|Canton :||Vaud (VD)|
|BFS no. :||5590|
|Postal code :||1009|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH PLY|
|Height range :||371–808 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||5.87 km²|
|Residents:||18,313 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||3120 inhabitants per km²|
|Unemployment rate :||3.9% (May 31, 2,015)|
|Location of the municipality|
Pully [ pyˈji ] is a municipality in the Lavaux-Oron district in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland . The municipality bordering Lausanne is commonly considered to be one of the wealthiest suburbs of the city.
Pully is Lausanne (linear distance). The urban agglomeration of Lausanne extends from a panoramic location on a terrace above the north shore of Lake Geneva and on the lower southern slopes of the heights of the Jorat , in the Vaud Central Plateau ., 2.5 km south-east of the canton capital
The area of the 5.8 km² municipal area includes a section on the north shore of Lake Geneva. The communal soil extends northward from the lakeshore over the narrow edge of the bank and the terrace of Pully and the adjacent slopes. The western border forms the valley of the brook Vuachère , in the east the border runs along the Paudèze , which divides the slope with a deep valley. The municipality extends in a narrow strip to the northeast over the forest area Bois de la Chanaula on the slope of Monts de Pully , bounded by the valleys of Paudèze in the southeast and Chandelar in the northwest. At the height west of Claie aux Moines is the highest point of Pully. In 1997, 54% of the municipal area was settled, 25% forest and woodland, 20% agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
With 18,313 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Pully is one of the largest municipalities in the canton of Vaud. 82.8% of the residents are French-speaking, 4.8% German-speaking and 2.8% Italian-speaking (as of 2000). The population of Pully was 2339 in 1900. After a very strong population increase since the beginning of the 20th century, especially between 1950 and 1960, a first high was observed around 1970. Due to the economic crisis in the 1970s combined with the emigration of foreign workers, the population decreased by 1000 people in the following decade. Since then, the population has been increasing slowly but continuously. The lower part of the municipality is now largely built over and only has relatively little land reserves. The settlement area of Pully has merged seamlessly with those of Lausanne and Paudex.
Pully was a rather rural village until the beginning of the 20th century. At that time viticulture was practiced on the slopes around the town center , but this was displaced by vegetable growing in 1915. Today there are only a few small vineyards left. The primary sector has hardly any significance in the employment structure of the population.
Due to its location directly on the city limits of Lausanne, the settlement pressure on Pully rose sharply as early as 1900. As a result, the former wine-growing village developed into a residential suburb of Lausanne. The slopes around the old town center were built over with apartment blocks, single-family houses and villas and the agricultural zones were pushed back further and further. In contrast to the other municipalities bordering Lausanne, there is no large industrial or commercial area in Pully. Tetra Pak International SA and Assura are important companies . The vast majority of those employed in Pully (around 80%) are employed in the service sector.
Pully has a boat harbor on Lake Geneva and a recreation area along the lake. The municipality's first bathing establishment was opened in 1913.
Especially in the first half of the 20th century there were numerous boarding schools and private schools in Pully, including the internationally known girls' boarding school Château Mont-Choisi . In addition to the primary schools, Pully owns the Collège de Champittet founded by the Dominicans in 1903 , the Collège A. Reymond built in 1976 and the Lycée Jaccard (founded 1914), which was converted into a grammar school in 1975. Pully is also the seat and training center of the Société vaudoise des cafetiers-restaurateurs et hôteliers.
The cultural life of Pully is shaped to a significant extent by the L'Octogone cultural center, which opened in 1976, including a theater (Théâtre de Pully). The Théâtre de la Voirie is also well known.
Pully has had a local museum since 1949. In 1991 a museum for contemporary art was added. The “Musée d'art de Pully” was set up and is financially supported by the A. Edelman Foundation in cooperation with the city. Exhibitions such as the 2019 “ Zao Wou-Ki collectionneur” will be shown there.
The community has good transport connections. It is located on the main road 9 , which leads from Lausanne along the lakeshore via Vevey and Montreux into the Valais . Pully can be easily reached through the Lausanne-Vennes and Belmont motorway junctions on the A9 (Lausanne-Sion), which opened in 1974 .
On April 2, 1861, the Lausanne – Villeneuve section of the railway line from Lausanne to Valais was opened. About a year and a half later, on September 4, 1862, the Lausanne – Bern railway , which crosses the upper part of the municipality, was also put into operation. Pully has a train station on both lines ( Pully / Pully Nord ). The municipality is served by the Lausanne trolleybus and several bus routes from the Transports publics de la région Lausannoise . Pully is also served by the shipping network on Lake Geneva .
Pully can look back on a very long tradition of settlement. The earliest evidence of a settlement date back to the later Neolithic . The stone box graves at Chamblandes-Vernay with 48 excavated human skeletons date from this time . Chamblandes was named for stone boxes of a certain type that were made in western Switzerland between 4300 and 3300 BC. Created ( stone box of the Chamblandes type ). Significant remains of a villa have also come down to us from Roman times .
The first written mention of the place took place in 962 under the name Pulliacum . In the 12th century the spelling Polliacum appeared , followed by numerous other names: Puliei and Pulie (1142), Puliacum (1155), Pauliei (1178), Pulli (1198), Pullie (1223), Pullis , Villa Puliaco in the 13th century , Pollie (1250), Pullyez and Pullye (1368) and Pulliez (1377). The place name goes back to the Roman personal name Pollius . The owner of Pully's Roman villa was called Pollius.
Since the 10th century, the Saint-Maurice Abbey had rich estates in Pully. This later went to the Payerne monastery . The village was under the bishop of Lausanne. With the conquest of Vaud by Bern in 1536, Pully came under the administration of the Lausanne Bailiwick . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , the village belonged to the canton of Léman from 1798 to 1803 during the Helvetic Republic, which then became part of the canton of Vaud when the mediation constitution came into force . In 1798 it was assigned to the Lausanne district.
The reformed parish church of Saint-Germain has a polygonal choir in the late Gothic style (16th century), the nave was renewed in the 20th century. Next to the church is the priory, the parish hall, also in the late Gothic style, restored several times in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Praroman Chapel was built in 1506. In the old town center, some winegrower's houses from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved. The remains of the Roman villa are kept in the museum. The fragments of a wall painting depicting scenes from Roman chariot races are of particular importance. The Musée d'art de Pully, dedicated to contemporary art, does not have any old buildings, but is aesthetically one of the most important sights in the city.
- Hugo Pratt (1927–1995), comic book author
- Claude Béglé (* 1949), manager and politician (CVP), lives in Pully
- Katarzyna Gdaniec (* 1965) ballet dancer, choreographer and founder of the compagnie linga in Pully.
- Official website of the municipality of Pully (French)
- Aerial photography
- Patrick Moinat, Catherine May Castella and André Schmutz: Pully. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Demandeurs d'emploi, chômeurs et taux de chômage par commune. ( XLS , 115 kB) Statistique Vaud, Département des finances et des relations extérieures (Statistics Vaud, Department of Finance and Foreign Affairs), accessed on June 14, 2015 (French).
- Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 20, 2020 .
- Le Musée d'art de Pully présente la collection personnelle d'un grand artiste contemporain , domainepublic.ch of October 18, 2019, accessed October 21, 2019 (French)
- Klee, Picasso, Giacometti, Soulages: Modèles et amis de Zao Wou-Ki au travers de sa collection privée , Musée d'art de Pully Exposition du 21 septembre au 15 December 2019, accessed October 21, 2019 (French)