State election in Baden-Württemberg in 2021
The election winners Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen around the previous Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann received 32.6 percent of the vote. Their share was higher than ever before in a state election in Germany, while the previous coalition partner CDU achieved its lowest result in the country with around 24.1 percent, as did the opposition SPD , which, however, was able to regain third place. The AfD recorded the most significant loss of votes and is now the smallest party in the state parliament.
In addition to a possible continuation of the previous green-black government , the formation of a traffic light coalition of the Greens, SPD and FDP was also up for discussion. The possibility of a green-red coalition of the Greens and the SPD was missed by one seat, while the green-yellow coalition of the Greens and the FDP, discussed in the run-up to the election, was missed by two seats. On May 12, 2021 Winfried Kretschmann was re-elected Prime Minister of a green-black coalition.
In contrast to the other federal states, there are no state lists and no second vote in Baden-Württemberg. A party cannot therefore offer its top politicians any safe list positions. In order to move into parliament relatively safely, they must therefore run in at least one of the 70 constituencies - preferably in those that are considered party strongholds - and for this they have to be set up by the party members resident there.
With this “personalized proportional representation without lists”, the voters vote for a direct candidate and his party at the same time - provided he does not run as a single applicant, for which 75 (previously 150) signatures are required. An election proposal can also contain a replacement candidate who, if necessary, moves into parliament as a successor.
The respective winners of their constituencies move directly into the state parliament with a direct mandate (first mandate). In addition, second mandates are allocated so that the distribution of seats reflects the ratio of votes for the parties. Only those parties that receive at least 5% of the votes are taken into account. The seats within a party are distributed regionally to the four administrative districts (Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Tübingen) in descending order of the proportion of votes .
To ensure these relationships are in process Schepers Sainte-Laguë / where appropriate overhang seats awarded. As a result, the state parliament grew from a nominal 120 seats to 143 in 2016, whereby some constituencies are only represented with the first mandate, while others are represented by two, three or four members ( Heilbronn state constituency ).
Criticism and change as a result of the corona pandemic
Some small parties criticized the right to vote in state elections because of the corona pandemic . It provided for over 10,000 support signatures across the state. The left announced that the election would be challenged if the conditions were not adapted to the pandemic. The pirate party called the petition committee of the state parliament and demanded that the signatures be suspended. The Free Voters also saw their participation in the state elections at risk. The state election committee recommended hygiene measures for deployment meetings during the pandemic.
An alliance of several small parties filed a lawsuit in mid-September 2020 with the aim of reducing the number of support signatures required. On November 9, 2020, the Constitutional Court for the State of Baden-Württemberg ruled the plaintiff. On November 12, 2020, the state parliament decided, with the consent of all parliamentary groups, to halve the number of necessary signatures to 75 per constituency.
Previous election 2016
The red-green coalition in the Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann Vice end Greens were more than 30 percent for the first time the strongest party in a state election in Germany. The CDU and SPD suffered significant losses, the SPD only became the fourth strongest force and lost its participation in the government.
In addition to the Greens, the clear winner of the election was the AfD party , which appeared for the first time and immediately reached over 15 percent and became the strongest opposition party. The FDP gained slightly, while the Left clearly missed its entry into the state parliament.
The losses of the SPD prevented a continuation of the green-red coalition as well as a black-red coalition analogous to the federal government, whereby an addition of the FDP would have made narrow majorities possible. The CDU and FDP rejected a collaboration between the CDU and FDP with the AfD.
The two strongest parties formed the first green-black “kiwi coalition” of the Greens at state level, with the CDU as a junior partner. The government initially held 89 of the 143 mandates in the state parliament, the Kretschmann II cabinet was sworn in on May 12, 2016.
The AfD parliamentary group originally had 23 members, of which 15 remained due to resignations and an expulsion. A former AfD member later joined the CDU parliamentary group; seven MPs are non-attached. This made the SPD the third largest group ahead of the AfD.
|Parliamentary group / national association||Abbreviation||Seats 2016||Seats in 2021|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||Green||47||47|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||CDU||42||43|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||19th||19th|
|Alternative for Germany||AfD||23||15th|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP||12th||12th|
Parties and candidates
Nominations for election had to be submitted to the respective district returning officers by January 14, 2021. Parties that are not represented in the state parliament had to submit 75 support signatures for each district nomination (for a nationwide run in all 70 constituencies, at least 5,250 support signatures (70 * 75)).
A total of 21 parties with a total of 872 candidates and eight individual applicants competed. According to the results of the 2016 elections, these were in alphabetical order for new parties on the ballot paper:
Coalition statements before the election
The FDP, with its state chairman Michael Theurer and its top candidate Hans-Ulrich Rülke, signaled its readiness for a green-yellow coalition as early as 2019 . Rülke also held out the prospect of continuing a coalition led by the Greens with the election of a successor to Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann . Andreas Stoch said before the state elections that the SPD would fight for a green-red coalition or a traffic light coalition and would not be interested in working with the CDU.
