Marie von Kleist

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The only known portrait so far: Marie von Kleist on her deathbed, drawn by her daughter Lulu Countess von Stosch, 1831

Marie Margaretha Philippine von Kleist , née von Gualtieri (born October 24, 1761 in Bernau ; † June 17, 1831 at Manze Castle near Nimptsch in the Strehlen district ) was both lady-in-waiting and friend of Queen Luise of Prussia as well as the most important supporter and confidante of Heinrich von Kleists .



The Gualtieri, based in Prussia , originally came from Lyon . They first settled in the county of Solms-Tecklenburg around 1700 , where in Daubhausen , as can be seen from a document from 1703, "Aldebert gualtiery de lion en France" worked as a preacher. Aldebert's son, Samuel Melchizedek, was a preacher at the previous church of the French Cathedral in Berlin from 1744 to 1765 . Like the Ancillon , the Erman , the Formey or the Théremin , the Gualtieri were among the outstanding Huguenot families from whom the preachers came. In 1769 Frederick II confirmed and recognized the nobility for the father of Marie von Kleist, as his ancestors, according to tradition, belonged to the Italian nobility of the Duchy of Orvieto .

Adolph von Kleist (1793–1866), Marie von Kleist's son
Lulu Countess von Stosch, née von Kleist (1802–1855), Marie von Kleist's daughter

Marie was the daughter of the Bernau Huguenot preacher and later Privy Councilor Albert Samuel von Gualtieri (1729–1778) and his wife Margaretha, née Bastide. She was baptized in Berlin by her grandfather, Samuel Melchizedek. The father, who did not feel called to evangelical simplicity, took off the preacher's collar and wig and came to Berlin as an elegant layman , liked to be in the company of Prince Heinrich .

Her older brother, Peter Albert Samuel (Pierre) von Gualtieri (1763–1805), a dazzling figure at court, wing adjutant Friedrich Wilhelm II , friend of Prince Louis Ferdinand and Rahel Varnhagen , had grown up in a world where and little revered was believed, which did not serve prudence and advantage, and where there was the conviction that the life of the great world must develop according to laws other than those laid down in the textbooks of moral theory . As a favorite of Princess Lichtenau with the accession of Friedrich Wilhelm III. Having fallen out of favor, Gualtieri was sent to remote Spain in 1805 as the diplomatic representative of Prussia, where he died after a short time.

Marie's younger sister, Amalie Henriette von Gualtieri (1767–1827), married the royal Prussian colonel and military writer Christian Reichsfreiherrn von und zu Massenbach in Potsdam in 1788 .

The ranking list from 1806 mentions (...) two captains , a staff captain and a prime lieutenant v. Gualtieri, who after the adoption of the nobility lexica must all belong to the descendants of Albert Samuel, who was admitted to the Prussian nobility in 1769. More recent studies, however, come to the conclusion that only Charles von Gualtieri, also a member of the Countess Lichtenau's circle of friends, is one of Albert Samuel's direct descendants.

In 1792 Marie von Gualtieri married the Prussian staff captain Friedrich Wilhelm Christian von Kleist (1764–1820), the eldest son of the Prussian Colonel Peter Christian von Kleist (1727–1777) at Groß Tychow and Marie Charlotte, née von Retzow ( † 1781), who was brought up in Dessau together with the Hereditary Prince Friedrich . The marriage was divorced on November 2, 1812. She had a total of four children: the daughters, who died on the same day in 1798 1.) Wilhelmine and 2.) Friederike, the son 3.) Adolph von Kleist (1793–1866) and 4.) Luise Wilhelmine Amalie Franziska - called Lulu - von Kleist (born November 18, 1802 in Potsdam, † May 2, 1855 in Manze), who on October 25, 1825, the Count Georg von Stosch (1793–1863), landscape director of the principalities of Breslau and Brieg , Lord of Manze, Reysau, Roßwitz etc., married.


