City of Kirchhain
|Height :||220 (200–225) m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.48 km²|
|Residents :||748 (June 30, 2017)|
|Population density :||88 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st February 1971|
|Postal code :||35274|
|Area code :||06427|
Finds of Carolingian ceramics, around 700, are found in the area around today's town . On December 13, 1254, the place was first clearly mentioned in a document as Bezchindorph when the Haina monastery acquired properties here. The Marienstift Wetzlar and the German Order were wealthy in the place. In 1366, Betziesdorf was first mentioned as the seat of a parish.
Betziesdorf witch trials
Towards the end of the 17th century there were a number of witch trials against women from Betziesdorf , which gave the village a notoriety. The best known were the trials against Katharina Lips in 1671 and 1673 and against her 17-year-old granddaughter Ännchen Schnabel in 1673. Katharina Lips, the schoolmaster's wife, could not be broken even by the most terrible torture and was ultimately released, but from the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel banished. Her granddaughter, on the other hand, could not survive the torture and was executed by the sword in Marburg on May 18, 1674 . The last of the Betziesdorf witch trials began in 1682 against Anna Katharina Wolff, also the wife of the village school teacher, and ended on May 16, 1685 with her expulsion from Hessen-Kassel.
Territorial history and administration
The following list gives an overview of the territories in which Betziesdorf was located and the administrative units to which it was subordinate:
- before 1567: Holy Roman Empire , Landgraviate of Hesse , Schönstadt court (Schönstadt court consisted of the following locations: Kölbe, Bernsdorf, Bürgeln, Betziesdorf, Reddehausen, Schönstädt, Schwarzenborn and Bracht)
- from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Marburg , Schönstadt court
- 1604–1648: Holy Roman Empire, disputed between Landgraviate Hessen-Darmstadt and Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel ( Hessian War ), Schönstadt court
- from 1648: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate Hessen-Kassel, Marburg Office , Schönstadt Court
- from 1803: Holy Roman Empire, Electorate of Hesse , Marburg Office, Schönstadt Court
- from 1806: Electorate of Hesse, Marburg Office, Schönstadt Court
- 1807–1813: Kingdom of Westphalia , department of Werra , district of Marburg , canton of Rosenthal
- from 1815: German Confederation , Electorate of Hesse, Marburg Office, Schönstadt Court
- from 1821: German Confederation, Electorate of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse , District of Marburg (separation of justice ( district court Marburg ) and administration)
- from 1848: German Confederation, Electorate of Hesse, Marburg district
- from 1851: German Confederation, Electorate of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Marburg
- from 1866: North German Confederation , Kingdom of Prussia , Province of Hesse-Nassau , District of Kassel , District of Marburg
- from 1871: German Empire , Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hessen-Nassau, District of Kassel, District of Marburg
- from 1918: German Empire, Free State of Prussia , Province of Hessen-Nassau, Administrative Region of Kassel, District of Marburg
- from 1944: German Empire, Free State of Prussia, Province of Kurhessen , District of Marburg
- from 1945: American zone of occupation , Greater Hesse , Kassel district, Marburg district
- from 1949: Federal Republic of Germany , State of Hesse , Kassel district, Marburg district
- On February 1, 1971, Betziesdorf was incorporated as a district of the newly formed municipality of Kirchhain.
- 1974: Federal Republic of Germany, Land Hessen, Kassel , Marburg-Biedenkopf
- from 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, State of Hesse, Gießen district, Marburg-Biedenkopf district
Courts since 1821
With an edict of June 29, 1821, administration and justice were separated in Kurhessen. Now judicial offices were responsible for the first instance jurisdiction, the administration was taken over by the districts. The Kirchhain district was responsible for the administration and the Marburg district court was the court of first instance for Betziesdorf. The Supreme Court was the Higher Appeal Court in Kassel . The higher court of Marburg was subordinate to the province of Upper Hesse. It was the second instance for the judicial offices.
After the annexation of Kurhessen by Prussia, the Marburg district court became the royal Prussian district court of Marburg in 1867 . In June 1867, a royal ordinance was issued that reorganized the court system in the areas that belonged to the former Electorate of Hesse. The previous judicial authorities were to be repealed and replaced by local courts in the first, district courts in the second and an appeal court in the third instance. In the course of this, on September 1, 1867, the previous regional court was renamed the Marburg District Court. The courts of the higher authorities were the Marburg District Court and the Kassel Court of Appeal .
Even with the entry into force of the Courts Constitution Act of 1879, the district court remained under his name. In the Federal Republic of Germany, the superordinate instances are the Marburg Regional Court , the Frankfurt am Main Higher Regional Court and the Federal Court of Justice as the last instance.
