Miesenbach (Lower Austria)

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coat of arms Austria map
Miesenbach coat of arms
Miesenbach (Lower Austria) (Austria)
Miesenbach (Lower Austria)
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Lower Austria
Political District : Wiener Neustadt-Land
License plate : WB
Surface: 34.37 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 51 ′  N , 15 ° 59 ′  E Coordinates: 47 ° 50 ′ 31 ″  N , 15 ° 58 ′ 56 ″  E
Height : 470  m above sea level A.
Residents : 673 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 20 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 2761
Area code : 02632
Community code : 3 23 21
Address of the
municipal administration:
Miesenbach 240
2761 Miesenbach
Website: www.miesenbach.at
Mayor : Wolfgang Stückler ( ÖVP )
Municipal Council : ( 2020 )
(15 members)
11 4th 
A total of 15 seats
Location of Miesenbach in the Wiener Neustadt-Land district
Bad Erlach Bad Fischau-Brunn Bad Schönau Bromberg Ebenfurth Eggendorf Felixdorf Gutenstein Hochneukirchen-Gschaidt Hochwolkersdorf Hohe Wand Hollenthon Katzelsdorf Kirchschlag in der Buckligen Welt Krumbach Lanzenkirchen Lichtenegg Lichtenwörth Markt Piesting Matzendorf-Hölles Miesenbach (Niederösterreich) Muggendorf Pernitz Rohr im Gebirge Schwarzenbach Sollenau Theresienfeld Waidmannsfeld Waldegg Walpersbach Weikersdorf am Steinfelde Wiesmath Winzendorf-Muthmannsdorf Wöllersdorf-Steinabrückl Zillingdorf Wiener Neustadt NiederösterreichLocation of the municipality of Miesenbach (Lower Austria) in the Wiener Neustadt-Land district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Municipal office with Raiffeisenkasse and kindergarten
Municipal office with Raiffeisenkasse and kindergarten
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria
The Rotte Scheuchenstein seen from the observation tower on the Hohe Wand

Miesenbach is a municipality with 673 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Wiener Neustadt-Land district in Lower Austria . The place is inextricably linked with the life of the painter Friedrich Gauermann , who was born and worked here.


Miesenbach is located in the Lower Austrian Limestone Alps at 500 to 1,200 meters above sea level in a side valley of the Piesting in the industrial district .

The community extends between the Dürren Wand in the west and the Hohe Wand in the east, as well as in the south on part of the Stolzenwörther Basin with the early historical high path in the Halltal near Mariazell (Salzweg). In the north, the Hohe Mandling forms the border. The whole landscape is built on Wetterstein, Dachstein and Gutenstein limestone. 74.12 percent of the area is forested.

There are no other cadastral communities apart from Miesenbach. The village of Miesenbach comprises 27 districts, of which the Scheuchenstein Rotte is the most important. Other districts are the scattered settlements An der Leithen, An der Wand, Auf der Höh, Tiefenbach, Waidmannsbach and Wegscheid , then the Rotten Bach, Balbersdorf, Frohnberg, Grandhäusl, Hausberg, Kaltenberg, Kreuzbach, Krottenbach, Lehen, Oberlehn, Oed, Rastberg, Tuft and Ungerberg as well as numerous individual layers.

coat of arms

Miesenbach's green coat of arms stands for local forestry and agriculture. It is separated by a symbolized river course (the Miesenbach). In the lower part, a water wheel symbolizes the mills and sawmills along the stream. In the upper part are the bishop's staff and salt barrel references to the church patron Rupert von Salzburg .


The name Miesenbach refers to a body of water and a man named "Miso", is of Bavarian origin and is derived from "mossy brook", as the upper course of the brook is embedded in a swampy and mossy landscape.

Before the birth of Christ, the area was part of the Celtic Kingdom of Noricum and belonged to the surroundings of the Celtic hill settlement Burg on the Schwarzenbacher Burgberg , which was the main town for the entire north-east Noricum . Later under the Romans, today's Miesenbach was in the province of Pannonia .

Around 900, under Emperor Arnulf v. Carinthia, the Miesenbachtal is populated by loyal followers when they colonize their empire to the east.

