City of BorgentreichCoordinates: 51 ° 37 ′ 18 ″ N , 9 ° 15 ′ 33 ″ E
|Height :||226 (202-244) m|
|Area :||14.06 km²|
|Population density :||80 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||34434|
|Area code :||05645|
Location of Borgholz in Borgentreich
Borgholz from above
Borgholz belongs to the town of Borgentreich in the Höxter district in North Rhine-Westphalia .
Borgholz is located in East Westphalia near the federal highway 241 and the former Holzminden – Scherfede railway line and is about 8 kilometers west of the Weser and 15 kilometers east of the Egge Mountains.
The Jordan flows through Borgholz and rises about six kilometers northwest of Borgholz. The ford through the brook in the Lehmkuhle is a special feature that Borgholz is known for. In the southeast of Borgholz, the Jordan flows together with the Eselsbach, the resulting Bever flows into the Weser at Beverungen.
Principality of Paderborn (1291–1802)
|Capitals and cities of the Principality of Paderborn until 1802/03 (as of 1789):|
|Paderborn , Warburg , Brakel , Borgentreich | Beverungen , Borgholz , Bredenborn , Büren , Driburg , Dringenberg , Gehrden , Calenberg , Kleinenberg , Lichtenau , Lippspringe , Lügde , Nieheim , Peckelsheim , Salzkotten , Steinheim , Vörden , Willebadessen , Wünnenberg|
The former town of Borgholz lies on a spur of a ridge that was cleared in the 14th century, northeast of Borgentreich . It is mentioned for the first time in 1291 - two documents prove that Borcholte already existed at that time. Like the city of Borgentreich, it owes its existence to the disputes over the right of sovereignty between the Archbishops of Cologne and the Bishops of Paderborn in the 13th century. The Archbishops of Cologne tried to delimit the western territory of the Bishop of Paderborn by means of a ring of cities and castles.
Bishop Otto von Paderborn gave the order to build the fortified place high above the Jordan valley in 1290. He gave Bertold Schuwen a Burgmann seat, the first Burgmann seat in the episcopal castle. The founding deed or a deed about the granting of city rights have not yet been found. In a document from 1295, Borgholz is already referred to as a city. After it was founded, around 500 people lived in the city, according to conservative estimates. A cadastral plan from 1831 shows that the entire city, including the castle, was surrounded by a wall that enclosed an area of 6.22 hectares. The entire complex suggests that Borgholz had not been expanded beyond its original walls up to this point. Within the walls, however, much free space had been kept in reserve for future buildings.
In the Thirty Years' War Borgholz was repeatedly conquered. Borgholz was occupied by Christian von Braunschweig's troops in 1622 and, after brief loss to the Imperial Army under the leadership of Count Anholt , was recaptured. In 1632 the city was occupied and sacked by Hessian troops. At the end of the war in 1648 Borgholz still had about 400 inhabitants. However, the destruction of all city archives during the war makes an accurate reconstruction of the events impossible.
In 1756 the Seven Years' War began and hit Borgholz hard, both through billeting of troops and major military conflicts in the Warburger Land. During the course of the war, soldiers from various nations and war factions were housed in the village and had to be looked after by the population. In 1758 Braunschweiger, French, Hanoverian, Hesse, Nassau and Prussia quartered in Borgholz. After the victory of the British (in coalition with several German princes) in the Battle of Warburg , the British General Granby set up his headquarters in Borgholz in 1760. The population was forced to supply the troops. It was not until 1763, at the end of the war, that the British troops withdrew.
Prussia and the German Empire (1802–1918)
In response to the Peace of Lunéville , Prussia invaded the Paderborn Monastery in August 1802 and ended its existence as an independent state. Borgholz also became part of Prussia. The defeat of the Prussian king in the war with France in 1806 led to the Peace of Tilsit , through which the western Elbe territories were awarded to the French in 1807. French rule went hand in hand with both high tax burdens and modernizations, such as the abolition of class privileges. General conscription was also introduced. 16 Borgholzer, who were drawn to serve in the French Russian campaign , were considered dead or missing in the autumn of 1814.
After Napoleon's defeat , the approx. 1,100 inhabitants of Borgholz came under Prussian rule again in 1813. As early as 1829, a court ruling stated that Borgholz "[...] hardly deserves the name of a town [...]". From 1841 the place finally fell legally under the new Westphalian rural community order, so that Borgholz was only referred to as a titular town from this point in time at the latest . The castle of the city fortifications from 1291 was demolished in 1840 because of dilapidation. In the years 1922/23 a new "castle building" was built.
The Prussian rule in Borgholz ended with the defeat of the German Empire in the First World War , during which 48 Borgholzers were also killed.
