|Height :||80 m|
|Area :||14.58 km²|
|Residents :||353 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||24 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||39638|
|Area code :||039085|
Schwiesau - view from the south
Location of Schwiesau in Saxony-Anhalt
Schwiesau is a round square village in the Altmark that has been extended to the north and east . It is 7 kilometers east of Klötze, not far from the B 71 in the direction of Salzwedel , in the "Zichtauer Berge und Klötzer Forst" nature reserve. The Kakerbecker Mühlenbach flows southwest of the village to the north past the Schwiesauer Heide into the nature reserve Jemmeritzer Moor . The river used to be called Bäke (stream).
Schwiesau was first mentioned in a document as Zuisowe in 1301 , when the margraves Otto , Konrad and Johann donated the previous possessions of the knight of Buzt in Schwiesau to the Neuendorf monastery .
In 1588, the town's rye harvest was destroyed by hail. The damage was so great that the neighboring office Klötze, for the pastures leased in the area of the office through Schwiesau, waived the oat lease in the amount of 60 bushels .
Further mentions are 1494 Swißow , 1543 Schwyssou , 1646 Zwisau , 1687 Schwiesow and finally 1804 Schwiesau .
Origin of the place name
Franz Mertens derives the name from the Wendish swestka for plum . The place would be translated as Zwetschgenplatz . Johannes Schwarz thinks that the name could also come from swina for pig , which means pig floor or pig owl .
Schwiesau used to belong to the Salzwedelischer Kreis and became part of the Gardelegen district in 1816 . On July 25, 1952, the community of Schwiesau was assigned to the Gardelegen district . Since July 1st, 1994 Schwiesau has belonged to the Altmarkkreis Salzwedel .
By means of an area change agreement, the municipality council of the municipality of Schwiesau decided on January 13, 2009 that the municipality of Schwiesau should be incorporated into the town of Klötze. This contract was approved by the county as the lower local supervisory authority and came into effect on January 1, 2010.
After the previously independent municipality of Schwiesau was incorporated, Schwiesau became part of the town of Klötze. The local constitution was introduced for the incorporated municipality in accordance with §§ 86 ff. Municipality code of Saxony-Anhalt . A local council with three members including the local mayor was formed in the incorporated municipality and now the village of Schwiesau.
The Protestant Christians of the Schwiesau parish used to belong to the parish of Breitenfeld and now belong to the parish of Klötze in the parish of Salzwedel in the provost district of Stendal-Magdeburg of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany .
The last mayor was Helmut Fuchs.
coat of arms
Blazon : “In the black, gold-flanked shield a soaring, left-facing, gold-crowned and tongued silver snake; the sides of the shield are each covered with a blooming red poppy stem. "
The coat of arms was designed by the heraldist Uwe Reipert.
The flag of Schwiesau has black, white and black stripes, the wider median of which is covered with the coat of arms of the former municipality of Schwiesau.
Culture and sights
- The Protestant village church Schwiesau is a late Romanesque field stone building with a retracted rectangular choir .
- The old school building in the neo-Gothic style has a main portal from 1906 with five recesses.
- In Schwiesau there are several memorials to those who died in the wars of 1864–1871 and the First and Second World Wars.
- The local cemetery is at the northeast exit of the village.
- To the north of the Schwiesau-Klötze street is the "killing stone", a hall monument that is told in a legend.
The Schwalbe Schwiesau sports club (from 1951 to 1990: Tractor Schwiesau ) was founded in 1920. The first men's soccer team plays in the Salzwedel regional league.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Agrargemeinschaft Schwiesau GmbH cultivates an area of around 750 hectares, grows grain, rapeseed, sugar beet and potatoes and operates milk production. The company was founded in 1991 as an agricultural production cooperative.
- Wilhelm Zahn : Local history of the Altmark . Edited by Martin Ehlies based on the bequests of the author. 2nd Edition. Verlag Salzwedeler Wochenblatt, Graphische Anstalt, GmbH, Salzwedel 1928, DNB 578458357 , p. 208 .
- JAF Hermes, MJ Weigelt: Historical-geographical-statistical-topographical handbook from the administrative districts of Magdeburg . Topographical part. Ed .: Verlag Heinrichshofen. tape 2 , 1842, p. 314 ( http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3DHB4_AAAAcAAJ%26pg%3DPA414~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A~SZ%3D~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Johannes Schwarz: home village Schwiesau. 1301-2001. Retrieved March 30, 2019 .
- Peter P. Rohrlach: Historical local lexicon for the Altmark (Historical local lexicon for Brandenburg, Part XII) . Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-8305-2235-5 , pp. 1473-1477 .
- City of Klötze, residents' registration office: population on December 31, 2018 . January 9, 2019.
- Saxony-Anhalt viewer of the State Office for Surveying and Geoinformation ( notes )
- Adolph Friedrich Riedel : Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Collection of documents, chronicles and other source documents . Main part 1. Ed .: Berlin. tape 22 , 1862, p. 377 , XX ( http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10001038~SZ%3D00385~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Corrie Leitz in 1258-2008, 750 years Breitenfeld, commemorative , community Breitenfeld (Editor), block-Verlag Kremkau 2008, ISBN 978-3-934988-66-8 , page 83
- Friedrich Wilhelm August Bratring : Statistical-topographical description of the entire Mark Brandenburg . For statisticians, businessmen, especially for camera operators. Ed .: Berlin. tape 1 , 1804, p. 385 ( http: //vorlage_digitalisat.test/1%3D~GB%3D~IA%3D~MDZ%3D%0A10000735~SZ%3D00407~ double-sided%3D~LT%3D~PUR%3D ).
- Franz Mertens: Home book of the Gardelegen district and its immediate surroundings . Ed .: Council of the Gardelegen district. Gardelegen 1956, DNB 1015184308 , p. 202 .
- Johannes Schwarz: Schwiesau: Zwetschgenplatz or Schweineau? 2001, accessed March 30, 2019 .
- Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states . Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , pp. 360 .
- Official Journal of the District No. 2/2009 Pages 36–38 ( Memento of the original from November 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 397 kB)
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
- Parish Almanac or the Protestant clergy and churches of the Province of Saxony in the counties of Wernigerode, Rossla and Stolberg . 19th year, 1903, p. 61 ( wiki-de.genealogy.net [accessed March 29, 2019]). ,
- Parish area Klötze. Retrieved March 29, 2019 .
- State Statistical Office of Saxony-Anhalt, mayoral election on February 24, 2008
- Thomas Hartwig: All Altmark churches from A to Z . Elbe-Havel-Verlag, Havelberg 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814039-5-4 , p. 439 .
- Online project monuments to the likes. Schwiesau at www.denkmalprojekt.org. April 1, 2018, accessed March 30, 2019 .
- Database of known land monuments with historical notes and a collection of legends and traditions. Schwiesau on suehnekreuz.de. Retrieved March 30, 2019 .
- Wolfram Weber: The early years were wild years . Founded as LPG: Agrargemeinschaft Schwiesau GmbH celebrates its 25th anniversary. In: Altmark Zeitung , Klötze edition . June 6, 2016 ( az-online.de ).