|founder||William J. Florence, Walter M. Fleming|
|people||Walter M. Fleming, William I. Florence|
The Shriners or Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ( German Old Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ) are a non-profit order that belongs to Freemasonry . Her motto is: "A smile of a child makes it all worthwhile" (a child's smile always makes it worthwhile) . The order was founded in 1871 by the doctor Walter M. Fleming and the actor William I. Florence from New York City . The seat is in Tampa (Florida) . The Shriners describe themselves as a brotherhood based on friendship, joy and the Masonic principles of brotherly love, care and truth.
In 1870, a group of Freemasons often met for lunch at Knickerbocker Cottage on Sixth Avenue in New York . Among them were Walter M. Fleming, doctor, and William J. "Billy" Florence, actor. The group often talked about starting a new fraternity for Freemasons - one that should be based on fun and camaraderie rather than ritual. Fleming and Florence took this idea seriously and took action.
Florence, a world famous actor, was in Marseille while touring and was invited to a party by an Arab diplomat . The entertainment program was in the style of an elaborately staged musical comedy. At the end of the performance, the guests became members of a secret society. The exotic style and extraordinary music of the Arab festival inspired him to propose this theme as the basis for the new brotherhood. When he returned to New York in 1870 , he showed his recorded material to Walter Fleming.
Fleming took Florence's ideas and called this association "Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (AAONMS)". Fleming also created the ritual, emblem, and costumes. The first meeting was held on August 13, 1870.
The foundation took place on September 26, 1872 in the New York City Masonic Hall . Fleming was elected first potentate . In 1878 there were 425 members in 13 temples in eight states, and by 1888 there were 7210 members in 48 temples in the United States and Canada.
The Shriner organization is neither Islamic nor opposed to Islam. In the history of the brotherhood, people of the most diverse beliefs and nationalities have joined it. It has more than half a million members in nearly 200 centers in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Panama, Europe, and Australia. Their meeting places are usually characterized by a conspicuously orientalizing architecture , e.g. B. the Shrine Auditorium , or the former Moolah Temple in St. Louis (see: Freemasonry (architecture) ).
Members helped care for the sick during a yellow fever epidemic in Jacksonville, Florida . In 1889, Shriners helped aid victims of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania flood disaster. At the beginning of the 20th century the brotherhood grew rapidly. As membership grew, so did support for the idea of making charity more official. Most of the temples had local charities, and occasionally the Shriners' umbrella organization would offer their help. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake , the Shriners donated $ 25,000. The idea of opening children's hospitals was put forward by Philadelphia Mayor Freeland Kendrick in 1919 after visiting a Scottish Rite hospital for disabled children in Atlanta.
In June 1922, the foundation stone was laid for the Shriners Children's Hospitals' first hospital in Shreveport, Louisiana. The first patient enrolled in 1922 was a little girl with clubfoot who had learned to walk on the top of her foot instead of the bottom of her foot. A member of the Shriner carried the patient in his arms to the hospital (see picture of the hospital in Shreveport).
In 1938 there were 340,000 members of the Shriners in the United States, and that year Life magazine reported in a comprehensive report on their charitable work.
The Shriners are all charitable. Once a year the brotherhood meets for a "royal council meeting" in a large North American city. More than 20,000 participants are not unusual. The Shriners' charitable arm consists of a network of 22 hospitals in the United States, Mexico, and Canada. They were founded to treat young people with polio . When this disease became controllable, they expanded their field of activity. Today they deal with all pediatric cases, especially orthopedic injuries and diseases and severe skin burns.
No price is ever charged for treatment in the Shriners' hospitals. The patients' religion, their origin and their relationship to Freemasonry do not play a role. However, patients must be under eighteen years of age and treatable. Most of the time, local shrine temples will cover the cost of transportation to the nearest hospital.
The Shriners also run an international program for free transportation and medical care for patients outside the United States . Since 2015, this program has enabled 41 children from 16 countries around the world to receive medical treatment in the Shriner hospitals.