Marie was generally described by contemporaries as a spirited, witty, unusually warm-hearted woman. Their striking enthusiasm , the exuberant warmth and pronounced empathy towards their fellow human beings have been attributed to their southern origin. However, Marie von Kleist deliberately had her natural character traits, such as her entire striving for education and virtue, as an alternative to the immorality and heartlessness prevailing at the time, especially among the courtly aristocracy, which under the rule (from 1786) of the lavish and bigoted Friedrich Wilhelm II had reached known proportions, tried to cultivate. In doing so, she also distanced herself from the life plans of her father and her brothers. Cold rationalism or calculating cunning contradicted their ideal of education. For her, true cleverness included the development of the whole person: in her case, the concept of mind and heart could not be separated; her thoughts were permeated with the warmth and intimacy of benevolent feelings, and those feelings were permeated with the level-headedness and clarity of her mind. In her essay on the upbringing of daughters of the higher classes, for example, it says : For most people, upbringing means prohibiting, ordering and saying, you have to do that, you have to stop. Oh! They do not suspect that the main educational principle is: His ... If the pupil sees nothing but excellent, he becomes excellent without suspecting it, without knowing it, and that is true education. Through her being she has had an impact on the world around her and thereby - mostly without intending it - exerted a strong influence.

Potsdam years

Confidante of Queen Luise

Queen Luise of Prussia, 1797

Since her wedding, Marie von Kleist lived in the royal seat and garrison city of Potsdam, where her husband was in the noble regiment of the Crown Prince and later King Friedrich Wilhelm III. served. Here she met the young Crown Princess Luise , who was looking for spiritual stimulation and human affection in the world of the Prussian court, which was still alien to her. A friendship soon developed between the two women, which became even more intimate after Luisen's accession to the throne (...). Whenever the Queen lived in Potsdam, she had Frau von Kleist called to her house, sometimes to shut herself in with her for hours. Both initially shared a common literary interest. So Luise warned her friend: Don't think of any other way to come to me than with a thick beech tree. But for Luise, Marie increasingly became the archetype of a new ideal of women. The Crown Princess, previously criticized for her light-heartedness, developed in her dealings with Marie von Kleist into the highly revered queen when Luise went down in history. I beg you to tell me where I am missing and what I have to do in order to get better from day to day, able to maintain the good opinion that people have of me, worthy of the great name: wife and mother.

The Kleist house in Potsdamer Lindenstrasse 43 had become the social center of the city. A thousand and thousand thanks, my dear Kleist (...) your husband and you for the divine and delicious soirée that I had with you yesterday. No, you can't imagine how happy and satisfied I was, really childlike happy! The memory of it will stay with me for a long time and will always be sweet and precious to me, since I have only found my joy in such harmless and so simple things, in such a pleasant and so exquisite company; I am still very high-spirited and cheerful about it today! , wrote Luise to her friend.

In addition to members of the royal family, court society and high military officials, a number of young officers hungry for education who sought to escape the monotonous garrison life and pursued their literary and musical interests with the Kleists also frequented the city. They had found their spiritual mentor in Christian von Massenbach, Marie von Kleist's brother-in-law. In addition to Otto August Rühle von Lilienstern , Ernst von Pfuel , Johann Georg Emil von Brause , Hartmann von Schlotheim (1772–1810) and Karl Heinrich von Gleißenberg (1773–1813), this group also included the later poet Heinrich von Kleist .

Over the years, Marie von Kleist became the young poet's most dedicated supporter and confidante. He sent her his manuscripts, and wrote her the richest and most beautiful letters. She presented Kleist and his works again and again at court and among friends and supported the largely destitute relatives with a monthly sum of money called the Queen's pension . Upon her mediation, Heinrich von Kleist was allowed to recite his birthday sonnet to the queen on March 13, 1810, which moved the queen to tears.

