau and Kirchleerau in the west, Schlossrued in the northwest, Oberkulm in the north, Gontenschwil in the east and the Lucerne communities Rickenbach in the southeast, Schlierbach in the south and Triengen in the southwest.


The Ruedertal was settled in the 5th and 6th centuries by the Alemanni , who cleared the dense jungle . In 1160 the "Lords of Ruoda" were first mentioned in the Acta Murensia of the Muri monastery . The place name is derived from the Old High German (ze) Ruoderahu , which means "near the Ruderbach"; a body of water that can be crossed by rowing. The Lords of Rued were a ministerial family of the Counts of Kyburg , from 1273 of the Habsburgs . Their headquarters, Schloss Rued , was in the neighboring village of Schlossrued.

In 1415 the confederates conquered Aargau. Schmiedrued now belonged to the subject area of ​​the city of Bern , the so-called Berner Aargau . The lower jurisdiction was owned by various noble families from the surrounding area. Finally, the Rued estate, which in addition to the Ruedertal also included the villages of Kirchleerau and Moosleerau , was acquired by the Lords of May, who originally came from Italy . From 1430 to 1915 there was a hammer forge , to which the community owes its second syllable in its name. In 1528 the Bernese introduced the Reformation .

In March 1798 the French took Switzerland, ousted the «Gracious Lords» of Bern and proclaimed the Helvetic Republic . Since then, Schlossrued has belonged to the canton of Aargau, but it was not until 1834 that the May sold their last remaining rights to the canton. In 1816 the Ruedertal was divided into the communities Schmiedrued and Schlossrued . Schmiedrued initially consisted of the semi-autonomous local citizenships Matt, Schmiedrued, Schiltwald and Walde, which only merged in 1861 due to financial problems into a single local citizenship congruent with the community. Agriculture shaped the life of the community well into the 20th century , and silk ribbon weaving was also done at home until the mid-1970s .


Schmiedrued parish hall
The river Ruederche in Schmiedrued
School in Schiltwald: The school house served as a template for the novel Schilten (1976) by Hermann Burger
Restaurant Pinte in Walde

In the hamlet Nütziweid, at an altitude of around 700 meters, is the Observatory of the Astro-Club Solaris Aarau , which is publicly available. The weaving and local history museum in Ruedertal was opened in 1981 and presents ready-to-use weaving machines and looms and documents the former home weaving in Ruedertal.

coat of arms

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms reads: "In blue and white, black-handled hammer, raised by two crossed white oars and a six-pointed white star." The municipal coat of arms is derived from that of the Lords of Rued, which has been known since 1279. In 1872 the hammer was added. In 1953 there was a stylistic improvement with a shorter hammer handle.


The population developed as follows:

year 1850 1900 1930 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Residents 1526 968 1015 977 934 977 900 1028 1219 1186

On December 31, 2019, 1157 people lived in Schmiedrued, the proportion of foreigners was 9.5%. In the 2015 census, 48.5% described themselves as Reformed and 16.9% as Roman Catholic ; 34.6% were non-denominational or of other faiths. 94.3% said German as their main language in the 2000 census and 2.8% Albanian .

Politics and law

The assembly of those entitled to vote, the municipal assembly , exercises legislative power. The executing authority is the five-member municipal council . He is elected by the people in the majority procedure, his term of office is four years. The parish council leads and represents the parish. To this end, it implements the resolutions of the municipal assembly and the tasks assigned to it by the canton. The Kulm District Court is the first instance responsible for legal disputes . Schmiedrued belongs to the Friedensrichterkreis IX (Unterkulm).


According to the company structure statistics (STATENT) collected in 2015, Schmiedrued has around 380 jobs, of which 29% are in agriculture, 36% in industry and 35% in the service sector. Many employed people are commuters and work in Schöftland or in the Aarau region .


Schmiedrued is located away from the main traffic axes, but is connected to the Suhrental and Wynental by the canton road 330, and also with the Sursee region via the canton road 331 . The connection to public transport is provided by a Postbus line that leads from Schöftland train station into the Ruedertal and connects the villages of Schmiedrued, Walde and Schiltwald.


The community has a kindergarten and a school house where primary school is taught. All upper levels ( Realschule , Secondary School and District School ) can be attended in Schöftland . The closest grammar schools are the Alte Kantonsschule and the Neue Kantonsschule , both in Aarau .



Web links

Commons : Schmiedrued  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  2. Cantonal population statistics 2019. Department of Finance and Resources, Statistics Aargau, March 30, 2020, accessed on April 2, 2019 .
  3. a b Beat Zehnder: The community names of the canton of Aargau . In: Historical Society of the Canton of Aargau (Ed.): Argovia . tape 100 . Verlag Sauerländer, Aarau 1991, ISBN 3-7941-3122-3 , p. 382-384 .
  4. a b National map of Switzerland, sheet 1109, Swisstopo.
  5. Standard area statistics - municipalities according to 4 main areas. Federal Statistical Office , November 26, 2018, accessed on May 27, 2019 .
  6. ↑ Usefuliweid observatory
  7. Weaving Museum Ruedertal
  8. ^ Joseph Galliker, Marcel Giger: Municipal coat of arms of the Canton of Aargau . Lehrmittelverlag des Kantons Aargau, book 2004, ISBN 3-906738-07-8 , p. 269 .
  9. Population development in the municipalities of the Canton of Aargau since 1850. (Excel) In: Eidg. Volkszählung 2000. Statistics Aargau, 2001, archived from the original on October 8, 2018 ; accessed on May 27, 2019 .
  10. Resident population by religious affiliation, 2015. (Excel) In: Population and Households, Community Tables 2015. Statistics Aargau, accessed on May 27, 2019 .
  11. Swiss Federal Census 2000: Economic resident population by main language as well as by districts and municipalities. (Excel) Statistics Aargau, archived from the original on August 10, 2018 ; accessed on May 27, 2019 .
  12. ↑ circles of justice of the peace. Canton of Aargau, accessed on June 21, 2019 .
  13. Statistics of the corporate structure (STATENT). (Excel, 157 kB) Statistics Aargau, 2016, accessed on May 27, 2019 .