St. John (Piflas)
St. Johannes is a Roman Catholic church in Piflas, a district of the Ergolding market in the Landshut district , which is in the immediate vicinity of the Lower Bavarian district capital Landshut . It is a modern church that was built in 1995/96 as a branch church of St. Konrad in Landshut. This makes the church consecrated to John the Baptist (Memorial Day: June 24th) one of the newest sacred buildings in a wide area.
In 1991 the Landshut parish of St. Konrad took over the sponsorship of the kindergarten in Piflas, which was newly built in its parish area . A little later, the long-cherished wish for an own church for the Ergoldingen district came true. In 1993 the Regensburg architects Josef Lorenz & Dr. Martin Räke was entrusted with the planning. The following year was in the Munich sculptor Christine Stadler , St. already in equipping the parish church Konrad had worked, given the sculptural equipment in order. On July 8, 1995, the foundation stone for the new building was laid by Vicar General Wilhelm Gegenfurtner . The topping-out ceremony was celebrated on October 25 of the same year. On September 21, 1996 Church and were organ by Bishop Manfred Müller consecrated .
The parish church is an octagonal structure, around 24 meters long and 22 meters wide. It has a flat tent roof , which is supported by a filigree wooden construction visible in the interior and culminates in a light dome. The octagonal church service room is divided into four groups of banks by a wide central aisle and four narrow side aisles, all of which face the altar area on the west side. This alignment is reinforced by the slightly sloping floor level. Opposite the altar, i.e. on the east side, is the church portal , above it the organ gallery . Access to the church service room is completely barrier-free in accordance with today's requirements for public buildings .
The church building is set back from the Alte Regensburger Straße that runs past . The left wing, which adjoins the church service room, faces east, i.e. towards the street, contains the sacristy and the parish hall . It receives a kind of "counterweight" through the right wing, which includes a confessional room and the 33 meter high, octagonal campanile with a pointed helmet . The fact that the right wing is significantly shorter does not spoil the impression that the church visitor is “welcomed with open arms” by the building complex. A low canopy extends along the parish hall, sacristy and church, with the church portal highlighted by an aedicule - an allusion to the facade design of the parish church of St. Konrad. In the triangular gable of the aedicula, a concrete dome can be seen, which contains a representation of the baptism of Jesus and thus refers to the church patronage. It was created by the sculptor Christine Stadler and is located in an identical form in the gate courtyard of Andechs Monastery .
The furnishing is similar to that of the parish church of St. Konrad, as here as there the designs come from the Munich sculptor Christine Stadler. The modern folk altar was made by the Weilheim stonemason Philipp Mößmer from a stone block with a protruding plate. The side facing the congregation is adorned with a round relief of the washing of Jesus' feet on the twelve apostles . On the wall behind it of the almost cuboid is tabernacle from bronze mounted; above a crucifixion group , also bronze , consisting of a cross with a body and the figures of the mourning Mary and the “favorite disciple” Johannes . To the left of the altar is the bronze ambo , which is decorated with ten rock crystals . These are symbolic of the Ten Commandments . On the wall next to it there is a bronze statue of the Mother of God, with the child Jesus standing on her left already pointing to his crucifixion by the position of his arms .
On the right side of the altar is the octagonal baptismal font made of shell limestone, the misshapen bronze lid of which is crowned by a shining rock crystal. A group of figures depicting the baptism of Jesus is attached to the wall next to the font. The church patron John the Baptist is shown particularly large compared to Jesus. Next to the gallery on the south wall there is a large curtain designed by the artist Gerti Gebauer. It shows a tree of life in embroidery on Indian silk , which is set with 15 medallions in silk painting. These should represent the stages of Christ's work of redemption from the entry into Jerusalem to the resurrection .
From 1996 to 1999 the artist and Catholic priest Sieger Köder designed twenty stained glass windows for the branch church in Piflas , which were made by the glass art workshop Hubert Deininger in Ulm . On the left (north side) you can see God's promises from the Old Testament , on the right (south side) their fulfillment in the New Testament . The opposite windows are always thematically related to one another. In addition, it is related that the dominant color changes from green ( hope ) in the rear area to blue (faith) to red (love) in the front area.
The glass painting cycle begins at the back right, recognizable by the letter Alpha , which is shown in the lower area of the window. Here the creation of the world by God and its threatened destruction by man who breaks away from God is shown. The opposite window shows the helplessness of the people in the face of this and the resulting longing for the Savior , who was promised to them by God. In the second window on the right, the church patron John the Baptist is shown, who refers to the imminent coming of the Savior. Opposite is the incarnation of Christ in the manger at Bethlehem . In the third window on the north side, God's revelation to Abraham can be seen in the form of three men. The opposite window on the left shows the revelation of God to the three apostles on Mount Tabor in the transfiguration of Christ . The next window on the right shows how people trust God as their Shepherd. This scene is juxtaposed on the left with the Last Supper , in which the disciples are strengthened by the institution of the Eucharist in the form of the body and blood of Christ. The fifth window on the right shows the servant of God from the vision of Isaiah who bears the guilt of the people. The fulfillment of this prophecy through Jesus Christ's death on the cross is shown in the left window.
There are three more pairs of glass paintings, which also continue this cycle. The first window on the right shows the exodus of the chosen people from Egypt , opposite in the left window witnesses and testimonies to the resurrection of Jesus Christ . In the next right window a vision of the prophet Ezekiel is shown: The Spirit of God assembles the dead bones into bodies and breathes life into them. On the opposite side the work of the Holy Spirit can be seen on Pentecost , the “birthday” of the church. The last pair of stained glass windows finally contains a comforting view of the former completion of the world in the Heavenly Jerusalem : on the right after the vision of the prophet Isaiah, on the left according to the Revelation of John . The cycle of stained glass closes with the letter Omega , which can be seen at the top in the foremost and last left window.
Four more glass paintings can be seen in the organ gallery - two to the left and two to the right of the organ. These represent four canonized or canonized religious of the 20th century. In detail (from left to right): Father Rupert Mayer , Father Maximilian Kolbe , Edith Stein and Mother Teresa .
On September 21, 1996, an organ was consecrated at the same time as the church . It was built by the company Schädler from Donaustauf and is located on the east gallery. The purely mechanical slider chest instrument comprises a total of 14 registers on two manuals and pedal . In total there is a number of 932 pipes. The disposition of the instrument is as follows:
Three bells ring out of the 33 meter high campanile, which were manufactured in 1996 by the Rudolf Perner bell foundry in Passau . The largest bell is the Johannes Baptist bell, named after the church patron, with a weight of 600 kilograms (tone as 1 ). In addition, the 400 kilogram Marienglocke (tone b 1 ) and the 250 kilogram Johannes Nepomuk bell (tone des 2 ) hang in the tower .
- Lothar Altmann: Landshut - churches of the parish of St. Konrad . (= Little Art Guide No. 2808). Schnell & Steiner publishing house, Regensburg 2012.
- Altmann, p. 12.
- St. John's Church . Online at www.stkonrad-landshut.de. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Altmann, p. 12f.
- Altmann, pp. 14-16.
- Altmann, pp. 16-20.
- St. Johannes / Piflas / Landshut . Online at orgelbau-schaedler.com. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Piflas St. John . Online at orgelmanufactur.com. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Altmann, p. 13.