Confided Heinrich von Kleist

Heinrich von Kleist

With the unfortunate epoch, the Napoleonic Wars , a difficult time began for Marie von Kleist personally. In 1806, Prince Louis Ferdinand , whom she admired, fell in the battle of Jena and Auerstedt . Her brother-in-law Massenbach, chief of staff in the Hohenlohe corps , was mainly to blame for the defeat of Jena. The surrender of Prenzlau on October 28, 1806 , which Massenbach had advocated in order to avoid a certain and senseless death of the remaining soldiers, ended his previous brilliant military career and permanently ruined his social reputation.

For Marie, whose marriage was already in a crisis, followed a period of unsteady wandering life. In December 1807 and August 1809 she stayed on the estate of her friend Karoline Friederike von Berg in Bahrensdorf near Beeskow . In 1807 the staunch supporter of homeopathy suffered from an illness on the Massenbachschen Gut Bialokosch near Posen . She lived there from September 1809 to April 1810. In July , her beloved Queen Luise died, leaning against Frau von Berg's breast . And at the end of 1811, with the death of Heinrich von Kleist, the terrible catastrophe that would have the most lasting impact on her life occurred .

After her old friendship with the sixteen-year-old poet had experienced a new intensity in the months of November 1810 to April 1811, she and Kleist developed a strategy in September during a short visit to Berlin, that of the friend, who since the collapse of Berlin Abendblatt was in dire straits, should provide a new livelihood. The plan was to ask Kleist, in an audience with the king, to be re-employed in the army, at the same time to present military articles to Gneisenau , who was developing secret plans for a popular uprising against Napoleon Bonaparte , and to sound out the general political situation at Marwitz . She herself relied on her always close contacts to the Prussian court and had a dedication copy of Kleist's patriotic play Prince Friedrich von Homburg made at her own expense for Princess Marianne , the first lady of Prussia since Luisen's death . She sent this to Prince Wilhelm , younger brother of the king and consort of Princess Marianne , with an accompanying letter in which she urgently asked for a pension for the author of the play . A few days later she wrote a poignant letter to the king in which, skillfully using her intimate knowledge of the ruler's psyche, she advocated Kleist's admission to the Prussian army. Marie must have left Berlin immediately after the letter to the king of September 9, 1811 was written.

She had been in Groß Gievitz since June 1811 , with Countess Voss , a daughter of her old friend Karoline von Berg. That was where she had now returned. And here, due to a serious illness, the threads slipped out of her hand. For Kleist, who was left behind in Berlin, who wrote to her on September 17th: I am so used to doing everything at your instigation and impetus that I almost completely lack the strength to make up my own mind, his strategy seemed to be Friend, in spite of initially hopeful signs, apparently not going up. So he now followed his own long-cherished plan to kill himself with a human. Originally Marie was the soulmate with whom the poet wanted to take this step. Since she resisted his request that she had repeatedly expressed, he betrayed her - in his own words - with Henriette Vogel . Marie von Kleist still remembered this dramatic time as a seventy-year-old: I was violently torn from my tracks, with a bloody heart I looked for the track of my lost life, strived for poise. The loss of the only friend who knew me through and through would have been sufficient to tear apart a mind like mine. What an impression should such a tragic end make on my mind, on my heart, on my individuality. I was lost without my children and very dear friends who met this incredible fate. I lived quietly and withdrawn in my room. Reading and re-reading the last letters, written in the last moments of his existence, was a kind of consolation from the intense pain they caused in me. I hoped no mortal could survive, and so I lived on these letters.

The temporary end of these dramatic events in Marie von Kleist's life was her separation from her husband, from whom she was innocently divorced on November 2, 1812. From then on she lived in Berlin with her children Adolph and Lulu.

