08/15 (film)

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Original title 08/15
08 15 Logo 001.svg
Country of production Germany
original language German
Publishing year 1954
length 95 minutes
Age rating FSK 16
Director Paul May
script Ernst von Salomon
production Divina-Film GmbH, Munich
( Ilse Kubaschewski , Walter Traut )
music Rolf A. Wilhelm
camera Heinz Hölscher
cut Walter Boos
Arnfried Heyne

Successor  →
08/15 Second part

08/15 is a German feature film from 1954 . It is the first part of the three-part film series 08/15 , which is based on Hans Hellmut Kirst 's novel trilogy of the same name .


German Reich 1939 : The battery is harassed by its battery sergeant , Hauptwachtmeister Schulz, and the platoon leader, Wachtmeister Platzek, at every opportunity. In particular, the two are targeting the gunner Vierbein, who has a penchant for music and actually wanted to become a pianist. This is intensified when Schulz's four-legged friend is ordered to knock the carpet in his office and his wife Lore, who likes the sensitive boy, approaches Vierbein. Even the group leader , Sergeant Lindenberg, who actually considers Vierbein a decent soldier and therefore initially leaves him alone, soon begins to harass Vierbein under pressure from Schulz. This finally collapses under the increasingly harder drill. When he also had ammunition taken with him during a target practice in order to kill himself, his comrade, Private Asch, decided to take revenge on his superior. Asch, who is one of the best soldiers and is highly valued by Schulz and Platzek, holds Vierbein back from the suicide and helps him to cope better with the harsh life of a soldier. Asch keeps the missing ammunition and reports it together with his comrade, Corporal Kowalski, as a loss, which puts Platzek, who is responsible for the loss but cannot explain, in distress.

Now, with Kowalski's help, Asch begins to uncover the misconduct of the other superiors and expose them one after the other. The otherwise over-correct NCO Lindenberg reports a refusal of obedience by Asch, but gives imprecise information about the witnesses present and names Kowalski, who does not confirm the statement. Asch also provokes the anger of the kitchen sergeant Rumpler when he checks the portions in the catering and reveals a considerable loss. Rumpler accuses Asch of mutiny and reports it, but withdraws it after Sergeant Schulz threatened to subject the kitchen to a thorough inspection. Platzek tries to cover up the shortage of ammunition and, after Kowalski's advice, resorts to Asch. Asch joins in, but makes it clear to Platzek that he (Platzek) forged the ammunition books with it - and thus committed forgery of documents , with which he has Platzek in hand and drives him out of constant drill. A short time later, with the missing ammunition, Asch and Kowalski also give Chief Sergeant Schulz a lesson by firing unobserved into his office.

In the meantime, the complaints against Asch are received by Hauptwachtmeister Schulz. Schulz, who suggested Asch himself for promotion to sergeant, is unsure how to deal with it, and reports the matter to Captain Derna. This appoints the medical officer Dr. Samig one who should declare Asch to be insane and therefore not responsible for his offenses. But Asch sees through the plan and manages to expose the doctor. Dr. Samig accuses Asch of overpowering him in battle. In the meantime the matter has reached such proportions that an entire folder with the unfinished business reports ends up with the division commander of the unit, Major Luschke. Luschke, who is visibly annoyed by Derna's lack of assertiveness, takes decisive action. He reprimands Lindenberg, suggests that Platzek be transferred to material management and Schulz that he resigns from his position as a battery warrior. Dr. If his complaint against Asch is upheld, he threatens to retire from military service, and he sends Captain Derna on vacation. Kowalski was promoted to corporal and Asch to sergeant.

Shortly thereafter, the Second World War breaks out. At the end you can see how the battery in the barracks yard is listening to Hitler's speech at the beginning of the war.


The film was produced by the production company KG Divina GmbH & Co. owned by Ilse Kubaschewski . The Kuba, as it was also called, was also the owner and founder of the first distributor Gloria-Film GmbH & Co. Filmverleih KG . 08/15 was the Divina's second production. With the production of the anti-war film, they had ventured into a previously neglected genre, in which the Cuba and their employees were initially unsure whether it would be advisable to bring the war theme to the screen. However, the plot fit the typical narrative of justification in Germany in the 1950s . This was symbolized by Private Asch, who represented a soldier with no room for maneuver and who had to follow the guilty leadership. This point of view appealed to many of the viewers who felt powerless against National Socialism and tried to make the best of their situation.

