Thunau am Kamp
Thunau am Kamp (village)
cadastral community Thunau am Kamp
|Pole. District , state||Horn (HO), Lower Austria|
|Pole. local community||Gars am Kamp|
|Residents of the village||414 (January 1, 2020)|
|Area d. KG||5.89 km²|
|Cadastral parish number||10062|
|Counting district / district||Thunau am Kamp (31106 007)|
View from the Gars swimming pool to the Gars castle ruins and the St. Gertrud church in Thunau am Kamp
|Source: STAT : index of places ; BEV : GEONAM ; NÖGIS|
The place is in the Kamptal on the right bank of the river across from Gars am Kamp . The altitude in the town center is 298 meters. The area of the cadastral community covers 5.89 km². The population is 464 (as of 2001).
Several postcodes are used in the market town of Gars am Kamp . Thunau am Kamp has the postcode number 3571.
Thunau am Kamp was already settled during the Neolithic Age. The hilltop settlement that was built on the Schanzberg in the La Tène period and examined between 1965 and 1990 is one of the most important sites of this era in Austria. In the Middle Ages and early modern times, the history of the place was closely linked to that of the Thunau Fortress. With the commissioning of the Kamptalbahn , Thunau am Kamp developed into an important summer resort . After 1945 the place could no longer follow the tradition of the summer resort. Changed travel habits, but also the construction of the Kamptal reservoirs, which led to a sharp drop in temperature in the Kamp, which is lined with numerous bathing establishments, deprived tourism in the Kamptal of its most important foundations.
In 1938 the previously independent municipality was attached to the municipality of Gars am Kamp , and in 1945 it became independent again. In 1971 it became part of the market town of Gars am Kamp as part of the amalgamation of the municipalities.
Culture and sights
- Castle ruins Gars am Kamp : The castle was built in the 2nd half of the 11th century as the residence of the Babenbergs . Used by a branch of the Kuenringer in the 12th century , there were numerous changes of ownership in the Middle Ages and modern times. In the late 17th century it was expanded like a castle. The decline into ruins began in the late 18th century. The ruin is freely accessible and is used culturally, for example for opera festivals.
- Schimmelsprung castle ruins
- Catholic parish church Thunau am Kamp hl. Gertrud: The church of St. Gertrud, located next to the fortress, has probably existed since the 10th century. The building with its late Romanesque nave contains numerous important frescoes from the 14th and 15th centuries.
- Fortified hilltop settlement Thunau am Kamp : At the Schanzberg site, the southern gate of the "Schanze", a Slavic fortification from the 9th century, was reconstructed. The archaeological park is freely accessible.
Economy and Infrastructure
- Thunau volunteer fire brigade
Thunau am Kamp is connected to Gars am Kamp and the Kamptalstraße (B34) by two road bridges . The place is on the Kamptalbahn . The ÖBB operate the Gars-Thunau train station , which is located in the Thunau area. The PostBus bus company drives to the Thunau Schlossberg stop on line 1310 ( Horn - St. Leonhard am Hornerwald ). The 115.6 kilometer long Kamptalradweg with its starting point in Altenwörth and its destination in Zwettl leads through Thunau.
Since 1995 the Garser Bus , an initiative of the business association "Gars Innovativ", has been going to Thunau am Kamp, all other districts and other places in the area on Fridays on weekdays, to make purchases for people who do not own a car and do not have access to public transport and to enable errands in Gars am Kamp.
Important people who were born in Thunau am Kamp or who worked here
- Herwig Friesinger (* 1942), Austrian prehistoric scientist, directed the archaeological excavations on the Schanzberg.
- Friedrich Hess (1883–1945), local history researcher, lived in Thunau am Kamp.
- Friedensreich Hundertwasser (1928–2000), Austrian artist
- Margrave Leopold II of Austria (1050-1095) was probably born on the Thunau Fortress.
- Margrave Leopold III. of Austria (1073–1136), known as the saint , patron saint of Lower Austria, was born on the Thunau fortress.
- Franz Eppel: The Waldviertel. His works of art, historical forms of life and settlement. 8th edition, Salzburg 1984, pp. 219-220. ISBN 3-900173-01-X
- Herwig Friesinger: The fortifications in Thunau. 5000 years of settlement in the Gars area. Eggenburg 1975.
- Julius Kiennast: Chronicle of the market Gars in Lower Austria. Horn 1920, pp. 148-150.
- Ilse Schopf: St. Gertrud, the medieval parish church of Gars / Thunau. In: The Waldviertel. 51. Vol., H. 4 (2002), pp. 377-396.
- Andreas Weigel : The summer freshness through the ages. In: Bettina Marchart and Markus Holzweber (eds.): Garser Geschichte''n ''. Gars am Kamp. Thousands of years of cultural landscape (2014). Pp. 521-588. ISBN 978-3-9503541-3-3
- Website of the market town of Gars am Kamp
- Literature about Thunau am Kamp in the Lower Austrian State Library
- Pictures of Thunau am Kamp in the topographical collection of the Lower Austrian State Library
- Rupert Kornell: About throwing stones and "Oberhaserl". Memories: Andreas Weigel on the trail of world-famous composers, writers and directors in the summer resort of Gars. Retrieved May 27, 2016 . In: Niederösterreichische Nachrichten . Horner edition. May 25, 2016. p. 29.
- Historisches Ortlexikon Niederösterreich ( Memento of the original dated November 5, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 1.2 MB), part 2, p. 42.
- Elisabeth Ruttkay: Two end-Neolithic cremation graves from Gars am Kamp, Thunau, VB Horn, Lower Austria. Contribution to the gravesite of the end Neolithic. Belgrade 1992, pp. 281-197
- Maciej Karwowski: Thunau am Kamp - A fortified hilltop settlement. Vienna 2006. ISBN 978-3-7001-3603-3
- Susanne Hawlik: Summer vacation in the Kamptal. The magic of a river landscape. Vienna-Cologne-Weimar 1995. ISBN 978-3-205-98315-6 .
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Horn district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Entry on Thunau am Kamp in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- Franz Eppel: The Waldviertel. His works of art, historical forms of life and settlement. 8th edition, Salzburg 1984, p. 220. ISBN 3-900173-01-X
- Article on the Garser bus in the magazine "Raum und Ord" of the Lower Austrian state government (PDF; 14 kB)
- Timetable Garser Bus 2019. Accessed on April 19, 2019 .
- The Hundertwasser Years in Gars and Horn. ( Memento of the original from August 27, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 3.8 MB) When Friedensreich was still Friedrich. In: Garser community news. September 2011. p. 10.