Berlin years

Marie von Kleist at the Radziwill Evening Party at Ruhberg Castle, drawn by Elisa Radziwill, 1830. People: from left: Ernestine von Langen - Unknown - Marie von Kleist - Prince Adam Czartoryski (1804–1880) - Prince Boguslaw Radziwill - Princess Wanda Radziwill (1813 –1845) - Unknown - Princess Luise Radziwill - Princess Elisa Radziwill - Prince Anton Radziwill

Marie von Kleist was one of the few of Kleist's former companions who took a differentiated look at the tragic and scandalous circumstances of Kleist's death and continued to adhere undeterred to him and his work. In her circle of friends in Berlin, she kept the memory of the poet alive. Clemens Brentano , who was a regular guest at her Berlin salon, wrote to Achim von Arnim in 1816 : I go to Kleist every Friday, Pfuhl , and Schütz Lacrimas are always there (...). We read Kleist's Hermann there (...). By the way, it's pretty nice and honest with good Kleist.

In 1816 Marie von Kleist became friends with Hedwig von Olfers , the daughter of her old friends Friedrich August and Elisabeth von Staegemann . She felt like a soulmate with her and both families had social intercourse: with Frau von Kleist as with Fraulein von Wildermeth, a small, select, intellectually lively company had often come together (...). Even when she was still old, Hedwig told of the wonderful, enjoyable evenings with Mother Kleist and the supper of roast veal with baked fruit and dumplings as a special treat, which the young princes had also attended.

Marie von Kleist had a particularly warm friendship with Princess Luise Radziwill and her family. This relationship carried over to the children. Daughter Lulu von Kleist was Elisa Radziwill's closest confidante from 1820 onwards . By means of letters and repeated visits to the Radziwills in Poznan, at their family residence Schloss Antonin or their summer residence Schloss Ruhberg in the Hirschberg Valley , mother and daughter Kleist took part in the famous drama about the childhood love between Elisa and Prince Wilhelm , the queen's son, which had become unhappy Luise. The Kleists became an important link between Prince Wilhelm and Elisa, especially during the period when the bride and groom were separated from the court.

In the spring of 1817, Marie Ludwig supported Tieck with the first edition of Kleist's works by allowing her old friend Wilhelm von Schütz to make excerpts from the Kleist letters in her possession.

In the summer of 1820 Marie von Kleist and daughter Lulu stayed with their old Potsdam friend Charlotte von der Marwitz, née Countess von Moltke (1780-1848), in Friedersdorf . The former court lady of Queen Luise had married Friedrich August Ludwig von der Marwitz in 1809.

In March 1826 Marie von Kleist and daughter were in Frankfurt am Main, where they were on friendly terms in the house of Franz Dominicus Brentano .

Last years in Silesia

Fischbach Castle in the Hirschberg Valley , summer residence of the family of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia
Ruhberg Castle in the Hirschberg Valley , summer residence of the
Anton Radziwiłł family

Due to the transfer of her son Adolph to the Higher Regional Court in Breslau and the marriage of her daughter Lulu to Count Stosch auf Manze, Marie decided to follow her children to Silesia. In 1826 she settled in Breslau.

After the announcement of the negative decision on the question of Elisha's equality with the House of Hohenzollern , Marie von Kleist traveled from there to Antonin Castle in July to assist the Radziwills in this difficult situation.

At the express request of the Radziwill family, Marie and Lulu took part in the King's Days in Fischbach and Ruhberg in June 1830 . Prince Wilhelm met Elisa there for the first time since his marriage in November 1829.

Despite her diverse contacts, Marie von Kleist missed her friends in Berlin in the Silesian province and often complained about this in her letters. Hedwig von Olfers responded to these complaints in a Solomonic manner: the quiet is drawn into the tumult of the world, the sociable is relegated to loneliness, the fantastic must acquire a practical eye, Frau von Kleist must live in Breslau, far from her enthusiastic friends, and taste mediocrity and learn to endure, at least for the Werkeltag, when a Sunday meal like Willisens comes in between.