The outdoor shots were taken in the vicinity of Munich, the studio shots in the Divina-Studio Baldham . The studio was the former studio of the sculptor Josef Thorax. Since large backdrops had to be set up for the barracks scenes, the studio with its enormous dimensions was particularly suitable for the shooting from 08/15. It consisted of three halls with an area of ​​45,000 m 2, each with a ceiling height of 7 to 17 meters. After the anti-war film, Kuba made other films here, making it a significant factor in German film production capacity.

Peter Scharff created the film builders, Eberhard Meichsner was production manager. The premiere took place on September 30, 1954 in the Stachus-Filmpalast in Munich.


  • Bambi 1955 for the most successful commercial film in 1954
  • Kassenschimmel of the trade journal Filmblätter for the most popular film of the distribution year 1954/55


  • "Too anecdotally funny and too apolitical to count as a serious settlement with the Prussian commission under Hitler." - 6000 films. Critical notes from the cinema years 1945 to 1958. Handbook V of the Catholic film criticism, 3rd edition. Verlag Haus Altenberg, Düsseldorf 1963, p. 324,
  • “Crawling in the dirt, cleaning latrines, drinking bouts to the point of tattooing, jammed garterbelts: human trafficking simulation games about the German subservient spirit, well photographed and played as barracks satire. Questionable in its effect: The supposedly critical work rather conveys the fun of the soldier's life. Based on the bestseller by Hans Hellmut Kirst, one of the great success films in 1954. ”(Rating: 2 stars = average) - Adolf Heinzlmeier and Berndt Schulz in Lexicon“ Films on TV ”. (Extended new edition). Rasch and Röhring, Hamburg 1990, ISBN 3-89136-392-3 , pp. 614-615.
  • “Anecdotal, coarse, often vulgar and basically apolitical, the three-part series hardly fulfills its claim to a critical anti-military engagement; Rather, it cleverly serves the audience's expectations of entertainment and consequently became one of the greatest German box office successes of the 1950s. ”- Lexicon of International Films (CD-ROM edition), Systhema, Munich 1997.
  • The Evangelical Film Commissioner Werner Hess found that the makers of 08/15 had intended "a sharp criticism of the barracks spirit". "But the people who clapped each other's thighs with a roar in the theater and poked their loved ones in the side, moaned with pleasure and groaned happily: 'That's exactly how it was' great'." - Werner Hess: Film business with war. in: Kirche und Film II. (1958), no. 7, pp. 2–5 (p. 4).


  • Knut Hickethier : 08/15, 08/15 - 2nd part, 08/15 at home . In: Film Genres. War Movie. Ed. Thomas Klein, Marcus Stiglegger , Bodo Traber. Reclam, Stuttgart 2006 ISBN 978-3-15-018411-0 pp. 101-106
  • Tobias Temming: Resistance in German and Dutch feature films. Historical images and culture of remembrance 1943–1963. De Gruyter, Berlin 2016 ISBN 978-3-11-045631-8 pp. 75–81
  • Knut Hickethier: Military and War: "08/15" (1954). Fischer Filmgeschichte, 3, 1945–1960. Ed. Werner Faulstich , Helmut Korte. Fischer TB, Frankfurt 1990, pp. 222-251
  • Marcus Stiglegger : "Dogs, do you want to live forever?" Theses on the German war film of the 1950s , in: Jens Westemeier (Ed.): "So was the German soldier ...". The popular picture of the Wehrmacht, pp. 139-153 , Paderborn (Ferdinand Schöningh) 2019. ISBN 3-506-78770-5
  • Michael Kamp: Splendor and glory. The life of the grande dame of the German film Ilse Kubaschewski 1907–21. August Dreesbach Verlag, Munich 2017 ISBN 978-3-944334-58-5 . Pp. 135-140.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Michael Kamp: Glanz und Gloria. The life of the grande dame of the German film Ilse Kubaschewski 1907-2001 . August Dreesbach Verlag, Munich 2017, ISBN 978-3-944334-58-5 , pp. 135 .
  2. Michael Kamp: Glanz und Gloria. The life of the grande dame of the German film Ilse Kubaschewski 1907-2001 . August Dreesbach Verlag, Munich 2017, ISBN 978-3-944334-58-5 , pp. 138 .
  3. ^ Alfred Bauer: German feature film Almanach. Volume 2: 1946-1955 , pp. 452 f.
  4. 08/15. In: Lexicon of International Films . Film service , accessed March 2, 2017 .Template: LdiF / Maintenance / Access used