By the year 2000 one had to have reached the 32nd degree of knowledge of the Scottish Rite or the corresponding degree of Knight of the Temple in the York Rite in order to become a member. Today you need the master's degree from a recognized Masonic lodge.
The Oscars were held several times in the Shrine Auditorium in Hollywood (Los Angeles). The silent film star Harold Lloyd was Shriner and served in 1949 as the so-called Imperial Potentate ("Royal Ruler"). He went to great lengths to promote the Brotherhood in the entertainment industry. Today, Justin Timberlake is one of the prominent supporters of the US musician .
The annual Justin Timberlake Shriners Hospital for Children Open , a PGA Tour golf tournament , is one of the most financially successful charity events organized by the US Shriner. In Europe , the highly acclaimed international golf tournament of the Shriners Excelsior Club Vienna has been held annually at the Altentann Golf Club near Salzburg since 2010 .
Other activities (selection)
- The Shriners host the annual All-Star East-West Shrine Game in Football .
- Some Shrine organizations support a yearly circus (Shrine Circus) for children.
Women and shriner
There are many common activities for male Shriners and their wives, but there are also women-only Shriner societies (e.g. The Ladies' Oriental Shrine and Daughters of the Nile ). These support, for example, the Shriner hospitals with fundraising and organize activities for the entertainment of child patients. Membership is open to women 18 and older who are part of the family of a male Shriner by marriage, birth, or adoption.
The first Shriner women's organization was founded in 1903 in Wheeling, West Virginia .
- Laurel and Hardy : The Sons of the Desert from 1933. One of the most famous films alluding to the Shriners. Oliver Hardy was a Freemason and a member of Solomon Lodge No. 20 in Jacksonville. In the film, Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy go to a convent in Chicago, wear the fez and meet in an oasis ( the Shriners Masonic Lodge ).
- The Founder : In the film about the success story of Ray Kroc , he gives a speech in front of various service clubs and a Shriner oasis in search of potential franchisees for his steadily growing McDonald’s empire .
- Columbo : In the US crime series, the inspector of the same name investigates in the fifth episode of season 2 (1973) with the original title Requiem for a Falling Star (German: gossip can be fatal ). The discovery of a Shriner ring significantly advances his investigations. In the German translation, the ring is referred to as a Freemason ring .
Shriner Children's Hospitals
The Shriner's twenty-two children's hospitals specialize in orthopedic injuries , treatment of burns , cleft lip and palate , care and rehabilitation of spinal cord injuries and birth defects in children.
In 2006 the Shriner Hospitals still had a budget of 8 billion US dollars, fed from foundation assets , stock funds and donations . In April 2009, in the wake of the economic crisis and the associated financial losses on the stock exchange, as well as a decline in donations, the budget was reduced to $ 5 billion. Until June 2012, all treatments in Shriner hospitals were offered to children and their families without any financial commitment. Due to the decline in donations, only patients who do not have health insurance are treated .
The Health Advisory Board of the Shriner Hospitals supports research projects on the treatment and rehabilitation of bone and joint diseases, cleft lip, jaw and palate formations, burns, spinal cord injuries and neuromuscular diseases. In 2011, 88 research papers, 22 clinical studies and 28 grants were commissioned and funded.
The Shriner Hospitals have been working closely with the Mayo Clinics since March 2013 and are part of the Mayo Clinic Care Network .
The area of responsibility of the hospitals also includes the research and training of medical professionals, including medical fellows , nurses, speech therapists , psychologists , and social workers . Transportation to hospitals is often provided free of charge to patients and their families.