Soon after, after a short illness, Marie von Kleist died of a stroke while staying with her daughter in Manze. She was buried in Grünhartau, the Protestant parish village of Manze.

About Marie von Kleist

  • She was a highly educated woman who promoted the young majesty's knowledge and taste (...). Heinrich von Kleist now approached her again, these extensive, decade and a half older relatives whom he had known well since his time in Potsdam, and in the following years he opened up to her most and deeply, next to his sister Ulrike.
  • And yet Marie von Kleist was a lively personality, urging activity, who, standing in the midst of the richly agitated intellectual and court life of the Prussian capital, did enough for the best of her time like few in this group: Luise's close friend first opened up the world of literature to the Prussian queen and thus helped lay the foundation for the momentous connection between Prussian court and German intellectual life; Heinrich v. Kleist's most trusted, only equal and - despite Henriette Vogel - last friend and lover; and in her old age again as a motherly friend Elisa Radziwill, her consolation and support in heavy heartfights.
  • Didn't we all wear your cockade, and didn't you and Lulu become the fluff natural, the mocking harmless, the cold one warm and not everyone got as much understanding as he could become any master? How much amiability, I think, whenever I saw a face from that circle, he now carries around with him quietly, and you get none of it.


  • Hedwig Abeken (Ed.): Hedwig von Olfers, b. v. Staegemann 1799-1891. A curriculum vitae , Vol. 1: Parents' home and youth 1799–1815. , Mittler and Son, Berlin 1908; Vol. 2: Blooms in romance, matured in selfless love. Compiled from letters. 1816–1891 , Mittler und Sohn, Berlin 1914
  • Paul Bailleu : Queen Luise. A picture of life, Giesecke and Devrient, Leipzig and Berlin 1908
  • Horst Häker: Mostly Kleist. Lectures, articles, reviews 1980–2002 , Kleist-Archiv Sembdner , Heilbronn 2003
  • Bruno Henning: Elisa Radziwill. A life of love and sorrow. Unpublished letters from the years 1820-1834 , Mittler and Son, Berlin 1912
  • Bruno Hennig: Marie von Kleist. Her relationship with Heinrich von Kleist (according to her own records) , in: Sunday supplement to the Vossische Zeitung (Berlin), September 12, 1909, 291–293 and September 19, 1909, 301f.
  • Kurt Jagow (Ed.): Youth Confessions of the Old Emperor. Letters from Kaiser Wilhelm I to Princess Luise Radziwill Princess of Prussia 1817 to 1829 , Koehler and Amelang, Leipzig undated
  • Heinrich Kypke : History of the Kleist family. Third part. Third department; Contains the biographies of the Muttrin-Damenschen line , Trowitzsch and Son, Berlin 1885
  • Rudolf Loch: Kleist. A biography , Wallstein-Verlag, Göttingen 2003
  • Sigismund Rahmer : Heinrich von Kleist as a person and a poet. According to new source research , Reimer, Berlin 1909
  • Roland Reuß , Peter Staengle in collaboration with Arno Pielenz and Renate Schneider: H. v. Kleist. Documents and certificates. Biographical Archive I / A - K ; in: Brandenburger Kleist-Blätter , Vol. 13, Stroemfeldt, Frankfurt am Main 2000, pp. 29–455
  • Gerhard Schulz : Kleist. A biography , CH Beck, Munich 2011
  • Eberhard Siebert : Heinrich von Kleist. A picture biography , Kleist Archive Sembdner, Heilbronn 2011
  • Helmut Sembdner : In terms of Kleist. Contributions to research , 3rd edition, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich 1994
  • Helmut Sembdner (Ed.): Heinrich von Kleists traces of life. Documents and reports from contemporaries , Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich 1996
  • Albrecht Weber: Kleist. Focal lines and focal points , Königshausen and Neumann, Würzburg 2008