Second World War
During the Second World War , Borgholz was first attacked directly on February 14, 1945. That day, fighter-bombers attacked Borgholz station in two waves. Several German and one Hungarian soldiers were killed in this air raid. In April 1945 troops of the SS Panzer Brigade Westphalia were sent to Borgholz to stop the advancing US troops. On April 6, 1945 the place was attacked by parts of the 3rd US Armored Division (Taskforce Welborn and Taskforce Lovelady). American tanks advanced slowly into the town center, but encountered sometimes fierce resistance from entrenched SS troops. Both sides used limited artillery. The fighting lasted a whole day. On the German side, 12 soldiers and one civilian were killed. According to US information, 24 soldiers were killed in the Borgholz area. 44 residential houses and 14 agricultural buildings were destroyed or damaged. For Borgholz this marked the end of World War II, in which a total of 93 Borgholzers were killed and 32 went missing.
Federal Republic of Germany
On January 1, 1975, Borgholz was incorporated into the city of Borgentreich.
|circa 1650||about 400|
A study commissioned by the Detmold district government in 2009 predicts a strong population decline of 16.4% by 2030 for the Borgentreich urban area.
The Catholic parish church Mariae Annunciation is mentioned as a parish in 1295. The place Borgholz belonged to the diocese of Paderborn since its foundation and since 1297 to the archdeaconate of the Paderborn cathedral treasurer (Iburg, later Brakel). From 1650 church registers were kept. Since 1954 the parish has been assigned to the dean's office Borgentreich. From 1650 there was a chaplaincy. The Liborius Chapel was built in 1740. Today there is a parsonage occupied by a pastor and a parsonage. In 1946, 88% of the population was Catholic.
In 1809 the so-called Singekrieg took place in Borgholz : the population refused to sing the newly introduced hymn book of the Diocese of Paderborn in High German. This historic event was performed in a play Der Singerkrieg von Borgholz , in three acts, by amateur actors based on the script by H. Multhaupt in 2010 .
From 1652 two Jewish families are recorded in Borgholz. Around 1807 there were 13 Jewish families in Borgholz and in 1871 the number of Jewish citizens was 65. By 1930 the number of citizens with a Jewish faith had fallen to 8. The synagogue in Borgholz was built in 1838 by the Jewish community on Kleine Straße, near the market square. After windows were thrown in and benches knocked over in 1937, the synagogue was partially destroyed during the Night of the Reichspogrom on November 9, 1938. The houses of the local Jews were stormed by National Socialists that same night. Much of the property of the Jewish residents was destroyed or stolen. In the following months the Borgholz Jews were expropriated by the state. In 1942 all remaining Jews were deported from Borgholz. After the Second World War, the synagogue was used as a garage or storage room. The building was to be moved to the open-air museum in Detmold in the mid-1990s. This resulted in a public discussion on site. In 1995 the city of Borgentreich acquired the building and after the renovation it now serves as a socio-cultural meeting place. A Jewish cemetery was outside the village, and there was a Jewish school at times.
Culture and sights
Borgholz Railway Station Museum
The former Borgholz railway station museum is located on the Scherfede - Holzminden railway line, which has been closed for passenger traffic since 1984. The line was inaugurated in 1876, the now listed station building was opened in 1884. The founder and long-time curator of the museum Erich Menke was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit on March 30, 2000. The inventory of the museum included the complete furnishing of a typical small country train station. The property was sold to private in 2016 and is no longer open to the public.
Museum "Village History"
In the Museum for Village History, many older equipment and objects from living conditions of broad sections of the population in pre-industrial times are exhibited in a former farm.
Klus Ed instead
In the (towards Manrode / Harbrück) there is a Kluskapelle in the forest. The Kluskapelle was built to commemorate the place Eddes, which was destroyed in the 15th century, and is still used today by the surrounding parishes.
The Borgholz city tower, which was inaugurated on the occasion of the 700th anniversary of the site at the beginning of 1991, has been rebuilt, but has been built true to detail and is reminiscent of the former Borgholz fortress and the times of war of our ancestors in general.
In the north (towards Rothe) of Borgholz there is still a lookout tower on a hill which was built in earlier times (approx. 15th to 16th century) for the timely detection of enemies.
According to legend, the Mother of God with the white stone in Bevertal is said to have ended the dispute that the devil caused between the Borgholzers and the neighbors from Dalhausen .
Procession on "Klustag"
Twice a year (spring and autumn) there is a procession to Klus Eddes full.
Every year on Easter Sunday, the fire brigade and the riding club hold an Easter fire at the "Borgholzer Höhe".
Every two years the shooting club organizes a shooting festival in the Borgholz town hall.
Anniversary of the city of Borgholz (documentary mention)
In 1991 the 700th anniversary and in 2016 the 725th anniversary of Borgholz will be celebrated. It can be assumed that this anniversary will continue to be celebrated every 25 years.