Shriner Hospitals (Shriners Hospital for Children) with corresponding departments:
- Boston, Massachusetts (acute burns, orthopedics , cleft lip and palate )
- Chicago, Illinois (orthopedics, spinal cord injury, cleft lip and palate)
- Cincinnati, Ohio (acute burns, pediatric plastic surgery )
- Erie, Pennsylvania (orthopedics)
- Galveston, Texas ( acute burns )
- Greenville, South Carolina (orthopedics)
- Honolulu, Hawaii (orthopedics, neurology , pediatric dentistry )
- Houston, Texas (orthopedics, cleft lip and palate)
- Lexington, Kentucky (Orthopedics)
- Los Angeles, California (orthopedics, cleft lip and palate)
- Minneapolis, Minnesota (Orthopedics)
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (orthopedics, spinal cord injuries )
- Portland, Oregon (Orthopedics)
- Sacramento, California (acute burns, orthopedics, spinal cord injuries, own orthotic and prosthetic laboratory )
- St. Louis, Missouri (Orthopedics)
- Salt Lake City, Utah (Orthopedics)
- Shreveport, Louisiana (orthopedics, cleft lip and palate)
- Spokane, Washington (orthopedics)
- Springfield, Massachusetts (orthopedics, cleft lip and palate)
- Tampa, Florida (Orthopedics)
- Shriners Hospital-Canada - Montreal (Orthopedics)
- Shriners Hospitals for Children - Mexico City (Orthopedics)
Well-known Shriner (selection)
A selection of well-known shriners:
Pat Morita (as patient and sponsor)
- Shriners USA (English)
- Shriners Club Excelsior in Vienna
- The Shrine Circus (English)
- Justin Timberlake Shriners Open (annual charity golf tournament in Las Vegas)
- Shriners Australia (English)
- Shriners in Europe (English)
- Shriners Club Leipzig. Most comprehensive information site
References and comments
- Shriner's HQ. In: shrinershq.org Shriners International. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
- "News - Shriners International Approves Addition of New Temple" ( Memento of the original from July 12, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Shriners International. Retrieved on August 7, 2011.
- Shriners of North America. A Short History: Shriners of North America and Shriners Hospitals . September 2004 edition. pp. 3-4.
- Shriners of North America. A Short History: Shriners of North America and Shriners Hospitals . September 2004 edition. p. 5.
- Shriners of North America. A Short History: Shriners of North America and Shriners Hospitals . September 2004 edition. p. 8th.
- Origins In: shrinersinternational.org . Retrieved January 17, 2013.
- The first hospital , on the homepage of www.shrinersinternational.org (accessed on January 17, 2013)
- The Shriners / "Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles" Reveals its Pageantry . In: Life , May 16, 1938, p. 50. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- Shriners help Palestinian teen get life-changing surgery. In: fox13news.com. FOX 13 News, April 14, 2016, accessed May 19, 2019 .
- Justin Timberlake and Shriners break charity golf ties , USA Today article , October 2, 2012, on the newspaper's homepage (accessed January 17, 2013)
- Justin Timberlake Shriners Hospitals for Children ( Memento of the original from December 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , on the homepage of www.justintimberlake.com (accessed January 17, 2013)
- Jennifer Lawrence visits kids at Shriners Hospital on the CBC News website http://www.cbc.ca/news (accessed March 24, 2016)
- Jennifer Lawrence attends Children's Hospital. In: ok-magazin.de . OK! Magazine , accessed March 24, 2016.
- Shriner Circus. In: shrine-circus.com . Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- Ladies Oriental Shrine of North America. In: ladiesorientalshrine.org . Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "About Us" ( Memento of the original from December 1, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- Preuss, Arthur A Dictionary of Secret and other Societies St. Louis: B. Herder Book Co. 1924; republished Detroit: Gale Reference Company 1966; p. 106.
- International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 69. St. James Press, 2005.
- MSNBC report on the Shriner's finances
- Shriner Hospital Research ( Memento of the original from May 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , from www.shrinershospitalsforchildren.org (accessed June 11, 2013).
- Shriner Hospital Mayo Clinic ( Memento of the original from June 8, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , from www.shrinershospitalsforchildren.org (accessed June 11, 2013).
- Famous Shriners. In: abdallahshriners.com , Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- William R. Denslow, Harry S. Truman: 10,000 Famous Freemasons from A to J, Part One. Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-4179-7578-4 .
- Shriners Oldest Poster Boy. (Shriner International Headquarters News. NAPSA. December 6, 2012 edition.) (PDF)