|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Reutte|
|License plate :||RE|
|Residents :||450 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||28 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||6677|
|Area code :||05675|
|Community code :||7 08 29|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Waltraud Zobl|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of Schattwald in the Reutte district|
Schattwald from the Rohnenspitze
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Schattwald is a municipality with 450 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Reutte district in Tyrol ( Austria ) and the last or westernmost place in the Tannheimer Tal through which the Vils flows. It is located east of the Oberjoch Pass leading to Bad Hindelang ( Bavaria ) , so it is a little east of the border with Germany .
The municipality includes the following six localities (residents as of January 1, 2020):
- Fricken (103)
- Kappl (72)
- Rehbach (8)
- Schattwald (122)
- Rising (35)
- Wies (110)
The settlement area of the municipality is spread over several small towns and hamlets. Schattwald consists of the districts of Kappl, Wies, Fricken, Steig, Vilsrain and Rehbach .
- until 1200: Schattwald originally served as a hunting area, as indicated by the discovery of a skeleton and a bronze lance tip. In 1972 a Roman coin was found near the parish church. The obverse of the coin shows the head of Augustus, and the reverse shows the letters SC. This proves that Schattwald served at least as a transit area as early as Roman times.
- 596: The first Swabians settle in the border area of the Tannheimer Valley .
- 1432: first mention
- 1540: The Counts of Montfort have the mule track over the yoke to the Rieder Zollbrücke extended as a road.
- 1699: Schattwald becomes its own chaplain.
- 1816: at Dannheimer in Kempten a "short description of the spa in Schattwald in the Kaiserlich-Königlichen Landgerichte Ehrenberg by Dr. Holer, Kaiserl.-Königl. Regional court physician to Reutte ”.
- 1848: Schattwald becomes its own parish
- 1900: The road connection to the Oberjoch is opened.
- 1911: The Reutte community begins planning a hydropower plant in Schattwald. The outbreak of the First World War destroys these plans.
- 1914: First World War: 17 of the 55 men who were drafted were killed
- 1919: The community of Schattwald takes up the power plant plans and builds the "Electricity Schattwald" in the following period.
- 1922: The power station goes into operation
- 1942: Bell delivery
- 1945: On the night of April 30th, Schattwald is taken under shell fire.
- 1964: Under the direction of Emil Hensler, the basic consolidation begins.
- 1971: The Wannenjoch T-bar lift is built.
- 1974: The basic consolidation is completed.
Culture and sights
- The artist Anton Falger, who comes from Elbigenalp in the Lechtal, created a dance of death for Schattwald in 1846, which originally hung in the vestibule of the Gothic predecessor building of today's St. Wolfgang church and has now found its place on the south wall of the new church. The small-format pictures (20 × 16 cm) painted on twelve wooden panels are grouped in two rows in a large frame. They are not signed, the picture of the soldier is dated 1846. The arrangement of the pictures probably no longer corresponds to the intentions of the artist; Today it follows one another: child, boy, soldier, bishop, virgin, citizen, farmer, monarch, beggar woman, craftsman, mother, grandmother.
- Church of St. Wolfgang , renovated in 1985 in Nazar style
Economy and Infrastructure
The municipality's own power plant supplies the entire Tannheimer Valley with electrical energy.
Schattwald is a two-season tourist municipality. In winter, Schattwald and Zöblen have the largest slope area, divided into a total of five lifts. Schattwald also has the oldest ski school in the Tannheimer Tal.
- Schattwald electricity works
- 1824–1837 Michael Renn
- 1838–1841 Nikolaus Wötzer
- 1842–1844 Johann Georg Scheiber
- 1845–1850 Johann Müller
- 1851–1858 Johann Georg Scheiber
- 1859–1864 Johann Kotz
- 1865–1874 Georg Lochbichler
- 1875–1880 Wolfgang Holl
- 1881–1883 Josef Lochbichler
- 1884–1902 Josef Scheiber
- 1903–1919 Benedikt Zobl
- 1920–1922 Johann Georg Lochbichler
- 1923–1929 Benedikt Zobl
- 1939–1940 Franz Tannheimer
- 1940–1941 Oswald Zobl
- 1941–1945 Alois Rief
- 1945–1962 Fridolin Tannheimer
- 1962–1980 Johann Durst
- 1980–1992 Friedrich Müller
- 1993-2010 Alfred Tannheimer
- 2010–2016 Herbert Durst
- since 2016: Waltraud Zobl
Sons and daughters of the church
- Martin Baur (born November 10, 1720 in Wies; † September 4, 1805 there), farmer and organ maker , built e.g. B. the organ for Tannheim with 18 registers , Stanzach (1775), Häselgehr (8 registers, now in St. Joseph in Boden ), Tannheim : Felixe Minas-Haus (2 registers, originally in the Schmid house ).
- Johann Nepomuk Zobl (born January 23, 1822 in Schattwald / Tyrol; † September 13, 1907 Feldkirch / Vorarlberg ), auxiliary bishop and vicar general in Feldkirch. After his ordination on July 27, 1845 in Bressanone, since 1851 prefect of studies and professor for church history at the seminary there; since 1872 editor and publisher of the Brixner Kirchenblatt. Since 1876, after the death of Prince-Bishop Johannes von Leiß on April 25, 1884, he was elected as Chapter Vicar, in the following year (March 27, 1885) as Auxiliary Bishop in Brixen (consecration on April 26, 1885 by Prince-Bishop Simon Aichner) and Vicar General appointed for Vorarlberg based in Feldkirch.
- 1932 Otto von Habsburg
- 1943 Josef Mair
- 1955 Fridolin Tannheimer, mayor
- 1958 Johann Koller
- 1959 Johann Geisler, pastor
- 1961 Albert Huter, primary school director
- 1968 Eduard Wallnöfer , governor
- 1986 Johann Durst, mayor
- 2001 Josef Schratz, holder of the Order of Merit
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Hans Georg Wehrens: The dance of death in the Alemannic language area. "I have to do it - and don't know what" . Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7954-2563-0 . P. 262ff.