Occupied population figures up to 1967 are:
|• 1577:||41 (19 landgrave) house seats|
|• 1585:||41 residents|
|• 1630:||22 (12 landgrave) residents. Landgrave: 2 four-in-hand, 1 three-in-hand, 2 two-in-hand, 4 single-horse farm workers, 2 single-horse men .|
|• 1681:||20 resident teams (landgrave portion)|
|• 1838:||379 inhabitants. 36 local residents who are entitled to use, 16 residents who are not entitled to use, 12 residents .|
|Betziesdorf: Population from 1746 to 1967|
|Data source: Historical municipality register for Hesse: The population of the municipalities from 1834 to 1967. Wiesbaden: Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt, 1968. |
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1861:||438 Lutheran , 1 Roman Catholic, 4 Jewish residents.|
|• 1885:||85 Protestant (= 96.73%), one Catholic (= 0.25%), 12 Jewish (= 3.02%) residents|
|• 1961:||613 Protestant (= 91.49%), 51 Catholic (= 7.61%) residents|
Source: Historical local dictionary
|• 1746:||Labor force: 6 blacksmiths (5 only for personal use), 1 wagner, 1 bricklayer, 1 tailor, 3 linen weavers, 2 landlords, 2 millers, 1 day laborer, 1 seamstress, 1 cattle dealer (Jew).|
|• 1838:||Families: 28 farms, 18 trades, 18 day laborers|
|• 1961:||Labor force: 144 agriculture and forestry, 126 manufacturing, 44 trade and transport, 30 services and other.|
Culture and sights
In the village there is a late Baroque parish church that was built in 1789. The previous building was consecrated in 1216 and rebuilt in 1516. The church is surrounded by a polygonal wall, which was built in the 15th and 16th centuries. Century had been expanded to a fortification. The portal of the old church, built in 1516, was moved into the defensive wall.
The Hunburg was near Betziesdorf .
The soccer team of TSV Germania Betziesdorf plays in the district league B Marburg .
Sons and daughters of the place
- Catherine Lips (about 1625-unknown), was dissolved in a 1673 1674 Hexenprozess the torture subjected.
- Literature on Betziesdorf in the Hessian Bibliography
- Search for Betziesdorf in the archive portal-D of the German Digital Library
- Search for Betziesdorf in the German Digital Library
- District Betziesdorf. In: Internet presence. City of Kirchhain
- Betziesdorf. Local history, information. In: www.betziesdorf.de. Private website
- Betziesdorf, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Betziesdorf, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of May 24, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Budget 2018. In: Internet presence. Stadt Kirchhain, p. 3 , accessed May 2018 .
- Municipal reform: mergers and integration of municipalities from January 20, 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 6 , p. 248 , point 328, paragraph 54 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.2 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 402 .
- Website of the city of Kirchhain ( Memento from May 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- betziesdorf.de: Historical local dictionary from the beginnings to 2004
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. State of Hesse. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Georg Landau: Description of the Electorate of Hesse . T. Fischer, Kassel 1842, p. 370 ( online at HathiTrust's digital library ).
- The affiliation of the Marburg office based on maps from the Historical Atlas of Hessen : Hessen-Marburg 1567–1604 . , Hessen-Kassel and Hessen-Darmstadt 1604–1638 . and Hessen-Darmstadt 1567–1866 .
- Kur-Hessischer Staats- und Adress-Kalender: 1818 . Publishing house d. Orphanage, Kassel 1818, p. 100 ( online at Google Books ).
- Ordinance of August 30th, 1821, concerning the new division of the area , Annex: Overview of the new division of the Electorate of Hesse according to provinces, districts and judicial districts. Collection of laws etc. for the Electoral Hesse states. Year 1821 - No. XV. - August. ( kurhess GS 1821) pp. 223-224
- Latest news from Meklenburg / Kur-Hessen, Hessen-Darmstadt and the free cities, edited from the best sources. in the publishing house of the GHG privil. Landes-Industrie-Comptouts, Weimar 1823, p. 158 ff . ( online at HathiTrust's digital library ).
- Ordinance on the constitution of the courts in the former Electorate of Hesse and the formerly Royal Bavarian territories with the exclusion of the enclave Kaulsdorf from June 19, 1867. ( PrGS 1867, pp. 1085-1094 )
- Order of August 7, 1867, regarding the establishment of the according to the Most High Ordinance of June 19 of this year. J. in the former Electorate of Hesse and the formerly Royal Bavarian territorial parts with the exclusion of the enclave Kaulsdorf, courts to be formed ( Pr. JMBl. Pp. 221–224 )
- Michael Losse: Die Lahn - Burgen und Schlösser , p. 64