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Horst Häker: Predominantly Kleist , p. 51
  2. Samuel Melchizedek de Gualtieri († 1774) was a French Reformed preacher in Bernau from 1723, from 1729 first pastor at the Walloon community in Magdeburg and from 1744 second pastor at the French Reformed church in Friedrichstadt near Berlin. Cf. Evangelical Pastor's Book for the Mark Brandenburg since the Reformation , vol. 2, revision. O. Fischer, Part 1, Berlin 1941, p. 278
  3. ^ Karl August Varnhagen von Ense : Peter von Gualtieri , in: Vermischte Schriften , Vol. 1, Brockhaus, Leipzig 1843 (Memoirs and mixed writings, Vols. 4–6), p. 45
  4. Bruno Henning: Marie von Kleist , p. 292.
  5. ^ Carl Atzenbeck: The German Pompadour. Life and letters of the Countess von Lichtenau. A biographical portrait in personal testimonies and testimonials from contemporaries , Klinkhardt and Biermann, Leipzig 1925, p. 213, 220ff
  6. Friedrich Wilhelm Christian von Kleist from the Muttrin line (* February 8, 1764 in Stargard ; † January 29, 1820 in Potsdam to black addiction ), distant relative of Heinrich von Kleist (Ast Damen), married the second marriage on February 28, 1813 Sophie Elisabeth Reinell from Brandenburg († April 28, 1861 in Potsdam). The daughter Luise Friederike Marie von Kleist (1815–1837) came from this connection. He served in the Crown Prince Infantry Regiment (No. 18), where he rose to major in a short time (1805). After the Battle of Großbeeren , in which he was awarded the Iron Cross , he fell ill and said goodbye to the army. Until his retirement in 1818 he worked as the customs director of Neuhaus at Müllrose . He died in Potsdam.
  7. Ludwig Ferdinand Adolph von Kleist was called the blonde Kleist in court circles , he was the godchild of Queen Luise and playmate of Crown Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia. The studied lawyer and later President of the Court of Appeal as well as Vice President of the Secret High Tribunal Court remained unmarried and was one of the well-known habitats of Berlin salons in Berlin . Cf.: Bruno Hennig: Elisa Radziwill , passim; Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , Vol. 2, passim
  8. In addition to a daughter from the Count's first marriage to Wilhelmine von Saurma (1800–1824), Wanda Countess Stosch, Count Stosch had five further descendants from this connection: 1.) Albrecht (1827–1880), heir to Manze, married in 1865 in Bialokosch Luise Freiin von und zu Massenbach (1830–1894) 2.) Georg (1828–1871) 3.) Boguslaw (* 1830) 4.) Ferdinand (1831–1872) and 5.) Marie Elisa (* 1834); See: Genealogical Handbook of the Nobility , Graefliche Häuser A, Vol. II, Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn 1955.
  9. Rudolf Loch: Kleist , p. 29f
  10. Hedwig von Olfers to Adolph von Kleist, June 23, 1831. Quoted from: Bruno Henning: Marie von Kleist , p. 302
  11. Quoted from: Bruno Henning: Marie von Kleist , p. 302, note 3
  12. Paul Bailleu: Queen Luise , p. 41: In her there lived an innate urge to move upwards, despite or as a result of the deficiencies in her upbringing, which were never compensated for, an ardent longing for a higher striving for education; her rich and beautiful spirit embraced traits that found no satisfaction in bridal banter: a rising world of thoughts and feelings which, next to Friedrich Wilhelm as he was and remained, had to fall silent and wither away.
  13. a b Paul Bailleu: Queen Luise , p. 114
  14. Luise to Marie von Kleist. Quoted from: Paul Bailleu: Königin Luise , p. 116
  15. Luise to Marie von Kleist. Quoted from Paul Bailleu: Queen Luise , p. 115
  16. Eberhard Siebert: Bildbiographie , p. 83