VFB Jordania Borgholz / SV Borgholz Natzungen
The first football club VFB Jordania Borgholz was founded in 1922. In 2004 the merger with the Natzunger football club to form SV Borgholz-Natzungen took place. VFB Jordania Borgholz and then the joint club played in the national league at most. The club looks after youth, senior and senior teams. Training and home games take place on the grounds of the “Natinger Weg” sports area. Further current information can be found on a Facebook page.
Riding and driving club Jordangrund Borgholz
The riding and driving club was founded in 1981. The association regularly takes part in tournaments. A practice area with a hall on “Natinger Weg” is available for training. Further current information can be found on the association's own website.
The table tennis club was founded in 1964 and was incorporated into the West German table tennis association in 1965. Training and home games take place in the Borgholz town hall. The club takes part in championship games with different teams.
TC `76 Borgholz
The Borgholz tennis club was founded in 1976. Two tennis courts are available on “Natinger Weg” for training and competition. The club takes part in championship games with a team and regularly organizes the city championship of the city of Borgentreich. Training and home games take place on the grounds of the “Natinger Weg” sports area. Further current information can be found on the association's own website.
Shooting Society St. Hubertus Borgholz
The shooting club has probably existed since the Middle Ages; written documents have only been available since 1838. Every two years, the association determines the rifle king in a shooting competition (royal shooting) and celebrates the rifle festival every two years in the Borgholz town hall with the royal couple, the court and the rifle people.
Infrastructure and economy
Childcare is provided by the Catholic kindergarten Borgholz or child minders.
The primary and secondary schools were moved to Borgentreich. The secondary school can also be attended there.
There are secondary schools in the neighboring communities of Beverungen, Brakel and Warburg.
The Borgholz volunteer fire brigade was founded in 1921.
The St. Marien Library in Borgholz is located in the parish hall (Am Marktplatz 11).
The buses of the WEB (Weser-Egge-Bus Gesellschaft) with the
Line R 36 (Borgentreich-Borgholz-Lauenförde) and
Line R 552 (Brakel-Borgholz-Borgentreich)
as well as the buses of the DB (Deutsche Bahn) on line 560 (Beverungen-Borgholz-Borgentreich).
Borgholz is located on the federal highway B 241 which runs in a westerly direction to the federal highway B 252 with connection to the federal highway A 44 and to the east to Nörten-Hardenberg with a connection to the federal highway A 7 and in a north-south direction the state road L 837 the district town of Höxter is easy to reach.
The closest train stations are:
- Lauenförde, approx. 12 kilometers ( Sollingbahn )
- Warburg , approx. 20 kilometers
- Brakel, approx. 18 kilometers ( Altenbeken – Kreiensen railway line )
The nearest airports are Höxter-Holzminden Airport in approx. 25 kilometers, Kassel-Calden Airport in approx. 35 kilometers and Paderborn-Lippstadt Airport in approx. 70 kilometers away.
Biking and hiking trails
The Weser cycle path in Beverungen can be reached via the R 4 cycle path through Dalhausen .
A number of different companies are based in Borgholz. These companies also play an important role as employers for neighboring communities.
The following industries are represented:
- Furniture industry
- Construction industry
- Metal processing industry
- Garden and forest technology
- retail trade
- Financial sector
Well-known sons and daughters
- Pantaleon Bruns, auxiliary bishop of Paderborn and abbot of Abdinghof, (* 1670 in Borgholz, † 1727)
- Horst-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). History of a landscape in the Hochstift . City of Borgentreich / Festival Committee 700 Years of Borgholz, Borgentreich 1990, ISBN 3-9801168-5-9 .
- Heinrich Schoppmeyer (author), Heinz Stoob (ed.): Westphalian city atlas. Borgholz (Borgentreich). GSV-Städteatlas-Verlag, Altenbeken 2008, ISBN 978-3-89115-202-7 . (A publication of the Historical Commission for Westphalia. Historical location - city / city map Borgholz: X (map))
- Official website of the city of Borgholz
- Borgholz in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- ↑ Borgholz Castle
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 144-147.
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 29-41.
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 149-156.
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 157-176.
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 245-253.
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 290-297.
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 328 .
- ↑ Population development in Ostwestfalen-Lippe until 2030. ( Memento from August 1, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ J. Hagemann: The Singekrieg in Borgholz 1809. In: The waiting. No. 63, autumn 1987, p. 31 f. or H. Multhaupt: Widow Lust rehearsed the uprising. A singing war in the church of Borgholz paralyzed an entire place 200 years ago. In: The waiting. No. 145. 2010.
- ↑ The Indomitable. on: nw-news.de , October 15, 2010.
- ↑ H.-D. Krus: 700 years of Borgholz (1291–1991). 1990, pp. 286-290.
- ↑ ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) report on the synagogue p. 320ff.
- ↑ museumsbahnhof.de
- ^ Therese Poehler: sagas and legends of the Paderborn country . Ed .: Meinwerk-Verlag Salzkotten. 1949 (new edition: Linnemann, Paderborn 1986, DNB 880016523 ).