In 1166 the Piestingtal and its side valleys, which were settled by Bavaria from the area around Miesbach , are mentioned in the Falkensteiner Codex . In 1182 Adalram II hands over his goods to the Styrian Duke Ottokar IV. A large part of the various possessions of the Miesenbachtal may have passed to the "von Scheuchenstein" family, during whose time the castle and chapel in Scheuchenstein were built.

In 1282 Rudolf I took over the land from the Styrian dukes. In 1464, Scheuchenstein Castle played in a brotherly dispute between Emperor Friedrich III. and Duke Albrecht VI. a significant role.

With the death of Truchseß Ruprecht von Scheuchenstein, Dachenstein and Wulfingstein in 1530, the Scheuchenstein reign lost more and more importance and later fell to the Hernstein reign . In 1632, Hans Balthasar von Hoyos bought the offices of Scheuchenstein and Pernitz.

In 1850, a mayor was elected for the first time by the townspeople in a free and secret ballot. With the construction of the road over the saddle of the Aschers there has been a connection to Puchberg am Schneeberg since 1874 . In 1885 a road connection to Oed is established.

After surrounding towns such as Gutenstein or Puchberg am Schneeberg have benefited from tourism for a long time, tourism in Miesenbach only started in the 1920s. The quiet place is enjoying increasing popularity with Viennese " summer visitors ".

On the occasion of Friedrich Gauermann's 150th birthday, an exhibition was shown in the Gauermannhof in 1967 , which attracted numerous visitors. In 1962 the Lower Austrian provincial exhibition "Friedrich Gauermann and his time" took place in Miesenbach and Gutenstein and was visited by around 162,000 guests. In 1976 the Gauermann School is closed and converted into a Gauermann Museum .

Population development


According to the 2001 census , 94.6% of the population are Roman Catholic and 0.8% Protestant . 4.4% of the population have no religious denomination.


The municipal council has 15 members.

  • 1945–1947 Josef Postl
  • 1947–1955 Karl Marsteurer
  • 1955–1956 Johann Offner
  • 1956–1980 Franz Berger
  • 1980–1989 Karl Postl
  • 1989–2014 Matthias Scheibenreif
  • since 2014 Wolfgang Stückler (ÖVP)

In the Austrian federal presidential election in 2016 , the community of Miesenbach came into the public eye, as a 14-year-old was allowed to vote there and cast a valid vote. However, the law stipulates that you have to be at least 16 years old to deliver.

Culture and sights

  • Gauermann Museum: The museum, founded in 1976 in the former Gauermann School , was redesigned in 1993 and rebuilt and completely redesigned from 2000 to 2002. The museum has two exhibition areas. While works by Friedrich Gauermann can be seen on the ground floor, the first floor is dedicated to various contemporary artists who present their works here.


In 2001 there were a total of 27 non-agricultural workplaces in agriculture and forestry, according to the 1999 survey 74. According to the 2001 census, the number of people in work at the place of residence was 313. The 2001 employment rate was 44.64 percent.

Miesenbach (center top right) around 1873 (recording sheet of the state survey )


Sons and daughters of the church

Web links

Commons : Miesenbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Homepage of the community of Miesenbach: Culture and History ( Memento of the original from September 15, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on August 19, 2008) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.miesenbach.at
  2. Homepage of the community Miesenbach: History of the community  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Scheibenreif Leopold "Not all roads led to Rome") (accessed on August 19, 2008)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.miesenbach.at  
  3. ^ Election result of the municipal council election 2010 in Miesenbach. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, October 8, 2010, accessed on February 8, 2019 .
  4. ^ Election result of the 2015 municipal council election in Miesenbach. Office of the Lower Austrian State Government, December 1, 2015, accessed on February 8, 2019 .
  5. Results of the municipal council election 2020 in Miesenbach. Office of the Lower Austrian state government, January 26, 2020, accessed on February 9, 2020 .
  6. Theresia Mitterbück and Angela Spreitzer: Miesbach . In: The Lower Austrian district of Wiener Neustadt and its communities . Wiener Neustadt 1996, p. 165 .
  7. 14-year-old is said to have voted in Lower Austria. In: oe24.at. May 30, 2016, accessed June 16, 2016 .