  17. Sigismund Rahmer: Heinrich von Kleist als Mensch und Dichter , p. 10ff: We can infer from all of this that Kleist lived during his time as an officer in Potsdam with a circle of friends whom he himself calls "respectable", in which, in addition to sports and gymnastics, scientific studies were eagerly pursued and artistic endeavors came into their own. The sociable center of this spiritually stimulated group of young men was formed by the house of the aforementioned staff captain, Christian v. Kleist, whom his wife Maria v. Kleist, b. Gualtieri, board member. We have no direct evidence of this from this period of Kleist's life, but with what interest Maria v. Kleist pursued Pfuel's fate, as instructed by Kleist's letters to Pfuel, and some passages from the letters which I will reproduce below (see p. 18ff) leave no doubt that Christian and Maria v. Kleist were the most intimate confidants of Kleist, Pfuels and the other friends.
  18. ^ Gerhard Schulz: Kleist , p. 515
  19. Quoted from: Gerhard Schultz: Kleist , p. 508: cette Malheureuse époque , Marie von Kleist to Prince Wilhelm, Berlin, September 3, 1811.
  20. ^ Paul Bailleu: Queen Luise , p. 120
  21. a b Marie von Kleist: Manze, February 17, 1830. Quoted from Bruno Hennig: Marie von Kleist , p. 302
  22. Bruno Henning: Marie von Kleist , p. 293
  23. a b Helmut Sembdner: In About Kleist , p. 186
  24. Bruno Hennig: Marie von Kleist , p. 301: On November 27, however, she writes [to son Adolf, A. d. V.] , still from Groß-Giewitz: “Imagine, dear boy, that I've been very ill since I last wrote to you, three days in bed and the rest of the time on the Sophah. I'll write to you from bed. I had such cramps that I thought I had to embroider. ”And her letter of December 18th (No. V) begins:“ My health is still bad ”. It is known that because of her illness one had to keep Heinrich's death a secret and that his letters had to be withheld for a long time.
  25. Bruno Henning: Marie von Kleist , p. 293: It was a particular fate that Marie, whose last letters, written in ignorance of his intentions, almost sufficed to reverse Kleist's decision to die, went through at the last moment Illness was prevented from carrying out its expressed intention: to return to Berlin in the middle of November 1811!
  26. On the tragic chain of circumstances that can be seen as the trigger for Kleist's suicide: cf. Helmut Sembdner: In Dinge Kleist , p. 182ff; Traces of life , from No. 504, p. 433ff and Gerhard Schultz: Kleist , chapter Le pavreu Henri Kleist and Am Tisch Gottes .
  27. See Heinrich von Kleist to Marie von Kleist: Berlin, November 19, 1811 and Stimmings Krug near Potsdam, November 21, 1811: Heinrich von Kleist: Complete letters, Internet edition, organized and responsible by Günther Emig , text entry and Internet processing: Peter Wieland, Kleist Archive Sembdner of the City of Heilbronn, 2001,2002,2003
  28. ^ Letter from Marie von Kleist of November 2, 1812 to Prince Leopold III. Friedrich Franz von Anhalt-Dessau: "Today I am legally divorced from my husband, and in the feeling of pain and grief I feel the need to open my heart to someone whom I respect and appreciate as your Highness". State Main Archives Saxony-Anhalt, Dessau Department, LHASA, Z 44, A 10, No. 225, pages 108–111
  29. ^ Achim von Arnim and Clemens Brentano: Friendship Letters II, 1807-1829 ed. v. Hartwig Schultz , Eichborn Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1998 (The Other Library, vol. 158), p. 46, letter of February 3, 1816
  30. Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , Vol. 2, p. 98; Maria Margaretha von Wildermeth (1777–1839), educator and lady-in-waiting of Princess Charlotte
  31. Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , vol. 2, p. 145: In May 1831 Mrs. von Olfers was a guest at the Radziwills and wrote about it to Marie nach Manze: I was still too self-conscious to notice in detail; you have to be as used to the circle as you are in order to retain freedom of spirit in it, but then it is certainly nowhere to breathe as easily as below them - and I think that the area seems deserted to you since you've left it.