As a rule, the survey institutes only give values for parties that are currently represented in parliament and those that come to a share of at least three percent in the respective survey.
Last polls before the election
|Research group elections||03/11/2021||34%||24%||11%||10%||11%||3%||7%|
|Research group elections||05.03.2021||35%||24%||11%||10%||10%||3%||7%|
|State election 2016||03/13/2016||30.3%||27.0%||15.1%||12.7%||8.3%||2.9%||3.7%|
|2016 - February 2021|
Direct election of Prime Minister
|Institute||date||Winfried Kretschmann ( Greens )||Susanne Eisenmann ( CDU )||none of those asked|
|Research group elections||03/11/2021||70%||13%||17%|
|Research group elections||05.03.2021||70%||11%||19%|
Evaluation of possible coalitions
The values of the surveys reflect the opinion of the respondents as to which of the surveyed coalitions they rate as positive or negative. The missing values for 100% did not provide any information.
|Research group elections||05.03.2021||positive||49%||34%||25%||28%|
|Research group elections||02/05/2021||positive||44%||39%||30%||26%|
The turnout fell from 70.4 percent in the 2016 state election to 63.8 percent.
|Alliance 90 / The Greens (GREEN)||70||1,586,192||32.6||+2.3||58||-||58||+11|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)||70||1,168,975||24.1||−2.9||12th||30th||42||± 0|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||70||535.489||11.0||−1.7||-||19th||19th||± 0|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||70||508.429||10.5||+2.2||-||18th||18th||+6|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||70||473,485||9.7||−5.4||-||17th||17th||−6|
|DIE LINKE (DIE LINKE)||70||173.317||3.6||+0.7||-|
|FREE VOTERS (FREE VOTERS)||69||146.259||3.0||+2.9||-|
|The PARTY (PARTY)||52||59,463||1.2||+0.9||-|
|Climate list (climate)||67||42,685||0.9||New||-|
|Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP)||67||37,819||0.8||+0.1||-|
|Alliance C (Alliance C)||9||4,081||0.1||+0.1||-|
|Pirate Party Germany (PIRATES)||4th||2,878||0.1||−0.3||-|
|Democracy on the move (DiB)||3||1.005||0.0||New||-|
|Party of Humanists (Die Humanisten)||3||976||0.0||New||-|
|Human World (HUMAN WORLD)||2||975||0.0||± 0||-|
|Health Research Party (Health Research)||2||468||0.0||New||-|
|One for all party (one for all)||1||178||0.0||New||-|
|German Communist Party (DKP)||1||107||0.0||± 0||-|
|Voter / turnout||4,894,500||63.8||−6.6||-|
Stuttgart administrative district
Freiburg administrative district
Administrative region of
|FDP / DVP||198,496||11.1||26th||8th||119.962||9.9||19th||5||103.464||10.4||14th||3||86.507||10.1||11||2|
|Other parties||2,635 a||0.1||7th||2,884 b||0.2||6th||1,331 c||0.1||4th||3,818 d||0.4||8th|
|Greens: 7 overhang mandates
CDU: 5 compensatory mandates
SPD: 2 compensatory mandates
FDP: 2 compensatory mandates
AfD: 2 compensatory mandates
|Greens: 4 overhang mandates
CDU: 3 compensation mandates
SPD: 2 compensation mandates
FDP: 2 compensation mandates
AfD: 1 compensation mandate
|Greens: 2 overhang mandates
CDU: 1 compensation mandate
AfD: 1 compensation mandate
Overhang mandates and the compensatory mandates assigned when they occur at the level of the government districts lead to disproportionate representation of individual government districts. The administrative districts of Stuttgart and Karlsruhe are overrepresented and the administrative districts of Freiburg and Tübingen are underrepresented.
On April 3, 2021, the Greens and the CDU agreed to start coalition negotiations. Parts of the Greens, however, favored a traffic light coalition with the SPD and the FDP. Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann, on the other hand, preferred the continuation of the previous coalition with the CDU and enforced this wish. On May 12, 2021 Winfried Kretschmann was re-elected Prime Minister of a green-black coalition with 95 votes. He received five fewer votes than the ruling coalition has seats.
- Cabinet Kretschmann III
- State elections in Baden-Württemberg
- List of state electoral districts in Baden-Württemberg
- U18 state election results
- List of members of the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg (17th electoral term)
- Information page for the state election 2021 in Baden-Württemberg
- State election in Baden-Württemberg 2021 on the information portal on political education
- Voting portal for the state election 2021 of the State Center for Civic Education Baden-Württemberg
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- Die Zeit: Greens and CDU agree on coalition negotiations