  32. Kurt Jagow: Youth Confessions , p. 147f: ... arrived here, I received your ticket through Kleist, which immediately had me drafted an arrangement for the afternoon and which was then carried out in the broadest sense, because I am from five thirty been with them until half past nine. That was a delight! When I came, Lulu Kleist was not there, but with Ancillons, so Mother Kleist had to do everything possible to satisfy me. (...) First Lulu gave me the mother-of-pearl bag with its lovely contents (...). Now it was time to tell; what was said, what I had to ask, what delicious details I learned (...). But the heartfelt love with which mother and daughter adhere to you, Elisa and all of you, is truly touching! The very contentious bride (although I also have to make the remark that the mother seems almost more in love with the daughter to me) said very nicely that she wanted it so much, did she? Count Stosch made Elisha's acquaintance (...) After this four-hour visit, I came home changed. Since this winter I have not been brought so lively and so happily close to you and Elisha, because Lulu not only knows how to tell vividly and with so much warmth, but she also shows the various people talking to you, in which they speak the peculiarities of language I tried to imitate, in short, I was very satisfied. Prince Wilhelm to Princess Luise Radziwill, Berlin, August 19, 1825
  33. ^ Heinrich von Kleist's legacy writings , edited by Ludwig Tieck, Reimer, Berlin 1921 and Heinrich von Kleist's collected writings , edited by Ludwig Tieck, Reimer, Berlin 1826. Cf. Klaus Günzel : König der Romantik. The life of the poet Ludwig Tieck in letters, personal testimonies and reports , Wunderlich, Thübingen 1981, p. 488, note 214
  34. After most of her letters were destroyed by Kleist at the request of the recipient or on the basis of a will from her son and heir Adolf, these copies, which only appeared in a London second-hand bookshop in 1923, have become an important source of Kleist research. For the history of tradition cf. Helmut Sembdner: In the matter of Kleist , p. 76ff
  35. Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , vol. 2, p. 54f
  36. Bruno Hennig: Elisa Radziwill , p. 153: My God, if you have your friends - and such friends! - does not want to stand by at such a moment, what? And what is (then) friendship? Incidentally, I already knew in Posen that there was little hope. Prince Wilhelm wrote it to me himself, but forbidden to say it there. He wanted to do it himself. Marie von Kleist to daughter Lulu, July 24, 1826
  37. Bruno Hennig: Elisa Radziwill , p. 227f; In addition to the entire royal family, the Russian Empress and the Electress of Hessen-Kassel , 39 other people were invited, including Count Brandenburg , the Grand Duchess of Weimar , Prince Wittgenstein , Alexander von Humboldt , Leopold von Gerlach and the singer Henriette Sontag .
  38. Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , vol. 2, p. 142
  39. Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , vol. 2, p. 146: It is with the deepest pain that I report to you that my dear mother passed away at 2 o'clock last night. For a few weeks she had been holding onto a very sad illness here, but in the last few days she has been far better ... When I came to visit here the day before yesterday, I found her, surrounded by her grandchildren, so cheerful and sympathetic that I gave room to the happiest hopes with deepest thanks to God. She then slept gently from 9 a.m. to around 1:30 p.m., then asked the time and had her bed improved in the hope of getting a few more hours of sleep. But after a quarter of an hour she had a nervous blow, and when I hurried over, immediately awakened, I found her speechless, and after a few minutes she gave up in my arms her life, dedicated only to her children and friends, which breathed only love. Adolf von Kleist to Hedwig von Olfers, Manze, June 18, 1831
  40. ^ Gerhard Schulz: Kleist , p. 280
  41. Brandenburger Kleist-Blätter , Vol. 13, pp. 335f
  42. Hedwig Abeken: Hedwig von Olfers , vol. 2, p. 128

Web links